The Republic of Estonia   Hegi Soosaar, Liivi Heinla, Terje Sander Bursa 2011
General info <ul><ul><li>45 227 km2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 . 3   m people </li></ul></ul><ul><li...
General info <ul><li>Habitation dates to 8000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Tacitus mentioned in 1st c AESTI </li></ul><ul><li>Inte...
Climate <ul><li>Temperate, maritime </li></ul><ul><li>Average temperature 5,6 °C </li></ul><ul><li>Max temperature 35,6°C ...
Anthem <ul><ul><li>&quot;Mu isamaa, mu õnn  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>            ja rõõm&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;M...
National Symbols <ul><li>barn swallow </li></ul><ul><li>cornflower </li></ul><ul><li>limestone </li></ul>
 
  <ul><ul><li>Estonia is a democratic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>      parliamentary  republic </li></ul><ul><li>(101 members ...
  <ul><li>President : Toomas Hendrik     Prime minister : Andrus Ansip      </li></ul><ul><li>                     Ilves  ...
THE KEY DATES <ul><li>1918  Republic of Estonia </li></ul><ul><li>1939 August 23- The Molotov–Ribbentrop  </li></ul><ul><l...
Lennart  Meri 1992 – 2001  (1929 – 2006)
Tallinn  - capital
 
 
Tallinn – Old Town
Tartu – university town
Narva – border town
Pärnu – seaside resort
Rakvere Lääne-Viru County
Lahemaa National Park
Population <ul><li>Population  and Language </li></ul><ul><li>(2010)1,340,021 </li></ul><ul><li>68.8 % Estonia n </li></ul...
Language <ul><li>1 official language- Estonian </li></ul><ul><li>not widely spoken outside of the country </li></ul><ul><l...
Estonian Kroon and Euro <ul><li>At the beginning: </li></ul><ul><li>June 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>1 DEM=8 EEK </li></ul><ul>...
Banking <ul><li>1990s – commercial banks </li></ul><ul><li>Big  S candinavian enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>Double-edged s...
The Estonian tax system <ul><li>Social tax  33% </li></ul><ul><li>Personal income tax  21% </li></ul><ul><li>Value added t...
The Estonian Song Festival <ul><ul><li>140-year-old tradition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choirs </li><...
Dance Festival http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=SnfN5C3Dw3I&feature=related <ul><ul><li>Folk-dance groups all over the coun...
Sport <ul><ul><li>2002 – W 1 gold, 1 silver, 1 bronze </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2004 – S 1 silver, 2 bronze </li></ul></u...
Kristina Šmigun-Vähi <ul><li>  </li></ul>
Andrus Veerpalu <ul><li>  </li></ul>
Gerd Kanter <ul><li>  </li></ul>
Jüri Jaanson, Tõnu Endrekson
Nikolai Novosjolov <ul><li>  </li></ul>
Baruto <ul><li>  </li></ul>
Music - Bedwetters <ul><li>  </li></ul>
Arvo Pärt <ul><li>  </li></ul>
Kerli  <ul><li>  </li></ul>
Tanel Padar & Dave Benton <ul><li>  </li></ul>
Did you know? <ul><li>Skype by Estonians </li></ul><ul><li>Kaali meteorite crater </li></ul><ul><li>Tallinn – the culture ...
Thank you! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DJM4_i8T_so
Carnival traditions in Estonia Are there any?
Walpurgis Night  <ul><ul><li>Volbriöö   (in Estonian) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During the night of 30 April </li></ul></...
<ul><ul><li>Catholic Church  - female saint Walburga </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Influenced by the 15th and 16th century li...
<ul><ul><li>Wander the streets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fantastic creatures: witches, monsters, fairies </li></ul></ul><...
St. Martin's Day <ul><ul><li>Mardipäev  (In Estonian)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10. November </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
<ul><ul><li>Young people, countryside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children go door-to-door </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marti...
<ul><ul><li>Wishing good luck for the household  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>St. Martin's Day songs  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
St. Catherine's  Day <ul><ul><li>25 November </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The arrival of winter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I...
Customs <ul><ul><li>Kadrisants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dressing up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From door to door - to co...
Difference  <ul><li>St. Martin's Day </li></ul>St. Catherine's Day Men Women
Similarity <ul><ul><li>Mark the arrival of winter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Estonians - for ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
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Estonia overview

  1. 1. The Republic of Estonia   Hegi Soosaar, Liivi Heinla, Terje Sander Bursa 2011
  2. 2. General info <ul><ul><li>45 227 km2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 . 3 m people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tallinn </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>15 counties , 202 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rural municipalities, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>39 towns </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  3. 3. General info <ul><li>Habitation dates to 8000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Tacitus mentioned in 1st c AESTI </li></ul><ul><li>International trade route </li></ul><ul><li>Hanseatic League </li></ul><ul><li>Borders with Russia and Latvia </li></ul><ul><li>More than 1,500 islands </li></ul><ul><li>Coastline 3,800 km </li></ul><ul><li>Highest peaks 318 m </li></ul><ul><li>4th largest Lake (Peipsi) in Europe </li></ul>
  4. 4. Climate <ul><li>Temperate, maritime </li></ul><ul><li>Average temperature 5,6 °C </li></ul><ul><li>Max temperature 35,6°C </li></ul><ul><li>Min temperature -43,5°C </li></ul><ul><li>Average 121 rainy days </li></ul><ul><li>Humidity 81% </li></ul><ul><li>No climatic extremes </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest hailstone 50mm </li></ul>
  5. 5. Anthem <ul><ul><li>&quot;Mu isamaa, mu õnn  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>           ja rõõm&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;My Fatherland, My </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  Happiness and Joy&quot; </li></ul>
  6. 6. National Symbols <ul><li>barn swallow </li></ul><ul><li>cornflower </li></ul><ul><li>limestone </li></ul>
  7. 8.   <ul><ul><li>Estonia is a democratic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>      parliamentary  republic </li></ul><ul><li>(101 members in the </li></ul><ul><li>unicameral parliament) </li></ul><ul><li>  1991 - United Nations </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2004 - European Union  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  and NATO </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  8. 9.   <ul><li>President : Toomas Hendrik     Prime minister : Andrus Ansip     </li></ul><ul><li>                    Ilves                        </li></ul>
  9. 10. THE KEY DATES <ul><li>1918 Republic of Estonia </li></ul><ul><li>1939 August 23- The Molotov–Ribbentrop </li></ul><ul><li>Pact, Soviet occupation in June 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>1988 ‘Singing Revolution’ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SgHX7bu-TWk </li></ul><ul><li>1991 August 20 - re-establishment of the </li></ul><ul><li>Republic of Estonia </li></ul><ul><li>1992 Republican Constitution </li></ul>
  10. 11. Lennart Meri 1992 – 2001 (1929 – 2006)
  11. 12. Tallinn - capital
  12. 15. Tallinn – Old Town
  13. 16. Tartu – university town
  14. 17. Narva – border town
  15. 18. Pärnu – seaside resort
  16. 19. Rakvere Lääne-Viru County
  17. 20. Lahemaa National Park
  18. 21. Population <ul><li>Population and Language </li></ul><ul><li>(2010)1,340,021 </li></ul><ul><li>68.8 % Estonia n </li></ul><ul><li>25.5 % Russia n </li></ul><ul><li>5.7 % other minority groups </li></ul><ul><li>Finno-Ugric language </li></ul>
  19. 22. Language <ul><li>1 official language- Estonian </li></ul><ul><li>not widely spoken outside of the country </li></ul><ul><li>national pride in Estonia for years, especially during Soviet occupation </li></ul><ul><li>grammar rules and other standards - 1600s </li></ul>NATIONAL HOLIDAYS 1 January: New Year 2 February: Anniversary of the Tartu Peace Treaty 24 February: Anniversary of the Republic of Estonia 14 March: Mother Tongue Day 1 May: Spring Holiday 2 nd Sunday in May: Mothers' Day 4 June: Estonian Flag Day 14 June: Day of Mourning 23 June: Victory Day 24 June: St. John's Day 20 August: Restoration of Independence (1991) 2 nd Sunday in November: Fathers' Day 25 December: Christmas Day
  20. 23. Estonian Kroon and Euro <ul><li>At the beginning: </li></ul><ul><li>June 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>1 DEM=8 EEK </li></ul><ul><li>Fluctuation of 3% </li></ul><ul><li>Later: </li></ul><ul><li>Pegged to Euro </li></ul><ul><li>1 EUR=15,6466 EEK </li></ul><ul><li>Euro zone </li></ul>
  21. 24. Banking <ul><li>1990s – commercial banks </li></ul><ul><li>Big S candinavian enterprises </li></ul><ul><li>Double-edged sword (profits go out, reliable banking system) </li></ul>
  22. 25. The Estonian tax system <ul><li>Social tax 33% </li></ul><ul><li>Personal income tax 21% </li></ul><ul><li>Value added tax 20% </li></ul><ul><li>Excise duties </li></ul>
  23. 26. The Estonian Song Festival <ul><ul><li>140-year-old tradition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choirs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100 000 singers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>     and visitors </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SBcjNKN-bsM&feature=related </li></ul>
  24. 27. Dance Festival http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=SnfN5C3Dw3I&feature=related <ul><ul><li>Folk-dance groups all over the country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>every 4 years </li></ul></ul>
  25. 28. Sport <ul><ul><li>2002 – W 1 gold, 1 silver, 1 bronze </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2004 – S 1 silver, 2 bronze </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2006 – W 3 gold </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2008 – S 1 gold , 1 silver </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2010 – W 1 silver </li></ul></ul><ul><li>   </li></ul>
  26. 29. Kristina Šmigun-Vähi <ul><li>  </li></ul>
  27. 30. Andrus Veerpalu <ul><li>  </li></ul>
  28. 31. Gerd Kanter <ul><li>  </li></ul>
  29. 32. Jüri Jaanson, Tõnu Endrekson
  30. 33. Nikolai Novosjolov <ul><li>  </li></ul>
  31. 34. Baruto <ul><li>  </li></ul>
  32. 35. Music - Bedwetters <ul><li>  </li></ul>
  33. 36. Arvo Pärt <ul><li>  </li></ul>
  34. 37. Kerli <ul><li>  </li></ul>
  35. 38. Tanel Padar & Dave Benton <ul><li>  </li></ul>
  36. 39. Did you know? <ul><li>Skype by Estonians </li></ul><ul><li>Kaali meteorite crater </li></ul><ul><li>Tallinn – the culture capital of Europe 2011 </li></ul>
  37. 40. Thank you! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DJM4_i8T_so
  38. 41. Carnival traditions in Estonia Are there any?
  39. 42. Walpurgis Night <ul><ul><li>Volbriöö (in Estonian) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>During the night of 30 April </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May 1 - &quot;Spring Day&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spring festival </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrival of spring </li></ul></ul>
  40. 43. <ul><ul><li>Catholic Church  - female saint Walburga </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Influenced by the 15th and 16th century literature </li></ul></ul>
  41. 44. <ul><ul><li>Wander the streets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fantastic creatures: witches, monsters, fairies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dancing, singing, thematic discos, sitting in the campfire light </li></ul></ul>
  42. 45. St. Martin's Day <ul><ul><li>Mardipäev (In Estonian) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10. November </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very important and loved holiday </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning of the winter period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Martin - bishop, soldier </li></ul></ul>
  43. 46. <ul><ul><li>Young people, countryside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children go door-to-door </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Martinmas minstrel-beggar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dark clothes, coats, false beards, masks, animal costumes </li></ul></ul>
  44. 47. <ul><ul><li>Wishing good luck for the household  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>St. Martin's Day songs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dancing, riddles, game </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gifts: food, money, sweets  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to  St. Catherine’s Day </li></ul></ul>
  45. 48. St. Catherine's  Day <ul><ul><li>25 November </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The arrival of winter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For centuries </li></ul></ul>
  46. 49. Customs <ul><ul><li>Kadrisants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dressing up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From door to door - to collect gifts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Return suitable songs, blessings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shearing, weaving - forbidden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sewing, knitting - banned </li></ul></ul>
  47. 50. Difference <ul><li>St. Martin's Day </li></ul>St. Catherine's Day Men Women
  48. 51. Similarity <ul><ul><li>Mark the arrival of winter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Estonians - for ages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Still widely celebrated </li></ul></ul>
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