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  • Do we need/have a short term community slide?
  • Phase 1: Community center/ Storm shelter In non-emergent situation, serves as a community center, office space for local leaders and storage facility In emergent situation, serves as temporary housing, food distribution, town hall Phase 2: Work with NGOs to develop durable Supplement NGO funding for temporary shelters to instead build long term durable housing Phase 3: Focusing on training for maintenance and repair for local Working with government to expedite the land tenure process In the meantime we can do land leasing process
  • Risk reduction of cyclone damage (wind and water) Goal: By using plants as a natural barrier Stricter deforestation laws Examples: Shrubs and trees that are able to grow in brackish water Native plants grow best there Trees Coconut and Mangrove: can get food from both Sabal palmeto trees: good for growing along roads because don’t take up much space One group mapped out 125 km of coastal barriers of 5,000 trees Shrubs Grasses: Pearl millet (Bahra), does not need replanting and grows quick
  • In water.. How about now we teach how to construct their own rain barrels? Arsenic water filters Latrines One per 20people/4 families Distance from house needs to be between 6 and 15 meters Drainage system in place that locals know how to use and fix Kits ($) for making them and upkeeping them Fenced in for women’s privacy 1 or 2 latrines per sector so that families are responsible for cleaning them Periphery of village Dimensions: Build on a platform Latrines: 2 feet flood level Wells tube well bases 3-4 feet above ground) Trained caretakers for routine repair and maintenance Emergency wells dug 30-40 meters (4-5 men) can make 5 wells per week Water tested for arsenic free Think ahead and store water!!!!!!!!!! Tank should contain enough 15L per person per day 15 to 20 feet away from nearest latrine 10 to 15 meters deep and needs a filter
  • Experts do a subjective look at the situation Talking to people, discussion, focus groups Quantifiable ways of looking at it Mangrove Chickens How many CSVs have been trained How many people have been trained/practiced/drills Triangulate Quantifiable outcomes Evaluation post event Have a baseline from previous disaster, how things went/how went wrong, pre and post intervention Use UN metrics Challenges: indirect culture and people might say things to say, so beware of how you frame questions so people can feel comfortable saying yes
  • Transcript

    • 1. Ek Shathe Shobai:“Together, We Are One”Strategies for Partnership in Development and Crisis ManagementBarguna District Disaster Management Committee (DDMC), Bangladesh
    • 2. Barguna District• Culture: • Muslim, family-centric, respect for elders• Demographics: • 41% Literacy rate • Agrarian society• Vulnerabilities: • Alluvial floodplain • 3-year cyclone cycle • High water salinity affecting crops
    • 3. Integrated Approach “Every dollar spent on disaster preparedness saves ten dollars on disaster response.”• Partnership within leadership • Mutual respect and transparency• Sustainability • Strengthening and empowering local capacities • Raising a generation of trained responders
    • 4. Four-Pillar Plan Community PreparednessHousing Livelihood Water & Sanitation
    • 5. Four-Pillar Plan Community Preparedness
    • 6. Community Structure
    • 7. COMMUNITYPREPAREDNESS• Develop disaster response protocol models • Work with elders to tailor to local needs• Train elders and CSVs in disaster protocol • Simple, reproducible principles
    • 8. COMMUNITYPREPAREDNESS• Warning system • Radios and cell phones • Elders respond to national warnings and coordinate CSV • CSV’s activate emergency plan and mobilization • Emergency drills• Strengthen transportation infrastructure
    • 9. Four-Pillar PlanHousing
    • 10. “Mauza”
    • 11. HOUSING• Fortify temporary housing • Distribute building materials: jutin, bricks, cement, bamboo, wood• Community Centers • Storm shelter • Food distribution • Community education and training
    • 12. HOUSING• Build durable housing • Recruit, train, and employ local laborers • Use of locally produced and manufactured materials• Build storage facilities/ livestock shelters • Non-emergency use: storage for farm equipment and medicines • Emergency use: livestock shelters
    • 13. HOUSING• Develop storm barriers • Mangrove and coconut trees • At river banks, delta mouth, and around communities• Land rights • Equivalent to social status and power • Work with government and community elders • Modify legal structure surrounding land tenure
    • 14. Four-Pillar Plan Livelihood
    • 15. LIVELIHOOD• Jutin™ • Locally abundant resource • Cheap, durable construction material• Early-Maturing, Saline-tolerant Rice • Harvested before flooding can wipe out crop • Able to grow in high salt conditions
    • 16. LIVELIHOODDIVERSIFICATION:• Gardening • Saline-tolerant crops include spinach, tomato, okra• Chickens • Low maintenance, yield eggs and poultry meat• Bees • Produces a variety of honey and wax products• Seafood • Dyke cropping: Fish-rearing in symbiosis with rice
    • 17. LIVELIHOOD• Microfinance • Partner with local Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation for microcredit • Help locals establish business plans• Storage and Sale • Storage for use during disaster • Establishing mechanism for sale of products to neighboring communities and export
    • 18. Four-Pillar Plan Water & Sanitation
    • 19. WATER & SANITATION• Clean water • Testing and removal of arsenic from ground water • Clay pot filters • Distribution of plastic rain barrels for storage• Education • Hand washing hygiene • Latrine maintenance
    • 20. WATER & SANITATION• Wells • Tube wells • Test water quality• Latrines • Women’s privacy• Water catchment • Pond sand filters
    • 21. WATER & SANITATION• Adherence to sanitation protocol• Monitor potential health risks • Flood Zone planning • Minimizing overcrowding• Health training and supplies • Rehydration salts
    • 22. Four-Pillar Plan Community PreparednessHousing Livelihood Water & Sanitation
    • 23. Budget• Housing: $12,594,300• Livelihood • Expenditure: $5,310,000 • Projected 5 year income: $5,060,000• Community Preparedness: $1,955,000• Water and Sanitation: $1,108,500Grand Total Spent: $20,967,800Grand Total Income Generated: $5,060,000
    • 24. Evaluation• Measurable outcomes • Subjective: informal discussions and focus groups • Objective: standard metrics for economic, health, and water quality• Challenges• Solution
    • 25. Conclusions• Partnership• Adaptability• Prevention• Sustainability

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