Citizen participation-in-government.2011-12ppt

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  • Remy, Richard C., United States Government- Democracy in Action (Columbus, OH: Glencoe, McGraw-Hill, 2006)
  • Citizen participation-in-government.2011-12ppt

    1. 1. Citizen Participation in Government
    2. 2. Citizen Participation <ul><li>In each country, the people have different rights to participate in the government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In some countries, any citizen can run for office or vote in elections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In other countries there are restrictions placed on who can run for office and who can vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are also countries where no citizen can vote and there are no elections </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Review of Governments <ul><li>Types of Government are based on two key questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Who has the power? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. What is the citizen participation? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three types of governments are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Autocracy, Oligarchy, and Democracy </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Autocracy <ul><li>The oldest form of government. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most common forms of government. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain power through inheritance or ruthless use of military and police power. </li></ul><ul><li>Can you think of any governments like this? </li></ul>
    5. 5. Autocratic Governments <ul><li>--Has a single ruler with unlimited power </li></ul><ul><li>--Citizens have no ability to participate in the selection of the ruler or in the creation of laws </li></ul><ul><li>--One benefit of this type of government is that decisions for a country can be made quickly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, the needs of the people may be ignored or unheard </li></ul></ul><ul><li>--The leader may make poor or selfish decisions that hurt the people </li></ul>
    6. 6. Autocracy <ul><li>Generally the power to rule is inherited or by military force . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There two main types: dictatorship & absolute monarchy. </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. 1. Dictatorship <ul><li>The leader has not been elected and uses force to control all aspects of social and economic life. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: Adolf Hitler in Germany and Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. 2. Absolute Monarchy <ul><li>A monarchy has a king, queen, emperor or empress. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The power is usually inherited or passed down from family members. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The monarch has absolute power meaning they can make all decisions without consulting anyone. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Autocracies of the World
    10. 10. Oligarchic Governments <ul><li>--“rule by a few” = country is ruled by a small group of people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An advantage is that decisions can be made relatively quickly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>--Compared to an autocratic system, oligarchies have more heads to think through problems and should make better choices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>However, the citizen do not participate in the government </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Oligarchy <ul><li>--A government in which a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power. </li></ul><ul><li>--The group gets their power from either military, wealth, religion, or social status. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-- Examples- Communist countries such as China and Cuba </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>--Leaders in the party and armed forces control government. </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Democratic Governments <ul><li>-- The people are in charge of the government because they can VOTE </li></ul><ul><li>--Puts the power of the government in the citizens of the country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All citizens have the opportunity to be a leader, and all citizens have the opportunity to vote for leaders and laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All citizens are involved in the decision-making process of the government, and all groups are represented </li></ul></ul><ul><li>--Can be slow to make decisions because all people must discuss & vote on the issues </li></ul>
    13. 13. This is a “ Polity Data Series Map” It tries to measure a country’s true democracy in government It gives scores of -10 to +10. The countries in the lightest pink have the highest democracy score, the darker the color, the lower the democracy score
    14. 14. In a Democracy…. <ul><li>--Individual freedom and equality is valued. </li></ul><ul><li>--Free elections are held </li></ul><ul><li>--Decisions are based on majority rule. </li></ul><ul><li>--All candidates can express their views freely. </li></ul><ul><li>--Citizens vote by secret ballot. </li></ul>
    15. 15. How Governments Determine Citizen Participation <ul><li>Democracy </li></ul>Oligarchic Autocratic Government Power Citizen Participation Government Power General Citizens’ Participation Government Power Citizen Participation Select Citizens’ Participation High Participation Low or No Participation Low or No Participation

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