Lecture 3 israel six day war

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Israel six day war against four nations.

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Lecture 3 israel six day war

  1. 1. ISRAEL’S SIX DAY WAR IN SYRIAISRAEL’S SIX DAY WAR IN SYRIA
  2. 2. LECTURE OUTCOMESLECTURE OUTCOMESThe students can:The students can: discover six-day war in Syria.discover six-day war in Syria. See the devastating effects war in Syria’sSee the devastating effects war in Syria’shistory.history.
  3. 3. ISRAEL’S SIX DAY WAR INISRAEL’S SIX DAY WAR INSYRIASYRIA
  4. 4. Land Taken During Six-Day WarLand Taken During Six-Day War Anticipating an Arab invasion, IsraelAnticipating an Arab invasion, Israelattacked and defeated its Arab neighborsattacked and defeated its Arab neighborsin the Six-Day War of 1967.in the Six-Day War of 1967. After the war, Israel continued to occupyAfter the war, Israel continued to occupyseveral of the areas it had captured,several of the areas it had captured,including the West Bank and Gaza Strip.including the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
  5. 5. Land Taken During Six-Day WarLand Taken During Six-Day War In 2005 Israel unilaterally withdrew its troops andIn 2005 Israel unilaterally withdrew its troops andsettlements from Gaza but continued to controlsettlements from Gaza but continued to controlits borders and airspace.its borders and airspace. © Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved.© Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
  6. 6. Six-DaySix-DayWarWarAdd To WorkspaceAdd To Workspace Encyclopædia Britannica ArticleEncyclopædia Britannica Article also called  June War  or  Third Arab-Israelialso called  June War  or  Third Arab-IsraeliWar War  brief war that took place June 5–10, 1967, andbrief war that took place June 5–10, 1967, andwas the third of thewas the third of the Arab-Israeli warsArab-Israeli wars.. IsraelIsraels decisive victory included the capture ofs decisive victory included the capture ofthethe Sinai PeninsulaSinai Peninsula,, Gaza StripGaza Strip,, West BankWest Bank, Old, OldCity ofCity of JerusalemJerusalem, and the, and the Golan HeightsGolan Heights; the; thestatus of these territories subsequently becamestatus of these territories subsequently becamea major point of contention in the Arab-Isra major point of contention in the Arab-Israeliaeliconflict.conflict.
  7. 7. ISRAEL/SYRIA Six-DayISRAEL/SYRIA Six-Day Prior to the start of the war, attacksPrior to the start of the war, attacksconducted against Israel by fledglingconducted against Israel by fledglingPalestinian guerrilla groups based inPalestinian guerrilla groups based in SyriaSyria,, LebanonLebanon, and, and JordanJordan had increased,had increased,leading to costly Israelileading to costly Israeli reprisalsreprisals (violent(violentrevenge because of what they have donerevenge because of what they have doneto you).to you).
  8. 8. ISRAEL/SYRIA Six-DayISRAEL/SYRIA Six-Day In November 1966 an Israeli strike on theIn November 1966 an Israeli strike on thevillage of Al-Samūʿ in the Jordanianvillage of Al-Samūʿ in the JordanianWest BankWest Bank left 18 dead and 54 wounded,left 18 dead and 54 wounded,and, during an air battle with Syria in Apriland, during an air battle with Syria in April1967, the Israeli Air Force shot down six1967, the Israeli Air Force shot down sixSyrianSyrian MiGMiG fighter jets.fighter jets.
  9. 9. ISRAEL/SYRIA Six-DayISRAEL/SYRIA Six-Day In addition,In addition, SovietSoviet intelligence reports inintelligence reports inMay indicated that Israel was planning aMay indicated that Israel was planning apunitive military campaign against Syria,punitive military campaign against Syria,and, although inaccurate, the informationand, although inaccurate, the informationfurther heightened tensions betweenfurther heightened tensions betweenIsrael and its Arab neighbours.Israel and its Arab neighbours.
  10. 10. ISRAEL/SYRIA Six-DayISRAEL/SYRIA Six-Day Egyptian presidentEgyptian president Gamal Abdel NasserGamal Abdel Nasserhad previously come under sharp criticismhad previously come under sharp criticismfor his failure to aid Syria and Jordanfor his failure to aid Syria and Jordanagainst Israel; he had also been accusedagainst Israel; he had also been accusedof hiding behind the United Nationsof hiding behind the United NationsEmergency Force (UNEF) stationed atEmergency Force (UNEF) stationed atEgypts border with Israel in the Sinai.Egypts border with Israel in the Sinai.
  11. 11. ISRAEL/SYRIA Six-DayISRAEL/SYRIA Six-Day Now, however, he moved toNow, however, he moved tounambiguously demonstrate support forunambiguously demonstrate support forSyria: on May 14, 1967, Nasser mobilizedSyria: on May 14, 1967, Nasser mobilizedEgyptian forces in theEgyptian forces in the SinaiSinai; on May 18 he; on May 18 heformally requested the removal of theformally requested the removal of theUNEF stationed there; and on May 22 heUNEF stationed there; and on May 22 heclosed theclosed the Gulf of AqabaGulf of Aqaba to Israelito Israelishipping, thus instituting an effectiveshipping, thus instituting an effectiveblockade of the port city ofblockade of the port city of ElatElat in southernin southernIsrael.Israel.
  12. 12. ISRAEL/SYRIA Six-DayISRAEL/SYRIA Six-Day On May 30, King Ḥussein of JordanOn May 30, King Ḥussein of Jordanarrived in Cairo to sign a mutual defensearrived in Cairo to sign a mutual defensepact with Egypt, placing Jordanian forcespact with Egypt, placing Jordanian forcesunder Egyptian command; shortlyunder Egyptian command; shortlythereafter, Iraq too joined the alliance.thereafter, Iraq too joined the alliance.
  13. 13. ISRAEL/SYRIA Six-DayISRAEL/SYRIA Six-Day In response to the apparent mobilization of itsIn response to the apparent mobilization of itsArab neighbours, early on the morning of JuneArab neighbours, early on the morning of June5, Israel staged a sudden preemptive air assault5, Israel staged a sudden preemptive air assaultand destroyed Egypts air force on the ground;and destroyed Egypts air force on the ground;later that day, it incapacitated a great deal of thelater that day, it incapacitated a great deal of theJordanian and Syrian air power as well.Jordanian and Syrian air power as well. Without cover from the air, the Arab armiesWithout cover from the air, the Arab armieswere left vulnerable to attack, and, as a result,were left vulnerable to attack, and, as a result,the Israeli victory on the ground was alsothe Israeli victory on the ground was alsooverwhelming.overwhelming.
  14. 14. ISRAEL/SYRIA Six-DayISRAEL/SYRIA Six-Day . By the time the United Nations cease-fire. By the time the United Nations cease-firecame into effect on June 10, Israeli unitscame into effect on June 10, Israeli unitshad driven Syrian forces back from thehad driven Syrian forces back from theGolan Heights, taken control of the GazaGolan Heights, taken control of the GazaStrip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt,Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt,and driven Jordanian forces from the Westand driven Jordanian forces from the WestBank.Bank. Notably, the Israelis were left in soleNotably, the Israelis were left in solecontrol of Jerusalem.control of Jerusalem.
  15. 15. ISRAEL/SYRIA Six-DayISRAEL/SYRIA Six-Day The warfare resulted in the creation ofThe warfare resulted in the creation ofhundreds of thousands of refugees andhundreds of thousands of refugees andbrought more than one million Palestiniansbrought more than one million Palestiniansin the occupied territories under Israeliin the occupied territories under Israelirule.rule.

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