Reflection Glory is fleeting, but obscurity is forever. Napoleon Bonaparte
The Napoleonic RevolutionRise of Emperor Napoleon
Overthrow of the Directory Napoleon once said: “I found the crown of France lying on the ground and I picked it up with a sword.” 1799 New French Constitution 2 consuls Napoleon became consul for the next 10 years
Domestic and Religious Policy Napoleon quickly cleaned up the bandits that polluted France Religious Reform Concordat of 1801 Napoleon named Bishops Church officials received state salaries (Protestants too!) “With the aid of Catholicism I should easily attain all my great results.”
Napoleonic Code Before the codification there were almost 300 different law systems, during the revolution efforts were made to prepare a single code, and Napoleon finished it Freedom of speech and press were curtailed, but made laws less confusing Other Reforms Education was placed under state control. Public school system financed by taxes. National bank 1802 voters approved when Napoleon named himself First Consul for life. Approved (1804) Emperor of the French.
Napoleon’s Empire Treaty of Amiens March 1802 peace between France and Britain Napoleon had already defeated Austria and Italy and convinced Russia to withdraw.
Third Coalition Britain declared war in 1803 Britain, Austria, Russia and Sweden were unable to defeat France and Spain Napoleon’s Empire quickly expanded to include all Europe. Confederation of the Rhine Battle of Trafalgar in October 1805 defeat to French and Spanish navies. economic warfare.
Continental System Destroy the British trade by shutting British goods and shipping out of all European ports The Berlin Decree forbid British goods in the ports under French control. Russia and Prussia had to go Portugal refused and Napoleon attacked Spain refused-Napoleon turned against his ally and placed his brother on the throne.
Invasion of Russia Alexander I’s defied France and needed to be punished. 1812 France started into Russia The Russians burnt everything Napoleon delayed retreat Russian troops attacked Napoleon’s as they retreated 4/5 of Napoleon’s army was captured or died before reaching the Prussia
Napoleon’s Defeat Leipzig, Germany in October 1813 Napoleon was exiled to Elba Boundaries of France were reduced to those of 1792.
100 Days March 1, 1815 Napoleon remained in command for 100 days. France met Britain, Netherlands, Prussia at Waterloo June 1815. The French were defeated. Napoleon was placed under house arrest on St. Helena of the South Atlantic till1821.
Napoleon’s Legacy Freedom of Religion End of the Political reign of the Catholic Church Taste of Freedom from Monarch