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European governments comparison 2011 12
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European governments comparison 2011 12


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  • 1. United Kingdom, Germany, & Russia
  • 2.  
  • 3.
    • Parliament is an essential part of UK politics.
    • Its main roles are:
      • Examining and challenging the work of the government
      • Debating and passing all laws (legislation)
      • Enabling the government to raise taxes
  • 4.
    • The business of Parliament takes place in two Houses:
      • 1. House of Commons
      • 2. House of Lords
  • 5.
    • It is the role of the citizens in the UK to vote & elect the members of the House of Commons.
    • The political party in the House of Commons with the most votes chooses the Prime Minister.
    • The House of Commons is responsible for making laws for the country.
  • 6.
    • The House of Lords is the second Chamber of the United Kingdom’s Parliament.
    • It plays an important part in revising legislation and keeping a check on government by scrutinizing its activities.
    • The House of Lords has little power .
    • Most members of the House of Lords are nobles who have inherited their titles.
  • 7.
    • 1. Prime Minister
      • This role is the real head of government. He or she is the leader of the Parliament and is the chief executive of the country.
    • 2. Head of State (King or Queen)
      • This role is only symbolic; the Head of State holds very little political power. Although, the Queen is an important symbol of national unity.
  • 8.  
  • 9.
    • Like the United States, Germany is a “federal republic”
      • a national government and state governments share powers.
    • Technically, it’s government is a Federal Parliamentary Representative Democratic Republic …whew!
  • 10.
    • 1. Chancellor:
      • This is the real head of government, similar to the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
      • He or she is chosen by Parliament, and is the chief executive of the country.
    • 2. President:
    • Germany’s president has very little power, and mainly carries out ceremonial duties.
  • 11.
    • President Bush welcomes German Chancellor Angela Merkel to the Oval Office
      • She is the 1 st woman (and the first East German) to hold this position
  • 12.
    • 1. Bundestag (Upper House)
      • Mainly an advisory council, but must approve laws and amendments
      • Holds little political power
      • Representatives are members of the German state governments and are not elected directly by the people
    • 2. Bundesrat (Lower House)
      • The role of citizens in Germany is to vote for & elect members to this House.
      • Holds most of Germany’s political power.
      • Members elect the Chancellor.
  • 13.  
  • 14.
    • After the fall of the Soviet Union, Russia became a democracy.
    • The role of the citizens is to freely elect the nation’s leaders.
    • Like the United States, Russia is a “federal republic”
      • the power is divided between national and state governments with a president who leads the nation
  • 15.
    • The 1993 constitution created a dual executive branch that consists of a Prime Minister and a President, but the president is the dominant figure.
    • The Russian president has more power than an American president .
    • He or she can issue orders that become laws even if they are not passed by the legislature!
  • 16.
    • This is the Parliament of the Russian Federation.
    • It consists of two chambers:
      • 1. The Federation Council
      • 2. The State Duma
  • 17.
    • Russia has seen many changes since the break up of the Soviet Union in 1991.
    • Russians have to learn how to function in a democracy instead of under communism where most decisions were made for them by the government.
    • Government officials need to learn that laws apply to them just like they apply to all of the people.
      • In the past, the Russian government punished those individuals who criticized their decisions. Now, officials have to learn to accept disagreements over government policies.