Revised Latin America Independence Movement 2012


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Revised Latin America Independence Movement 2012

  1. 1. Latin America Independence Movement
  2. 2. Independence Movements of Latin America
  3. 3. Were Latin American countries happy? <ul><li>Countries in Latin America wanted to be free from European rule! </li></ul><ul><li>So did the American colonies! </li></ul><ul><li>Latin America drew encouragement from two independence movements: the American Revolution (1770s) and the French Revolution (1789). </li></ul><ul><li>A revolution is a sudden and often violent change. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Causes of Latin American Independence
  5. 5. Who were some of the significant leaders that led Latin American countries to independence?
  6. 6. Freedom for Haiti <ul><li>The first independence movement in Latin America was in Haiti. </li></ul><ul><li>The Haitians were tired of being ruled by white men from France. </li></ul><ul><li>Jean François Toussaint-L’Ouverture, a former slave, lead the people in the Night of Fire. </li></ul><ul><li>The Night of Fire was when the property of the European descendents (the white plantation owners) in Haiti was burned. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Freedom for Haiti <ul><li>The fight for independence lasted 10 years. Becoming independent in 1804. </li></ul><ul><li>The Haitian Revolution is significant because it showed that Latin Americans no longer wanted to be ruled by Europe and is the only successful slave rebellion in the history of the world. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mexico’s Independence <ul><li>The first people in Mexico who were interested in freedom from Spain were the criollos. </li></ul><ul><li>A criollo is a person with Spanish parents, but who was born in Latin America. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They were usually wealthy and went to school in Europe where they learned about the independence movements in France and America. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They liked the idea that people of a country should govern themselves. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Miguel Hidalgo Miguel Hidalgo champions the mestizos. <ul><li>Miguel Hidalgo, a criollo priest in Dolores, Mexico began the fight for Mexico’s freedom in 1810. </li></ul><ul><li>Hidalgo wanted a redistribution of wealth. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basically, he wanted to break up the haciendas and give small plots of land to natives and mestizos. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This would create several small farms run by socially equal groups of people, rather than the large, plantation system made up of a small group of very rich and a large group of very, very poor. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Although he was a member of a higher social class, Hidalgo championed the improved treatment of natives and mestizos. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Mexico’s Independence “The Cry of Dolores” <ul><li>On September 16, 1810, Hidalgo rang the church bells and shouted “recover from the hated Spaniards the land stolen from your forefathers … Long live America, and death to the bad government!” </li></ul><ul><li>This cry came to be known as the “Cry of Dolores”. That is why Mexicans celebrate their independence day on September 16 th every year. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Mexico’s Independence <ul><li>Hidalgo’s revolution attracted 80,000 fighters, mostly mestizos (someone of European and Native American descent) and Native Americans, but was defeated by the Spanish government in 1811. </li></ul><ul><li>Hidalgo was put on trial for treason and executed by firing squad in July 1811. </li></ul><ul><li>Even after Hidalgo’s death, Mexican rebels kept fighting the Spanish. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Revolutionary Relationships Metaphor Document #1
  13. 13. The Independence of Gran Colombia <ul><li>When the people in Gran Colombia (present-day Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama) saw the Americans fight and win independence from the British they thought they could do the same. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1822 Spain was no longer as powerful worldwide as it once was. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Simon Bolivar <ul><li>The people of Gran Colombia needed a leader to guide them in their pursuit of independence. </li></ul><ul><li>S i m ó n Bol í var was that man! </li></ul><ul><li>From 1822 to 1825 Bol í var </li></ul><ul><li>liberated both the countries </li></ul><ul><li>Gran Colombia and Peru. </li></ul>