Sustainable CommunityDevelopmental Strategy Barguna, Bangladesh         Group 8   Paul Joseph Leonardi      Asundep Ntui  ...
Outline•   Challenges•   Goal•   Objectives•   Strategy    – Planning    – Design and Implementation    – Expected Outcome...
Barguna DistrictChallenges• Housing needs• Access to safe drinking  water• Economic instability  (rebuilding livelihood)• ...
Overall Goal• To contribute to improving housing and  sustainable economic development in  Barguna District in Bangladesh
Objectives1. To provide housing and sanitation - cyclone   resistant homes, home improvement grants,   school cum shelters...
Socio-ecological Framework    Government policies- land allocation,                                 microcredit, home cons...
Approach• Active Community Participation• Stakeholder involvement /partnership• Capacity building  – Institutional strengt...
Conceptual Framework      Planning              Design and                        Expected              Impact            ...
Objective 1: To provide housing and sanitation• Target Population  – Most vulnerable -Extremely/ultra poor/land less;    F...
Objective 1: Intervention• UNDP Model Homes   –   Resistant to category 4 cyclones   –   Culturally acceptable   –   Facil...
Objective 2: To improve access to safe drinking• Target Population  – Home beneficiaries  – Other community members
Objective 2: Interventions• Rainwater harvesting  – Water storage tank (3,200L)  – 9 liters per day for family of 6  – Tan...
Objective 2: Interventions• Water Treatment  – Moringa seeds-    • Microbial    • Salinity    • Turbidity
Objective 2: Interventions• Water Treatment  – Moringa seeds-     • Microbial     • Salinity     • Turbidity  – Water filt...
Objective 3: To increase adaptability to extreme                 climate changes• Target Population  – Individuals in targ...
Objective 3: Interventions• Capacity building  – Skill training  – Health education  – Micro-financing
Objective 3: Interventions• On Farm activities  (profitable livestock,  poultry, apiculture,  floating gardening )• Promot...
Objective 3: Interventions• Off Farm activities  (handicrafts, blanket  making, curd  production)• Food preservation  tech...
Objective 3: Interventions                               Future that Floats• Educational Activities   – Partner with NGOs ...
Objective 3: Interventions• Microfinance  – Loan amount can range between $25 -$1000     • About 25% ($5,000,000 of the to...
Key PartnersGovernment• Ministry of Land, Upzila Disaster Management  committee, Housing, Ministry of Agriculture,  Enviro...
Justification• Holistic approach  – Unique ecosystem of the country  – Cost effective  – Empower individuals  – Reduce the...
Monitoring and EvaluationProject Description         Indicators                  Means of verification    Assumption (risk...
Project Description        Indicators                     Means of          Assumption (risks)                            ...
Project Description         Indicators                 Means of verification      Assumption (risks)Activities:           ...
Project Time Frame                      Year1   Year2   Year3   Year 4   Year 5Preliminary Phase (Identify and buildpartne...
Project Evaluation•  Community based committees will routinely engage in self  monitoring to measure progress of community...
BudgetDescription                                    Units   Cost, $      People benefitedHousing                         ...
References•   Rafiqul Islam. Pre-and post-tsunami coastal planning and land-use policies and    issues in Bangladesh.•   h...
Acknowledgement• Mentor: Dr. Valerie Yeager
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Group 8

  1. 1. Sustainable CommunityDevelopmental Strategy Barguna, Bangladesh Group 8 Paul Joseph Leonardi Asundep Ntui Rovinskiy Nikolay Meghan Tipre Melonie Walcott
  2. 2. Outline• Challenges• Goal• Objectives• Strategy – Planning – Design and Implementation – Expected Outcomes• Budget• Monitoring and Evaluation Plan• Timeline
  3. 3. Barguna DistrictChallenges• Housing needs• Access to safe drinking water• Economic instability (rebuilding livelihood)• Inadequate community awareness for disaster management
  4. 4. Overall Goal• To contribute to improving housing and sustainable economic development in Barguna District in Bangladesh
  5. 5. Objectives1. To provide housing and sanitation - cyclone resistant homes, home improvement grants, school cum shelters and community centers2. To improve access to safe drinking - rainwater harvesting, water treatment3. To increase adaptability to extreme climate changes– economic sustainability, food security, health promotion
  6. 6. Socio-ecological Framework Government policies- land allocation, microcredit, home construction existing farming practices supported by government , NGO’s Public Policy Local NGOs, Local government agencies, universities, Organizatio Local leaders, religious nal leaders, teachers, family members Community Skill-building training Risk reduction education Individual Health Promotion Business management skills
  7. 7. Approach• Active Community Participation• Stakeholder involvement /partnership• Capacity building – Institutional strengthening – Individual training- skill building and education• Build on lessons learned – Avoid duplication• Use of local resources (money stays in community)
  8. 8. Conceptual Framework Planning Design and Expected Impact Intervention Outcomes•Policy Analysis Housing •Improved •Improved health health and•Community outcomes- Social, outcomes Sanitationneeds mapping mental and physical •Improved•Community Asset •Sustained Food economicMapping security development Safe•Formation Drinking •Sustained economic •Communitycommunity water benefits recoveryadvisoryboard/Spearingcommittee •Reduced vulnerability Adaptability to future disasters•NeedsPrioritization Monitoring and Evaluation Medium term goal Long-term goal Short term goal
  9. 9. Objective 1: To provide housing and sanitation• Target Population – Most vulnerable -Extremely/ultra poor/land less; Female headed households; Elderly; Handicap• Selection process (Identification of beneficiaries) – Government records (natural disaster record) – Community advisory board(CAB) recommendation
  10. 10. Objective 1: Intervention• UNDP Model Homes – Resistant to category 4 cyclones – Culturally acceptable – Facilitate rain water harvesting – Accommodate expansion• Latrine – Flood resistant latrines – 1 unit per three families• Shelters – Flood resilient – Accommodate 800-1000 persons +livestock – Will serve as schools and community centers
  11. 11. Objective 2: To improve access to safe drinking• Target Population – Home beneficiaries – Other community members
  12. 12. Objective 2: Interventions• Rainwater harvesting – Water storage tank (3,200L) – 9 liters per day for family of 6 – Tank is used for 4 months – 1 Tank per 3 families – Can be made locally in the community
  13. 13. Objective 2: Interventions• Water Treatment – Moringa seeds- • Microbial • Salinity • Turbidity
  14. 14. Objective 2: Interventions• Water Treatment – Moringa seeds- • Microbial • Salinity • Turbidity – Water filters • Arsenic filtration
  15. 15. Objective 3: To increase adaptability to extreme climate changes• Target Population – Individuals in target community – Special emphasis on women
  16. 16. Objective 3: Interventions• Capacity building – Skill training – Health education – Micro-financing
  17. 17. Objective 3: Interventions• On Farm activities (profitable livestock, poultry, apiculture, floating gardening )• Promotion of nutrient dense plant (Moringa) • Rich in micronutrients
  18. 18. Objective 3: Interventions• Off Farm activities (handicrafts, blanket making, curd production)• Food preservation techniques- solar drying• Promotion and management of small businesses
  19. 19. Objective 3: Interventions Future that Floats• Educational Activities – Partner with NGOs to promote health education programs – Disaster risk reduction – Community sensitization
  20. 20. Objective 3: Interventions• Microfinance – Loan amount can range between $25 -$1000 • About 25% ($5,000,000 of the total budget) • Diverse farming, cottage industry, food production – Will be managed by co-operative local banks and community members
  21. 21. Key PartnersGovernment• Ministry of Land, Upzila Disaster Management committee, Housing, Ministry of Agriculture, Environment• Schools/University (BRAC)NGO’s• Samata: Land ownership advocacy/program• Shidhulai Swanirvar Sangstha (Floating schools)• Bangladesh Rural Improvement FoundationLegal consultations
  22. 22. Justification• Holistic approach – Unique ecosystem of the country – Cost effective – Empower individuals – Reduce their vulnerability to natural disaster – Economic development – Sustainability
  23. 23. Monitoring and EvaluationProject Description Indicators Means of verification Assumption (risks) with resolutionGoal: To contribute to * % Population without Bangladesh disaster Government, NGOs andimproving housing and homes preparedness center community memberssustainable economic *Employment rate National Surveys will support the projectdevelopment for * Household income Health facilitiesapproximately 41,000 * Health records -families DiarrhealPurpose: To reduce * Structural integrity of Comparison of pre-and Housing solution,vulnerability to disaster homes post-intervention data capacity building andand improve economic * Income level economic strengtheningstability will reduce vulnerability
  24. 24. Project Description Indicators Means of Assumption (risks) verificationOutput : Number of homes Project records Government, NGOs and1.Construct 8,157 constructed within 30 Ministry of community members supportcyclone resistant homes months housing Weathering conditions will favorable for building2. Construct – 8 cyclone Number of shelters Project records Same as aboveresistant shelters constructed3.- Improve access to Number of tanks Project records Interventions are acceptablesafe drinking water constructed Health records by the community Number of person using water treatment techniques Reports of diarrhea4. Increase adaptability # of people accessing Bank report Capacity building andto climate change microfinance Project records microfinance will improve Success rate of business Ministry of food security and income Household income agriculture Increase food production # of individual diversifying agriculture # of people attending educational and training workshops
  25. 25. Project Description Indicators Means of verification Assumption (risks)Activities: Formation of spearing Project Data Community leaders and1. Community community and advisory stakeholders willmobilization board support program2. Hiring and training of Personnel hired and Project records Staff members willstaff trained possess skills to execute program3. Baseline assessment Baseline data collection Filled out questionnaire Active participationof community needs Focus groups transcriptsand assets4. Capacity building – Number of workshops Attendance records Individuals willSkills training (n=20), conducted Number of Evaluation forms participate in theeducational (n=10) and persons trained trainingrisk reduction workshop(n=10)5. Project evaluation Pre-and post- Analyzed reports intervention surveys6. Dissemination of Community andresults stakeholder meetings Publications White papers
  26. 26. Project Time Frame Year1 Year2 Year3 Year 4 Year 5Preliminary Phase (Identify and buildpartnerships, Community engagement,Formation of community advisoryboard)Community needs assessment- (focusgroups, base line data collection,community mobilization)Community asset mappingProject Implementation- (Constructionof houses/latrine, Safe water andsanitation, risk reduction education)Program monitoringProgram Evaluation Process Outcome Impact
  27. 27. Project Evaluation• Community based committees will routinely engage in self monitoring to measure progress of community development and sustainment.• Records of projects will be maintained at the community and administrative levels to conduct process and outcome evaluation• External evaluation will be conducted during implementation and on a six month basis during sustainment to supplement community self evaluation efforts.• Impact evaluations – Final Impact Evaluations
  28. 28. BudgetDescription Units Cost, $ People benefitedHousing 8157 9,959,697 48,942Latrine 2719 108,720 48,942Water tank 2719 407,700 48,942Shelter - 3,900,000Microfinance ($25-$1000) - 5,155,502 206,220 - 10,331Administrative cost (personnel cost, -conducting baseline, conducting service,conducting monetary evaluation) 1 Program manager 72,225 4 Supervisors 33,335 10 masons/carpenters 108,369 5 field workers 144,450 Equipment and supplies 10,000Capacity building cost (support to existing - 100,000NGOs for educational activities)Total 20,000,000 248,942-58,942
  29. 29. References• Rafiqul Islam. Pre-and post-tsunami coastal planning and land-use policies and issues in Bangladesh.• http://www.fao.org/forestry/13138-098e3e2e57aa60088543a509788445c8d.pdf• Emily Wax . Washington Post In Flood-Prone Bangladesh, a Future That Floats• September 27, 2007; Page A01 and A22. http://www.directrelief.org/uploadedFiles/Where_We_Work/Countries/Bangledes h/InternationalReports_v4.0.pdf• Climate Change Case Studies – May 2009. Extending emergency relief and rehabilitation to increase community resilience to natural disasters Cyclone Sidr Response, Bangladesh http://wvasiapacific.org/downloads/case- studies/Bangladesh_Cyclone_Sidr_Response.pdf• Practical Action. Sustainable and Diverse Livelihoods. Available http://practicalaction.org/page/2844. Accessed on 03/03/2012• Tamima U. Population Evacuation Needs Assessment in Cyclone affected Barguna District. Journal of Bangladesh Institute of Planners. 2009; 2:145-157
  30. 30. Acknowledgement• Mentor: Dr. Valerie Yeager
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