Standards ALGEBRA Standard 4: Understand patterns, relations, and functions. K.4.1 Recognize, describe, create, and extend repeating and growing patterns (e.g., sequences of sounds, objects, or numbers). Standard 5: Represent and analyze mathematical situations and structures using algebraic symbols. K.5.1 Analyze how repeating patterns are generated (e.g., find the unit of repetition); analyze how growing patterns are generated (e.g., grows by adding so many objects, sounds, or numbers each time). Standard 6: Use mathematical models to represent and understand quantitative relationships. There is no performance indicator for this standard.
Why Teach Patterns in Kindergarten? Teaching patterns to kindergarteners is included in the GPSS STANDARDAS and is often categorized under the heading of "Algebra". Algebra is about seeing relationships and as children recognizes and create patterns they begin to see and understand how things work together.
Patterning Skills What students need to know? Students will work towards being able to: Create their own patterns at various difficulty levels such as: red, blue, red, blue... red, blue, yellow, repeat... red, red, blue, red, red, blue.... red, blue, yellow, yellow, yellow Copy patterns that others have made Extend patterns that others have started
Patterning Skills: (cont.) Tell what is missing if part of a pattern is hidden Compare and talk about patterns that arise from their daily experiences Recognize patterns in the environment - e.g. fence posts: short, tall, short, tall... Use patterns to describe the world around them and to solve problems Identify a pattern
Welcome! MRS. JessilynsantosKindergarten Class Math Session
Patterns Are Fun! What is a pattern? Is a set of shapes, designs, or numbers that are repeated over and over again.
Patterns are fun! Why do we need to learn about patterns? Understanding patterns will help us learn the basic skill for further mathematics and will help us go on By understanding patterns we will be able to see and understand the way things work together.
Patterns are Fun! Today I will be teaching you 3 main parts to patterns: Identifying Patterns Identifying the core of Patterns Expanding patterns
Identifying Patterns Patterns are found everywhere in our world. It can be a combination of shapes, designs, or numbers that repeat.
Identifying patterns Activity: Worksheet (Circle what comes next)
Identifying patterns Individual/ Group Activity: Linking colored chain. Green, yellow, purple, and pink
Identify the core of patterns The core is the shortest string of elements that repeat
Group Activity: -Create a Macaroni bracelet using a pattern. -Then give your friendshipMacaroni bracelet to your partner Identifying the core
Song: Guess What’s Next? Guess what’s next? What could it be? There’s a pattern that you can see Guess what’s next? Can you tell? Guess by the time you here the bell. http://www.onlinemathlearning.com/kindergarten-pattern.html
Extending the pattern with the core Continuing the pattern
Extending the pattern with the core Group Activity: Piñata's Create a pattern with crepe paper on your piñata with your partner. Identify the pattern. Identify the core of the pattern How many extending patterns?