Offshore Wind: Balancing efficiency and accountability


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This panel will address whether threats from climate change, mercury emissions and other effects of fossil fuel dependence justify development of offshore wind in select areas of the Great Lakes. What state and federal regulatory schemes currently exist and are they adequate to protect the lakes? How are regulators, developers and environmental groups addressing wind development and environmental protection?

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  • Official presentation start slide.
  • “Nominations” are either accepted by the ISEA or not – if not accepted, they may still be leased-permitted under each state’s law but the federal and state authorities will view them differently – they are not “preferred” by the ISEA but they are not precluded from investigation by private developers or leasing by the states. WRA bottomlands might be considered “low hanging fruit.”
  • Official presentation end slide.
  • Offshore Wind: Balancing efficiency and accountability

    1. 1. Offshore Wind: Balancing efficiency and accountability Crystal BallroomThursday, October 1311:15-12:15<br />
    2. 2. an ISEA idea...2,000 miles to offshore renewable energy<br />M. Klepinger, October 2011<br />
    3. 3. What’s the Big Idea?<br /> GL community should find 2,000 square miles (2%) to be used for offshore energy<br />
    4. 4. How Will the Best 2,000 Miles Be Identified for Energy?<br />We’ll Have To Talk About It!<br />GL community should discuss creating<br />~The Inland Seas Energy Compact<br /> OR<br /> ~The Inland Seas Energy Authority (ISEA)<br />
    5. 5. What is the ISEA Idea?<br />Create a new authority for offshore energy management, policy and planning<br />Create a development corporation similar to the St Lawrence Seaway (but with triple bottom line)<br />Convene leaders to identify which areas need preservation & which areas are best for energy<br />
    6. 6. Why?<br />Creates certainty - a more stable 20-year policy environment - and will focus public debate<br />Improves our position, gives us a brand, as we seek international investment in clean energy<br />Provides space for the scale of the industry (enough to make billion$ investment worthwhile)<br />
    7. 7. ISEA Objectives<br />To capitalize on one of our Great Lakes natural resource advantages - as the community did with shipping in the 1950s (constructing the new St Lawrence Seaway) <br />To build upon the tradition of managing all Great Lakes natural resources for the benefit of future generations... adding offshore energy resources to the mix (along with fisheries, transportation facilities, water quality, etc.)<br />To strengthen the Midwest’s economy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions<br /> (without unacceptable risks to area ecosystems)<br />
    8. 8. Why So Few Prospects?<br />Wind resources classified as “excellent” to “superb” by the U.S. Department of Energy<br />
    9. 9. Why So Few Prospects?<br />Where are the serious investors? <br />Existing state statues on Great Lakes bottomland leasing and permitting were not designed to address offshore wind<br />Existing federal Great Lakes management programs are not designed to address offshore wind<br />Effect of impulse to “go it alone” in each state<br />Need to make progress on ice engineering, grids, ports, installation vessels<br />Need to find economies of scale, lower costs by acting together on our mutual interests<br />Need a regional power authority to set prices long term <br />
    10. 10. Questions From All Quarters About Great Lakes Wind<br />Governance questions<br />Environmental questions<br />Engineering questions<br />Price and profitability questions<br />
    11. 11. Functions of Energy Authority<br />Sets 5-yr, 10-yr, 20-yr production goals<br />Prioritizes research, detailed field investigations<br />Prepares guidelines for site assessment, construction, operations, decommissioning<br />Provides good public venue for federal agencies (in what is primarily a state leasing decision)<br />
    12. 12. Functions of Energy Authority<br />Partners with states to market sites<br />Considers state nominations of the most favorable wind resource areas (WRAs)<br />Issues bonds and distributes revenues<br />Sells assets after 20 to 25 years<br />
    13. 13. Michigan Plows New Ground<br />Governor’s Offshore Wind Council 2009<br />Identified 24 criteria for policy-making<br />Used GIS mapping to find the “best” & “worst”<br />The “Most Favorable” Five Hundred Miles<br />Wind Resource Areas to be studied further<br /> by industry, agencies and academics<br />Provides guidance to resource managers<br />Helps focus limited research dollars<br />
    14. 14. Application of Criteria Using GIS Mapping Tool<br />
    15. 15. Most Favorable Wind Resource Areas (Michigan WRAs)<br />SOURCE: Institute for Fisheries Research, UM/MDNR, GLOW Final Report, October 2010. <br />
    16. 16. Sanilac County WRA<br />
    17. 17. Sanilac County WRA<br />
    18. 18. In a Nutshell<br />Great Lakes needs an offshore energy management authority<br />Similar to the St Lawrence Seaway – with a triple bottom line mandate<br />
    19. 19. Where is the goalpost?<br />ISEA action plan agreement 2011<br />Formation of ISEA Alliance<br />Policymaker’s retreat 2012<br />Leader’s summit and visioning<br />Identify 2000 Sq. Miles Most Favorable<br /> Focus research and development in these most favorable areas, begin leasing 2013<br />
    20. 20. So, What’s Next?<br /> Retreat!<br />Convene leaders of key stakeholder organizations:<br />~ Council of Great Lakes Governors <br />~ Great Lakes Commission <br />~ Great Lakes St. Lawrence Cities Initiative <br />~ St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation <br />~ International Joint Commission<br />~Two GL environmental organizations & Native American organizations<br />~ AWEA Offshore Wind Working Group, Offshore Wind DC<br />~ Professional staff in the Depts. of Energy, Commerce, State, Interior<br />WINGSPREAD has offered to host a group of leaders when we’re ready<br />
    21. 21. Michael Klepinger <br />Inland Seas Energy Alliance<br />517.676.9858<br />
    22. 22. Spread the word!<br />Wireless password: HOW11<br /> <br />Conference website:<br /> <br />Email us photos, comments, tweets or video & we will post online:<br /> <br />On Twitter? Use the hashtag:#healthylakes<br />