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Nazi Ideology Nazi’s persecuted many different types of people Jews (known as anti- Semitism) Homosexuals Blacks Disabled Gypsies Slavic people (Russians) Jehovah’s Witness’
Nuremburg Laws (September 1935) Put in force shortly after the Nazi’s took power in Germany took citizenship away from all the German Jews marriage between a Jew and a German was outlawed decreed that if you had one Jewish grandparent you were Jewish and couldn’t hold office or vote
Nuremburg Laws Jews were forbidden from employing German servants under the age of 35 Had to adopt Jewish sounding names passports marked with a red “J” even with the Nuremburg Laws many Jews chose to remain in Germany, feeling that things had to improve
Kristallnacht Night of Broken Glass November 7, 1938 A Jewish refugee shot and killed a German diplomat in Paris seeking revenge for the deportation of Jews from Germany to Poland as a retaliation for killing Hitler ordered his minister of propaganda Joseph Goebbels to stage attacks against the Jews to appear to be a popular reaction to the news of the murder
Kristallnacht 90 Jews were killed, 2500 businesses destroyed, and 180 wrecked synagogues Gestapo arrested 20,000 wealthy Jews Confiscated insurance payments for those Jews whose businesses were ruined Nazi minister of the interior said later on that the German Jewry would have to pay for their “abominable crimes”
Kristallnacht Jewish refugees tried to flee after Kristallnacht some went to the U.S. Albert Einstein However there were circumstances that did not allow many Jews to immigrate to the US Nazi orders prohibited the taking out of more than $4 out of Germany Many countries refused to accept Jewish immigrants others fled to Amsterdam, Switzerland, France, Netherlands attempts to fake passports and other immigration allowances made it increasingly harder for them to get out of Germany
Final Solution January 20, 1942 15 Nazi leaders met at the Wannsee Conference to decide the fate of the Jewish population decided to take them to detention camps or “concentration camps” healthy people would work as slave labor until they died from exhaustion or poor nourishment sick individuals would be sent to extermination camps attached to concentration camps in which they would be killed in massive gas chambers
Concentration Camps the first Nazi camp was for political prisoners in 1933 Buchenwald was one of the first and largest concentration camp
Extermination Camps most were in Poland to kill more Jews efficiently these camps included Treblinka and Auschwitz the camps obliterated hundreds of thousands of Jews, many up to 12,000 a day in the gas chambers Medical experimentation on children
Medical Experimentation Experiments to ensure the survival of Axis soldiers High altitude Hypothermia Salt water to drinking water
Medical Experimentation Treatment Bone grafting Antidotes for mustard methods for gas and phosgene gas injuries and medical experimentation illnesses sustained sought to advance the in the field racial and ideological tenets of the Nazi malaria, typhus, worldview (Dr. Mangele) tuberculosis, Sterilization typhoid fever, Usage of twins yellow fever, and Eye pigmentation Noma- gangrene deterioration infectious hepatitis
Shoes from Jews were sent to Germany to be resold and reusedThe spoils of the victims: goldteeth and dental work, collected
Reasons for Holocaust German people’s sense of injury after WWI Hitler’s control over the German nation Lack of strong tradition of representative government in Germany German fear of Hitler’s secret police Long history of anti-Jewish prejudice and discrimination
Mein Kampf We are going to read exerpts of Hitler’s autobiography Mein Kampf together. You will need to discuss with a partner. You will reflect on what you read today.
Escape from Sobibor We are going to compare this movie to the first one that we watched.