European governments comparison 2011 12


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European governments comparison 2011 12

  1. 1. United Kingdom, Germany, & Russia
  2. 3. <ul><li>Parliament is an essential part of UK politics. </li></ul><ul><li>Its main roles are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examining and challenging the work of the government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debating and passing all laws (legislation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling the government to raise taxes </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>The business of Parliament takes place in two Houses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. House of Commons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. House of Lords </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>It is the role of the citizens in the UK to vote & elect the members of the House of Commons. </li></ul><ul><li>The political party in the House of Commons with the most votes chooses the Prime Minister. </li></ul><ul><li>The House of Commons is responsible for making laws for the country. </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>The House of Lords is the second Chamber of the United Kingdom’s Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>It plays an important part in revising legislation and keeping a check on government by scrutinizing its activities. </li></ul><ul><li>The House of Lords has little power . </li></ul><ul><li>Most members of the House of Lords are nobles who have inherited their titles. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>1. Prime Minister </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This role is the real head of government. He or she is the leader of the Parliament and is the chief executive of the country. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Head of State (King or Queen) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This role is only symbolic; the Head of State holds very little political power. Although, the Queen is an important symbol of national unity. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Like the United States, Germany is a “federal republic” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a national government and state governments share powers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technically, it’s government is a Federal Parliamentary Representative Democratic Republic …whew! </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>1. Chancellor: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is the real head of government, similar to the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He or she is chosen by Parliament, and is the chief executive of the country. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. President: </li></ul><ul><li>Germany’s president has very little power, and mainly carries out ceremonial duties. </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>President Bush welcomes German Chancellor Angela Merkel to the Oval Office </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She is the 1 st woman (and the first East German) to hold this position </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>1. Bundestag (Upper House) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly an advisory council, but must approve laws and amendments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Holds little political power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representatives are members of the German state governments and are not elected directly by the people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Bundesrat (Lower House) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The role of citizens in Germany is to vote for & elect members to this House. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Holds most of Germany’s political power. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Members elect the Chancellor. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>After the fall of the Soviet Union, Russia became a democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>The role of the citizens is to freely elect the nation’s leaders. </li></ul><ul><li>Like the United States, Russia is a “federal republic” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the power is divided between national and state governments with a president who leads the nation </li></ul></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>The 1993 constitution created a dual executive branch that consists of a Prime Minister and a President, but the president is the dominant figure. </li></ul><ul><li>The Russian president has more power than an American president . </li></ul><ul><li>He or she can issue orders that become laws even if they are not passed by the legislature! </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>This is the Parliament of the Russian Federation. </li></ul><ul><li>It consists of two chambers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. The Federation Council </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. The State Duma </li></ul></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>Russia has seen many changes since the break up of the Soviet Union in 1991. </li></ul><ul><li>Russians have to learn how to function in a democracy instead of under communism where most decisions were made for them by the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Government officials need to learn that laws apply to them just like they apply to all of the people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the past, the Russian government punished those individuals who criticized their decisions. Now, officials have to learn to accept disagreements over government policies. </li></ul></ul>