Conservation Results for Public-Private Partnerships
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Conservation Results for Public-Private Partnerships

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Innovative public-private partnerships are delivering substantial conservation and restoration successes in the Detroit River and western Lake Erie. This workshop will share lessons from: soft ...

Innovative public-private partnerships are delivering substantial conservation and restoration successes in the Detroit River and western Lake Erie. This workshop will share lessons from: soft shoreline engineering; transformation of an industrial brownfield into a Refuge Gateway; construction of a sturgeon spawning reef; and growth of an International Wildlife Refuge.

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  • In the strategy to save the site from development, Wayne County became an ally and purchased the site to the north of Humbug MarshStrategically, this made sense for 2 reasons. It blocked the ability of the developer to building a bridge to the site and also opened up the door for a major partnership of this project to develop- US FWS and Wayne County, USFWS needed a piece of land to house a visitors center- the refuge gateway concept was undertaken.
  • Lake Erie commercial fish catch in Michigan and Ontario 1879-2000
  • Lake Erie commercial fish catch in Michigan and Ontario 1879-2000
  • Refuge has grown from 300 acres to over 5,762 acres in ten years
  • What are some of the critical elements of success for successful conservation projects using public-private partnerships?

Conservation Results for Public-Private Partnerships Conservation Results for Public-Private Partnerships Presentation Transcript

  • Conservation Results Through Public-PrivatePartnerships
    John Hartig, Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge
    Susan Phillips, Southeast Michigan Council of Governments
    Jim Boase, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
    Burke Jenkins, Hamilton Anderson Associates
    Allison Krueger, Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge
  • Today’s Workshop
    Conservation Results Through Public-Private Partnerships
  • DISCUSSION:
    What comes to mind when you think of Detroit?
    View slide
  • SPORTS!
    AUTO INDUSTRY
    DETROIT
    METROPOLITAN
    COMMUNITY
    MANUFACTURING
    PUBLIC ART
    AVAILABLE
    LAND
    View slide
  • CASE STUDIES FROM THE DETROIT/WINDSOR METROPOLITAN AREA:
    #1 SHORELINE ENGINEERING
    #2 TRANFORMATION OF THE REFUGE GATEWAY
    #3 STURGEON RECOVERY IN THE DETROIT RIVER
    #4 FROM BLACK LAGOON TO NATURAL RESOURCE ASSET
    #5 DETROIT RIVER INTERNATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE
  • CASE STUDY #1
    SOFT SHORELINE ENGINEERING:
    HARD SHORELINE ENGINEERING
    • Using concrete breakwalls or steel sheet piling to reduce erosion, stabilize shorelines for commercial, recreation and other uses, and achieve safety
    • No habitat value
  • Soft Shoreline Engineering
    • Using ecological principles and practices to reduce erosion and achieve stability of shorelines and safety, while enhancing habitat, improving aesthetics, and even saving money
    • Using rocks, vegetation, and other materials to soften the land-water interface, thereby improving the ecological value without compromising engineering integrity of the shoreline
    Conservation Results Through Public-Private Partnerships
  • Before
    Windsor’s
    Goose Bay
    Park
    After
  • Milliken
    State Park
  • Before
    DTE’s
    River Rouge
    Power plant
    After
  • Wayne county’s
    Elizabeth
    Park
    Before
    After
  • 42 projects
    In 12 years!
  • CASE STUDY #2
    TRANSFORMATION OF AN INDUSTRIAL BROWNFIELD TO THE REFUGE GATEWAY
  • 1990???
    REFUGE GATEWAY
    HUMBUG MARSH
  • 1993
    REFUGE GATEWAY
    HUMBUG MARSH
    GROSSE ILE
  • Refuge Gateway:
    • Restoring habitat
    • Expanding the ecological buffer of Humbug Marsh
    Humbug Marsh:
    • Michigan’s only ramsar site
    • last mile of natural shoreline along the US mainland
    • High quality Forested Lake Plain Ecosystem
    • DRIWR Unit
    REFUGE GATEWAY
    HUMBUG MARSH
  • REFUGE GATEWAY: HISTORIC INDUSTRY
  • Refuge Gateway Master Plan
    Development and Implementation has involved hundreds of partners
  • MonguagonDaylighting Project
  • MonguagonDaylighting Project
    BEFORE SUMMER 2009
    DURING
    AFTER CONSTRUCTION SUMMER 2011
  • Shoreline Restoration Project
  • Shoreline Restoration Project
    BEFORE FALL 2010
    DURING APRIL 2011
    AFTER CONSTRUCTION SUMMER 2011
  • Greenway: Increasing Accessibility & Recreational Opportunities
  • Blueway & Kayak Launch:
    Creating a new front porch for paddlers
  • Boat Dock and Fishing Pier:
    Dock for the Michigan Sea Grant School Ship & Accessible Pier for a shore-based deep water fishing experience
  • Refuge Gateway Restoration Goals:
    • net gain of 16 acres of Wetlands, 25 acres of upland buffer habitat, invasive plant management across 50 acres and along 2.5 miles of shoreline
    • Combining the Refuge Gateway and Humbug Marsh into one ecological unit protecting 454 acres of coastal habitat
    • Create exceptional outdoor recreational & educational experiences
    Conservation Results Through Public-Private Partnerships
  • CASE STUDY #3
    STURGEON RECOVERY IN THE DETROIT RIVER
    Threatened in both Michigan and Ontario
  • LAKE STURGEON POPULATION DECLINE IN LAKE ERIE AND THE DETROIT RIVER
    1 % Remaining of
    Historical Population
    Lake Erie commercial fish catch in Michigan and Ontario 1879-2000
    Conservation Results Through Public-Private Partnerships
  • Lake Sturgeon - Continued….
    In 2001, Lake Sturgeon spawning was documented near Zug Island in the Detroit River for the first time in over 40 years!
  • Fighting Island Sturgeon Reef
    • Construction in 2008
    • Successful reproduction documented in 2009
  • First Joint Funded Canada-U.S. Fish Habitat Restoration Project
    in the Great Lakes
    4 Treatments x 3 Replicates
  • 16 partnering
    organizations!
    Environment Canada, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ontario Great Lakes
    Renewal Foundation, Essex Region Conservation Authority, U.S. Geological Survey – Great Lakes Science Center, Michigan Wildlife Conservancy, Ontario Ministry of
    Natural Resources, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, Detroit River Canadian Cleanup, BASF Corporation, DTE Energy, Landmark Engineers Inc., International Wildlife Refuge Alliance, Michigan Sea Grant, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, and Wildlife Habitat Council
  • CASE STUDY #4
    FROM BLACK LAGOON TO NATURAL RESOURCE ASSET
  • Location
    Black Lagoon
    Black Lagoon,
    Trenton, MI
  • Oil being discharged from McClouth Steel Plant in 1961
    Conservation Results through Public-Private Partnerships
    • 115,000 cubic yards of contaminated sediment removed
    • $9.3 million
    • $152,000 for soft shoreline engineering
  • From Black Lagoon to Ellias Cove
  • CASE STUDY #5
    DETROIT RIVER INTERNATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE
    (DRIWR)
  • Detroit River International
    Wildlife Refuge
    • Signed into law in 2001
    • first International Wildlife Refuge in North America
    • one of only a few urban refuges
    • Founded on partnerships for conservation and for the
    benefit of future generations
    • A new paradigm for conservation
  • Grassy Island Unit
    Mud Island Unit
  • Humbug Marsh Unit
  • Strong Unit
  • DTE Fermi II
    Cooperative Management Agreement
    656 Acres
    Fermi Sign Dedication Oct. 29, 2004
  • Gard Island Unit
  • Erie Marsh Preserve
  • Gibraltar Bay Unit
  • Refuge has grown from 300 acres to over 5,762 acres in ten years!
  • What are some of the critical elements for successful conservation projects using public-private partnerships?
    Conservation Results Through Public-Private Partnerships
  • Critical Elements for Success:
    • Cooperative conservation initiatives are helping recreate gathering places for wildlife and people along the Detroit River
    • These unique conservation places are now a key factor in providing the quality of life that is so important in achieving competitive advantage for communities and businesses in the 21st Century
    • Cooperative conservation is helping provide an exceptional conservation experience to nearly 7 million people in the watershed to help develop the next generation of conservationists
    Conservation Results Through Public-Private Partnerships
  • Critical Elements for Success:
    • High profile champion
    • Build Partnerships
    • Core project delivery team
    • Cooperative learning
    • Local ownership
    • Step-wise approach
    Conservation Results Through Public-Private Partnerships
  • Critical Elements for Success: continue…
    • Ecosystem/watershed focus
    • Cooperative solutions
    • Government responsiveness
    • Leverage resources
    • Cost/Ecosystem Effectiveness
    • Public Celebration
    Conservation Results Through Public-Private Partnerships
  • To deny the river is to deny the origin of the city. To rethink the river is to discover a unique opportunity to define urban places, join neighborhoods and communities together, and reconnect us to our landscape and our history.
    A.GOLDING
  • SPORTS!
    AUTO INDUSTRY
    DETROIT
    METROPOLITAN
    COMMUNITY
    MANUFACTURING
    PUBLIC ART
    AVAILABLE
    LAND
  • OUTDOOR
    RECREATION
    DETROIT
    METROPOLITAN
    COMMUNITY
    WILDLIFE OBSERVATION
    FISHING & HUNTING
    OPPORTUNITIES
    ENVIRONMENTAL EDCUATION
    WETLAND CONSERVATION