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    Estonia overview Estonia overview Presentation Transcript

    • The Republic of Estonia   Hegi Soosaar, Liivi Heinla, Terje Sander Bursa 2011
    • General info
        • 45 227 km2
      •  
        • 1 . 3 m people
      •  
        • Tallinn
      •  
        • 15 counties , 202
        • rural municipalities,
        • 39 towns
      •  
      •  
    • General info
      • Habitation dates to 8000 BC
      • Tacitus mentioned in 1st c AESTI
      • International trade route
      • Hanseatic League
      • Borders with Russia and Latvia
      • More than 1,500 islands
      • Coastline 3,800 km
      • Highest peaks 318 m
      • 4th largest Lake (Peipsi) in Europe
    • Climate
      • Temperate, maritime
      • Average temperature 5,6 °C
      • Max temperature 35,6°C
      • Min temperature -43,5°C
      • Average 121 rainy days
      • Humidity 81%
      • No climatic extremes
      • Biggest hailstone 50mm
    • Anthem
        • "Mu isamaa, mu õnn 
      •            ja rõõm"
        • "My Fatherland, My
      •   Happiness and Joy"
    • National Symbols
      • barn swallow
      • cornflower
      • limestone
    •  
    •  
        • Estonia is a democratic
      •       parliamentary  republic
      • (101 members in the
      • unicameral parliament)
      •   1991 - United Nations
      •  
        • 2004 - European Union 
      •   and NATO
      •  
    •  
      • President : Toomas Hendrik     Prime minister : Andrus Ansip    
      •                     Ilves                       
    • THE KEY DATES
      • 1918 Republic of Estonia
      • 1939 August 23- The Molotov–Ribbentrop
      • Pact, Soviet occupation in June 1940
      • 1988 ‘Singing Revolution’
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SgHX7bu-TWk
      • 1991 August 20 - re-establishment of the
      • Republic of Estonia
      • 1992 Republican Constitution
    • Lennart Meri 1992 – 2001 (1929 – 2006)
    • Tallinn - capital
    •  
    •  
    • Tallinn – Old Town
    • Tartu – university town
    • Narva – border town
    • Pärnu – seaside resort
    • Rakvere Lääne-Viru County
    • Lahemaa National Park
    • Population
      • Population and Language
      • (2010)1,340,021
      • 68.8 % Estonia n
      • 25.5 % Russia n
      • 5.7 % other minority groups
      • Finno-Ugric language
    • Language
      • 1 official language- Estonian
      • not widely spoken outside of the country
      • national pride in Estonia for years, especially during Soviet occupation
      • grammar rules and other standards - 1600s
      NATIONAL HOLIDAYS 1 January: New Year 2 February: Anniversary of the Tartu Peace Treaty 24 February: Anniversary of the Republic of Estonia 14 March: Mother Tongue Day 1 May: Spring Holiday 2 nd Sunday in May: Mothers' Day 4 June: Estonian Flag Day 14 June: Day of Mourning 23 June: Victory Day 24 June: St. John's Day 20 August: Restoration of Independence (1991) 2 nd Sunday in November: Fathers' Day 25 December: Christmas Day
    • Estonian Kroon and Euro
      • At the beginning:
      • June 1992
      • 1 DEM=8 EEK
      • Fluctuation of 3%
      • Later:
      • Pegged to Euro
      • 1 EUR=15,6466 EEK
      • Euro zone
    • Banking
      • 1990s – commercial banks
      • Big S candinavian enterprises
      • Double-edged sword (profits go out, reliable banking system)
    • The Estonian tax system
      • Social tax 33%
      • Personal income tax 21%
      • Value added tax 20%
      • Excise duties
    • The Estonian Song Festival
        • 140-year-old tradition
      •  
        • Choirs
      •  
        • 100 000 singers
      •      and visitors
      • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SBcjNKN-bsM&feature=related
    • Dance Festival http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v=SnfN5C3Dw3I&feature=related
        • Folk-dance groups all over the country
      •  
        • every 4 years
    • Sport
        • 2002 – W 1 gold, 1 silver, 1 bronze
        • 2004 – S 1 silver, 2 bronze
        • 2006 – W 3 gold
      •  
        • 2008 – S 1 gold , 1 silver
      •  
        • 2010 – W 1 silver
      •   
    • Kristina Šmigun-Vähi
      •  
    • Andrus Veerpalu
      •  
    • Gerd Kanter
      •  
    • Jüri Jaanson, Tõnu Endrekson
    • Nikolai Novosjolov
      •  
    • Baruto
      •  
    • Music - Bedwetters
      •  
    • Arvo Pärt
      •  
    • Kerli
      •  
    • Tanel Padar & Dave Benton
      •  
    • Did you know?
      • Skype by Estonians
      • Kaali meteorite crater
      • Tallinn – the culture capital of Europe 2011
    • Thank you! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DJM4_i8T_so
    • Carnival traditions in Estonia Are there any?
    • Walpurgis Night
        • Volbriöö (in Estonian)
        • During the night of 30 April
        • May 1 - "Spring Day"
        • Spring festival
        • Arrival of spring
        • Catholic Church  - female saint Walburga
        • Influenced by the 15th and 16th century literature
        • Wander the streets
        • Fantastic creatures: witches, monsters, fairies
        • Dancing, singing, thematic discos, sitting in the campfire light
    • St. Martin's Day
        • Mardipäev (In Estonian)
        • 10. November
        • Very important and loved holiday
        • Beginning of the winter period
        • Martin - bishop, soldier
        • Young people, countryside
        • Children go door-to-door
        • Martinmas minstrel-beggar
        • Dark clothes, coats, false beards, masks, animal costumes
        • Wishing good luck for the household 
        • St. Martin's Day songs
        • Dancing, riddles, game
        • Gifts: food, money, sweets 
        • Similar to  St. Catherine’s Day
    • St. Catherine's  Day
        • 25 November
        • The arrival of winter
        • Importance
        • For centuries
    • Customs
        • Kadrisants
        • Dressing up
        • From door to door - to collect gifts
        • Return suitable songs, blessings
        • Shearing, weaving - forbidden
        • Sewing, knitting - banned
    • Difference
      • St. Martin's Day
      St. Catherine's Day Men Women
    • Similarity
        • Mark the arrival of winter
        •   Estonians - for ages
        • Still widely celebrated