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Waste water reuse in Alexandria Egypt
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Waste water reuse in Alexandria Egypt

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Alexandria wastewater reuse Is the optimum use of Alexandria treated effluent through appropriate technologies and the best management practices to achieve best outcomes in terms of environmental …

Alexandria wastewater reuse Is the optimum use of Alexandria treated effluent through appropriate technologies and the best management practices to achieve best outcomes in terms of environmental basis and public health .

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  • 1. ٠٥/٠١/١٤٣٠ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Who am I ? Wastewater Reuse in Alexandria and Future Sanitation vision. I’m the grandson of the World Civilization builders, 7000 years ago. My roots are from Upper Egypt, Edfo, Aswan. Born in Alexandria. Presented by Dr. Helaly Abdel Hady Helaly General Manager of Industrial wastewater, Sludge and Reuse sector. Alexandria Sanitary Drainage Company. Alexandria – EGYPT. i.e I’m the Typical Egyptian Representative (from north to south). Home (tel) : 00203 381 5799 , Mobile: 002-0105201367 e-mail : drhelalley@hotmail.com Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Employment History: Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly 2005 date General Manager of the Sector of Industrial waste, Sludge and Reuse. 20042005 General Manager of Sludge dewatering facility and West Wastewater treatment plant. 19932004 Manager of Industrial waste department in ASDCO. 19851993 Education : Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Ph.D. in Environmental Science, "Evaluation of Alexandria Wastewater Treatment System" El Suez Canal University (2004). M.Sc. in Environmental Science, General Manager of landfill and composting facilities – ASDCO. 19981999 Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Superintendent of the Central Laboratory – ASDCO "Seasonal Variation of Alexandria Wastewater properties", Alexandria University (1988). B.Sc. in Agricultural Science Water & Land Section – Faculty of Agriculture and Environment Alexandria University (1981). Home (tel) : 00203 381 5799 , Mobile: 002-0105201367 e-mail : drhelalley@hotmail.com Home (tel) : 00203 381 5799 , Mobile: 002-0105201367 e-mail : drhelalley@hotmail.com Dr. Sama MZ Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Practical Experience : Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Practical Experience : Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly •Managing, operating and maintaining sanitary landfill facilities for solid and hazardous waste. Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly •Projects Management and Industrial Wastewater Assessment in cities and Industrial and Touristic Facilities. •Managing and operating Windrow sludge treatment facilities. •Management of Industrial waste treatment systems in Industrial facilities. •Management of Effluent reuse projects. •Management of handling and collecting industrial waste and safe disposal. •Managing and operating wastewater treatment plants and sludge dewatering facility. •Management of Industrial waste reduction projects. •Managing and operating sludge disposal facility. •Applying the Environmental and health conditions of the Mediterranean sea inspection program (in cooperation with the Scientific Research Academy and the National research center). •Managing and operating Industrial waste control projects in Alexandria Sanitary Company. •Managing and operating industrial waste and research labs in ASDCO. (Supervision of wastewater pilot plants). •Studies and research on effluent and sludge reuse in Alexandria. •Arranging Training courses and workshops on different environmental impacts of collecting and treatment of liquid waste on the marine and land ecosystem. Home (tel) : 00203 381 5799 , Mobile: 002-0105201367 e-mail : drhelalley@hotmail.com Home (tel) : 00203 381 5799 , Mobile: 002-0105201367 e-mail : drhelalley@hotmail.com Dr. Sama MZ ١ •Applying industrial waste treatment researches for Alexandria factories (in cooperation with Scientific research Academy). Dr. Sama MZ
  • 2. ٠٥/٠١/١٤٣٠ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly City of the Future The overall goal of the SWITCH project is to catalyze change towards more sustainable urban water management in the "City of the Future”. City of the Future Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 City of the Future City of the Future In the city of the future the wastewater system should include the following: Is the city with zero exhaust •Bio solids Energy & Resource Recovery. All the activities of the wastewater system does not produce any carbon. •Biogas Recovery. •Heat Recovery. •Pressure Energy Recovery. •Water Reclamation & Reuse. •Phosphorus Recovery. Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly My Dream about Alexandria in the Future. In the city of the future the wastewater system should include the following: Wastewater Reuse in Alexandria Complete reuse of wastewater effluent in arid areas of the western desert. And be used as an effective tool to fight desertification and solve Lake Maryout pollution problems. Switching to Decentralization management . Achieving balance in restoring costs of operation and maintenance, through using appropriate technologies and environmentally friendly methods in wastewater treatment. Dr. Sama MZ ٢ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010
  • 3. ٠٥/٠١/١٤٣٠ Location of Alexandria Governorate : Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Overview of Current Situation in Alexandria Total surface area is about 2680 km2 Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Land Use (Residential, commercial, industrial and agriculture areas: Land Use (Residential, commercial, industrial and agriculture areas: Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly •Municipality and Urban area which represents the rest part of the governorate area (about 12% and 310 km2) including the following uses: •Housing buildings of about 46 % , •Industrial buildings of about 19 %, •Roads, railway, and marine uses of about 29 % •Public and recreation areas of about 3% and •Military buildings of about 3 % •Desert land which represents about 53% of the governorate area of about 1430 km2 and mainly lies in the west and western south of the city. •Agricultural uses of total area of about 730 km2 represents about 27% of the total area of the governorate which mainly lies in the south and eastern south. 8% 12% 53% Desert Land Agricultural land Surface water Municipal and Urban 27% Housing buildings 3% 3% 29% •Surface water area which represents about 8% of the total area of the governorate and includes lakes, canals, drains and fishery farms with total area of about 210 km2. Industrial Buildings 46% Roads and Railways Public and Recreation areas 19% Military buildings Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Areas covered by a sewer system : Main Sewer Lines and Pumping Stations Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly extends about 32 km (20 miles) (20 along the coast of the Mediterranean sea Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly 100000 m3/d 45000 m3/d 45000 m3/d 285000 m3/d 260000 m3/d 17280 m3/d 850000 m3/d 55000 m3/d Mixed to Sewer the population is served by wastewater Up 86% of System (domestic, storm water and 86% industrial wastewater).facilities Main Pump Stations in Alexandria. Dr. Sama MZ ٣ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010
  • 4. ٠٥/٠١/١٤٣٠ Final Disposal points of Alexandria wastewater Main Wastewater Treatment Plants Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly The Main drains in Alexandria are: • El Qalaa which receives the effluent of ETP. • West Noubaria and El Omoum drain dispose into the Mediterranean through Lake Maryout. Quala Drain 92,358 El-Mex Pumping Station 7,993,945 Sea Locks 82,200 East Treatment Plant 607,000 432,236 West Treatment Plant 410,325 Evapotranspiration 169,344 Semouha Drain 19,152 Amlak Drain 65,664 Lake Mayout Gonet Zohra Drain 131,616 receives pollution loads from rural areas QUALA 915,790 Underground water 24,974 Nubaria Canal 2,530,000 Dr. Sama MZ Omoum Drain 4,200,000 Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Factors affecting the wastewater system in the future Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly 1. Population growth, city expansion and wastewater flows 2. Wastewater composition, industrial discharges and the enforced effluent standards Factors affecting the wastewater system in the future 3. Demand for effluent (industrial, urban and agricultural reuse; location, required qualities and potential quantities) 4. Intrusion of saline water into the sewer system Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Alexandria city is expected to face the following challenges: Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Wastewater production and STP’s capacity (Master plan 2037) Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly 3000000 2500000 • Water Demand Increase (population, economic, industrial and social activities). • Semi-arid zone (little rain fall 150-200 mm/year). Wast water daily rate S.T.P capacity m3/year). • Limited groundwater Potential (Fresh, 3 million • Down stream main irrigation system. • Water quality degradation (44% Industrial Activities of which 60% is petrochemical Activities) • 2000000 Climate Change (sea rise, 19 km2, 1.5 million person , 30 million US$ …..) Produced 1500000 1000000 500000 Therefore, it is important to en light “ Effluent Reuse” 0 2006 2012 2017 2022 2027 2032 2037 Year Dr. Sama MZ ٤ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010
  • 5. ٠٥/٠١/١٤٣٠ Benefits of Alexandria effluent Reuse Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Alexandria effluent Reuse Definition: Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Leading to Economical and safe reuse of Alexandria Effluent Is the optimum use of Alexandria treated effluent through appropriate technologies and the best management practices to achieve best outcomes in terms of environmental basis and public health . to • Ensure the optimum use of this water resource. • Protect the environment of Alexandria especially the aquatic environment. Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Queries to handle Alexandria Effluent Reuse Queries to handle Alexandria Effluent Reuse Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Queries to handle Alexandria Effluent Reuse Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Could effluent reuse be one of the effective tools to establish an integrated . wastewater management ? • Is it a critical need to reuse now ? or in the future ? • Are the other water resources still better than effluent reuse ? to Or • Solve problems of Lake Maryout and water bodies. • Solve problems of calcareous and sandy soil in arid areas. • Solve problems of re-using Agricultural drains water. Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Queries to handle Alexandria Effluent Reuse Queries to handle Alexandria Effluent Reuse Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly •Does reuse have other concerns regarding environment, public health and national safety ? Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Queries to handle Alexandria Effluent Reuse Queries to handle Alexandria Effluent Reuse Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly To act as An effective tool to sustain high effluent quality from Alexandria treatment plants. Isn’t having and developing national technologies for effluent re-use under all circumstances a must ? An effective tool to solve the problem of flocculation of effluent quality. An effective tool in increasing self purification efficiency during transporting treated effluent from Alexandria to the arid areas. Dr. Sama MZ ٥ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010
  • 6. ٠٥/٠١/١٤٣٠ Maximum Standards Permitted for Reusing Treated Sanitary Drainage Water & Degree of Treatment Alexandria Effluent Reuse Restrictions : Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Ser. Description Unit First Group Preliminary Treated Water 1 B.O.Ds Part per million 300 40 C.O.D. Dichoromate Part per million 600 80 40 3 T.S.S. Part per million 350 40 20 4 Oils and Grease Part per million undetermined 10 5 5 Number of Enteric Nematode Cells or eggs Number/litre 5 1 1 6 Number of Fecal Coliform Cells For every 200/m2 undetermined 1000 100 7 Maximum Concentration of Total Dissolved Salts (according to plant endurance degree) Part per million Until 2500 Until 2000 Until 2000 8 Rate if sodium Adsorption (permeability according to type of soil & plant) 9 25 20 20 9 Chlorides Concentration Part per million until 350 300 300 10 Boron Concentration Part per million until 5 Until 3 Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly 20 2 Until 3 Dr. Sama MZ Second Group Secondary Treated Water Third Group Advanced Treated Water Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 • Feasibility of effluent reuse versus discharging to water bodies (i.e disposal by dilution) • Alexandria effluent quality. How to sustain continuous high quality effluents according to wastewater reuse criteria in terms of organic and pathogenic parameters. Dr. Sama MZ Decree 44/2000 :Reusing Treated Wastewater in Agriculture; Degree of Treatment, 44/ Kind of Plant & Soil, and Method of Irrigation Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Maximum Standards Permitted for Reusing Treated Sanitary Drainage Water & Degree of Treatment contd….. contd….. Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Degree of Treatment Group First Primary Second Secondary Third Advanced Plants Environmental & Health Precautions Trees for Timber Fencing farms No direct contact with water and entrance of farm workers only Prohibit from entering farms Take health measures required for the protection from infection with pathogenic organisms and treatments Palm trees, cotton, flax, linen, jute Fodder crops & dried cereals Husky fruits & crops Cooking vegetables Heat processed fruits Flower nurseries Raw edible plants Husky plants Suitable Irrigation Methods Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Degree of Treatment/Standards Metal Proposed Kind of Soils Unit First Group Preliminary Second Group Secondary Third Group Advanced 0.01 Food should be cooked prior to eating All kinds of horticulture crops Fodder & green grasses None All methods except spraying Dr. Sama MZ Lead Part per million 10 5 5 Copper Part per million Undetermined 0.2 0.2 Nickel Part per million 0.5 0.2 0.2 Part per million Undetermined 2 2 Part per million Undetermined Undetermined 0.1 Chrome Part per million Undetermined Undetermined 0.1 Part per million Undetermined 0.2 0.2 Part per million 0.2 0.2 0.2 Iron All kinds for soil 0.01 Molybolenum (green fodder only) Light medium texture 0.06 Arsenic Furrow & sprinkling Part per million Manganese Cattle not yielding milk, and producing met could be used Cadmium Zinc Furrow Light texture authorized for use in desert land 5 km away from dwelling communities while complying with periodical assessment of the environment Part per million Undetermined 5 5 Cobalt Part per million Undetermined 0.05 0.05 Dr. Sama MZ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Decree 44/2000 :Egyptian Microbiological Quality Standards for Treated Wastewater 44/ Use in Agriculture Classification of Plants and Crops Allowed to be Irrigated With Treated Water Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Agricultural Group Group (A) Sub-group Description Plants and trees cultivated in green areas in resorts and hotels 1-2 Grass for golf playgrounds Plants and trees cultivated in green areas inside cordon of residential areas in new cities. Grass, Gustine grass, ornamental palm trees, climbing plants, shrubs, wooden trees, shade trees 2-1 Fodder products In condition to be ripped and dried in sunrays before to consumed by animals. 2-2 Fruit trees Cereals products Products processed by heating and drying before consumed as wheat, barley, and maize. 2-4 Suitable trees for highways plantation and green belts around cities Dates palm and olive. 2-5 Plant nurseries Roses and gathering flowers 3-1 Plants producing industrial oils ٦ A “Unrestricted” B Caster oil plant, etc.. Fibers products Flax, jute, hemp, etc.. Roses, gladiolus, etc.. 3-3 Dr. Sama MZ <1000d A series of stabilization ponds designed to achieve the microbiological quality indicated, or similar treatment Workers, consumers and public Nursery wood plants, ornamental plants or fruit trees. 3-2 Group (C) Irrigation of crops likely to be eaten uncooked, sports fields, public parksd Grass, Gustine grass, ornamental palm trees, climbing plants, shrubs, wooden trees, shade trees 2-6 Group (B2) Exposed Group Wastewater treatment expected to achieve required microbiological quality <1 Re-use Conditions In condition to be produced and preservation in cans or processed as orange, lemon, mango, olive, dates palm, or nuts, coconuts. 2-3 Category Faecal coliforms (geometric mean no./100 mlc) Playground grass in addition to the mentioned in 1-1 1-3 Group (B1) 1-1 Presented by Dr. H.A.Helaly Intestinal nematodesb (arithmetic mean no. of eggs/litrec) Mulberry for the production of silk Wooden trees C Local mulberry, Japanese mulberry. 4-1 All kinds of wooden trees. Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Dr. Sama MZ Irrigation of cereal crops, industrial crops, fodder crops, pasture and treese Localised irrigation of crops in category B if exposure of workers and the public does not occur Workers None <1 Not applicable <1000 Not applicable Retention in stabilization ponds for 8-10 days or equivalent helminth and faecal coliform removal Pretreatment as required by the irrigation technology, but not less than primary sedimentation
  • 7. ٠٥/٠١/١٤٣٠ Options to face the challenges (Projects, costs and use). use). Challenges and problems of reusing Treated Effluent at Alexandria : • Publishing Feasibility studies for the project. • Choosing the best tool to Manage the project and the • Establishing an effective appealing tool. supervision of all its components. • Demonstrating different alternatives for the reuse • The project area has not been completely dedicated yet. options. ٣٨ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 To ensure success of the project : To start the project: •Establish a committee from concerned authorities and those who benefit from wastewater reuse. • Activation of team works between Ministries and concerned authorities and mainly Ministry of Agriculture & Irrigation and •Dedicating suitable location of arid land to be used for reuse. Alexandria Sanitary Drainage company and the Executive •It is a must to upgrade the available wastewater reuse studies (mainly WRc study). Organization for Water and Wastewater. •Find an appropriate funding authority. The project studies are ready and include technical and economical studies. ٤٠ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Who would be the initiator of this project: ٣٩ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 Recommendation To Enhance Alexandria Effluent Reuse It is a must to 1. The Ministry of Irrigation. 2. Alexandria Sanitary Drainage Company (ASDCO.) 3. Executive organization for water and wastewater. Why ? -Re-pricing different types of clean water to achieve actual costs in order to save, to spot light effluent reuse . -Enhancing behavior of effluent reuse in new towns and rural areas. -Applying Grey water reuse systems in different appropriate reuses, in different locations of Alexandria. 1. Ministry of Irrigation is responsible for National Irrigation Plan. -Giving benefits to re-users to encourage them. 2. ASDCO is responsible for Management of Alexandria Wastewater System. 3. The Executive Organization is responsible for construction works and budgeting. Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010 ٧ Study Tour and Workshop “Sustainable Sanitation for the City of the Future” Netherlands 18th – 24th April 2010
  • 8. ٠٥/٠١/١٤٣٠ Home (tel) : 00203 381 5799 , Mobile: 0020105201367 e-mail : drhelalley@hotmail.com ٨