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2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
2. theoretical foundations of global governance
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2. theoretical foundations of global governance

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  • 1. Theoretical Foundations onTheoretical Foundations onGlobal GovernanceGlobal GovernanceBy: Cheunboran Chanborey
  • 2.  What is theory? Why we need to study theory?Introduction
  • 3. 1. Basic Ideas Human nature is basically good Injustice, aggression and war are products ofinadequate or corrupt social institutions These can be eliminated through collective ormultilateral actions and institutional building. The expansion of human freedom is a core liberalbelief that can be achieved through democracy andmarket capitalism.I. Liberalism
  • 4. 2. Roots of Liberalism Hugo Grotius (1583-1645): Fatherof international law Enlightenment: Individuals are rational human beingsand have capacity to improve their condition by creatinga just society. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804):perpetual peace among democraticstatesI. Liberalism
  • 5. 2. Roots of Liberalism Adam Smith: free trade could create interdependencies Woodrow Wilson: collectivesecurity, international institutionsI. LiberalismWoodrow Wilson, 28thPresidentof the US (1913-1921)
  • 6. 3. Sociological Liberalism IR is not only about states and states relations, butabout transnational relations (pluralism). Karl Deutsch: Interconnecting activities helps createcommon values and identities among people fromdifferent state and paves the way for peace. James Rosenau: IR have been supplemented byrelations among private individuals, groups, and society,referred to as mobius-web of global governance.I. Liberalism
  • 7. 4. Interdependence Through trade, investment, people-to-people contact,interdependence among states is increasingly high.War is more costly. Keohane & Nye:“even if … anarchy constrains the willingness ofstates to cooperate, states nevertheless can worktogether and can do, esp. with the assistance ofinternational institutions”I. Liberalism
  • 8. 5. Institutional Liberalism With a high degree of interdependence, states often setup international institutions/rules to deal with commonproblems. Woodrow Wilson: transformation from a jungle ofchaotic power politics to a zoo of regulated andpeaceful intercourse through the building of IGOs.I. Liberalism
  • 9. 6. Republic Liberalism Democracies never go to war with each other due tothree reasons: (1) peaceful conflict resolution (2)common moral values or ‘pacific union’ and (3)interdependence. Francis Fukuyama: “The End of History and the LastMan”- the triumph of Western democracies, which isthe final form of government.I. Liberalism
  • 10. 1. Basic Ideas and Assumptions Human nature: bad, selfish, power-seeking Actors: Nation-states (rational and unitary) International system: anarchic and conflictualJohn Mearsheimer: International cooperation isimpossible due to the problems of cheating andrelative gain.Thucydides: … the standard of justice… is thefact that the strong do what they have the power to doand the weak accept what they have to accept… International Law and IOs: tools to maximize interestsII. Realism
  • 11. Hans Morgenthau:IL and IOs are largely weak and ineffective, tool ofstates, and reflect the distribution of power. Main issues: national security, survival and existence,balance of power, security dilemma Future of IR: no progressive change
  • 12. 2. Neo-realism/Structural Realism Kenneth Waltz:“Theory of International Politics” A basic feature of IR is the structure of anarchy. State leaders are prisoners of the structure as there isno room for foreign policymaking. All states are equal only in a formal-legal sense; theyare unequal, profoundly in a substantive or materialsense. To ensure peace and stability, it is needed to maintainthe balance of power. Bipolar system (CW system) is more stable.II. RealismFounder of Neorealism (1924)
  • 13. 3. Hegemonic Stability Theory It is believed that international economic system is mostlikely to be open and stable when there is a singledominant or hegemonic state, which has a sufficientlylarge share of resources and is willing to take aleadership and provide public goods Pax Britannica during 19thcentury Pax Americana after the WWII Pax Sinica???II. Realism
  • 14.  The evolution of the production process is a basis forexplaining how patterns of social relations developbetween those who control the production and thosewho execute the tasks of production. Every society divides into two main classes: a smallclass of those who own the means of production and alarge class with nothing. Ex. in the Capitalist system:bourgeoisie ><proletariat. So, IL and IOs are just products of a dominant group ofstates, dominant ideas, and the interests of the capitalistclass. Dependency Theory???III. Marxist Theory
  • 15. Periphery
  • 16. How the global governance can be seen throughthe lenses of the three conceptualframeworks?
  • 17. Reading:Chapter 2, International Organizations: the Politics andProcesses of Global Governance, page 35-59

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