The Heart Beacon Sync Seed The Cloud

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  • The Heart Beacon is a method / process / procedure standardizing spontaneous re-organization converting military adhoc organizational mobility techniques. Net effects are enabled by periodic net management router updates via heartbeat messages followed by router and beacon protocol broadcast of node hop count changes emulating geospatial threshold radius and precedent conditions changes represented by audible tones / vibratory levels in the grid / cloud. The Heart Forge Beacon: A single, synchronized, unified event / alert trigger is achieved by instantiating a single XML schema described by child schema’s, data islands / NIEM payloads linking disparate communities. Leader intent is emulated via mission thread / business logic representing medical triage, alert /event evacuation and alternate routing within adjustable geospatial zones. Temporally synchronous, statistically predictable data harvesting cycles sync seed clouds enhancing network forensics as shared fee for synchronized, fused, content delivery services.
  • Figure 1a: Military View of the Network Centric Warfare process as the template process for the Heart Beacon. The procedural steps are the same as in figure 1 and in the following diagram 1b: commercial view of the Network Centric Warfare Process Situational Awareness process Commercial view. A simple way to understand the Heart Beacon is this: consider General Dynamics Corporation’s GDC4S Division that was purchased from Motorola in Scottsdale Arizona several decades ago. General Dynamics received the template system / procedures from Northrop Grumman for it’s Land Warrior situational awareness program and Northrop received ruggedized hand held devices from General Dynamics as directed by the template system PM FBCB2. Fast forward to present day, consider this article citing the pending broadband support for Land Warrior. http://bit.ly/bMy2ka: Army Under Pressure to Bring Broadband to the Battlefield  September 2010. Short story short, the Army (DOD) is about to expand it’s network centric warfare / net enabled operations from it’s “organic” (provides for itself) networks to the 80% of it’s network support it leases from sources like GSA’s NETWORX – so, it follows that they will conduct the procedures intrinsic to their net centric warfare on the commercially linked networks – that also make use of the universal heartbeat / heartbeat messages with the caveat that the organizational ID / Universal Resource Name gives the military enhanced organizational mobility yet unknown to the commercial community. Standardizing on a common procedure / methodology and common building blocks to achieve greater network mobility, flexibility (net effects) and SYNCHRONICITY is the clear and present opportunity.
  • Figure 1b: Commercial View of the Network Centric Warfare process as the template process for the Heart Beacon. The procedural steps are the same as in the previous figure 1a Military view of the Heart Beacon. Notice in the upper right hand corner, the UMTS Forum logo. The developer of the template system / procedure – Northrop Grumman also has the contract in New York City to support NYC’s first responders. They have contracts in 80 + cities. Northrop’s approach is built on UMTS that uses the heartbeat to “track end user’s location and activities”. Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is one of the third-generation (3G) mobile telecommunications technologies, which is also being developed into a 4G technology. UMTS Forum is an open cross sector and independent organization in Zürich, Switzerland with the aim to enhance the modular 3G/UMTS concept, which takes full regard of the trend of convergence of existing and future information networks, devices and services, and the potential synergies that can be derived from such convergence. UMTS Forum is very active in different standardization and regulation organizations like ITU, ETSI/3GPP, EC and CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations).
  • FIGURE 6: Event Severity Index 1. Event severity index – upper left hand corner Center for Disease Control CDC version 2. Five level national alert system explanation 3. Homeland Security Advisory System 4. Structured Military Messaging (TADILS, SADIL’s, USMTF, JVMF, USMTF, OTH-Gold) 5. COGCON Levels: Continuity of Operations General Conditions Figure 6 continued : The Heart Beacon as a Single Event / Alert Trigger: The aim of this diagram is the maintaining of machine to machine Precedence, Urgency, INFOCON / DEFCON, COGCOM across N Complex Systems. The Heart Beacon Rainbow Force Tracking’s intrinsic date time stamping of transactions serves to maintain machine to machine level processing of precedent levels that are normally on a scale of 1 through 5. The unique nature of this application is to link military alert messaging with its federal and commercial counterparts through a single authoritative XML schema / document based on a single, authoritative situational awareness event / alert across n systems in a system of systems / network of networks. This condition currently does not exist yet is stipulated by Congress. Other 5 Key Five Level Systems: NASA & NURC undersea tone based messaging (for blind handicapped individuals). Precedence is a simple ordering, based on either importance or sequence: - Message precedence of military communications traffic - Order of precedence, the (ceremonial) hierarchy within a nation or state - Order of operations, in mathematics and computer programming - CCEB military precedence: The Combined Communications-Electronics Board (CCEB), a five-nation joint military communications-electronics organization (consisting of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States), uses the following message precedence designators, in descending order of PRECEDENCE: INFOCON levels: NULL / NORMAL / ALPHA (increased), BRAVO (specific risk of attack), CHARLIE (limited attack), and DELTA (general attack). Not shown: NASA (US Space Agency) and NURC: National Underwater Research Center five level tone based message systems. NASA and NURC systems are superimposed onto items 3 and 4 to show that our (inter) national response strategy should include tones for the blind and vibratory levels for the deaf or for light impaired (dark) situations. Event severity levels will be increased / decreased as event / alert conditions increase or decrease by intensity / threshold levels and emulated geo-spatially as router / switch hop counts – an extension of the Paul Revere “one if by land / two if by sea” paradigm. Paul Revere’s paradigm was 3 level i.e., null / 0, 1, or 2 lanterns (beacons).
  • Heart Beacon concepts / FCC Broadband Command and Control Plan Overlay 1. Heartbeat sub-protocol time stamped data: millisecond to 99 minute range 2. Commander’s intent emulated over the network e.g., unit split, joins, adds, moves 3 Globally adopted network emulation of synchronous, group mobility oriented advisory strategy via cloud / grid computing environment e.g., International Telecommunications Standard for the World as advanced by the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST. 4. CAP w/National Information Exchange Model NIEM payloads as single trigger for events and alerts using child schemas for special interest groups / orgs. 5. Next Generation E9-1-1 Logo -- Department of Commerce funded with the Department of Transportation as lead. 6. Strategic Command STRATCOM as lead of the new Cyber Security Command cooperating with the FCC to implement military network centric procedures / methods / processes 7. DHS Network emulation of Advisory strategy by router, network node hop count 8. Unit Task Order concept from the military / DHS integrated into FCC’s strategy – idea sharing 9. Infoblox Orchestration Server: heartbeat gathered state meta data support software 10. The Heart Beacon: a single point of alert / event instantiation – see item 4 11. FCC’s division logically be in the lead to implement Heart Beacon concepts 12. NVAC: geo-spatial visualization project for geo-spatial display 13. ERIC: infrastructure support program from a sister government agency Below: Center of Diagram: no numbers or description since this part of diagram is the FCC’s diagram. Refer to the FCC Broadband Plan’s Command and Control initiative
  • Members of Community of Interest COI (s) subscribe to GCDS dynamic data elements (constant state of change) requesting cross cloud synchronized GCDS filtered data of a single, authoritative blip, event, alert representing the Synchronized Single Integrated Picture from the Family of Interoperable Pictures (Sync’d SIOP). The dynamic and static data elements are propagated via user selected Beacon technologies selected based on desired net effects throughout the GCDS network and are cached in each GCDS Edge enclave. The end user initiates a request from a web browser to retrieve the synchronized, filtered authoritative data from the web site. Instead of traversing the DISN to reach the origin server for the website, the end user is directed to the nearest edge enclave. Information is presented to the end user instantly via user selected Beacon technologies in the millisecond broadcast range. If the user requests information that is dynamic from the Web site, GCDS constantly monitors the origin server to “pre-fetch” changed information and placing it on the GCDS network. This allows the dynamic data to be available instantly when the request is made. Data may be viewed as concentric adjustable zones emulated by router multicast radius by hop count emulates threshold conditions – increase / decrease with audible tones and vibratory levels for blind / hearing impaired. Threshold conditions display as concentric color band expansion / collapse via router hop counts enhancing medical triage, evacuation, alternate routing of networked entities within geographic zones. NVAC – National Visualization Analytics Center. Anticipated Customers include National Senior Leadership Support System NSLDSS As Beacon Tech, cross cloud sync’d services for rapid SA, and enhanced rapid response planning and broadcast updates in the millisecond range. Integration with the RFID effort within the GCSS – J Enhancements and net enabled operations within the Joint Planning and Execution Services formerly known as JOPES as enhancements for the Adaptive Planning and Execution module as maneuver the network / spontaneous network re integration services
  • CROSS CLOUD INTEROPERABILTITY AND INTEGRATION using the TCP/IP heartbeat and heartbeat messages with unique organizational identification -- ORG ID for the Federated ID effort and as a Voluntary Consensus Standardization as facilitated / moderated by NIST NIST recently conducted a Cloud Standardization workshop on 4-5 November. They described their intent and strategic vision based on a tactical plan. The Heart Beacon follows the same principle of deriving a strategic, cross cloud, cross enterprise standardization path for a common procedure based on common building blocks – system / device heartbeat, heartbeat messages (aggregation of system heartbeat “snapshots”) and the organizational ID that the military uses to “maneuver the network” and ‘spontaneously organize” by leader’s intent and task organization. NIST described many other organization’s activities such as GSA’s Cloud portal activities and it’s FORGE project as well as DISA FORGE.MIL’s activities, National Geo Spatial Intelligence Agency’s RFP, NCOIC’s RFP / Use case template.. NIST was visited by the ITI in context with the World Economic Forum cloud as a basis to establish a international level economic playing field & flash trade circuit breaker. NIST cited the DHS interoperability ITvL. Other organizations shown were present and chaired various panels discussing the road map to a voluntary consensus standard on cloud data management & the cloud data management interface). IBM was present and announced their Federal Community Cloud Center. A General Dynamics representative was present. He cited key Marine Corps support contracts and their Joint Stars / Common Ground Station contract critical to realizing the Heart Beacon. GDC4S was purchased from Motorola (Droid) several decades ago. This example is perhaps the poster child example of cross domain sharing of the Heart Beacon concept.
  • Smart Grid / Cloud Computing Advanced Metering Infrastructure enhancements reusing DARPA's TCP/IP, IEEE 1588 Precision Timing Protocol PTP heartbeat and heartbeat messages. Enhancements by the govenrment -- for the government and by the people, for the people Did you know that General Motor's ON STAR was originally called Project Beacon?
  • The TCP/IP (network protocol that DARPA - Vint Cerf developed) is a mini publish-subscribe engine and is the simple data get-put for all other protocols and the gathering of data and is the ONLY mechanism (opportunity in a IP time interval / window) to gather state meta data at predefined, predictable, reliable intervals. Thus, it is the only UNIVERSAL means to send start - stop state changes to act as flash trade circuit breaker the the World Economic Forum described at a recent NIST Cloud Computing Forum (National Institute of Standards and Technology)
  • Heart Beacon: The TCP/IP sub-protocol’s heartbeat function acts as a mini publish-subscribe mechanism that is set to gather state meta data from c loud-subscriber-user at pre-defined intervals by cloud-subscriber-administrator. State meta data is temporarily transferred to files, queues, folders, caches and other temporary data storages awaiting pick up by transport-agent to the cloud-management-broker that aggregates cloud-subscriber-user state management data into heartbeat state management snapshots (REST Representational State Transfer compliant ) for onward replication (copy) to other cloud-subscriber-administrators to effect inter and intra cloud infrastructure changes accommodating group adhoc spontaneous integration and cloud-subscriber-GROUP (described by Organization Identification ORG ID) affiliation / de-affiliation based on current mission, operation, scenario goal.
  • This slide is intended to accompany input to the Cloud Computing Use Case Group – specifically, 3.4: Copy Objects Into A Cloud. When objects are discovered (auto discovery block bottom middle), they are assigned a time stamp by the heartbeat process on all networked devices. When the network centric warfare derived procedures are followed (bottom left JBFSA logo), an organizational identification and or Universal Resource Number URN is collected during heretofore unused time slots of the heartbeat process. The (cloud) system administrator aggregates these state management snapshots (term culled from NIST Cloud Computing Workshop #2 from the Catapult employee), are aggregated into heartbeat messages which are then replicated, distributed to (cloud) system administrators participating in an operation or working group and the network is reconfigured accordingly using the synchronously harvested state meta data. Once the synchronous harvesting (copy objects into cloud) has been completed, the reliable and predictable data time stamps employing unique organizational ID’s and or URNs will pay dividends in subsequent search, deduplication, and data analysis and network forensic operations – regardless of the reference cloud architecture.
  • State Meta Data "snapshots" harvested from TCP/IP subnet heartbeat get/put intervals aggregated into heartbeat messages in use by DOD, Financial SWIFT, E9-1-1 ... communities used to synchronize the cloud to shape Cloud Effects and control cloud "micro bursts" as well as act as a flash trade circuit breaker This slide shows the short list of key benefits of standardizing on the Heart Beacon process and key organizations when working together can swiftly make this happen. Note: state meta data “snapshots” courtesy of Catapult Technologies guy at the NIST conference
  • 1. Heartbeat sub-protocol. interval / opportunity in time to gather data from Internet Protocol IP devices e.g., everything connected to grid / cloud computing Below number 1 is arrayed as pictures representative devices ranging from radios to sensors. 2. The military and DHS use the heartbeat sub-protocol’s RESERVED time slots to gather URN and ORG ID used to “maneuver the network” “spontaneous integration” – commercial / private communities who have yet to adopt this idea / convention. 3. Military maneuver icon: emulate by router / switches subnet organization moves splits, adds, joins 4. Multiven icon: universal router switch management package – user selects product of choice DHS Alert Advisory System: emulate increasing / decreasing COGCOM, DEFCON, EMCON geo-spatially via router hop counts w/thresholds, intensity levels 5. Commander’s / Leader’s intentions: emulated by mission threads / business rules, logic enable 1 single event / alert trigger, instantiation point i.e., Big Red Button: through CAP and NIEM payloads and or child schemas and or data islands representing disparate groups and special interest, special needs users (Special Operations Forcers, handicapped children) 6. Infoblox’s orchestration server icon management server for state meta data 7. Intensity icon –4 DHS Advisory Scheme would increase / decrease by rule 8. Icon and product logo indicates network forensics enhanced by the presence of uniquely Identified organizations (ORG ID), uniquely identified network resources (URN) and predictably time stamped state meta data from target devices. 9. Shows net forensic enhancement aspect enhanced using URN, ORG ID, & disciplined e.g., every 5, 10, or 15 minutes & therefore statistically predictable time stamps. 10. Single, cross command, cross agency, international integrated alert / event trigger 11. Beacon Tech: Sea Gull, Boston U, FLUX Beacon, GM’s OnSTAR /Project Beacon 12. CAP Command and Control Module Broadband single event / alert trigger 13. Router switch emulation of 5 level system by router hop counts – refers to number 4 14. Organizational ID (ORG ID) to enable spontaneous (re) organization of adhoc organizations 15. Unit Task Order UTO XML schema heart beat message sent to update network / cloud 16. Sync Seed Cloud icon: uniquely, systematically time stamp data prior to entry into fusion / cloud computing / grid computing centers. There is one and only one opportunity to do this per heartbeat interval and there is one and only one mechanism (heartbeat sub-protocol) to achieve universal, global, NIST, IEEE and ITU sanctioned, standardized time stamp protocol.
  • This slide shows two products from two companies that would go a long way in Simplifying (SIMPANA) and Orchestrating (Infoblox) the Heart Beacon process from auto tagging and replicating state management XML heartbeat messages to providing pre-built data analytics and data de-duplication processes to achieve what Joint Forces Command JFCOM has dubbed “The Grail” – achieving a Single, Integrated Operational Picture derived from a Family of Interoperable Operational Pictures – SIOP / FIOP. http://www.dtic.mil/ndia/2002systems/quinlan1c2.pdf
  • The Heart Beacon is the commercial adaptation of Defense Advance Projects Administration / US Army Communication Electronic's Command USA CECOM's Greatest Invention -- the Blue Force Tracker Situational Awareness process for the greater good -- specifically, synchronized situational awareness fee for service basis. PURPOSE: Enhance cloud computing, network forensics, data analytics, and address fidelity and fair play among financial transactions e.g., regulate flash trading windows in time / duration while addressing the Department of Defense’s grail of a Single Integrated Operational Picture and enabling the network centric warfare rendition of the Commander’s Intent / Operations and Fragmentation Orders (i.e., “maneuver the network, spontaneous integration of adhoc units”. Significance to Cloud / Grid Computing: Heart Beat’s intrinsic timing function will synchronize and time stamp data prior to “seeding” it to the cloud (heartbeat protocol is a mini – publish subscribe function). This is needed because once the data is seeded to the cloud, fusion centers must work with the data as harvested / seeded. Service Oriented Architecture SOA products in the cloud provide end to end system heartbeat monitoring the health of applications, and cloud service providers. Once the data is ready to be released from the cloud, selected Beacon technologies will provide NET EFFECTS such as multicast zone increase / decrease based on condition. When the cloud rains, it will then rain when after applications, dbases, and communities of action are SYNCHRONIZED together. Significance of the issue and how it relates to INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY: No national or international entity e.g., United Nations, NATO… can achieve a single, unified common operational picture referred to as “The Grail” – this is not a SAW Concepts Term – without the reuse of a procedure developed by the Defense Advanced Projects Administration / United States Army Communications Electronics Command’s “Greatest Invention” known as Blue Force Tracking for the greater good. Adding several enhancements to the base procedures will address many issues that contribute to international insecurity such as stock market flash trading, responding to catastrophic destabilizing environmental or war made hazards – by thresholds and intensity levels corresponding to defense conditions, DEFCON, and hazard conditions HAZCON. How the work will address the issue: The Heart Beacon addresses the lack of (military research derived) operational discipline by the commercial and corporate sectors and is the logical extension of this discipline into the commercial sector cloud since the military leases up to 80% of its telecommunications infrastructure support. The power of network centric warfare / net enabled operations will be increased at least 80% and by adding a half dozen innovations (i.e., alert by multicast radius by threshold / intensity using intelligent filtering by unique resource number URN and organizational ID ORG ID not currently practiced in the commercial sector) will increase the benefits exponentially while enhancing network forensics and data analytics globally. Since the Heart Beacon is a repeatable process directly adapted from the military's Blue Force Tracking, it is a PROCEDURE and is neutral to all communications technology except the internet itself -- i.e., the Vinton Cerf / Defense Advanced Projects Administration DARPA's TCP/IP stack on every networked device on the planet and in space controlled by NASA. The Heartbeat sub-protocol is an opportunity in time to gather state meta data every heartbeat interval.
  • FIGURE 7: QUAD CHART: 4 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOCUS AREAS: 1) Establish consistent timing and synchronous state meta-data collection. Use the heartbeat / beacon’s (terms used interchangeably) intrinsic millisecond - 99 minute timing function to enable consistent, synchronized collection of raw state meta data (geo location, moving, halt, IP address, unit / organization Universal ID) BEFORE transfer to queues, SANS, dbase... prior to data fusion activities to improve filtering / data intelligence fusion. Use the heartbeat / beacon function (send to / get from devices, platforms...) as a subnet publish-subscribe e.g., OSD Horizontal Fusion to temporary holding areas awaiting harvesting by more advanced data collection / replication mechanisms that in turn rely on the heartbeat beacon mechanism e.g., OPenDAP, DARPA’s Cougaar, UMTS cellular, mesh network ZIGBEE, ZWAVE…. 2) “Maneuver the network” Use collected state meta data enabling network management of router Management Information Bases MIBs installing network router MIB updates for spontaneous (re) organization split, join, adds via multicast - anycast broadcasts of heartbeat harvested state meta data (geospatial location, status: moving, halt, URN, Org ID, Universal ID) 3) Instantiate National Command Authority NCA chopchain - workflows – business logic over multicast / anycast IP using “true cots” tools in use e.g., Towersoft w/AgileDelta Efficient XML module embedded via the Common Alert Protocol CAP (XML child schemas and or data islands / embedded files ) to support the multicast, unicast, or anycast distribution of events, alerts via a unified alert / event trigger mechanism – the OASIS Common Alert Protocol with child schemas and / or data islands conforming to DHS OPEN: Open Platform for Emergency Networks to adjust to Communities of Interest (COI's) needs. 4) User defined beacon technology enabling millisecond data exchanges vice 30 second web server screen scrapes while increasing / decreasing radius of disaster / event / alert radius represented by multicast zones router hop counts corresponding to five level advisory schemes. THEN: SYNCHRONIZE across N systems, Y networks enabling "the grail" e.g., SIOP / FIOP ELSE: Situational awareness "jitter" among N complex systems, fusion centers and EOC's. Inconsistent symbol sets, and 30 second web page screen scrapes dependent on intra-system gateways instead of millisecond beacon technology updates (e.g., the Maneuver Control System Blue Live Feed pre-9/11).

Transcript

  • 1. Marker # 777 Original Rangers NATIVE AMERICAN DISASTER NETWORK NAVAJO CODE TALKER HALL MESA CLEO IRIS THE HEART NASA NEBULA OPEN SOURCE THINK SYNC HANDS DMC DHS DOE NISAC HASKELL JTF GNO GIG NCES NECC COSMOS SYNC SEED _CLOUD
  • 2. HEARTBEAT
    • TCP/IP sub protocol
    • used in Infrastructure failover e.g., DHS NISAC
    • Publish/Subscribe: get from/send to devices
    • RFID, PKI, Bio Metrics, all IP netted sensors
    • SOA Service Oriented Architecture End to End System heartbeat e.g., DISA Amberpoint
    • FBCB2/BFT, Land Warrior, FCS, MUOS
      • Subnet filename, MCG filename, UNIT URN, UTO version, Local IP, Org ID Organizational ID
      • Gathers subnet & state data for “ heartbeat” message updating router MIBS splits, adds, joins, moves..
    • IEEE 1588 PTP PRECISION TIME PROTOCOL: Time stamp (Heartbeat) / Heartbeat Messages
    • E9-1-1 Telco regulations NENA/APCO
    • AT&T’s Heartbeat Solution
    • Sony Ericsson Heartbeat Suite
    • Mesh network protocols e.g., Zigbee, Zwave, sensor
    • NASA/JPL OpenDAP data anywhere, any format
    Network subnet type of ODS’s Horizontal Fusion Publish-Subscribe THINK SYNC http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heartbeat_message A heartbeat message is a message sent from an originator to a destination that enables the destination to identify if and when the originator fails or is no longer available. [1] Heartbeat messages are typically sent non-stop on a periodic or recurring basis from the originator's start-up until the originator's shutdown. When the destination identifies a lack of heartbeat messages during an anticipated arrival period, the destination may determine that the originator has failed, shutdown, or is generally no longer available. Heartbeat messages may be used for high-availability and fault tolerance purposes. Brown et al. (1987-12-01). "US Patent 4,710,926"
  • 3.
    • HEARTBEAT: TCP/IP (Internet) sub-protocol old as the internet – See DARPA Vinton Cerf et al. Known mostly for system failover operations
    • HEARTBEAT: INTERVAL / OPPORTUNITY IN TIME TO GATHER STATE META DATA DURING HERETOFORE RESERVED TIME SLOTS -- ORGANIZATIONAL ID / URN UNIQUELY IDENTIFYING Platforms / Devices – BY GROUP / ORGANIZATION
      • Heartbeat harvests state meta data used to adjust infrastructure e.g.., router Management Information Dbases or MIBS 
      • State meta data moved data via heartbeat mechanism to folders, queues, caches, folders… then to system administrators via the structured military K00.99 “Heartbeat Message” – . - .. -- .. beep beep…. beep beep…
    • Heartbeat: not DIRECTLY about net equipment synchronization timing, although central timing pulse from Cheyenne Mountain is essential to synchronize data harvesting prior to entry or “seeding the cloud” and subsequent BEACON TECH data propagation throughout the CLOUD
    HEARTBEAT TIME STAMPS DATA PRIOR TO ENTRY INTO CLOUD DATA FUSION CENTERS Data needs time stamped in a systematic, prior Agreed upon scheme to enhance data fusion & Protect network availability. SYNCHRONOUS Pre-planned data harvesting = enhanced fusion THINK SYNC IF-MAP SYNC SEED _CLOUD
  • 4.
    • IEEE 1588 and Synch-E important for network timing for applications like mobile .... Broadcast Continuity Check Message (CCM). • “ heartbeat ” messages issued ... www.ethernetsummit.com/English/.../20100225_T3C_Atanasovski.pdf
    • A GLOBAL SYNC INDUSTRY PERSPECTIVE Quick View
      • heartbeat message . ✓ Sent at a rate of about 1 Hz. ✓ No message for 5 seconds means.. IEEE1588 -2008 www.dataedge.ie/stg/public/download.php?site=2839&file=part
    • IEEE® 1588 Precision Time Protocol
      • timestamp and send a follow up message. 6.2.2 IEEE 1588 Receive Packet Parser and Timestamp heartbeat function www.national.com/ds/DP/DP83640.pdf
    PRECISION TIME PROTOCOL” - Heartbeat Time Stamp - Heartbeat Messages SYNC SEED _CLOUD
  • 5. NIST Time Server
    • Domain Time II Configuration - Server /Serve the Time
      • Version 3 HEARTBEATS compatible with Domain Time version 3.1 and above. ....
      • Domain Time II Server's Daytime string format defaults to the NIST standard ... www.greyware.com/software/domain time /v5/.../ server /serve.asp?.
    The Network Simulator NS-2 With the BEACON , allows one to set the time to stay on each channel, the delay to use ... The values for the new parameters are defined in tcl/lib/ns-hsntg- nist .tcl. ... www. nist .gov/itl/antd/emntg/upload/MAC802_11.doc NCDXF/IARU International Beacon Project - Tools for Listeners A collection of tools to display beacon information, analog clocks, maps, solar terminator, propagation, NIST time and almanac information. ... www.ncdxf.org/ beacon / beacon programs.html
    • FIPS 140-2 Non-Proprietary Security Policy for LiteScape SPAR
    • Quick View : identification of users via identification cards and BIOMETRICS .
    • Heartbeat request. Input: encrypted XML message from SPM (exact format ... csrc. nist. gov/groups/STM/cmvp/documents/140-1/140sp/140sp1119.pdf
  • 6. Beacon Transponder Tech ADS-B : Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast: ADS-B message ields for avionics self-reporting integrity of position information & proximity alerts Boston University Project Beacon : A Network Diagnosis Toolkit used to actively monitor network conditions concurrently operated by a set of collaborating endpoints. Features radius of three areas / zones Cell Broadcast: one-to-many geographically focused messaging service contrasted with Short Message Service - Point to Point (SMS-PP) as a one-to-one and one-to-few service,. Cell Broadcast messaging is supported by UMTS defined by 3GPP. FLUX Beacon : A Forensic Time Machine for Wireless Networks: monitoring infrastructure for forensic data collection, storage and analysis. Records & retrieves traffic signatures and environmental observations as a source of network evidence. FusionNET: Unique Data Replication & Data Synchronization Technology to Support Military Operations in Extreme Networking Environments developed by and for the 18 th Airborne Corps that allows commanders to collect, access &disseminate mission-critical data to and from the field via PeerDirect data replication & synchronization solution by Progress Software Corporation MESA : “The FEDEX of military communications systems” relay and receives data under the DHS SAFECOM umbrella. Facilitates dependable, advanced, efficient, effective and inter-operable equipment, specifications and applications MxRRM Radio Resource Management in multi standard environments: Beacon on one system for all, assuming this one has nearly ubiquitous coverage like GSM. Using a priority scheme to define an order how to scan. If there is an incoming call for a user being reachable by more than one network, which one should be used and why? GM ONSTAR: Originally Project Beacon circa 1994. Telematics, emergency and first responder services for GM’s fleet RDS: R adio D ata S ystem: Displays PSN (Program Service Name) as warning/cost effective means of sending data to large areas SABRE : Situational Awareness Beacon Response: battle group situational awareness system beacon-equipped platforms. SABER produces accurate position & platform ID. &quot;intent to shoot&quot; and &quot;friendly ID&quot; query and response mode data Sea Gull : Server Heartbeat strategy maintains routing & object state using < 1% net resources. Server Heartbeat: “Keep-alive” beacon along links. ^ period (frequency) with routing level. Data-Driven Server Heartbeat's “Keep-alive” Multicast increasing / decreasing radius based on intensity, thresholds Sentinel Beacon System : Command Station & mesh network processing beacon location / track data. A beacon out of range of the command station data is relay by other beacons. TXDP : Transducer Data Exchange Protocol: used during 2005 Superbowl by Michigan National Guard UMTS : Universal Mobile Telecommunication System heartbeat to track user’s activities e.g., NG NYC metro ZIGBEE / ZWAVE : Consortiums supporting heartbeat driven mesh network standards NET EFFECTS
  • 7. The continuous adaptation of capabilities relevant to security - in short transformation - in order to meet the security challenges of the information age is well under way regarding the demands of the military. Based on the support of highly developed information technology to speed up the processes of influencing an adversary, new concepts result in the adaptation of military doctrine, organization, training, material, infrastructure, interagency interaction, leadership, personnel and facilities. Efforts to achieve the adaptation are comprehensively described on numerous Internet websites such as those of the United States Joint Forces Command, the Allied Command Transformation and the German Bundeswehr. Core elements of the improvement of capabilities are the concepts of &quot;Network Centric Warfare&quot; in the United States of America, &quot;Network Enabled Capabilities&quot; in Great Britain or &quot;Vernetzte Operationsführung&quot; in Germany. The key determinants of these network-based concepts are information sharing and collaboration: &quot;Information-sharing and collaboration enhance the quality of information and shared situational awareness. Shared situational awareness enables collaboration and self-synchronization, and enhances sustainability and speed of command.&quot; The widespread use of new Information Communication Technology is intended to enable better exploitation and faster dissemination of intelligence in support of military operations so that political and military decision-making is more authoritative and practical outcomes are more effective. The idea began moving forward from the experimental stage into practical application with &quot;Operation Iraqi Freedom&quot; led by the United States and the United Kingdom against the Saddam Hussein regime early in 2003 . http://www.hands-24.de/SeitenENG/thesenpapier.htm#HANDSThesenpapierIV NETWORK-ENABLED HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE AND DISASTER RELIEF MANAGEMENT IN THE INFORMATION AGE Vernetzte Operationsführung CWID JBFSA
  • 8. Mission Data Loader NOC-V NCharT End to End System Heartbeat TEMPLATE SYSTEM TO UNIVERSAL FRAMEWORK CONVERSION BIG RED BUTTON SYNCHRONOUS Event Timing COMMON SYMBOLS
  • 9. A TALE OF TWO WORKFLOW Based PM’s TCP/IP Heartbeat Heartbeat Messages Mid 90’s Battlefield Digitization PEO C3T FBCB2 begat BFT Balkan Conflict upgraded to SATCOM broadcast BFT to JBFSA Joint NORTHROP GRUMMAN code to General Dynamics General Dynamics Handhelds to NORTHROP Distributed Common Ground Station DCGS Wf-XML  is a  BPM  standard developed by the  Workflow Management Coalition . Wf-XML is designed and implemented as an extension to OASIS   Asynchronous Service Access Protocol . ASAP provides a standardized way that a program can start and monitor a program  Program Manager Joint Computer Aided Logistics Support System JCALS prime Contractor CSC sponsored Wf-XML XPDL : The  XML  Process Definition Language  ( XPDL ) is a format standardized by the  Workflow Management Coalition  (WfMC) to interchange  Business Process  definitions between different  workflow  products,   IBM ,  Hewlett-Packard ,  Fujitsu ,  ICL …, (XML) Workflow over TCP/IP Unicast / Multicast The Heart Beacon is process based, system, application and program neutral workflow based procedure set. Mission Threads Are Analogous to Workflows 7 – 64 Template Systems A Football Field Apart Yet World’s Away S tructured Generalized M arkup L anguage SGML begat XML
  • 10. Enable across N complex systems, Y networks (&quot;network of networks&quot;) & Z systems = Single Integrated Operational Picture 1 2 3 4 5 6 NETWORK INITIALIZATION PROCESS BEGIN NETWORK CONFIGURATION PROCESS ENGAGE Heartbeat sub-protocol set to gather state meta data from sub net users i.e., UMTS cell and smart phones or military JTRS radios Load current map sheet via Mission Data Loader / laptop Load template mission network initialization data S6 / Sys Admin aggregates heartbeat messages into Unit / Org Task using TIMS / Network Configuration Agent S6 / Sys Admin broadcasts Unit / Org Task via multicast / uni / anycast or SMS or beacon protocol of choice…. TIMS – Tactical Internet Management System / Commercial Equivalent CISCO IPICS / Juniper CESAC etc. operator populates Hasty Reorganization Tool from state meta data gathered by heartbeat from devices / platforms to generate new Unit Task Order UTO with next UTO version number, effective Date Time Group DTG sync Time (K00.99 heartbeat message option UTO notification Geospatial, scenario viewers / applications / browsers Schema Tools to edit Common Alert Protocol (CAP). Transmit CAP Unit Task Order (organizational structure NIEM payloads) via SMS, bots, JXTA motes, agents, email, Groove Simple Symmetric Transport Protocol SSTP, any commercial data distribution, Integrated System Control: ISYSCON Wizards & UTO Tool commercial equivalent S6 / Sys Admin Sends out initial UTO message. FBCB2 processes UTO notification & sets timer to execute change at effective time Heartbeat Process: (TIMS/FBCB2 engine) generates Heartbeat message every 1 / 3 / 5 / 10 / 15 / 30 minutes with UTO version. GTCS – Ground Tactical Communications Server passes heartbeat to state manager (Variable Message Format VMF) At effective date/time, All FBCB2’s in multicast group reconfigure database to ensure proper Situational Awareness SA Calculation, new INC Operator is prompted to reconfigure or delay 10 minutes (w/option to change at anytime). When operator OKs, database is rebuilt & network reconfigures TIMS generates new Multicast Group (MCG) file, if required, TOC INC MIBs & TOC router configurations automatically @ Effective time. TIMS calls the ModifyMCGInfo API (Subnet filename, MCG filename, UNIT URN, UTO version, Local IP Address LDAP Command Control Registry C2R Server update tool executed as multicast group file, UTO version number & the AIS will ignore if it already has one set) C2R – Lightweight Directory Access Protocol LDAP Server multicast MCG update tool updates multicast group data on the Army Information Server / EOC Server 9 C2R Server recognizes that a UTO has occurred & notifies state manager (SM) if it is there else it sends out the SM alert that the State Manager would have sent. C2R server replicates multicast group data to all configured UTO replication destinations. NETWORK RECONFIG PROCESS UPDATE NETWORK STATE FINAL RECONFIG & BROADCAST Tactical Internet Management TIMS INFOBLOX Orchestration Server Publish-Subscribe Over Multicast JBFSA CAP XML Split / Joins, Adds 1 correlated event .0001 05 1 3 5 10 30 7 8 SIOP FIOP 2 UTO Ground Tactical Communications Server GTCS gets SM or C2R server alert, reads updated MCG from C2R then updates internal config file & LAN card if platform affected Situational Awareness Application E R I C JBFSA
  • 11. 1 correlated event Enable across N complex systems, Y networks (&quot;network of networks&quot;) & Z systems = Single Integrated Operational Picture 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 NETWORK INITIALIZATION PROCESS BEGIN NETWORK CONFIGURATION PROCESS ENGAGE Heartbeat sub-protocol set to gather state meta data from sub net users i.e., UMTS cell and smart phones or military JTRS radios Load current map sheet via Mission Data Loader / laptop Load template mission network initialization data S6 / Sys Admin broadcasts Unit / Org Task via multicast / uni / anycast or SMS or beacon protocol of choice…. TIMS – Tactical Internet Management System / Commercial Equivalent CISCO IPICS / Juniper CESAC etc. operator populates Hasty Reorganization Tool from state meta data gathered by heartbeat from devices / platforms to generate new Unit Task Order UTO with next UTO version number, effective Date Time Group DTG sync Time (K00.99 heartbeat message option UTO notification SIOP DMOC Geospatial, scenario viewers / applications / browsers Schema Tools to edit Common Alert Protocol (CAP). Transmit CAP Unit Task Order (organizational structure) via SMS, bots, JXTA motes, agents, email, Groove Simple Symmetric Transport Protocol SSTP, any commercial data distribution, Unified Network Manager Agents Wizards & UTO Tool commercial equivalent S6 / Sys Admin Sends out initial Unit Task Order UTO message. FBCB2 / Situational Awareness App processes UTO notification & sets timer to execute change at effective date time group DTG 2 Heartbeat Process: (TIMS/FBCB2 engine) generates Heartbeat message every 1 / 3 / 5 / 10 / 15 / 30 minutes with UTO version. EOC / Computer Aided Dispatch CAD passes heartbeat message to state manager At effective date/time, All SA Agents in multicast group reconfigure database to ensure proper Situational Awareness SA Calculation, SA intelligent Agent prompts to reconfigure or delay 10 minutes (w/option to change at anytime). When operator OKs, database is rebuilt & network reconfigures Network Agent generates new Multicast Group (MCG) file, if required, Network Agent MIBs & CISCO / Juniper Agent etc router configurations automatically @ Effective time. Net Config Agent calls the ModifyMCGInfo API (Subnet filename, MCG filename, UNIT URN, UTO version, Local IP Address LDAP Command Control Registry C2R Server update tool executed as multicast group file, UTO version number & the AIS will ignore if it already has one set) C2R – Lightweight Directory Access Protocol LDAP Server multicast MCG update tool updates multicast group data on the Army Information Server 9 C2R Server recognizes that a UTO has occurred & notifies state manager (SM) if it is there else it sends out the SM alert that the State Manager would have sent. C2R server replicates multicast group data to all configured UTO replication destinations. NETWORK RECONFIG PROCESS UPDATE NETWORK STATE FINAL RECONFIG & BROADCAST Learning Systems AI UTO S6 / Sys Admin aggregates heartbeat messages into Unit / Org Task using TIMS / Network Configuration Agent Communications Server gets State Manager or C2R server alert, reads updated MCG from Comm/Directory Server then updates internal config file & LAN card if platform affected Tactical / EOC Internet Management TIMS / CAD INFOBLOX Orchestration Server Publish-Subscribe Over Multicast JBFSA .0001 05 1 3 5 10 30 CAP XML Situational Awareness Application EOC Split / Joins, Adds E R I C
  • 12. 1 1 3 4 1 correlated event .0001 05 1 3 5 10 30 E9-1-1 PSAPs NORAD TRACK DATA GIG Efficient XML QUALCOMM BREW… - child schemas for COIs, profiles specific area encodings, inject points - data islands for special needs - data files for fast movers Apply broadcast beacon technology to enable millisecond data exchanges vice 30 second screen scrapes while > / < radius of disaster / event / alert represented by multicast zones corresponding to US / UK... five level advisory systems Use heartbeat / beacon function (send to / get from devices, platforms...) as a subnet publish-subscribe e.g., OSD Horizontal Fusion. Use intrinsic millisecond - 99 minute timing function consistent, synchronized collection of state meta data (geo location, moving, halt, IP address, unit / organization ID) BEFORE transfer to queues, folders prior to data fusion improving filtering / data intel fusion Instantiate National Command Authority NCA chopchain - workflows over multicast / anycast IP using “true cots” tools in use e.g., Towersoft w/AgileDelta Efficient XML module embedded synchronized across N complex systems achieving synchronized, interoperable collaboration based on synchronized event timing and common symbols via the Common Alert Protocol as a universal event / alert trigger Use state meta data collected during step 1 to enable systems & network management of router Management Information Bases MIBs supporting Router/switch MIB dbase files for spontaneous (re) organization split, join, adds via broadcasts, P2P, multicast… of heartbeat harvested state meta data i.e., location, status: moving, halt…) 2 Enable across N complex systems, Y networks (&quot;network of networks&quot;) & Z systems (&quot;system of systems&quot;) IPICS CAP XML .mil Range Extension TDN/CONDOR Gateway Split / Joins SoS Heartbeat Messages XML Repositories Authorized Efficient XML Qualcomm BREW NIEM GJXDM FXR SoR C2IEDM “ Maneuver the network” “ Spontaneous Organization” Common Symbology Unified Alerts / Event Trigger Consistent, Synchronous Timing of State Meta Data Collection The Heartbeat / Beacon as subnet publish subscribe mechanism Millisecond Transactions via Beacon Tech SABRE EOC Weapons Free Track Received MIBs Heartbeat Message Heartbeat Message State Meta Data Joint Mission Data Loader JACAE COASTS: Coalition Operating Area Surveillance Targeting System CONDOR OPEN Systems & Network Management MIB Tool Router Config State meta data for Network reconfiguration Split, joins, adds Heartbeat Messages Boston U Beacon NTCDESC JBMC2 BoD NC FCB JVMF, USMTF, TADILs, OTH-Gold, Adat-P3, FIRNS, FUDNs &quot;DFI, DUI's… UICDS Heartbeat Protocol low level state meta data harvester Use to conserve bandwidth before handoff to more sophisticated protocols / mechanisms that in turn use the heartbeat mechanism FAST C2AP UC BERKELEY SEA GULL Files, queues, folders, SANS, dbase, caches, flat files… Convert to XML tags Efficient XML Qualcomm BREW SoS Track Received CESAC UICDS NOC-V NCharT FIOP/ SIOP/ UDOP DIRS DHS TRIPWIRE Learning Systems AI N Systems /Networks AI Learning Systems Stored Process & Procedures Lean Six SIGMA NEMESIS NIMS WITS FusionNET ICEWS Multi-Modal Layered Analysis of Network Architectures for Threat Detection & Prediction (LANA) FLUX UCORE 2.0 Rules Engine Workflow Qualcomm BREW UCORE NEIM Payloads INFOBLOX Orchestration Server FIRST RESPONDERS .com, .org, .edu IPAWS HIMSS Alert Level Increase … Increase Multicast Zone COMMON SYMBOLS III THE BIG RED BUTTON II SYNCHRONIZED EVENTS / ALERSI E R I C
  • 13. Multicast / Cell broadcast Radius / Zone thresholds & intensity Increase Multicast Zone CAP Payloads Homeland Security Advisory System LOW/NORMAL GUARDED/ALPHA ELEVATED/BRAVO HIGH/CHARLIE SEVERE/DELTA EVERY GOOD BOY DOES FINE NORAD FAA Combined Communications Electronics Board CCEB EVERY GOOD BOY DOES FINE NORTHCOM Flash Override FLASH (Z) IMMEDIATE (O) PRIORITY (P) ROUTINE (R) Data Islands DHS Tripwire COGCOM Levels of Concern COGCOM 1 COGCOM 0 COGCOM 2 COGCOM 3 COGCOM 4 EVENT SEVERITY INDEX CHILD SCHEMA’s CHILD SCHEMA’s 1 2 3 4 5 EVENT SEVERITY INDEX EVENT SEVERITY INDEX Emulate Event Severity by > / < Multicast Zone W Beacon Tech
    • Intensity by threshold &
    • multicast router / server hop count by zones using BEACON protocols like UC Berkeley Sea Gull or Boston U Beacon Project
    NIEM PAYLOADS Five level system Supports military machine to machine Messaging parsing Of PRECEDENCE (what the colors Convey). Could Use other less Intuitive colors or Even gray scale 5 = 1.666 3 Alert Level Increase … CAP XML -8 to -5 - 4 to -2 - 1 to +2 +6 to +8 +3 to +5 CAP XML Alert Level Increase … Increase Multicast Zone DHS Tripwire
  • 14. GPS Tele matics SATCOM TELCO SATCOM Ground Station Alert Level Increase … Increase hop count Threat Integration Center EOC / EAC / C3 & ISR Telco PSAP SATCOM Ground Station Sensors / Telematics Mesh Networks Home Awareness Systems ZigBee Zwave CAP Efficient XML - child schemas - data islands - NIEM Payloads Beacon RFID SOA Heartbeat Failover INFRASTRUCTURE Structured Military Message ORG ID Telco PSAP Cellular, UMTS, GMS, CDMA… .mil systems .com systems USMTF, VMF TADIL(s), OTH Adat-P3.. .mil Range Extension Gateway Split / Joins Add / Moves XML Schema Repositories Heartbeat Protocol Timing Function / mini “ publish, subscribe” Send to, get from Data from target hosts, platforms, & computer devices Sea Gull ADS-B CASM MxRRM SABRE SAFECOM Sentinel Millisecond Exchanges Consistent Event Timing Common Symbols Null, 1, 2, 3, 4 Null, 1, 2, 3, 4 NET EFFECTS “ Maneuver The Network” “ Spontaneous Integration” Network Centric Warfare/ Net Enabled Operations FOR THE GREATER GOOD The Heart _ Beacon JBFSA Heartbeat Messages as State Management Snapshots SEED SYNC _CLOUD
  • 15. Homeland Security Advisory System LOW/NORMAL GUARDED/ALPHA ELEVATED/BRAVO HIGH/CHARLIE SEVERE/DELTA MESA Boston U Beacon Increase Multicast Zone Unified Comms Center EAC, EOC, DMOC ,TOC… Sensors Telematics Mesh Networks Home Awareness Systems ZigBee, Zwave CAP NIEM XML Payloads - child schemas - data islands - data files/Efficient XML NIMS ICS Structured Military Messages E9-1-1 .gov, .org systems .mil systems USMTF, VMF TADIL(s), OTH Adat-P3.. .mil Range Extension TDN/CONDOR Gateway Split / Joins / Adds XML Schema Repositories Heartbeat Protocol Subnet level “ publish, subscribe” get from, send to data from target hosts, platforms, & computer devices SABRE Sentinel FLUX RDBS ADS-B CASM MxRRM Alert Level Increase … LOW GUARDED ELEVATED HIGH SEVERE Heartbeat Publish-Subscribe GIG SOA System Wide Heartbeat JACAE NOC-V Mobile User Objective System OneNet IPAWS DIRS DMIS-SIG /OPEN SWIFT Mobility Enhanced Situational Awareness Data-casting NAVCASTing FusionX OPENDAP NASA GES DISC EVERY GOOD BOY DOES FINE UC Berkeley Sea Gull DHS TRIPWIRE Systems, Network, Process Management “NETOPS” SAN Dbase Cache MDL JXTA NIIX NEMESIS $$$ S.O.S INTELSAT IRIS NASA DMC WITS NORAD FAA FusionNET FusionNET INFOCON levels NORMAL (normal activity) ALPHA (increased risk of attack), BRAVO (specific risk of attack), CHARLIE (limited attack), DELTA (general attack). UNIVERSAL PARSING AGENT CLEO IRIS Publish Subscribe Over Multicast MUOS FBCB2/JBC-P DMOC DMOC COMMON SYMBOLS III THE BIG RED BUTTON II SYNCHRONIZED EVENTS / ALERTS I E R I C
  • 16. Use Case 4.1 Options: cloud-subscriber-user subscribes to threshold / intensity geo-spatial visualization service administered by cloud-subscriber-administrator. State changes sampled from cloud-subscriber-user at pre-defined intervals and state changes in event / alert thresholds are transferred to transport - agent by heartbeat primitive for onward distribution to cloud-management-broker that in turn supplies state changes of cloud-subscriber-users and event / alert changes to a geo-spatial visualization service. Deltas in cloud-subscriber-users and event / alert changes are transferred via transport - agent to graphics display emulating current multi-level alert paradigms e.g, DHS Advisory / Terrorist Activity by increasing / decreasing zone / radius based on deltas in intensity and thresholds. Cloud-Subscriber-Users polled by cloud - management - brokers checking user preferences enter, leave zones. Capabilities described by the Organizational Identification ORG ID / and / or Universal Resource Name URN in a triage paradigm. Color or gray scale depict visually changes in event / alert thresholds and corresponding deltas of cloud - subscriber - users being vectored in / out of event / alert areas of interest. 4 .1 Copy Data Objects between Cloud-Providers Actors: cloud-subscriber, cloud-provider-1, cloud-provider-2, transport-agent Goals: Copy data objects from a cloud-provider-1 's system to a cloud-provider-2 's system on the initiative of a cloud-subscriber. Assumptions: Cloud-subscriber established an account with cloud-provider-1 & cloud-provider-2. [OPTION: Set Heartbeat data collection interval] [OPTION: Assign cloud-subscriber ORD ID and or URN Universal Resource Name for devices and sensors etc] [OPTION: copy (replicate, broadcast) within - between clouds, based on changes in threshold levels emulating intensity, duration, magnitude of events, alerts] by concentric zones (e.g., extending the &quot;Paul Revere&quot; paradigm lamps in towers [OPTION copy (replicate, broadcast) within - between clouds applying filters to triage individual and grouped responders based on ORG ID defined attributes] and / or Universal Resource Name URN For sensors, RFID type mini devices
  • 17. COSMOS Exhibit 16-A: Public Safety Broadband Network Architecture THE HEART BEACON: ENHANCEMENTS TO FCC BROADBAND PLAN COMMAND & CONTROL MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK UTO .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 COMM / ELECT IF-MAP InfoBlox IF-MAP Orchestration Server / meta data LEADER”S INTENT 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 IDXWG DMC Alert Level Increase … CAP XML E R I C SEED SYNC _CLOUD NASA NEBULA OPEN SOURCE
  • 18. C2 Management / Heart Beacon
    • COMMAND CONTROL MANAGEMENT
    • OPERATIONS SUPPORT
    • MOBILITY MANAGEMENT SERVER
    • DATA BASE
    • EDGE ROUTER / SWITCH
    • Land Mobile Radio LMR
    • Jurisdiction From Separate Nets
    • C2 SITUATIONAL AWARENESS SYSTEM BASED (FBCB2 / BFT)
    • EXECUTES COMMANDER’S INTENT VIA UNIT TASK ORDERS UTO
    • TEMPLATE SYSTEM DESIGNED TO ADDRESS NET MOBILITY TASKS
    • FILTERING TO / FROM DBASE
    • DERIVED FROM ROUTER / SWITCH RECONFIG CHALLENGES
    • SINGCGARS / EPLARS LMR
    • ORG ID / URN Distinguishes Nets
    THE HEART BEACON: PROCEDURES AS ENHANCEMENTS FOR FCC NATIONAL BROADBAND PLAN COMMAND AND CONTROL MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK NET EFFECTS SEED SYNC _CLOUD
  • 19. Portfolio Management Telco’s + Defense Contractors + Major Telco Contracts (i.e., GSA NETWORX) + Nation: 6700 PSAPs EOC DHS Blackberry Used here since 2004 Used here 1990’s NYC + 80 other cities 20 % 80 % 100 % DECISION Global Information Grid Gather more types of state meta data Each heartbeat collection cycle .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 Additional state meta data types = Enhanced network management options & opportunities for additional SYNCHRONIZED, cross system services GREY FORCE TRACKING / RAINBOW FORCE TRACKING
    • DHS / DOJ NIEM / GJXDM / GEO INT 
    • OASIS World Wide Web W3C
    • World Data Coalition WDC
    • HIMSS , EDEN, CDC, Geo Location
    Global Information Grid FBCB2/JBC-P JIOC-I FIOP S2IOP PROPHET Brain (Theater) DISTRIBUTED MISSIONS OPERATION CENTER DMOC IEEE 1588 1 correlated event .0001 05 1 3 5 10 30 SIOP FIOP 2 UTO E R I C SEED SYNC _CLOUD
  • 20. Rainbow Force Tracking
    • ISSUE: E9-1-1 // DOD / DHS systems use building blocks (e.g., heartbeat / beacon sub-protocol, CAP, NIEM) & heartbeat network (re) config messages) DIFFERENTLY
    • Network Centric Warfare template applied to DHS Blackberry handhelds 04
    • DHS Program of Record: BAA08-01, DHS S&T Long Range
    • Distributed Environment for Critical Infrastructure Decision-making Exercises (DECIDE)
      • Command, Control, and Interoperability (CCI) Division
      • Distributed Missions Operation Center DMOC
      • Computer Aided Dispatch Spontaneous Integration Process FCC ERIC
    • DECISION :
    • Transition / translate template system’s procedures, filters & workflow logic to public information & human services e9-1-1 NexGen i.e., “Rainbow Force tracking” synchronized, authoritative SA as n-1-1 fee for Public Services:
    “ THINK SYNC” INFOBLOX Orchestration Server IEEE 1588 Congress: “Nothing less than net-centric homeland security akin to net-centric warfare” Common Operational Picture (COP): A single IDENTICAL display of relevant information shared by more than one command. A common operational picture facilitates collaborative planning and assists all echelons to achieve situational awareness. US Joint Force Common Glossary //Wikipedia SYBC SEED _CLOUD
  • 21. Situational Awareness CDRLS .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 “ Our Cause is noble; It is the fate of mankind” G.W. Flux Beacon SuperCuper Beacon Monitors Silicon Valley Region Data Interop Project   SoS HEART BEACON: Sync Seed The Cloud THE National League of Cities LIGHT Boston U Project Beacon SEA GULL C2 Command & Control Module Overlay NATIVE AMERICAN DISASTER NETWORK  TIME TRAVEL MESSAGES NISAC SYNC SEED _CLOUD JBFSA NetSA S.O.S X 4 STATE & LOCAL NATIONAL INTER NATIONAL SYNC SEED _CLOUD SYNC SEED _CLOUD Code Blue SYNC SEED _CLOUD
  • 22. ForgeBus MISSION AREA DOMAIN ORG ID URN NET ENABLED OPS .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 Net Centric Net Enabled Operations Services / Apps NOC “ Currently, Forge.mil has over 300 individual projects with little to no defined relationship between projects (related through categorization only)” Cross Cloud Synchronization Sync’d / Filtered SA / SIOP from FIOP as fee for service GSCC-J Joint Planning Execution TADILS USMTF JVMF, OTH.. NSLDSS NIEM Payloads IDXWG Integrated ISR IP / XML Heartbeat Messages E R I C SEED SYNC _CLOUD INTENT CAP XML CAP XML SMART GRID
  • 23. DHS Interoperability Test Virtual Laboratory (ITvL) & IDXWG CROSS DOMAIN CLOUD INTEROPERABILITY INTEGRATION TESTBEDS CLOUD DATA MANAGEMENT INTERFACE CLOUD PORTAL GSA FORGE STATE META DATA SNAPSHOTS STATE META DATA SNAPSHOTS - IEEE SNIA CLOUD STANDARD - OPEN GRID FORUM - SIENA STATE META DATA SNAPSHOTS STATE META DATA SNAPSHOTS HEARTBEAT (R.E.S.T) MESSAGES
    • CLOUD PROVISIONING
    • STANDARDS
    • Decision Support
    • Care Coordination
    • TRIAGE Intensity / Zones
    STRATEGIC -------------- TACTICAL FEDRAMP DFDL Data Format Definition Language VOLUNTARY CONSENSUS STANDARD FCC C2 Module Overlay FEDERATED ID Federal Community Cloud Data Center IBM Global NOC Boulder CO/ Raleigh NC http://bit.ly/bMy2ka GD IT Beacon Communities Beacon Communities Inter agency Data Exchange Group UCORE 2.0 META DATA REGISTRY: MDR Discovery Meta Data Specification DDMS / EDXL SITREP SNAPSHOTS USE CASE TEMPLATES SAJACC Cybersecurity Info Exchange Framework (CYBEX) Oak Ridge Time Travel Messages NIEM / (EDXL) SITREP Situation Reports Information Sharing Environment Cross Domain DMC SYNC SEED _CLOUD NASA NEBULA OPEN SOURCE
  • 24. Deltas between Heartbeat samples HEARTBEAT MESSAGES State Meta Data Snapshots UC Berkeley NULL Boston U Project Beacon SMART GRID / CLOUD Advanced Metering Infrastructure + / - Increase – Decrease hop count by threshold / intensity ROUTER/SWITCH/ SERVER HOP COUNT Service discovery enhance by ORG ID / URN SLA and performance monitoring via hop count deltas Workflow management – Workflow over multicast (JBFSA) Auditing: enhanced net forensics: Org ID, URN, time stamping Security Mechanisms for Authentication, Authorization ORG ID Virtual Organization Management: Org ID Spontaneous Re Org BIG RED BUTTON: Alerts / Events Single, Authoritative Source NIEM Payloads, Data Islands / child schemas for COI’s Meter Check Time Stamp 1 Meter Check Time Stamp 2 0 -1 - 2 - 3 - 4 1 2 3 4 ROUTER/SWITCH/SERVER HOP COUNT ROUTER/SWITCH/SERVER HOP COUNT ROUTER/SWITCH/SERVER HOP COUNT ROUTER/SWITCH/SERVER HOP COUNT ROUTER/SWITCH/SERVER HOP COUNT ROUTER/SWITCH/SERVER HOP COUNT Alert Level Increase … CAP XML Emulate Event Severity by > / < Multicast Zone W Beacon Tech
  • 25. SYNC SEED _CLOUD Start / Stop Delimiter High Frequency Stock Trade Windows ORG ID URN SEC STATE META DATA SNAPSHOTS STATE META DATA SNAPSHOTS Federated ID / ORG ID Situational Awareness .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 ORG_ID ORG_ID URN URN State Meta Data SNAPSHOTS HEARTBEAT MESSAGES Heartbeat Sub-protocol Get – put Mini-publish Subscribe function Start / Stop Flash Trade Window Set Window TTL Time To Live parameters World Economic Forum Spontaneous Org / Reorg R.E.S.T CIRCUIT BREAKER IEEE 1588 PRECISION TIME PROTOCOL 1588
  • 26. ORG ID URN Situational Awareness .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 ORG_ID ORG_ID URN URN State Meta Data SNAPSHOTS 3.4 Copy Data Objects Into A Cloud Actors: cloud-subscriber, cloud-provider, transport-agent. Goals: Cloud-subscriber initiates a copy of data objects from cloud-subscriber's system to a cloud-provider's system. Optionally, protect transferred objects from disclosure. [OPTION: Set Heartbeat data collection interval. Assign cloud-subscriber ORD ID] [OPTION: Set Heartbeat data collection interval e.g. .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 ] [OPTION: Assign cloud-subscriber ORD ID e.g., Business_Task_Force ] SYNC SEED CLOUD @ RELIABLE / PREDICTABLE Intervals Assign ORG ID to Uniquely Identify User as part of Group implying Group function Aid in spontaneous, Adhoc re organization ENHANCED DATA ANALYTICS ENHANCED .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 45 99 Communities of Interest / Action COI / COA SYNCHRONIZED STATE META DATA SNAPSHOTS AS HEARTBEAT MESSAGES SYNC SEED _CLOUD HEARTBEAT MESSAGES HEARTBEAT MESSAGES IEEE 1588 HEARTBEAT NETWORK HEARTBEAT Groups, Agencies, Task Forces, Special Category Users FLUX BEACON University of Dublin, Ireland ORG ID
  • 27. NIST CCRATWG - 004 Cloud Architecture Reference Models o Cloud Computing Use Case Discussion Group 3.4 Copy Objects into Cloud o Distributed Management Task Force (DMTF) o Cloud Security Alliance o IBM Cloud Reference Architecture o GSA: FCCI (Federal Cloud Computing Initiative) o Cisco Cloud Reference Architecture Framework o Open Security Architecture: Secure Architecture Models o SNIA standard: Cloud Data Management Interface o Elastra: Cloud Technology Reference Model Enterprise Clouds 17 Jan 2011 WG geo-location Time Stamp “ THINK SYNC” ORG ID URN SEARCH ANALYZE REPLICATION DEDUPLICATION 1 Authoritative, Reliable, Filtered Blip HEART / BEACON SYNC SEED THE CLOUD AUTO DISCOVERY STATE META DATA SNAPSHOTS Heartbeat Messages Enhanced Data Analytics Enhanced Network Forensics SoS DHS TRIPWIRE .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 3.4 Copy Objects into Cloud .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 C2 Command & Control Module Overlay FCC C2/ JBFSA See NIST Cloud Computing Use Case 3-4: Copy Objects Into Cloud: Applicable To All Cloud Models TEMPORAL INTEROP IEEE 1588 SMART GRID SYNC SEED _CLOUD S.O.S JBFSA
  • 28. The Heart Beacon : Sync Seed THE CLOUD SYNC SEED _CLOUD
    • ENHANCED DATA ANALYTICS
    • DE_DUPLICATION
    • ENHANCED NET FORENSICS
    • Synchronous TIME STAMPs
    • - Reduce Jitter
    • Tune Cloud Data Micro_Bursts
    Start / Stop Delimiter High Frequency Stock Trade Windows
    • Single, Authoritative, Reliable BLIP from N complex systems / system of systems
    • Initiate Event / Alerts from 1 Authoritative Source across clouds / enterprises
    • State meta data SNAPSHOTS shape / forge CLOUD EFFECTS / DYNAMICS
    • ORG ID / URN = Federated ID & enhanced data analytics / net forensics
    • ORG ID / URN = “Spontaneous Organization” / “Maneuver the Network”
    INTENT SEC CIRCUIT BREAKER STATE META DATA SNAPSHOTS STATE META DATA SNAPSHOTS Federated ID / ORG ID GSA NETWORX, DHS EAGLE NET EFFECTS State Meta Data SNAPSHOTS ORG ID URN Situational Awareness .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 ORG_ID ORG_ID URN URN HEARTBEAT MESSAGES National Visualization Analytics Center R.E.S.T MANEUVER THE NETWORK Maneuver The Network DMC Spontaneous Org / Reorg
  • 29. .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 NET EFFECTS CAP XML ORG ID URN Payloads +3 to +5 UTO ORG ID URN 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 INTENT Maneuver the Network NASA DMC CLEO Heartbeat Message State Management Snapshots ORCHESTRATION SERVER DMC IEEE 1588 CAP XML SEED SYNC _CLOUD -8 to -5 - 4 to -2 - 1 to +2 +6 to +8 +3 to +5 NASA NEBULA OPEN SOURCE JBFSA
  • 30. Situational Awareness CDRLS .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 MANEUVER THE NETWORK SPONTANEOUS INTEGRATION NET EFFECTS Sentinel Payloads DHS Tripwire Publish-Subscribe Over Multicast FLUX CAP XML ORGANIZATIONAL IDENTIFICATION ORD ID UNIVERSAL RESOURCE NAME URN SYNC SEED THE CLOUD INCREASE MULTICAST ZONE +3 to +5 THE BIG RED BUTTON Harvesting additional state meta data each heartbeat TCP/IP cycle in heretofore unused time slots yields new opportunities In net management / NET EFFECTS e.g., move organizations by group ID rather Than individuals or single platforms Synchronized, predictable data refresh rates from Millisecond to 99 minute range enhances the consistency of the Common Picture in EOC’s Enhanced net forensics non-repudiation, enabling end to end system heartbeat for improved transactional integrity and enhanced net analytics COMMANDER”S INTENT Sync seeding the cloud enabling enhanced net effects / net forensics’ via time sync’d ORG tagged time travel (DOE Oak Ridge ripples through the cloud in context w/ SYNCHRONIZED shared, Inter cloud sync’d meta data as a service SYNC’D_ MDaaS. IF-MAP Infoblox Orchestration Server Open Science Data Cloud (OSDC) Working Group BOSTON U PROJECT BEACON UC BERKLEY SEA GULL TIME TRAVEL MESSAGES NISAC IF-MAP Sun Single Citizen View SOA Unit Task Order UTO UTO IEEE 1588 Alert Level Increase … CAP XML SEED SYNC _CLOUD -8 to -5 - 4 to -2 - 1 to +2 +6 to +8 +3 to +5 LIGHT JTF GNO GIG NCES NECC COSMOS
  • 31. Situational Awareness CDRLS .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 Think Sync Think Sync: ORG ID ORG ID AUTO DISCOVERY DEDUPLICATION DEDUPLICATION REPLICATION REPLICATION Enhanced Data Analytics Enhanced Network Forensics Heartbeat Message STATE META DATA SNAPSHOTS SEARCH ANALYZE XML FORMS ENGINE Replication Of State meta Data snapshots SSTP: Simple Symmetric Transport Protocol Workflows, Business Processes = Military Mission Threads Microsoft Heart Beacon: Every day tools to switch gears to react to alerts, events, then back to business as usual e.g., Adhoc Grouping / teaming leveraging Organizational ID or ORG ID over IP Multicast e.g. Verizon VCAST Heartbeat Message IEEE 1588 [ MS -FSFDMW]: Heartbeat Message 2.2.13 Heartbeat Message . SharePoint. This message indicates that the protocol ... of named variables encoded using the protocol specified in msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff388773(v=office.12).aspx Multicast support enabled for the cluster heartbeat all heartbeat messages unicast / Multicast networking xmiitting http://support.microsoft.com/kb/307962 CLUSTER HEARTBEAT K00.99 SYNC SEED _CLOUD SoS Authorized Efficient XML Qualcomm BREW SABRE EOC Weapons Free Track Received COASTS: Coalition Operating Area Surveillance Targeting System FAST C2AP DHS TRIPWIRE
  • 32. ANALYZE SEARCH Situational Awareness CDRLS .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 AUTO DISCOVERY DEDUPLICATION DEDUPLICATION IF-MAP REPLICATION REPLICATION Think Sync Think Sync: INFOBLOX Orchestration Server INFOBLOX Orchestration Server ORG ID ORG ID THE HEART FORGE BEACON SYNC SEED THE CLOUD Enhanced Data Analytics Enhanced Network Forensics 1 Authoritative, Reliable, Filtered Blip Heartbeat Message Heartbeat Message DISA SOA Enterprise wide system heartbeat SOA Enterprise wide system heartbeat STATE META DATA SNAPSHOTS IEEE 1588 SYNC SEED _CLOUD
  • 33. Situational Awareness CDRLS .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 .0001 .05 .01 .1 5 15 30 99 SYNC Event Timing BIG RED BUTTON COMMON SYMBOLS TELECOMM CDRLS NET EFFECTS Boston U Beacon UC BERKELY SEAGULL Sync / Seed Cloud SABRE Alert Level Increase … DHS Tripwire MESA Qual comm / Verizon DOD H.A.A.R.P Increase Multicast Zone Payloads Spontaneous Integration Maneuver the Net RAINBOW FORCE TRACKING COMMANDER”S INTENT 1 correlated event SIOP DISTRIBUTED MISSION OPS CENTER DMOC UTO DISA SOA END TO END HEARTBEAT NASA DISASTER MANAGEMENT CONSTELLATION SUN SINGLE CITIZEN VIEW SOA Comm / ELEC SEARCH BY ORGANIZATION IDENTIFICATION ORG ID / URN CLEO IRIS Congress: “Nothing less than net-centric homeland security akin to net-centric warfare” Common Operational Picture (COP): A single identical display of relevant information shared by more than one command. A common operational picture facilitates collaborative planning and assists all echelons to achieve situational awareness. US Joint Force Common Glossary //Wikipedia JUNIPER CESAC CISCO IPICS LIGHT CODE BLUE IF-MAP Orchestration Server Auto Discovery De-Duplication Common Platform CAP XML E R I C SYNC SEED _CLOUD SYNC SEED _CLOUD NASA NEBULA OPEN SOURCE JBFSA
  • 34. COMMON SYMBOLS III THE BIG RED BUTTON II Synchronized Event / Alerts I I II III 3 Building Blocks 4 Focus Areas Consistent, Synchronous Time stamping of Raw state meta data 1 2 3 4 Maneuver the Network Spontaneous Organization Heartbeat Messages Split / Joins, Adds Router MIBs Files, queues, folders, SANS, dbase, caches, flat files… CAP XML Unified Activation Authorized NOC Workflow / Mission Threads Chop-chain / Business Logic Spontaneous integration X family of systems via Y networks (&quot;network of networks&quot;) maneuvering by COI’s / COP’s workflow filters
    • Multicast / Cell broadcast
    • Radius / Zone
    • / <
    • thresholds & intensity
    .0001 .05 .01 1 5 15 30 1 correlated event SoS JPL BMOX The Heart Beacon tm : Systems, Process & Network Management “NETOPS” Computer Aided Dispatch Spontaneous Integration NCharT DIRS NIMS IPAWS - Child schemas for COIs, profiles, - data islands for special needs i.e; specific area encodings, inject points option fields, PIPS Vs PSAPs.. - data files for fast movers unique requirements & event code signaling Tripwire AI 6 Sigma Special Needs NIMS WITS OneNet Alert Level Increase … Increase Multicast Zone NIEM Payloads INFOBLOX Orchestration Server STANDARDIZATION SYNCHRONIZATION SYNERGY NASA DMC CLEO IRIS IDXWG Rules Engine JBFSA SEED SYNC _CLOUD E R I C NASA NEBULA OPEN SOURCE