Just over a year ago, a cyclone struck Bangladesh affecting over 8.7 million people and killing 4,000 people. One of the hardest hit districts was the BargunaDistruct and while initial relief efforts have gone well, serious challenge remains with regard to physical and economic redevelopment. We were tasked with partnering with the Barguna District Management Center to in establishing a strategic plan to address redevelopment and recovery in the district over the next 5 years.
Our focus is on creating a system to increase community resilience through ongoing, sustainable community development. This will be done through the construction a partnership center where community members, partnered initially with outside staff, learn how to identify the needs of the community,facilitate collaboration between NGOs & government organizations, and find funding methods to implement solutions to address the needs of the community. 5 Partnership Centers (one in each upizila) and 3 additional branch centers in each upizilaObjective:Enable the coalition of community members, NGOs, local governmental organization to…Identify needsIdentify mechanisms to address needsLeverage resources and reduce redundancyProvide education
Key stakeholder form coalitions in order to collaborate to leverage resources to address the main concerns of the community,
The activities (agricultural diversity) that the coalitions will be focusing on will impact each of these for components, which are interconnected and will increase the overall community resilience of the community. For example – agricultural diversity will increase economic development and diversity Establishing coalition and facilitating coordination between parties will increase access to information and communication. between communities Which includes:Social capital = pride in community, citizen participation, social supportCommunity competence = skills of community members, community empowermentEconomic development = agricultural diversity - diversity and equity of economic resourcesInformation and communication = trusted media, information sources collaboration through NGOs
Phase I will consist of information gathering, ex. Identifying partners, existing NGOs, start to form coalitions. This will take up the majority of the budget because that will be where will build establishing the infrastructure. Phase II will consist of preparing plans for the community, securing funding, and executing the plan. Phase II will consit of maintenaince. Coalition needs assessment = overlap and need areas, how to best leverage resources and increase efficiencyThese coalitions will progress through 3 phase. The main goal in forming a framework where coalitions of community members and NGOS can gather information about community needs and identify mechanisms to address those needs and implementing plans to address the needs of the community.
Phase 1 is composed of two segments. The first part is the construction of a Partnership center which will have facilities in which coalitions can meet, and resources for communication and education such as internet access and teleconferencing equipment. During this time potential partners among community members and NGOs will be identified and networking will begin for the formation of coalitions. In the second segment formal coalitions will be established and needs assessments will be conducted to identify areas of need both in members of the coalition and in the communities they plan to serve. Function of community center in phase 1 – emergency housing, education (ag, health, construction), internet access, literacy coalitionPartnerships with: mercy corps, UNDP, local governments, practical actionCoalition needs assessment = identify overlap among partners to better leverage resources
IncreaseCommunity center functions – seed bank, livestock emergency shelter, education by subject matter experts – grant writing
Multiple evaluation methods built into the phases of our program. In phase I, needs assessment across coalition to identify gaps in expertise and services. Each coalition
Strengthening CommunityResilience Through CoalitionBuildingBarguna District, BangladeshGroup 5:Edmond Box, Elena Linn, Erica Wilson, JenniferHolt
Strategic Plan Mission:Community Resilience Goal:Center for Cooperative Sustainable Development Objective: Community Empowerment
Partnership Centers Key Stakeholders … ◦ Community members ◦ Local authority ◦ NGOs form coalitions… ◦ Sustainable Agriculture ◦ Housing Development ◦ Water Safety ◦ Economic Development in order to collaborate and leverage resources .
Norris Model Information and of Community Communication Resilience Economic CommunityDevelopment Competence Social Capital
Timeline of Coalition Progression • Information gathering & Infrastructure • Years 1 and 2 Phase I • 40% of budget • Action • Years 3 and 4 Phase II • 20% of budget • Maintenance • Year 5 and beyond Phase III • 40% of budget
PHASE I: Information Phase Year 1 ◦ Construction of Partnership Centers ◦ Network with NGOs working in the community ◦ Communicate with community members Year 2 ◦ Establish coalitions ◦ Conduct coalition and community needs assessments ◦ Coalitions develop plans to address needs
PHASE II: Action Phase Assist coalition members in seeking funding opportunities Execute plans developed by coalitions in Phase IAgriculture Housing Economy Water UNDP – Training Kiva – Microloans Practical Action –Practical Action – construction to start diverse RainwaterFloating gardens workers businesses catchmentPractical Action – Mercy Corps –Saline tolerant rice Linkage to markets
PHASE II: Action Phase Increase Partnership Center functions ◦ Continuing education for community members Grant writing Leadership training Subject matter experts for focus areas ◦ Use local FM radio station to disseminate information about NGO activities within upazilas Disaster preparedness Educational programs
PHASE III: Maintenance Continuing education Identify Grant writing Needs Leadership training Form Implement Coalitions Expert seminars via teleconference Self-sustaining Secure Create Phasing out of Funding Plan foreign full-time staff
Evaluation Phase I ◦ Community center constructed ◦ Number of organizations participating in coalitions ◦ Needs assessment across coalitions identifying gaps in expertise and services Phase II ◦ Each coalition responsible for semi-annual reports on number of people served, costs ◦ Qualitative data from focus groups with community and coalition members Phase III ◦ Number of grants applied/obtained/completed
BenefitsBenefits of strategic plan Self sustaining Highly replicable Efficiency – prevention of duplication of efforts and leverage resourcesBenefits to the community High community involvement Integration of existing NGO and community resources Community empowerment Increased disaster resilience Economic growth and diversity
Anticipated Challenges Corruption Land rights Construction workers and supplies Transportation Weather Cultural barriers and disparities Low literacy rates
AnyQuestions? Information and Communication Economic Community Resilience Community Development Competence Social Capital