Industrialization and nationalism


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This power point is a class lecture on the Industrial Revolution and the changes that it led to.

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Industrialization and nationalism

  1. 1. The Industrial Revolution
  2. 2.  Major job was agriculture  Husband, wife and children worked along side of each other  Little food was produced  just enough to survive  if there were leftovers they were sold  there was little incentive (motive) to increase production
  3. 3.  Shift from agricultural based economy to manufacturing based economy Starts in Britain  Expansion of farmland, good weather, improved transportation and new crops led to an increase in the food supply  Population grew  Britain had ready money (capital) that they could invest in industrial machines and factories  Natural resources were plentiful  Rivers  Supply of markets
  4. 4.  domestic system  also known as the “putting- out system”  people worked from their homes, generally during the winter months, production costs were low spinning jenny and the water frame  these inventions led to the beginning of the factory system  an organized method of production that brought together workers and machines under the control of managers Steam engine allowed for machinery to be driven and not have to be located by a river
  5. 5.  Steam engine created an increased need for coal  Locomotives Puddling became possible to create a better quality of iron  Britain was then able to produce more high quality iron than the rest of the world combined
  6. 6.  Railroads  Created new jobs  increased need for coal Electricity  Generator  Morse code  Light bulb  Electric streetcar
  7. 7.  The British parliament passed laws to keep its inventions and processes a secret Belgium  went at the same rate as Britain and was comparable France  most workers remained in agriculture Germany United States  The Northeast
  8. 8.  Cities grew larger because of the mills and workers needed Rural areas were changed to cities and towns Housing shortages, bad water and sewers Child labor was cheaper, and easier to get/train  Children were routinely beat Increases in levels of alcoholism, prostitution, divorce and crime
  9. 9.  Rise of industrial capitalism  Economic system based on industrial production Made up of people who built factories, bought the machines and figured out where the markets were Not to be confused with the industrial working class  Worked 12-16 hours a day  No security of employment, no minimum wage  Cotton mills were the worst  “in the cotton-spinning work, these creatures are kept, 14 hours in each day, locked up, summer and winter, in a heat of from 80-84 degrees”  Dirty, dusty, dangerous and unhealthy
  10. 10.  Coal mine conditions were also harsh  Men still had to dig out the coal even with the new machines  Horses, women, children, mules hauled the coal carts on rails to the lift  Cave-ins, explosions and gas fumes