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1. global governance

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  • 1. Global Governance?Global Governance?By: Cheunboran Chanborey
  • 2.  The world is facing with threatsand challenges that no singlecountry, no matter how powerfulit is, can deal with. Terrorists: September 11, 3000 deaths, including 19 hijackers 2002 Bali Bombings: 202 deaths, 209 injuries 2004 Madrid Bomb Attacks: 191 deaths, 2050injuries 2005 London bomb attacks: 56 deaths (including 4suicide bombers), 100 injuriesIntroduction
  • 3.  Proliferation of WMDs: Nuclear Weapons Biological Weapons Chemical Weapons What will happen if WMDsfall into the hands of terrorists? Environmental Degradation: Global warming Ozone layer Living atmosphere
  • 4.  Natural Disasters: 2004 Tsunami: 230,000 deaths and missing 2008 Cyclone Nagis: 138,366 deaths, $10bndamages 2010 Haiti earthquake: around 92,000-230,000deaths 2011 Earthquake and Tsunamiin Japan: 15,756 death, 5,927injured, and 4,460 missing
  • 5.  Famine in the Horn of Africa: 29,000 children may have already been perished UN said it has only $1.3 billion of the 2.4 billion itneeds 2 assist 12m people
  • 6.  Flooding in Southeast Asia: In Cambodia, 250 people died, 18 provinces affected with thetotal cost of $521 millions Thailand, more than 500 people died with the damage cost of$ 3.2 billions
  • 7.  Humanitarian Crisis in Syria: Death toll: nearly 300,00 people 200,00 internally displaced people 1.2 million registered refugees in neighboring countries
  • 8.  Piracy and Transnational Crimes: Arms trafficking Drug trafficking Trafficking in persons Sex slavery Cyber crimes … Pandemics: HIV/AIDS Malaria, TB 2009 A(H1N1): 16,931 deaths in more than 100countries EV71: 64 deaths in Cambodia
  • 9.  There is no world government to coordinate andfacilitate cooperation among all actors to deal withthreats and challenges. Therefore, global governance is especially needed. What is Global Governance?“…sum of the many ways individuals andinstitutions, public and private, manage their commonaffairs…” (Commission on Global Governance)“… collection of governance-related activities, rulesand mechanisms, formal and informal, existing at avariety of levels in the world today, also referred to asthe ‘pieces of global governance’…” (Karns and Mingst)Global Governance
  • 10. 1. International Law There are 5 sources of international law: treaties orconventions, customary practices, the writings of legalscholars, judicial decisions, and general principles oflaw) Much of the growth has been in treaty law (1951-1995:3,666 new multilateral treaties were concluded) What is the role of the international law?Pieces of Global Governance
  • 11. 2. International Norms or Soft Law Not a binding legal documents, but rather thestandards of behaviors, such as: some human rights,labor rights, framework conventions on climate changeand biodiversity.
  • 12. 3. International Organizations (IGOs) In 2003/04, there were around 238 IGOs. Types: Global (UN, WTO, WHO…), Regional (ASEAN,EU, AU, SAARC..), General purpose (UN, OAS),Specialized (WTO, WHO, ILO, Nato..) Functions: Informational – gather, analyze, disseminate data Forum – exchanges of views and decision-making Normative – defining standards of behavior Rule-creating – drafting treaties Rule-supervisory – monitoring compliance Operational – actions to achieve goals
  • 13. 4. NGOs There are over 6,500 NGOs that have an internationaldimension either in terms of membership or commitmentto conduct activities. Advocating a particular cause such as human rights,peace or environmental protection. Providing services such as disaster relief, humanitarianaid…
  • 14. 5. International Regimes Encompassing rules, norms and principles as well as thepractices of actors that show both how their expectationsconverge and their acceptance of and compliance withrules. E.g. IAEA, Kyoto Protocol
  • 15. 6. Global Conference The Summit for Children in1990 in New York Rio Earth Summit in 1992 Fourth World Conference on Women in 1995 Copenhagen Conference on Climate Change (COP15) Cancun Conference on Climate Change (COP16) COP17???
  • 16. 7. Ad hoc Arrangements G7 G8 G20 G77
  • 17. 8. Private Governance Private governance is a growing, but little studiesphenomenon. Private firms are attempting to establish enforceableintellectual property rules for music, software,harmonization of labor standards, sanitation regulation…
  • 18. What Actors in Global Governance? States IGOs NGOs Experts Global Policy Networks MNCs…
  • 19. 1. Globalization1. Globalization What is globalization? What are the consequences of the phenomenon?2. The End of the Cold War “The End of the History and the Last Man”? (YoshihiroFrancis Fukuyama) “The Clash of Civilizations” (Samuel Huntington) The emerging non-traditional threats and global issues3. Emergent Transnational Civil Society Global governance is needed to cooperate and facilitateinternational efforts to address common threats andchallenges.Why we need global governance?
  • 20. Reading Materials:Chapter I, International Organization: ThePolitics and Processes of Global Governance