Past simple tense

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An explanation of how to make positive sentences, questions and negative sentences using the past simple tense.

An explanation of how to make positive sentences, questions and negative sentences using the past simple tense.

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  • 1. Past Simple Tense Mini Tutorial Created by Heather Hava TLA (Additional Learning & Language Support) West Suffolk 1 College
  • 2. The past simple tense is used to talk about things that happened in the past.• It is important to know that there are two types of verbs in English: regular verbs and irregular verbs Created by Heather Hava TLA (Additional Learning & Language Support) West Suffolk 2 College
  • 3. Regular VerbsIn the past simple tense, a regular verb isformed by adding ‘d’ or ‘ed’ to the end of theverb, for example: talk talked look looked help helped type typed carve carved Created by Heather Hava TLA (Additional Learning & Language Support) West Suffolk 3 College
  • 4. Regular VerbsWhen you are writing sentences using the pastsimple tense, the verb does not change with thesubject pronoun:I helped him with his homework.She helped him with his homework.We helped him with his homework.They helped him with his homework. Created by Heather Hava TLA (Additional Learning & Language Support) West Suffolk 4 College
  • 5. Regular Verbs- making questionsTo make questions in the past tense with regularverbs, you use the auxiliary verb ‘did’. It isimportant to remember that when you are makinga question, the auxiliary verb is in the pasttense, but the main verb stays in the infinitive.Did they help him with his homework?How did they help him?What did he do yesterday?Did he thank you? Created by Heather Hava TLA (Additional Learning & Language Support) West Suffolk 5 College
  • 6. Regular Verbs- making negative sentencesTo make negative sentences in the past simpletense, you also use the auxiliary verb ‘did’ + ‘not’. Thisis usually used in the contracted form, ‘didn’t’.Again, you must remember that the auxiliary verb is inthe past tense, but the main verb stays in the infinitive.I didn’t help him with his homework.They didn’t do their homework. Created by Heather Hava TLA (Additional Learning & Language Support) West Suffolk 6 College
  • 7. Irregular verbsIn the past tense, irregular verbs are differentfrom regular verbs. Their spelling changes, andthey DO NOT have the ‘ed’ ending.Here are some examples:go wentsay saidteach taughtwrite wrote Created by Heather Hava TLA (Additional Learning & Language Support) West Suffolk 7 College
  • 8. Common Irregular Verbs:We use the verb ‘to be’ in many sentences. Here ishow to form it:Present tense: Past Tense:I am wasYou are wereHe is wasShe is wasIt is wasWe are wereYou are wereThey are were Created by Heather Hava TLA (Additional Learning & Language Support) West Suffolk 8 College
  • 9. Here are some example sentences using the verb ‘to be’ in the past tense:• I was really pleased when I got a distinction for my essay.• Despite the cold weather, the classrooms were nice and warm.Question form:• Were you on time for class this morning?• What was she saying? I didn’t hear her.Negative form:• She wasn’t at home when I called her.• We weren’t too hot because the windows were open. Created by Heather Hava TLA (Additional Learning & Language Support) West Suffolk 9 College
  • 10. More Common Irregular Verbs in the Past Simple Tense:have had take tookdo did give gavemake made speak spokeget got buy boughtdrink drank fly flewcome came drive droveKnow knew sell sold Created by Heather Hava TLA (Additional Learning & Language Support) West Suffolk 10 College
  • 11. Irregular Verbs: making questions and negativesTo make questions in the past tense with irregular verbs, you usethe auxiliary verb ‘did’. It is important to remember that theauxiliary verb is in the past tense, but the main verb stays in theinfinitive. To make a negative sentence, use ‘did’ and‘not’, usually in the contracted form ‘didn’t’.Positive sentence:I drove to college today.Question:Did you drive to college today?Negative sentence:I didn’t drive to college today. Created by Heather Hava TLA (Additional Learning & Language Support) West Suffolk 11 College
  • 12. Practice!Now click on the links below this tutorial topractice using regular and irregular verbs in thepast simple tense. Created by Heather Hava TLA (Additional Learning & Language Support) West Suffolk 12 College