Figurative language is a tool that an author uses to help the reader visualize what is happening in a story or poem. Figurative language is meant to be interpreted imaginatively, not literally<br />
Simile<br />a figure of speech that compares two dissimilar things by using the key words “like” or “as”.<br />Example: Her feet felt like ice<br /> As old as time<br /> Dead as a doornail.<br />
Metaphor<br /><ul><li>a figure of speech that compares two unlike things describing one as if it were like the other. </li></ul>*Does not use “like” or “as”<br />Examples: Blanket of Darkness<br /> My brother’s room is a pigpen.<br />
Personification<br />a figure of speech in which human qualities are given to a nonhuman subject<br />Example: <br />The leaves danced in the autumn wind.<br />The lightening lashed out with anger. <br />
Hyperbole<br /><ul><li>an exaggerated statement or overstatement. It’s a figure of speech that is not to be taken literally.</li></ul>Example – <br /><ul><li>I’m so hungry I could eat a horse!
I’m so full I’m about to pop.</li></li></ul><li>Irony<br />The use of words to express something different or opposite from their literal meaning (Not what you expected).<br />There are three types of irony<br />Situational Irony<br />Dramatic Irony<br />Verbal Irony<br />
Situational Irony<br />When things turn out differently than expected.<br />Examples:<br />A greedy millionaire winning the lottery.<br />Two bank robbers have their car stolen while robbing a bank.<br />A man survives a plane crash only to be killed on the way to the hospital in an ambulance wreck. <br />
Dramatic Irony<br />When the audience knows something the character doesn’t.<br />Example: When we know as an audience that someone is hiding in the closet, but the character doesn’t.<br />
Verbal Irony<br /><ul><li>When the author says one thing but means another.
When somebody drops a tray of food and someone tells them “good job”.
When a person trips and someone tells them “Slick move, Rick”.</li></li></ul><li>Symbol<br />Symbols are animals, elements, things, places, or colors, writers use to represent other things.<br />Example:<br /> Snake – Evil, Temptation.<br />Black - Death<br />
Imagery <br />When an author uses words that appeal to one or more of our senses.<br />Examples:<br />The cold of late December blew against my skin as I walked up to my family’s festive house for our holiday dinner. As I walked in the door, the aromas of warm apple pie and honey baked ham made me feel at home once again.<br />
Alliteration<br />The repetition of an initial consonant sound (consonants are all of the letters of the alphabet that are not vowels. <br />Example: <br />"The soul selects her own society.“<br />“A moist young moon hung above the mist of a neighboring meadow."<br />
Paradox<br />a statement that is seemingly contradictory or opposed to common sense and yet is perhaps true.<br />Example: <br />Freedom is Slavery<br />Ignorance is bliss<br />I know that I know nothing.<br />
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