The world at war and end of wwii


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The world at war and end of wwii

  1. 1. The World At WarAnd the end of WWII
  2. 2. Reflection “Peace is absurd: Fascism does not believe in it.” - Benito Mussolini, Fascist Dictator
  3. 3. Thought quotea. “They saw human skeletons and skulls in the ovens of the crematorium. In the yard outside, they saw a heap of white human ashes and bones… [The] dead were stripped of their clothing and lay naked, many stacked like cordwood waiting to be burned at the crematory. At one time 5,000 had been stacked on the vacant lot next to the crematory… At headquarters of the SS troops who ran the place were lamp shades made from human skin… Often, the guide said, the SS wished to make an example of someone in killing him… They used what I call hay hooks, catching him under the chin and the other in the back of the neck. He hung in this manner until he died.” -German Captain Luther Fletcher after being showed what his country had been doing
  4. 4. Turning back the GermanArmy 1942 victories won in Europe as well  Stalin used the lend-lease act to his advantage  Churchill believed that attacking the edges could lead to more victories
  5. 5. Big Three Diplomacy While allied cooperation gained military victories in both Europe and the Pacific, negotiations over the postwar peace proved more difficult  Churchill thought only stable Europe and not an organization could preserve peace  Staling wanted to annex certain lands to protect Soviet peace  Roosevelt wanted to balance power under the “Four Policemen” (USSR, US, UK and China
  6. 6. Battle of the Atlantic Once the US entered the war the German submarines had a hey- day with their ships Allied oil was rationed Navy set up a convoy system New technology
  7. 7. Operation Overlord Operation Overlord was the name of the plan to invade to take France back  General Eisenhower was in command of the invasion  Hitler thought (though he wasn’t sure) that the Allies would enter France in Pas-de-Calais  In order to trick them the Allies placed inflated rubber tanks, empty tents, and dummy landing crafts  The Allies had planned on not Pas-de-Calais but Normandy  The invasion started under the call of night It was known as D-Day
  8. 8. D-Day D-Day took place on June 6, 1944  paratroopers, artillery and bombers helped the troops to get there  Omaha beach: Intense German fire almost led to an American retreat  General Omar Bradley was in charge of Omaha beach and he almost made plans for the evacuation  Eventually however enough troops landed that they were able to push forward over 35,000 troops landed at Omaha, 28,000 at Utah beach with over 75,000 British and Canadian as well May 7th, 1945 Germany surrendered unconditionally after Battle of the Bulge May 8th, 1945 was declared V-E Day or “Victory in Europe”
  9. 9. Tehran and Yalta November 1943  Feb 1945 in Yalta Italy had  Allied differences surrendered, war on how to deal was going well with Poland and against Germany Germany Teheran  They did agree to Conference turn attentions to  First meeting Japan after together of big Germany was three defeated
  10. 10. Iwo Jima and Okinawa in order to be effective the Allies needed to capture an island that was closer  geography  dormant volcano volcanic ash  vast numbers of caves and bunkers connected by miles of tunnels  February 19,1945 troops landed on Iwo Jima  difficult to get through the soft ash, lots of death Invasion of Okinawa  April 1, 1945 troops landed  Japanese took up the defensive position and dug in  June 22, 1945 with the death of 12,000 marines were able to take Okinawa
  11. 11. Death of Roosevelt Many people were critical of the results of the Yalta Conference April 12, 1945 Roosevelt while sitting for a portrait he complained of a “terrific headache” then fell unconscious and 2 hours later he was dead Harry Truman replaced FDR. Truman was very decisive in comparison to FDR
  12. 12. Potsdam Conference July 1945 at Potsdam (just outside Berlin) President Truman met Churchill and Stalin for the first time Two topics: Germany’s political fate and how much they should pay in reparations Stalin insisted on $10 billion in reparations  US and UK lowered theirs
  13. 13. The Manhattan Project Project to build an atomic bomb  July 16, 1945 the first bomb was detonated in Alamogordo, NM  Underground detonation When Truman found out he “told the Russians just where they got on and off and generally bossed the whole meeting” in Potsdam
  14. 14. Stalin and the bomb Few scientists recommended against using the bomb Rather than tell Stalin directly about the bomb, Truman mentioned that the US had a weapon of “awesome destructiveness” Privately Churchill and Truman decided to drop the bomb with only a veiled threat of “inevitable and complete” destruction if Japan didn’t surrender unconditionally
  15. 15. Stalin and the bomb Some experts believed that a combat demonstration of the bomb would shock Stalin into behaving less aggressively in postwar negotiations  Most evidence points to the face that Truman wanted to end the battle quickly as Japan promised to be a bloody conflict
  16. 16. Drop the Bomb August 6th 6 B-29s left to drop two atomic bombs on Japan August 6, 1945 the Enola Gay dropped the bomb (Little Boy) on Hiroshima Another atomic bomb named “Fat Man” was dropped on Nagasaki on the 9th of August  About 140,000 died in the blast  The Japanese emperor ordered that his government surrender.  August 15, 1945 was declared V-J Day. The war was finally over.
  17. 17. Debate to drop the bomb!!! You should have all read your research. Divide into 4 groups
  18. 18. Review for the ExamJeopardy next class Dictators “How Democracy Failed” reading Japanese plans and why angry with the US German plans Turning points in the war Comic/propaganda analyzing