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Ghcc team 7 2010
 

Ghcc team 7 2010

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  • Do not give full description, but be general to “vulnerable populations across multiple sectors of society based on impact of damage and capacity to recover”
  • Max Time: 10sec
  • Habit for Humanity – using their teaching process on home construction skills directed towards unskilled workers; also as a source of teachersGrameen – consulting on the development our of education program
  • Avoid building on abandoned land, area of polluted H2O contamination or garbage disposal site Add that the same criteria will go for planting. Assess area before planting Assist community members with procuring written contractsto reduce fear of eviction
  • Schools-cum-shelters = potential for community activities, medical care in disaster relief, and water collection and storage sites.
  • Building Material:ConcreteHabitat for humanity in BangladeshFerro cement: bricks made of concrete and sand; impermeable to water and high crack resistanceSave monetary resources by buying locallyWind-Resistant RoofingAerodynamic formRoof needs to be connected to structureWell-fixed roof coveringRegular Maintenance
  • Plant bamboo forests for latrine buildingEducation: Sustainability, Environmental protection/conservation, Economic improvementsCoconut trees to protect built structures, and prevent erosion of the coastlineCatkin grass to prevent erosionIntroduce Sugar Cane for cash cropPromote growth of locally appropriate treesSafer, more durable latrinesUse locally grown bamboo sources to build sturdier latrines that are less likely to be destroyed and allow the spread of human waste from floodingPrevent waterborne illnessesRainwater guttersTo prevent erosion of concrete foundation from rainTo direct rainwater to collection binsWater StorageLow cost rainwater storage using PVC piping and concrete storage
  • Need this range to be able to build concrete structures

Ghcc team 7 2010 Ghcc team 7 2010 Presentation Transcript

  • PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAM TOADDRESS NEEDS AFTERCYCLONE SIDRGlobal Health Case CompetitionSparkman Center for Global HealthTeam Members: Abena Afriyie, RichardCockrum, Emily Davis, Kristen Nash, ScottOwens, and Frida Tende
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 2Outline• Post-Disaster Priorities• Mission Statement • Target Population• Implementation Sequence• Components of Plan • Planning • Execution • Evaluation• Timeline and Budget• Summary
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 3Post-Disaster Priorities Individual Needs Societal Needs Food Security There has been Sanitation Most acute security Sustained supplies Essential care has established support Private housing willare accomplished be critical, but Clean Water been delivered. Employment for water treatment. represented half of through job recovery sustainable security Disease Outbreaks Medical Care 88% of affected the total income. and and damage Infrastructure have been controlled relies reducing water sources have losses. effectively. poverty. Effort CoordinationSupplies: Clothing/Blankets been repaired. Shelter and Housing “Building Back Better”
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 4Post-Disaster Priorities Individual Needs Societal Needs Hospitals and Food Security Sanitation partially damaged An overarching Waste control Dozens of entities Lack of personal principlewere schools is to problems Clean Water Employmentare trying to address savings impairsprioritizedespeciallycontinue, for repair. mitigate future economic recovery. problems. Medical Care Infrastructure230 primary schools disaster-related for latrines.were damages. fully destroyed Supplies: Clothing/Blankets Effort Coordination in Barguna. Shelter and Housing “Building Back Better”
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 5Post-Disaster Priorities Individual Needs Societal Needs Food Security Sanitation Clean Water Employment Medical Care InfrastructureSupplies: Clothing/Blankets Effort Coordination Shelter and Housing “Building Back Better”
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 6Mission StatementWe propose a public works initiative in collaboration withthe Barguna community and NGOs to achieve: Education/Training • Livelihood Diversification • Disaster Preparedness and Coping Building • School-cum-Shelters • Family Housing • Sustainable Land Use Employment • Building Personal Capital
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 7Target Population• Greatest Impact of the Damage• Reduced Capacity for Recovery• Vulnerable Persons Include: • Landless Laborers • Small Scale Fishermen • Small Scale Farmers Image: Affected Family • Female-Headed Households and Children • Individuals/families Living in Most Flood-prone Regions • People Awaiting Permanent Homes • Small Scale Retailers
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 8Implementation Sequence • Building Consensus • Prioritization • Education and Training • Location Selection • Construction • Ensure Sustainability • Evaluation
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 9Consensus and Education and Sustainable Evaluation Prioritization Selection Construction Groundwork Strategy • Meetings to build consensus and support: • Local and National Government • Community and Religious Leaders • NGOs • Community Collaboration and Empowerment • Fostering community leadership • Appropriate worker recruitment • Input for selection of construction projects • Creating knowledge appropriate and culturally sensitive educational programs
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 10Consensus and Education and Sustainable Evaluation Prioritization Selection Construction Barguna Development Council (BDC) • Sub-committee of the DDMC and UzDMC • Act as a liaison from local government • Facilitate the various collaboration needs of partners • Responsibilities • Coordinate efforts among stakeholders • Oversee day to day operations • Ensure accountability and transparency
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 11Consensus and Education and Sustainable Evaluation Prioritization Selection Construction Education Program Model Curriculum • Partnering with NGOs and • Employable Skills community leaders • Proper Selection of Property • Shared Resources • Responsible Construction • Shared Teaching Tools Practices • Sustainable Land • Examples: Management • Habitat for Humanity • Embankment Improvement • Grameen Tele Center • Worker Safety • Disaster Preparedness
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 12Consensus and Education and Sustainable Evaluation Prioritization Selection Construction Land Selection • Physical Considerations: • Land higher than past flood level • Sedimentation Testing • Groundwater contamination • Soil Requirements (Sand >40%) • Proper sanitation available • Resettlement for beneficiaries on highly unstable land • Property rights issues: • Negotiate with local Commissioner for government land or with private land owners for tenure of 15 -20 years • Assist community members with procuring written contracts
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 13Selection: Sedimentation Testing
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 14Consensus and Education and Sustainable Evaluation Prioritization Selection Construction Construction 1st priority: Multipurpose Shelters • “Schools-cum-Shelters” • Primarily an educational facility • Can hold up to 600 people and 300 animals in emergency situations 2nd priority: Family Housing • Coastal & at-risk: concrete base with brick exterior • Inland & lower risk: concrete base with sheet metal exterior
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 15Consensus and Education and Sustainable Evaluation Prioritization Selection Construction School-cum-SheltersModel by South Asia Research Institute, estimated at $100,000 USD per building
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 16Consensus and Education and Sustainable Evaluation Prioritization Selection Construction Family Housing • Coastal and At-Risk • Entirely Concrete/Brick • Pros: Very sturdy, waterproof, and wind proof • Cons: Relatively expensive • Inland and Lower Risk • Concrete platform with sheet metal siding • Pros: Less expensive while Image: Example of Inland and Lower still protective; modifiable for Risk House with concrete base and metal sheet exterior. tenants to add room • Cons: Metal walls will not hold up as well as brick
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 17Consensus and Education and Sustainable Evaluation Prioritization Selection Construction Land Resource Improvement • Embankments • Physical repair • Afforestation with economically beneficial plants • Fixing Latrines • Sanitation and disease control measures • Rainwater Collection and Storage • Low cost PVC piping and Image: concrete storage Embankment Improvements
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 18Consensus and Education and Sustainable Evaluation Prioritization Selection Construction Outcome Measures Physical Benefits • Number of Multipurpose Structures Built • Number of Family Houses Built • Meters of Embankment Improved Economic and Social Benefits • Number of People Successfully Completing Skills Training • Number of People Employed
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 19Monetary Allocations  10 School-cum-shelters = $1 million USD  20,000 Family Houses = $10 million  Land Resource Improvement = $2 million  Education/training of 1,000 workers = $3 million  Operating cost = $4 million Total = $20 million
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 20 Budget and Timeline Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5Money Usage/per yr (millions) USD Meeting Leaders 7 Education and Training Multi-purpose Structure Construction 0.25 Family Housing Construction Evaluation Evaluation
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 21Potential Barriers• Willingness, attitude, and time availability of community members, NGO’s and the government• Climate change and sea level rise• Capacity of the training staff• Overcrowding issues in the School-cum-shelters
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 22Summary: A Call to Action• Housing and employment are major deficits for revitalization and security in both the short and long term.• Public Works Program • Education • Reconstruction • Employment Image: Rice Farm Wage Laborer• Community Involvement and Empowerment
  • March 3, 2012 Proposed Barguna Public Works Program 23References• Ahmed, K.I. Handbook on Design and Construction of Housing for Flood-Prone Rural Areas of Bangladesh [Internet]. Nymphea; 2005 [Cited 2012 March 2]. Available from: https://dl- web.dropbox.com/get/handbook_complete- %20housing.pdf?w=4767c908• Affordable, Sustainable Green Housing [Internet]. [updated 2008]. Cambridge (MA): South Asia Research Institute for policy and development; [Cited 2012 Mar 2]. Available from: http://www.sarid.net/housing/barguna.html• Oxfam 2008. One Year After Cyclone Sidr: Fear Replaces Hope [Internet]. Oxfam Briefing Note. [Cited 2012 Mar 2]. Available from: https://dl- web.dropbox.com/get/OxFam_OneYearLater.pdf?w=fb43a392• Cyclone Sidr in Bangladesh Damage, Loss and Needs Assessment for Disaster Recovery and Reconstruction [Internet]. Government of Bangladesh [Cited 2012 Mar 2]. Available from: https://dl- web.dropbox.com/get/Please%20Read%20- %20comprehensive%20report.pdf?w=ed1b37df