Canada Government


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Canada Government

  1. 1. Canada’s Government Unit 5 Notes
  2. 2. Government Systems & Types A Brief Review…
  3. 3. Government Systems -- Whose Got the Power? <ul><li>Unitary --power is held by one central authority </li></ul><ul><li>Confederation --association of independent states that agree to certain limitations on their freedoms by joining together </li></ul><ul><li>Federal --power is divided between central authority & several regional authorities </li></ul><ul><li>Which system does Canada have? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Government Types -- How Do Citizens Participate? <ul><li>Autocratic -- 1 person possesses unlimited power & citizens have limited role in government </li></ul><ul><li>Oligarchic -- small group exercises control & citizens have limited role in government </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic --supreme power is vested in the people & exercised by them directly or indirectly though a system of representation involving free elections </li></ul><ul><li>Which type does Canada have? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Two Types of Democratic Governments <ul><li>Parliamentary -- a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who elect the leader </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader works with or through the legislature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Presidential --system of government in which the leader is constitutionally independent of the legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader works separate from legislature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*Which type of democracy does Canada have? </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Canada’s Government <ul><li>Federation (federal system) </li></ul><ul><li>Parliamentary Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional Monarchy </li></ul>
  7. 7. Leadership <ul><li>1. Head of State: Monarch of the United Kingdom (presently, Queen Elizabeth II); little political power </li></ul><ul><li>2. Governor General : stands in for the monarch </li></ul><ul><li>3. Prime Minister : holds the most political power; head of legislature and </li></ul><ul><li>government. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
  9. 9. The Right Honorable Stephen Harper (Prime Minister) Her Excellency The Right Honorable Michaelle Jean (Governor General)
  10. 10. How the Leader is Chosen… <ul><li>Governor General: appointed by the monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister; serves a 5 year term </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister : is the leader of the majority party in the House of Commons; indirectly elected by the people </li></ul>
  11. 11. Legislature: Parliament <ul><li>Senate (105 seats): members are appointed by the governor general with advice from the Prime Minister </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--not elected by the people; can serve until they are 75 years old </li></ul></ul><ul><li>House of Commons (308 seats): members are directly elected by the people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>--serve 5 year terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>--largest political party in the House elects the Prime Minister </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Role of Citizen in Government <ul><li>Citizens are able to vote at the age of 18. </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens vote for members of the House of Commons, which indirectly elects the Prime Minister </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens have many of the personal freedoms like we do in the USA like the freedom of speech. </li></ul>