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Response to the industrial revolution
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Response to the industrial revolution

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Response to the industrial revolution Response to the industrial revolution Presentation Transcript

  •  What is communism? What is socialism? a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state. a theory or system of social organization that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole.
  • For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.
  •  What is capitalism? Adam Smith: a Scottish professor, wrote The Wealth of Nations  challenged mercantilism (labor not money was the source of wealth)  laissez faire: the government should not interfere in business Need for Reform  utilitarianism  John Stuart Mill concluded that the government should stay out of people’s lives as much as possible but also allow the promotion of education. ▪ called for equality between men and women ▪ warned against potential tyranny of the majority and that government power should be limited. View slide
  •  What is socialism? Socialists believed that the means of production should be operated to benefit all of the people rather than just some of them  they hoped to end the misery of the poor by changing the structure of society Utopian Socialists  utopia: the ideal society View slide
  •  Karl Marx  German, studied at the Universities of Bonn and Berlin  forced to Paris where he met Friedrich Engel Friedrich Engels  Son of a German manufactuer  Wrote a book that caught the eye of Karl Marx
  •  Karl Marx and Freidrich Engels believed that it wasn’t possible to have a utopian society. They felt that it was important to dissolve the existing social system. Their basis was on the struggle of the classes. Marx’s ideas  Conflict between the classes was inevitable  division of classes  Capitalism was not a permanent state Marx’s Writings  Communist Manifesto (1848)  Das Capital (1885)  Greatly effected the workers ▪ Trade unions ▪ Strikes
  • • Darwinism: natural selection (Charles Darwin)  social Darwinism (Herbert Spencer)
  •  Romanticism: the idea that humankind was good, emphasized the senses and emotions  followed the basic idea of Jean-Jacques Rousseau  Other famous romanticists ▪ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe ▪ Alexander Dumas (Three Musketeers and Count of Monte Cristo) ▪ Victor Hugo (The Hunchback of Notre Dame) ▪ Sir Walter Scott (Ivanhoe) ▪ John Keats
  •  Realism: portrayed life in a realistic style, advocated human freedom and wanted a better world, wanted change-not escape  Charles Dickens Naturalism: took a scientific approach to their art, describing everything with objective precision  Leo Tolstoy ( War and Peace, Anna Karenina)  Stephen Crane (Red Badge of Courage)
  •  Impressionism (in painting): art that didn’t delve into social problems, was pleasant to look at and a little sentimental, they used color to create effects  Claude Monet
  •  Post- Impressionism: they believed that art should reproduce reality as close as possible  Georges Seurat (Sunday afternoon on the island of La Grande Jatte)  Vincent van Gogh