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Unit 1, lesson 1

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Transcript

  • 1. What isGeography?
  • 2. Welcome to Geography Geography: the study of people and places of Earth.
  • 3. Why Is It Important? It explains the forces that shape the land. It explores how living things are connected to the places where they live. Helps us understand our environment.
  • 4. Environment?• Environment: Includes ALL the surroundings and conditions that affect living things.• Water, land, plants, animals, and weather are all part of the environment.
  • 5. Environment? So What? PeopleDEPEND on the environment for food and fuel!  What you eat, drink, wear, work all depends on your environment.
  • 6. So….Who Studies Geography? Geographers!  Do you like to ask questions?  Do you like to find answers?  Do you like being outside? Then being a geographer may be just the job for you someday!
  • 7. Three Essential Questions Where is it? Why is it there? What is it like there? These are the questions geographers askabout different environments. Their job is to find the answers.
  • 8. “Where is it?” Geographers answer this question by describing the location of a place? How would you describe the location of your home?  Explain what is close to it.  Give the address **Geographers do both of these!**
  • 9. An Address? Geographers give places an address by using lines of latitude and longitude. Check it out!
  • 10. Latitude These lines are also called parallels. Degrees of latitude measure how far north or south of the equator a place is. Each line has a number, called degrees. The equator is 0 degrees latitude. Other latitude lines are measured in degrees north or south of the equator.
  • 11. Longitude Also known as meridians. Also have numbers, called degrees, to name each line. The prime meridian is at 0 degree longitude. The rest of the longitude lines measure east or west of the prime meridian.
  • 12. “Why Is It There?” After answering the “where” question, geographers are ready to tackle the “why” question. This takes detective work.  Look for clues about the forces that created mountains, rivers, and other features.  Look for clues about why people settled there.  Look for clues about why communities grew or disappeared
  • 13. What Kind of Clues? Natural Clues: landforms, bodies of water, wind, rainfall, plants, animals, trees, and soil. Human Clues: languages, food eaten, jobs, religion, and types of buildings.
  • 14. “What Is It Like?” Thisis where the geographer takes the clues used to answer the “why” question and describe them!
  • 15. Let’s Be Geographers! Now it’s your turn to be a geographer!Let’s take some time right now to answerthose three questions geographers use to learn about our area!
  • 16. “Where is it?” Let’s look at a globe. What do you notice?  Sphere shaped  7 Continents  Africa  Antarctica  Asia  Australia  Europe  North America  South America  4 Oceans  Atlantic Ocean  Arctic Ocean  Indian Ocean  Pacific Ocean  4 Hemispheres  Hemisphere: one half of Earth’s surface  Lines of Latitude and Longitude
  • 17. So….Where are we? Northern and Western Hemisphere North American Continent United States of America Illinois Stephenson County German Valley
  • 18. “What is here?”What are some landforms in our area?What kinds of work do people do?What plants and animals do you see?
  • 19. “Why is it here?” The why we will be learning more about in the two lessons when we discuss erosion. In the meantime, continue to describe the world around you! Let’s be successful geographers!