Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Alexander, 2012

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Did you know there is a massive 60-year-old oil pipeline running under Lake Michigan and Lake Huron, along the Straits of Mackinac? Did you know that up to 20 million gallons of oil travels through that pipeline a day and the operators have plans to expand the capacity without making significant updates? You might also be surprised to learn that most of the oil traveling through our pipelines comes from the Alberta tar sands. This panel will explain the issues and the regulatory framework governing oil pipelines as well as provide recommendations on ways we can safeguard our lakes from spills.

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Oil Pipelines in the Great Lakes, Threats and Solutions-Alexander, 2012

  1. 1. Sunken HazardAging pipeline threatens Great Lakes
  2. 2. EnbridgeEnergy’sPipelineNetwork
  3. 3. Lakehead System: 84 spills since 2002
  4. 4. 1990, Brevort, MI: Small spill, oil plume reached Lake Michigan
  5. 5. 1990, Brevort, MI: 1999, Crystal Small spill, oil plumeFalls, MI: 226,000 reached Lake gallons spilled Michigan
  6. 6. 2002, Itasca 1990, Brevort, MI:County, MN: 252,000 1999, Crystal Small spill, oil plume gallon crude oil Falls, MI: 226,000 reached Lake spill, $5.6 million gallons spilled Michigan damage.
  7. 7. 2002: Itasca 1990, Brevort, MI:County, MN: 252,000 1999: Crystal Small spill, oil plume gallon crude oil Falls, MI: 226,000 reached Lake spill, $5.6 million gallons spilled Michigan damage. 2003: Bay County, MI: 21,000 gallon crude oil spill
  8. 8. 2002, Itasca 1990, Brevort, MI:County, MN: 252,000 1999, Crystal Small spill, oil plume gallon crude oil Falls, MI: 226,000 reached Lake spill, $5.6 million gallons spilled Michigan damage. 2007, Exeland, WI: 2003, Bay 201,000 gallon County, MI: 21,000 spill, $4.5 million gallon crude oil spill damages
  9. 9. 2002, Itasca 1990, Brevort, MI:County, MN: 252,000 1999, Crystal Small spill, oil plume gallon crude oil Falls, MI: 226,000 reached Lake spill, $5.6 million gallons spilled Michigan damage. 2007, Exeland, WI: 2003, Bay 201,000 gallon County, MI: 21,000 spill, $4.5 million gallon crude oil spill damages2007, Clearbrook, M N: Pipeline rupture kills two workers
  10. 10. 2002, Itasca 1990, Brevort, MI:County, MN: 252,000 1999, Crystal Small spill, oil plume gallon crude oil Falls, MI: 226,000 reached Lake spill, $5.6 million gallons spilled Michigan damage. 2007, Exeland, WI: 2003, Bay 201,000 gallon County, MI: 21,000 spill, $4.5 million gallon crude oil spill damages2007, Clearbrook, M N: Pipeline rupture kills two workers July 2010, Marshall, MI: Ruptured pipeline spills 1.2 million gallons of Tar Sands oil into Kalamazoo River
  11. 11. 2002, Itasca 1990, Brevort, MI:County, MN: 252,000 1999, Crystal Small spill, oil plume gallon crude oil Falls, MI: 226,000 reached Lake spill, $5.6 million gallons spilled Michigan damage. 2007, Exeland, WI: 2003, Bay 201,000 gallon County, MI: 21,000 spill, $4.5 million gallon crude oil spill damages2007, Clearbrook, M N: Pipeline rupture kills two workers July 2010, Marshall, MI: Ruptured pipeline spills 1.2 2010, Chicago: 250,000 million gallons of Tar Sands gallon oil spill oil into Kalamazoo River
  12. 12. 2002, Itasca 1990, Brevort, MI:County, MN: 252,000 1999, Crystal Small spill, oil plume gallon crude oil Falls, MI: 226,000 reached Lake spill, $5.6 million gallons spilled Michigan damage. 2007, Exeland, WI: 2003, Bay 201,000 gallon County, MI: 21,000 spill, $4.5 million gallon crude oil spill damages July 2010, Marshall, MI:2007, Clearbrook, M Ruptured pipeline spills 1.2 N: Pipeline rupture million gallons of Tar Sands kills two workers oil into Kalamazoo River 2012, near Madison, WI: 2010, Chicago: 250,000 42,000 gallon oil spill gallon oil spill
  13. 13. Sunken hazardLine 5 pipeline carries 20 mgd of crudeoil and natural gas liquids daily;expansion would increase that to 22 mgd
  14. 14. Looks are deceiving• Currents inthe Straitsoften exceed3 feet/second(2 mph)• Flow volume50x greaterthan averageflow of theSt. Clair River
  15. 15. Three hours after a spill
  16. 16. Six hours after a spill
  17. 17. Twelve hours after a spill
  18. 18. Twenty four hours after a spill

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