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World War I
 

World War I

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  • Russian 1914 poster. The upper inscription reads "agreement". Shown are the female personifications of France, Russia, and Britain, the "Triple Entente" allies in the first World War. In center, Russia holds aloft an Orthodox Cross. In the background is a battle scene, with men fighting with guns and swords, some on horseback. Above them is an exploding shell, an early aeroplane, and an airship.http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0c/Triple_Entente.jpg/200px-Triple_Entente.jpg&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triple_Entente&usg=__Hdx4ol76f-dszhjLXsICpTOvaMM=&h=271&w=200&sz=30&hl=en&start=10&tbnid=KAwjXfoWUq-i6M:&tbnh=113&tbnw=83&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dtriple%2Bentente%2Band%2Btriple%2Balliance%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den
  • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://cnparm.home.texas.net/Wars/JulyCrisis/FranzFerd-1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://cnparm.home.texas.net/Wars/JulyCrisis/JulyCrisis00.htm&usg=___F6XgCm-xJVp2oKO46SXaYdWmRs=&h=409&w=325&sz=25&hl=en&start=6&um=1&tbnid=vy6aTCH39BTxgM:&tbnh=125&tbnw=99&prev=/images%3Fq%3Darchduke%2Bfranz%2Bferdinand%26hl%3Den%26rlz%3D1T4GWYE_enUS290US290%26sa%3DX%26um%3D1
  • http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.nndb.com/people/211/000044079/gavrilo-princip.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.nndb.com/people/211/000044079/&usg=__Y7rEqhQEH0cV-p4A0oaCliTNhoM=&h=305&w=217&sz=20&hl=en&start=5&um=1&tbnid=vp37mohD4yMvZM:&tbnh=116&tbnw=83&prev=/images%3Fq%3DGavrilo%2BPrincip%26hl%3Den%26rlz%3D1T4GWYE_enUS290US290%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1

World War I World War I Presentation Transcript

  • Reflection• "The war that will end all war." –H.G. Wells
  • World War IThe Beginnings
  • WWI• Known as “The Great War” or the “war to end all wars”
  • Seeds of Conflict• Economics – Britain, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia and Italy were trying to expand their empires• Nationalism – France wanted revenge on the Germans for the loss of land in the Franco-Prussian war (1870- 1871) – Austria- Hungary worried about Serbian activities in the Balkans
  • Seeds of Conflict• Militarism and Alliances – Militarism: policy of aggressive military preparedness – Alliance system: international combination of states • Otto von Bismarck created League of Three Emperors (1872) – Germany, Austria- Hungary and Russia • Italy joined the Austro- German alliance which became the Triple alliance
  • Seeds of Conflict • 1890’s Russia and France signed a secret military alliance in which they agreed to come to each others aid if attacked by Austria Hungary or Germany or both • 1904 Entente Cordiale between France and Britain – Russia and Britain solved issues and became the Triple Entente– Triple Entente vs. Triple Alliance
  • Outbreak of the War• June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand (Heir to the throne of Austria) went to Sarajevo, Bosnia – Planned to give the Slavs more equal role in the Austria-Hungarian government when he became emperor – Bomb got thrown at his motorcade, it missed, but injured a half a dozen people behind them – Eventually shot by 19 year old Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian student
  • Outbreak of the War• Gavrilo Princip was one of 7 Union of Death or Black Hand assassins lined up on the parade route• The Austrian- Hungarian leaders held the Serbians responsible for the assassination – Encouraged by the Germans to think like this • “blank check”
  • Ultimatum• July 23, 1914 Serbia couldn’t (or wouldn’t) accept the terms of interrogation about the assassination• July 28,1914 Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia – Many European powers tried to stay out of the war • Russia acted first, with Germany saying to stay out, also told France not to interfere
  • War• August 1st, 1914 Germany declared war on Russia and two days later on France• Britain managed to stay neutral for a little while during negotiations – Didn’t make is apparent if they were going to support Russia and France• Germany marched into Luxemburg and demanded passage across Belgium
  • Britain’s Entry• Belgium was a neutral country• Belgium refused and asked Britain for help (August 3rd Germany invaded Belgium)• August 4th British had no choice but to declare war on Germany
  • Classwork• Using the map provided find and label (and color): Austria-Hungary Germany Britain France Russia Italy Belgium Luxemburg