Problems and risks of sanitation in abo qir february 2013

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Elements of the Problem: …

Elements of the Problem:
1- Direct Industrial wastewater disposal into water bodies (Abo Qir bay, Amia drain and Tabia).
2- Deterioration of Public sewerage system.
3 -Vertical and horizontal housing extensions in random areas.
4 - Increasing levels of groundwater

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  • 1. Prepared and Presented by Dr. Helaley Abdel Hady Helaley Chief of IndustrialWastewater, Sludge and Reuse Sector 1 Problems and Risks Of Sanitation and Wastewater Treatment in Abu Qir Region and ways of risk reduction
  • 2. 2 ‫وتقديم‬ ‫إعداد‬ ‫دكتور‬/‫هاللي‬ ‫الهادي‬ ‫عبد‬ ‫هاللي‬
  • 3. 3  Dr. Sama MZ Elements of the Problem ‫المشكلة‬ ‫عناصر‬ • Direct Industrial wastewater disposal into water bodies (Abo Qir bay, Amia drain and Tabia). • Deterioration of Public sewerage system. • Vertical and horizontal housing extensions in random areas. • Increasing levels of groundwater.
  • 4. 4  Dr. Sama MZ ‫قير‬ ‫أبي‬ ‫خليج‬ ‫علي‬ ‫العامية‬ ‫مصرف‬ ‫مخلفات‬ ‫من‬ ‫التخلص‬ ‫نقطة‬
  • 5. 5  Dr. Sama MZ The bay receives 6 million m3/day as: - 2 M m3/day from Amia drain through Tabia pump station. - 3.5 M m3/day from Maadia opening. - 300000 m3/day from Rasheed drain. - 8000 m3/day direct discharge from Abo Qir fertilizer company. - 2500 m3/day from Abo Qir power station. - some industrial discharge from petroleum and gas companies at Edko. - some discharge from Maadia opening. - Agricultural and domestic discharge from Edko and Bersik. Abo Qir bay pollution sources ‫قير‬ ‫أبي‬ ‫خليج‬ ‫تلوث‬ ‫مصادر‬
  • 6. 6  Dr. Sama MZ Amia Drain consists of: - Agricultural discharge from Kafr El-Dawar, Abo Qir, Tarh and Tabia as all agricultural drains dispose into it. -In addition to discharge of the random zones and non-served areas from Behira Governorate. Abo Qir Bay Pollution Sources
  • 7. 7  Dr. Sama MZ Amia drain receives Organic load resulting from wastewater of random areas and not served which discharges to Amia drain then to Abo Qir bay (from Behira Governorate and Abo Qir), as follows: -150 ton COD. - 95 ton BOD. -60 Ton TSS. Abo Qir bay pollution sources
  • 8. 8  Dr. Sama MZ Along the coast of Abu-Qir Bay, there exist about 22 different factories representing four major categories of industrial wastes which are: food processing and canning, paper industry, fertilizers industry and textile manufacturing. The wastes of these industries are of either organic or inorganic nature and are pumped to the sea through El-Tabia pumping station; it pumps out an average amount of 1.5–2.0 million m3 of polluted water per day Abo Qir bay pollution sources
  • 9. 9  Dr. Sama MZ West Zone of Abo Qir bay and the main industries disposing their effluents into it. Industrial Companies that discharges directly into Amia drain then to Abo Qir through Tabia pump station: - National paper company. - Kaha for preserved foods Co. - Agrokim for Agricultural Chemicals co. - Chemics for pesticides co. -Nasr for drying agricultural.
  • 10. 10  Dr. Sama MZ West Zone of Abo Qir bay and the main industries disposing their effluents into it. Industrial Companies that discharges directly into Abo Qir Bay at Alexandria Governorate -Abo Qir for Fertilizers co. -Abo Qir power station. -60 Ton TSS.
  • 11. 11  Dr. Sama MZ In addition to discharge of four big companies at Kafr El-Dawar with rate of 95000 m3/day, consists of: -43 ton/day COD. -26 ton/day BOD. -25 ton/day TSS. These are: - Misr for artificial silk. - Dye and chemicals company (Asma dye). - ElBida dyeing company. - Egypt for textile and winning., Abo Qir Bay Pollution Sources
  • 12. 12
  • 13. 13  Dr. Sama MZ Abo Qir bay extends 50 km, starting from Tabia north east Alexandria to Nile river (Rosseta branch) at Behira Governorate. The total area of the bay is about 500 km2 with shore line of about 50 km.
  • 14. 14  Dr. Sama MZ ‫قير‬ ‫بأبي‬ ‫الحضرية‬ ‫المناطق‬
  • 15. 15  Dr. Sama MZ Abo Qir Urban Wastewater system problems ‫الحضرية‬ ‫بالمناطق‬ ‫الصحي‬ ‫الصرف‬ ‫مشاكل‬ According to our field survey, Meetings with specialists of Abo qir sanitary department at ASDCO and social communication with key persons of Abo Qir society to address the specific and actual different problems, it is clear that: Sanitation problems are the most headache causing problem which focus on the following points: 1. Low quality design and construction of the public sewer system in the old urban areas, as a result of sharp slopes to the direction of the sea, especially in Takseem El-Gedeed zone. 2. Deterioration of sewers pipeline as a result of aging and bad quality. 3. Presence of several random sewerage connections constructed in non- scientific and engineering way, especially in the nearest sea areas. 4. The presence of several random illegal casinos dispose their raw wastewater directly into the sea.
  • 16. 16  Dr. Sama MZ Abo Qir Urban Wastewater system damages 5. Low diameters and capacity of sewer lines in newly constructed random areas, especially in Toson area. 6. No precautions are taken to prevent infiltration to the new public sewerage system in new urbane areas (Toson and its extensions). 7. There is no wastewater treatment plant for Abo Qir area.
  • 17. 17 Daily street flooding as a result of low capacity sewerage system
  • 18. 18 Daily street flooding as a result of low capacity sewerage system
  • 19. 19 Rain flooding as a result of low capacity sewerage system
  • 20. 20 Chronic wastewater flooding problem
  • 21. 21 Repeated efforts to minimize flooding problems
  • 22. 22 Recent sewerage project in the new urban areas
  • 23. 23 Bad sanitation in rural areas of Abo Qir.
  • 24. 24 Random and non engineering planning prevailed in rural areas of Abo Qir.
  • 25. 25  Dr. Sama MZ Abo Qir sewerage system problems 1. Takseem El Gedid area 1. Deterioration of the public sewerage system. 2. Reduction of sewerage capacity as a result of vertical extension. 3. Increasing groundwater levels. 4. Sharp slope of the current sewerage pipelines towards beach, due to repetition in flooding.
  • 26. 26  Dr. Sama MZ Toson extension and behind Taamen Sehy 2. Toson extension and behind Taamen Sehy. Abo Qir sewerage system problems 1. Significant increase in groundwater levels. 2. Vertical and horizontal housing increase within agricultural lands. 3. Deterioration of the new sewerage system as a result of small diameters of sewerage pipelines, causing flooding conditions.
  • 27. 27 High buildings on the sea shore of Abo Qir.
  • 28. 28  Dr. Sama MZ 3- Slaughter house surroundings. Abo Qir sewerage system problems 1- Chronic flooding as a result of untreated wastewater from the slaughterhouse. 2- Slaughterhouse dispose raw wastewater directly into the public sewer system without pretreatment.
  • 29. 29  Dr. Sama MZ Abo Qir sewerage system problems 4- Abo Qir wastewater treated at ETP. The wastewater resulting from Abo Qir treated East treatment plant so far from Abo Qir area.
  • 30. 30  Dr. Sama MZ Risks of Sanitation And Wastewater Treatment in Abu Qir Region and Ways Of Risk Reduction ‫الصناعي‬ ‫الصرف‬ ‫ومخاطر‬ ‫الصحي‬ ‫الصرف‬ ‫مشاكل‬ ‫منها‬ ‫الحد‬ ‫وأساليب‬
  • 31. 31  Dr. Sama MZ The pollution of Abu-Qir Bay region induced a panic oxidative stress in fish living in this area. This indicates that the industrial wastewater treatment in this area is not adequate to avoid the hazardous effects of such pollutants. Abo Qir bay pollution risk ‫الخليج‬ ‫تلوث‬ ‫مخاطر‬
  • 32. 32 Mass death of fish as a result of industrial pollution in Abo Qir bay
  • 33. 33 Mass death of fish as a result of industrial pollution in Tabia area.
  • 34. 34  Dr. Sama MZ Due to stress from discharged waste waters, the Bay has become a hot spot area, requiring permanent monitoring of its water quality and inhabiting biota The seasonal variability in the quantity and quality of these wastes and their dispersion is of great importance in the dynamics of the hydrographic conditions, nutrient concentrations and plankton density in the bay. This means that the growth of planktonic organisms in Abu Qir Bay is stimulated directly and indirectly by nutrients and may be inhibited by the discharged pollutants. Abo Qir bay pollution risk ‫الخليج‬ ‫تلوث‬ ‫مخاطر‬
  • 35. 35  Dr. Sama MZ The first clear effect of such variations was shown in the hydrographic conditions, particularly water transparency, dissolved oxygen and salinity. The southwestern bay was characterized by low water transparency all year round, due to the mixing processes. Although chlorophylla was generally high, dissolved oxygen was usually low. The low oxygenation of the coastal waters in Abu Qir Bay has been a characteristic feature for a long time. This results mainly from oxygen consumption in the oxidation of a heavy organic matter load in the bay, particularly in the southwestern part which is directly exposed to industrial and domestic wastes and characterized by intensive plankton production. Abo Qir bay pollution risk ‫الخليج‬ ‫تلوث‬ ‫مخاطر‬
  • 36. 36  Dr. Sama MZ Impacts of Marine Pollution ‫البحرية‬ ‫البيئة‬ ‫علي‬ ‫التأثيرات‬ 1. Create unpleasant sea shore conditions. 2. Affecting different touristic activities. 3. Affecting fishery activities.
  • 37. 37  Dr. Sama MZ Risk of High level of groundwater ‫الجوفية‬ ‫المياه‬ ‫منسوب‬ ‫ارتفاع‬ ‫مخاطر‬ 1. Effect on the buildings on the new random housing areas, especially at Toson zone and loss of agricultural land. 2. High cost of applying solutions to avoid high groundwater levels. 3. Amplifying the impacts of sea rise in the area. 4. Create expected dramatic industrial pollution.
  • 38. 38 Abo Qir Groundwater raise in urban areas
  • 39. 39 Abo Qir Groundwater raise in urban areas
  • 40. 40 Crisis of illegal buildings in high groundwater areas.
  • 41. 41 Crisis of illegal buildings in high groundwater areas.
  • 42. 42 Crisis of illegal buildings in high groundwater areas.
  • 43. 43 Crisis of illegal buildings in high groundwater areas.
  • 44. 44  Dr. Sama MZ Solutions ‫المقترحة‬ ‫الحلول‬ 1. Effective industrial wastewater control program. 2. Upgrading old and low capacity public sewerage systems. 3. Long-term program for groundwater reduction. 4. Minimizing different impacts resulting from groundwater high level problems through appropriate and specific best management practices. 5. Abo Qir domestic wastewater must be pumped to the Maaamora wastewater treatment plant.
  • 45. 45  Dr. Sama MZ S. Nasr, M. El-Raey, H. Ezzat, et al., J. Coast. Res. 4 (1997). 1233–1237. Oxidative stress and DNA damage in relation to transition metals overload in Abu-Qir Bay, Egypt Haiam M. Aboul-Ela a,*, Abir A. Saad b, Amany M.A. El-Sikaily c, Taha I. Zaghloul Hydrography, nutrients and plankton abundance in the hot spot of Abu Qir Bay, Alexandria, Egypt. N.E. ABDEL-AZIZ 1, M.A.FAHMY 1 and M.M. DORGHAM 2 Source of Abo Qir sewerage maps : GIS Department – ASDCO. Ministry of Environment reports entitled «environmental impact assessment and social project of integrated management of coastal areas in Alexandria. This report, which proved to the World Bank disaster environmental degradation of the city.
  • 46. 46  Dr. Sama MZ Thank you