Estonia overview
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Estonia overview Estonia overview Presentation Transcript

  • The Republic of Estonia   Hegi Soosaar, Liivi Heinla, Terje Sander Bursa 2011
  • General info
      • 45 227 km2
    •  
      • 1 . 3 m people
    •  
      • Tallinn
    •  
      • 15 counties , 202
      • rural municipalities,
      • 39 towns
    •  
    •  
  • General info
    • Habitation dates to 8000 BC
    • Tacitus mentioned in 1st c AESTI
    • International trade route
    • Hanseatic League
    • Borders with Russia and Latvia
    • More than 1,500 islands
    • Coastline 3,800 km
    • Highest peaks 318 m
    • 4th largest Lake (Peipsi) in Europe
  • Climate
    • Temperate, maritime
    • Average temperature 5,6 °C
    • Max temperature 35,6°C
    • Min temperature -43,5°C
    • Average 121 rainy days
    • Humidity 81%
    • No climatic extremes
    • Biggest hailstone 50mm
  • Anthem
      • "Mu isamaa, mu õnn 
    •            ja rõõm"
      • "My Fatherland, My
    •   Happiness and Joy"
  • National Symbols
    • barn swallow
    • cornflower
    • limestone
  •  
  •  
      • Estonia is a democratic
    •       parliamentary  republic
    • (101 members in the
    • unicameral parliament)
    •   1991 - United Nations
    •  
      • 2004 - European Union 
    •   and NATO
    •  
  •  
    • President : Toomas Hendrik     Prime minister : Andrus Ansip    
    •                     Ilves                       
  • THE KEY DATES
    • 1918 Republic of Estonia
    • 1939 August 23- The Molotov–Ribbentrop
    • Pact, Soviet occupation in June 1940
    • 1988 ‘Singing Revolution’
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SgHX7bu-TWk
    • 1991 August 20 - re-establishment of the
    • Republic of Estonia
    • 1992 Republican Constitution
  • Lennart Meri 1992 – 2001 (1929 – 2006)
  • Tallinn - capital
  •  
  •  
  • Tallinn – Old Town
  • Tartu – university town
  • Narva – border town
  • Pärnu – seaside resort
  • Rakvere Lääne-Viru County
  • Lahemaa National Park
  • Population
    • Population and Language
    • (2010)1,340,021
    • 68.8 % Estonia n
    • 25.5 % Russia n
    • 5.7 % other minority groups
    • Finno-Ugric language
  • Language
    • 1 official language- Estonian
    • not widely spoken outside of the country
    • national pride in Estonia for years, especially during Soviet occupation
    • grammar rules and other standards - 1600s
    NATIONAL HOLIDAYS 1 January: New Year 2 February: Anniversary of the Tartu Peace Treaty 24 February: Anniversary of the Republic of Estonia 14 March: Mother Tongue Day 1 May: Spring Holiday 2 nd Sunday in May: Mothers' Day 4 June: Estonian Flag Day 14 June: Day of Mourning 23 June: Victory Day 24 June: St. John's Day 20 August: Restoration of Independence (1991) 2 nd Sunday in November: Fathers' Day 25 December: Christmas Day
  • Estonian Kroon and Euro
    • At the beginning:
    • June 1992
    • 1 DEM=8 EEK
    • Fluctuation of 3%
    • Later:
    • Pegged to Euro
    • 1 EUR=15,6466 EEK
    • Euro zone
  • Banking
    • 1990s – commercial banks
    • Big S candinavian enterprises
    • Double-edged sword (profits go out, reliable banking system)
  • The Estonian tax system
    • Social tax 33%
    • Personal income tax 21%
    • Value added tax 20%
    • Excise duties
  • The Estonian Song Festival
      • 140-year-old tradition
    •  
      • Choirs
    •  
      • 100 000 singers
    •      and visitors
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SBcjNKN-bsM&feature=related
  • Dance Festival http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=SnfN5C3Dw3I&feature=related
      • Folk-dance groups all over the country
    •  
      • every 4 years
  • Sport
      • 2002 – W 1 gold, 1 silver, 1 bronze
      • 2004 – S 1 silver, 2 bronze
      • 2006 – W 3 gold
    •  
      • 2008 – S 1 gold , 1 silver
    •  
      • 2010 – W 1 silver
    •   
  • Kristina Šmigun-Vähi
    •  
  • Andrus Veerpalu
    •  
  • Gerd Kanter
    •  
  • Jüri Jaanson, Tõnu Endrekson
  • Nikolai Novosjolov
    •  
  • Baruto
    •  
  • Music - Bedwetters
    •  
  • Arvo Pärt
    •  
  • Kerli
    •  
  • Tanel Padar & Dave Benton
    •  
  • Did you know?
    • Skype by Estonians
    • Kaali meteorite crater
    • Tallinn – the culture capital of Europe 2011
  • Thank you! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DJM4_i8T_so
  • Carnival traditions in Estonia Are there any?
  • Walpurgis Night
      • Volbriöö (in Estonian)
      • During the night of 30 April
      • May 1 - "Spring Day"
      • Spring festival
      • Arrival of spring
      • Catholic Church  - female saint Walburga
      • Influenced by the 15th and 16th century literature
      • Wander the streets
      • Fantastic creatures: witches, monsters, fairies
      • Dancing, singing, thematic discos, sitting in the campfire light
  • St. Martin's Day
      • Mardipäev (In Estonian)
      • 10. November
      • Very important and loved holiday
      • Beginning of the winter period
      • Martin - bishop, soldier
      • Young people, countryside
      • Children go door-to-door
      • Martinmas minstrel-beggar
      • Dark clothes, coats, false beards, masks, animal costumes
      • Wishing good luck for the household 
      • St. Martin's Day songs
      • Dancing, riddles, game
      • Gifts: food, money, sweets 
      • Similar to  St. Catherine’s Day
  • St. Catherine's  Day
      • 25 November
      • The arrival of winter
      • Importance
      • For centuries
  • Customs
      • Kadrisants
      • Dressing up
      • From door to door - to collect gifts
      • Return suitable songs, blessings
      • Shearing, weaving - forbidden
      • Sewing, knitting - banned
  • Difference
    • St. Martin's Day
    St. Catherine's Day Men Women
  • Similarity
      • Mark the arrival of winter
      •   Estonians - for ages
      • Still widely celebrated