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  • Quotes, picsLogistics slide, quotes slideImprovement since 1991, but still have a long way to go
  • Headquarters in BargunaLow risk area surrounded by high risk subdistricts with water and roadway access.Satellite centers in 13 high risk districtsEstablish a centrally located headquarters near areas of greatest need in less flood prone area with access to roads and waterways
  • We can do this in this time because it’s our people, we have no choice. Our plan capitalizes on Our greatest resource- people.EmploymentFemale laborers for roads, building houses, mangrove farming, first aid, coordinators, teachers, community educatorsConsult community leaders for land usage rightsFinanceDistribute micro-financingGrameen BankSubsidies for mangrove farmingStorageRaw materialsSurplus food & suppliesLand ownershipDevelopment of land tenure rights systemSurvey, deeds, mapped- work with group to make official
  • Needs pic
  • Partnerships with NGOs for buildingBuilding inspectors to ensure strict compliance with predetermined building standardsSurrounded by banana treesCyclone standards per United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) indicators Elevated land LatrinesAnimal sheltersRainwater collection systemsBuilt by local peopleEstimated 35,000 houses in Burguna to be built by NGOs Identify gaps where houses neededHousing fundInstruction on housing regulations, building strategiesBuild latrines Provide clean water (raising wells)Dorm for outside workers
  • Early investment and endorsement by women, religious leaders, community leaders, youthHousing for single women and momsProduction of bricks, clothing, goodsCreate exhibits of farming, mangrove farmsReforestationMaintenance and monitoringDistribution of mangrove seedlings, brake ferns flood-proof riceEarly investment and endorsement by women, religious leaders, community leaders, youthVocational trainingbamboo farming, hanging gardenssustainable farming & fishing examplesSkills trainingConstruction, farming, windmill repairEmbankment & tidal plant repairFloating gardens, hanging gardensSustainable farming Sustainable fishing
  • Health DaysImmunizationsNutritional status assessmentDewormingFirst aid trainingLand ownershipDevelopment of land tenure rights systemSurvey, deeds, mapped- work with group to make official
  • ROADSNeeded because unable to get supplies for buildingCyclone proofProvide skilled workers and distribution centerSeeking outside investors, Partnerships withRural Transport Improvement Project (World Bank) $180 M budgetNational Land Transport PolicyRoad Maintenance and Improvement Project$117 M budgetFocus on fixing secondary roadsNational, regional, zila roadsENERGY SHORTAGENational natural gas and electric power shortageMarket for sustainable energy sourceSmall reserves of oil and coal, but large natural gas resources. Electricity can improve farming business and fishing industryShrimp unable to be exported because of unsafe processingTap into established power grid to export energy to rest of the country
  • Demo for community empowerment center, adapted locally
  • $3 M saved for future cyclone
  • Cool looking slideBreak into year, year 1 main center, year 2 the mini-centersoverhead (rent, utilities, communication, internet), transport (boat, jeep per center, petrol $4 /L), seedlings, flood-proof rice, personnel, travel, experts per diem, city workers (translators)Do in dollars and conversion in takaHandout?
  • Powers our life and generates income“bonus month” of solar energyRenewable energy is the method to sustainable communitiesThe steps/activitiesDo subsequent slides in this orderSlide for commed, sustainable local We can do this in this time because it’s our people, we have no choice. Our plan capitalizes on Our greatest resource- people.
  • Mangroveaforrestation437 acres, ~ 175 hectares Brake ferns
  • Mangroveaforrestation437 acres, ~ 175 hectares Brake ferns
  • Mangroveaforrestation437 acres, ~ 175 hectares Brake ferns
  • Mangroveaforrestation437 acres, ~ 175 hectares Brake ferns
  • Mangroveaforrestation437 acres, ~ 175 hectares Brake ferns
  • Mangroveaforrestation437 acres, ~ 175 hectares Brake ferns

Team 2 Team 2 Presentation Transcript

  • A Rising Tide Lifts All Boats: A Strategy for the Redevelopment and Recovery of Barguna Committee Members: Frank Burkybile Chinazor Iwuaba Kathy Jo Carstarphen Leah Strickland Nathan Hadley Allen Young Barguna District DisasterMarch 3, 2012 Management Committee
  • Lessons Learned from Sidr Disaster Increased flooding Poor rebuilding Lack of evacuation resources Water supply Impaired Destroyed roads communication Poor embankments Poorly-built houses Infrastructure Lost jobs Land ownershipDeforestation Environmental factors Social factors SIDR –2–
  • Paths to sustainable communities Creating Empowerment Community Sustainable Assets Centers education local industry Connecting Networking community & Strengthen Monitoring & Regional Resources NGOs infrastructure evaluation Stability Resilience Community Environmental Renewable action plan preservation energy Building –3– View slide
  • A harbor during and after the storm Disaster Preparedness Resource Project Control & Management Coordination Empowerment Center Community Education & Investment Training –4– View slide
  • Empowerment Center Headquarters in Barguna Centrally-located headquarters Surrounding geography maximized Satellite centers in 13 high risk districts –5–
  • Empowerment Center Headquarters• Cyclone shelters for 1600• Space for animals Coordinating Disaster center resource• Supply storage• Solar & wind-powered Community integration• Registration of locals• Identification of those in highest need• Project financing• Employment opportunities• Land ownership rights• School – children/adults –6–
  • Disaster Preparedness Short-term Mid-term Long-term• Empowerment Centers • Drills • Disaster relief fund• Disaster training • Open communication • Mitigate impact of future channels with radio & disasters• Coordination with CRA cell phone • Continued monitoring & Committee & LDRRF evaluation Disaster Preparedness Resource Project Control & Management Coordination Empowerment Center Community Education Investment & Training –7–
  • Resource Control & Coordination Short-term Mid-term Long-term• NGO coordination • Committee for • Continued monitoring• Organize foreign experts evaluation of projects & evaluation• Provide onsite translators • Accounting committee • Annual report for NGOs • Regularly scheduled• Landscape analysis of meetings NGO work• Fill in gaps in housing Disaster Preparedness Ongoing goals: Resource Project Control & Housing Management Coordination Empowerment Latrines Center Clean water Goods distribution Community Education Investment & Training –8–
  • Education & Training Short-term Mid-term Long-term• Ensure community • Continue skills training & • Market skilled laborers cooperation education • Future leaders• Vocational training • Livelihood diversification • Community-directed – Sustainable farming & aquaculture improvements – Construction & manufacturing• Job placement • Continued monitoring & evaluation• Literacy of women & children Disaster Preparedness Vocational training Bamboo farming, hanging gardens, floating gardens, Resource sustainable farming & fishing Project Management Control & Coordination Empowerment Construction; windmill, Center embankment & tidal plant repair Community Education Investment & Training –9–
  • Community Investment Short-term Mid-term Long-term• Health Days & first aid • Continue skills • Career development – Health monitoring training & education • Community investment:• Donate supplies & labor income from markets & to mosque collectives • Continued monitoring &• Collectives & co-ops evaluation• Indoor market during rainy season• Distribution of family Disaster Preparedness arsenic filters yearly Resource Project Health Days Management Control & Coordination Immunizations Empowerment Center Nutritional status assessment Deworming Education Community Investment & Training – 10 –
  • Project Management Short-term Mid-term Long-term• Technology & • Establish outside • Distribute renewable investors energy nationally Innovation – Windmills – Community expos – Tidal power • Expansion of energy – Build windmills – Roads resources – Embankments • Growth in community – Construct tidal power plants • Utilize energy surplus for empowerment centers farming & fish• Build Infrastructure processing • Continued monitoring & – Embankment • Continue construction evaluation construction • Sell charged batteries to – Road construction Disaster locals Preparedness• Reforestation • Technology & development expos Resource • Project Monitor growth of Management Control & Coordination mangroves Empowerment Center Community Education Investment & Training – 11 –
  • Sustainable fishing Women’s Sustainable Tidal center agriculture power demoRiver Man Construction Main building skills training Water Mangrove collection Raw material storage area & Sanitation training
  • Spending allotment - $17M ($3M saved)Empowerment $2 M $500,000 $2 M $500,000 Centers Training & $250,000 $250,000 $500,000 $500,000 Education Infrastructure $2 M $2 M $2 M $1 M Sustainable $500,000 $750,000 $1 M $1 M Energy Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4-5 $5M $5 M $4 M $3 M – 13 –
  • Investment & Return: 5-Year Plan Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Community wealthEarnedSpent DDMC budget NGO Investment Return – 14 –
  • A rising tide lifts all boats.
  • Appendix
  • Shoreline Restoration • Strategy 1: Reforestation • Planting seedlings along cleared shoreline – Decrease storm surge – Shoreline retention • Naluvedapathy example – Indian village affected by tsunami – Planted 80,244 Casuarina saplings – Completely protected from tsunami winds and rain after 2 years – 17 –
  • Mangrove farms • Prevents erosion, builds up ecosystem • Hire farmers to plant, infuses money into economy • Subsidies for land owners that continue upkeep of mangrove farms – 18 –
  • Need for Sustainable energy Resilience Building Renewable energy • National natural gas and electric power shortage – Market for sustainable energy source – Small reserves of oil and coal, but large natural gas resources. • Electricity can improve farming business and fishing industry – Shrimp unable to be exported because of unsafe processing • Tap into established power grid to export energy to rest of the country – 19 –
  • Wind farms • Cyclone proof • $23,000 • Pilot project built with a few • Outside investors – Government – Renewable Energy Policy of Bangladesh – Kyoto Protocol • Carbon Credits through Clean Development Mechanism – Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee – Grameen Shakti – Sustainable Energy Development Authority • Paying landowners to use property • Constructed and maintained by Vergnet (France) – 275 kW / hr • Average household uses 136 kW / hr per annum – 20 –
  • Tidal power • Constructed on sluice gates on embankments – $4,270 per power plant – 2~5 meter tidal head/height rise and fall • Create pond on land side for shrimp farming • Rice paddies on banks • Electricity used for fish processing, farming • Seek supplemental funding – Rural Electrification Board (REB) – Centre for Mass Education in Science (CMES) – Grameen Bank – Institute for Sustainability and Technology Policy (ISTP) – Tidal Energy Australia (TEA) – 21 –
  • Tidal power Estuary Tide coming in – 22 –
  • Sustainable Aquaculture • Current practices degrade prevents mangrove destruction • Create fishing sanctuaries • Electric power from alternative energy sources • Ice produced with energy from wind and tide used in packing of shrimp and fish • Processing harvest with energy from wind and tide increases distance of export – 23 –
  • Renewable Energy • Create pilot windmill • Build more windmills • Connect to • Seek outside • Build tube wells national power Windmills investors attached to the grid for energy • Build embankments windmills distribution • Seek outside investors • Create pilot tide • Utilize energy for Tidal power power plant farming, fish processing • Build embankments • Seek outside investors • Seek outside • Build more plants and investors embankments • Sell charged batteries to locals Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Energy conservation is the foundation of energy independence. – 24 –
  • Roads Connecting Resources Roads • Needed because unable to get supplies for building • Cyclone proof • Provide skilled workers and distribution center • Seeking outside investors, Partnerships with – Rural Transport Improvement Project (World Bank) $180 M budget – National Land Transport Policy – Road Maintenance and Improvement Project • $117 M budget • Focus on fixing secondary roads – National, regional, zila roads – 25 –
  • Embankments• On coastal fronts• Outside investors – Coastal Embankment Rehabilitation & Reconstruction Project (World Bank) o an estimate cost of $ 53.00 million budget o Use recycled materials to create embankments o Cost is based on acres being used and materials already available• Creation of sluice gates for tidal power – an estimate cost of $31,000 for 200 acres – 26 –
  • Clean water• Community Involvement issue• Places about 70 million people at risk• NGOs distribute Family filters for arsenic removal • $35 per year per family• Arsenic poisoning not a serious concern for this area• Tube wells raised by NGOs after cyclone• Brake fern (Pteris vittata ) is effective in extracting arsenic – 27 –
  • Financial Report: Year 1 Cost Breakdown of Year 1 Cost per Item Quantity Estimated Total Cost Empowerment Center Budget Shelters (by size) 500 people 78,000 13 1,014,000 1,600 people 214,000 1 214,000 Facility vehicles Land vehicles 10,000 4 40,000 Motor boats (cargo) 6,500 10 65,000 Non-motor boats 50 50 2,500 Speed boats 2,500 3 7,500 Associated costs -- -- 30,750 Communication Fees Internet ($40 initial) 90 14 1,260 Satellite 137 1 137 Worker phones 30 62 1,860 Office supplies 500 14 7,000 – 28 –
  • Financial Report: Year 1 Cost Breakdown of Year 1 (Continued) Cost per Item Quantity Estimated Total Cost Empowerment Center Budget (Continued) Center supplies (beds, etc.) -- -- 7,500 Personnel wages Directors salary 2,300 6 13,800 Specialized workers 1,700 30 51,000 Skill laborers (9 mo) 200 62 12,400 Translators 1,500 6 9,000 Center program budget Women’s shelter Bed, food, clothes, etc… 25,000 Public relations Health, mosque, etc.. 1,300 Skills training Supplies, tools, etc… 6,500 Mangrove plan $200/hectare, 50,000 sub. 125,000 Arsenic-filter plan $35/filter 5000 175,000 Flood-tolerant rice Seedlings, and etc… 20,000 plan Mirco-grant program 50,000 Housing development 250,000 – 29 –
  • Financial Report: Year 1 Cost Breakdown of Year 1 (Continued) Cost per Item Quantity Estimated Total Cost Estimated Cost Taka Empowerment Center Budget (Continued) Additional center costs Storage buildings 500 25 12,500 Latrines 40 50 2,000 Solar panels 500 30 15,000 Rainwater storage 250 60 15,000 Funds for additional 500,000 centers Unexpected cost budget 100,000 Funds for infrastructure 2,000,000 Sustainable energy fund 500,000 Year 1 Total Costs 5,025,007 taka – 30 –
  • Financial Report: Year 2 Cost Breakdown of Year 2 Cost per Item Quantity Estimated Total Cost Estimated Cost Taka Empowerment Center Budget Shelters 500 people 78,000 10 780,000 300 people 9,300 15 139,500 Facility vehicles Land vehicles 10,000 2 20,000 Motor boats (cargo) 6,500 5 32,500 Non-motor boats 50 60 3,000 Speed boats 2,500 2 5,000 Associated costs -- -- 50,750 Communication fees Internet 90 28 2520 Worker phones 30 124 3,720 Office supplies 500 28 14,000 – 31 –
  • Financial Report: Year 2 Cost Breakdown of Year 2 Cost per Item Quantity Estimated Total Cost Empowerment Center Budget Center supplies (beds, etc.) -- -- 15,000 Personnel wages Directors salary 2,300 6 13,800 Specialized workers 1,700 45 76,500 Skill laborers (9 mo) 200 114 22,800 Translators 1,500 8 12,000 Center program budget Women’s shelter Bed, food, clothes, etc… 40,000 Public relations Health, mosque, etc.. 3,900 Skills training Supplies, tools, etc… 19,500 Mangrove plan $200/hectare, 50,000 sub. 250,000 Arsenic-filter plan $35/filter 7,500 262,500 Flood-tolerant rice Seedlings, and etc… 60,000 plan Mirco-grant program – 32 – 75,000
  • Financial Report: Year 2 Cost Breakdown of Year 2 Cost per Quantit Estimated Total Item y Cost Empowerment Center Budget (Continued) Additional center costs Storage buildings 500 25 12,500 Latrines 40 85 3,400 Solar panels 500 45 22,500 Rainwater storage 250 45 11,250 Unexpected cost 200,000 budget Funds for infrastructure 2,000,000 Sustainable energy fund 750,000 Year 2 Total Costs 4,638,140 taka – 33 –
  • Financial Report: Year 3 Cost Breakdown of Year 3 Cost per Item Quantity Estimated Total Cost Empowerment Center Budget Shelters (by size) Maintenance -- -- 200,000 Wages -- -- Facility vehicles Maintenance -- -- Associated costs -- -- 30,750 Center Program Budget Women’s shelter Bed, food, clothes, etc… 50,000 Public relations Health, mosque, etc.. 2,600 Skills training Supplies, tools, etc… 13,000 Mangrove plan $200/hectare, 50,000 sub. 500,000 Arsenic-filter plan $35/filter 5000 350,000 Flood-tolerant rice Seedlings, and etc… 40,000 plan Mirco-grant program 100,000 – 34 –
  • Financial Report: Year 3 Cost Breakdown of Year 3 (Continued) Cost per Quantity Estimated Total Item Cost Unexpected cost budget 200,000 Funds for infrastructure 2,000,000 Sustainable energy fund 1,000,000 Year 3 Total Costs 4,036,350 – 35 –
  • Financial Report: Year 4 Cost Breakdown of Year 4 Cost per Item Quantity Estimated Total Cost Empowerment Center Budget Shelters (by size) Maintenance -- -- 200,000 Wages -- -- Facility vehicles Maintenance -- -- Associated costs -- -- 30,750 Center Program Budget Women’s shelter Bed, food, clothes, etc… 50,000 Public relations Health, mosque, etc.. 10,000 Skills training Supplies, tools, etc… 50,000 Mangrove plan $200/hectare, 50,000 sub. 1,000,000 Arsenic-filter plan $35/filter 5000 350,000 Flood-tolerant rice Seedlings, and etc… 100,000 plan Mirco-grant program 200,000 – 36 –
  • Financial Report: Year 4 Cost Breakdown of Year 4 (Continued) Cost per Item Quantity Estimated Total Cost Unexpected cost budget 200,000 Year 3 Total Costs 2,017,707 – 37 –
  • Financial Report: Year 5 Cost Breakdown of Year 5 Cost per Item Quantity Estimated Total Cost Empowerment Center Budget Shelters (by size) Maintenance -- -- 200,000 Wages -- -- Facility vehicles Maintenance -- -- Associated costs -- -- 30,750 Center Program Budget Women’s shelter Bed, food, clothes, etc… 50,000 Public relations Health, mosque, etc.. 5,200 Skills training Supplies, tools, etc… 50,000 Mangrove plan $200/hectare, 50,000 sub. 1,000,000 Arsenic-filter plan $35/filter 5000 350,000 Flood-tolerant rice Seedlings, and etc… 50,000 plan Mirco-grant program 200,000 – 38 –
  • Financial Report: Year 5 Cost Breakdown of Year 5 (Continued) Cost per Quantity Estimated Total Item Cost Unexpected cost budget 200,000 Funds for infrastructure 1,000,000 Sustainable energy fund 1,000,000 Year 5 Total Costs 4,017,707 – 39 –
  • REFERENCES• Salequzzaman, M. (2003) Can Tidal Power Promote Sustainable Integrated Coastal Development in Bangladesh? (1-334).• Country Focus: Bangladesh. (2009). Retrieved March 2, 2012, from http://www.rrmac.net/• Ahmed, I., Jezeph, M. Kadushkin, A., Shipin , V. Arsenic Contamination of Ground Water and its Mitigation in the Province of Punjab (Pakistan) in the Light of the Situation in South Asia.• Attz, M. (2003) Flood and Storm Control. Retrieved March 1, 2012, from http://www.maweb.org/documents/document.316.aspx.pdf (1-18).• Dhaka. (2005). Bangladesh Launches First Wind Generated Power Plant. Retrieved March 1, 2012, from: http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/169525/bangladeshlaunchesfirstwindgenerated Powerplant• Flood Disaster “Learning from previous relief and recovery operations”. (2008) Retrieved March 1, 2012 from http://www.alnap.org/pool/files/ALNAP- ProVention_flood_lessons.pdf
  • REFERENCES• Government of Bangladesh. (April 2008) Cyclone Sidr in Bangladesh “Damage, Loss and Needs Assessment For Disaster Recovery and Reconstruction”. (1-182).• World Bank. Building Resilient Communities “Risk Management and Response to Natural Disasters through Social Funds and Community-Driven Development Operations”. Retrieved on March 2, 2012 (1-430).• Tango International. ( May 2010) DAP Emergency Program (Cyclone Sidr Response) Save the Children-USA and Partners. (1-44).• Bangladesh: Disaster Risk Reduction as Development. Retrieved on March 2 2012, from: http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/ourwork/crisispreventionandreco very/projects_initiatives/Bangladesh-drr-casestudy-transformational-change.html• Agarwal. Cyclone Resistant Building Architecture. Retrieved on March 1, 2012 from: http://www.ndmindia.nic.in/techAdvGroup/rvs/CycloneArchitecture.pdf (1-22)
  • REFERENCES• Ministry of Food and Disaster Management. (2008) SUPERCYCLONE SIDR2007 Impacts and Strategies for Interventions. (1-56).• United States Agency for International Development. (April 2010). Gender Assessment USAID/Bangladesh. (2-93).• Asian Disaster Reduction Center. Chapter 3: Total Disaster Risk Management “Good Practices”. (32-33).• Tamima. (December 2009) Population Evacuation Need Assessment in Cyclone Affected Barguna District. Journal of Bangladesh Institute of Planners, 2: 145-157.• Miyan, M. Cyclone Disaster Mitigation in Bangladesh. (1-8)• Alam, M. (2009) Cyclone disaster vulnerability and response experiences in coastal Bangladesh. (1-28).
  • REFERENCES• Gunasekara, H. Hazarika, K. Rana, B. Samarakoon, M. Siddiquee, J. (2010) Application of Remote Sensing and GIS for Cyclone Disaster Management in Coastal Area: A Case Study at Barguna District, Bangladesh. International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Science, 38; 8:122-127.• Asian Development Bank. ( August 2010) Bangladesh: Road Maintenance and Improvement Project (3-15).• Department of Environment Ministry of Environment and Forests . (2007). Bangladesh: National Programme of Action for Protection of the Coastal and Marine Environment from Land- Based Activities. (1-60)• Ahmed, M. Dasgupta, H., Huq, K., Mukherjee, P. ( May 2011) Vulnerability of Bangladesh to Cyclones in a Changing Climate. ( 1-24).