<ul><li>Every country has a government that is set up in it own distinct way. </li></ul><ul><li>One thing that a country h...
<ul><li>The central government possesses  most of the decision-making power  and authority. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>operates...
 
<ul><li>Many countries in the world are run this way. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Western Hemisphere: Cuba & Bolivia </li></ul><...
UNITARY GOVERNMENTS OF THE WORLD
<ul><li>How is power distributed in a unitary government? </li></ul>
<ul><li>How is power distributed in a unitary government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A central government assigns power and dut...
<ul><li>How is power distributed in a unitary government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A central government assigns power and dut...
<ul><li>How is power distributed in a unitary government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A central government assigns power and dut...
<ul><li>How is power distributed in a unitary government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A central government assigns power and dut...
<ul><li>How is power distributed in a unitary government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A central government assigns power and dut...
<ul><li>Some countries agree that they would be better able to solve problems or provide help  if they worked together. </...
 
<ul><li>Not commonly found among governments in the 21st century because there are several problems with them. </li></ul><...
<ul><li>The European Union is a group of European countries that have voluntarily banned together to solve problems and ac...
<ul><li>What is one problem with a confederation government? </li></ul>
<ul><li>What is one problem with a confederation government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The central government can create laws ...
<ul><li>What is one problem with a confederation government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The central government can create laws ...
<ul><li>What is one problem with a confederation government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The central government can create laws ...
<ul><li>In a federal form of government,  power is divided  between a central government & small divisions, such as states...
 
List of Powers Shared in a Federal Government Issue driver’s licenses Make laws for the environment Collect taxes Conduct ...
<ul><li>States or provinces are given considerable self rule, usually through their own legislatures. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex...
 
<ul><li>How does a federal system of government divide power? </li></ul>
<ul><li>How does a federal system of government divide power? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>between the central government and sma...
<ul><li>How does a federal system of government divide power? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>between the central government and sma...
<ul><li>How does a federal system of government divide power? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>between the central government and sma...
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Governments How do they distribute power 2011-12

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Governments How do they distribute power 2011-12

  1. 2. <ul><li>Every country has a government that is set up in it own distinct way. </li></ul><ul><li>One thing that a country has to decide on is how to organize its government and distribute its power. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 3 main ways or systems that governments use to spread their power: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>unitary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>confederation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>federal </li></ul></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>The central government possesses most of the decision-making power and authority. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>operates all levels of government in the country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assigns power to state & local government </li></ul></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><li>Many countries in the world are run this way. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Western Hemisphere: Cuba & Bolivia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe: United Kingdom & France </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unitary is not the structure of the US government. Our Congress does not have the power to dissolve state legislatures or appoint governors. </li></ul>
  4. 6. UNITARY GOVERNMENTS OF THE WORLD
  5. 7. <ul><li>How is power distributed in a unitary government? </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>How is power distributed in a unitary government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A central government assigns power and duties to the smaller units of government within the country. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>How is power distributed in a unitary government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A central government assigns power and duties to the smaller units of government within the country. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>True or False : In a unitary government, the national government could remove the governor of a state and pick a new one. </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>How is power distributed in a unitary government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A central government assigns power and duties to the smaller units of government within the country. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>True or False : In a unitary government, the national government could remove the governor of a state and pick a new one. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>True </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>How is power distributed in a unitary government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A central government assigns power and duties to the smaller units of government within the country. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>True or False : In a unitary government, the national government could remove the governor of a state and pick a new one. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>True </li></ul></ul><ul><li>France, UK, Bolivia, and Cuba – what do these countries have in common? </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>How is power distributed in a unitary government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A central government assigns power and duties to the smaller units of government within the country. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>True or False : In a unitary government, the national government could remove the governor of a state and pick a new one. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>True </li></ul></ul><ul><li>France, UK, Bolivia, and Cuba – what do these countries have in common? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They all have unitary government systems. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Some countries agree that they would be better able to solve problems or provide help if they worked together. </li></ul><ul><li>They might sign a treaty or a constitution under which the countries agree to defend each other, trade with each other, use a common currency, etc. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is called a confederation government. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Membership is usually voluntary & a country can decide to leave at any time. </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>Not commonly found among governments in the 21st century because there are several problems with them. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>often have little power because a high percentage of members must agree to decisions made </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>individual countries can veto decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>changes in the constitution requires all members to agree </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Confederations generally have a weak central government. </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>The European Union is a group of European countries that have voluntarily banned together to solve problems and act as trading partners. This gives them an advantage in the global marketplace. </li></ul><ul><li>The EU works to promote trade & solutions to common problems among members but cannot force members to do things. </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>What is one problem with a confederation government? </li></ul>
  15. 18. <ul><li>What is one problem with a confederation government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The central government can create laws but might not be able to enforce them. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>What is one problem with a confederation government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The central government can create laws but might not be able to enforce them. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In a confederation, government power lies with the? </li></ul>
  17. 20. <ul><li>What is one problem with a confederation government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The central government can create laws but might not be able to enforce them. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In a confederation, government power lies with the </li></ul><ul><ul><li>governments of the member countries/states. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 21. <ul><li>In a federal form of government, power is divided between a central government & small divisions, such as states. </li></ul><ul><li>A document (such as a constitution) may describe the rights, responsibilities, and duties of the central government & the states. </li></ul><ul><li>Central government can be powerful, but it does not have the ability to dissolve states or choose state leaders. </li></ul>
  19. 23. List of Powers Shared in a Federal Government Issue driver’s licenses Make laws for the environment Collect taxes Conduct elections Create marriage laws Punish law breakers Declare war Create standards for schools Make agreements with other countries Defend the country Coin money Protect citizen rights
  20. 24. <ul><li>States or provinces are given considerable self rule, usually through their own legislatures. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: United States of America, Federal Republic of Germany </li></ul>
  21. 26. <ul><li>How does a federal system of government divide power? </li></ul>
  22. 27. <ul><li>How does a federal system of government divide power? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>between the central government and smaller units such as states </li></ul></ul>
  23. 28. <ul><li>How does a federal system of government divide power? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>between the central government and smaller units such as states </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What defines the rights, responsibilities, & duties of the central & state governments? </li></ul>
  24. 29. <ul><li>How does a federal system of government divide power? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>between the central government and smaller units such as states </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What defines the rights, responsibilities, & duties of the central & state governments? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a constitution </li></ul></ul>

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