Climate Smart Restoration Success-Koslow, Haven and Ryan, 2012


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This workshop provides guidance to some on-the-ground climate-smart restoration projects that range in scale – from the community scale to the landscape Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) scale. At the landscape scale, we intend to show results of Habitat Restoration in the Maumee Area of Concern (515 acre project). At the community level, we will highlight an example from projects directed at reducing flooding in a neighborhood in Detroit, MI. As applied in these projects, workshop participants will learn to use free internet tools as well as hands-on Great Lakes Climate Adaptation Toolkit materials. You will leave the workshop having learned about examples, applied specific tools to those examples, and received free materials you can immediate utilize to make your project climate ready.

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  • Prasad, A. M., L. R. Iverson., S. Matthews., M. Peters. 2007-ongoing. A Climate Change Atlas for 134 Forest Tree Species of the Eastern United States [database]., Northern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Delaware, Ohio.
  • Freshwater Future is a powerful resource investing in the people and communities caring for our Great Lakes waters.
  • Detroit is a city with a great history and a promising future -- and I am proud to be a member of the West Grand Boulevard Collaborative (WGBC) -- a community organization working as a catalyst to build a safer and more beautiful community.  WGBC members are residents, businesses and institutions who cooperate to develop and foster an aesthetically pleasing atmosphere of peace and prosperity in their West Grand Blvd. community.   As Detroit builds toward its future, we know there are factors we can't control.  Climate scientists tell us that weather patterns are changing.  Rain events will produce greater volumes of rain and summer temperatures will be hotter.  Just this summer, 30 billion gallons of raw sewage was discharged into the Detroit and Rouge Rivers from our storm events (Sierra Club, Great Lakes Office).   But the WGBC is not only working to beautify their community, they are working to prevent raw sewage from being released into our lakes and rivers (and even backing up into our basements).  By means of preventing storm water from enteringsewers, the risk of polluting lakes, rivers and basements is greatly reduced.  To achieve this goal, The WGBC partnered with the Department of Horticulture at Michigan State University (MSU) to install three rain gardens at the Detroit Public Library -- Duffield Branch.  Under the professorship of Dr. Robert Schutzki,  WGBC community volunteers and MSU students completed the rain garden installations in June of this year. The three rain gardens, and the larger landscape plan, demonstrate the benefits of low-impact and sustainable landscape design by use of plants with deep roots (that store great amounts of water), permeable pavement (that allows water to flow through to be absorbed underground), and rain barrels (that collect water from  downspouts), etc.  These kinds of low impact and sustainable components help to reduce the amount of pollution entering the Detroit River and the Great Lakes.   The rain gardens at Duffield are  components of the Mary and Albert H. Mallory Reading Garden, which demonstrates how public and private grounds can be transformed into sustainable and beautiful low impact landscapes using horticultural design and sculputral artwork.  The reading garden will officially open in the spring of 2012.   Funding for this project has been graciously been provided by the Kresge Foundation--Community Arts Program, the College for Creative Studies, Freshwater Future, Sierra Club of Detroit, Henry Ford Hospital, Rosemary and James Evenhuis, Friends of the Detroit Public Library and Shock Brothers Tree Care.   The WGBC and the Detroit Public Libray would especially like to thank the dedicated and hard-working volunteers from Michigan State University, Sobriety House, Wayne State University -- AmeriiCorp and Henry Ford Hospital for helping us make a success of this project.     I sincerely hope that rain the gardens -- and all of the design elements that stop the pollution of our rivers and lakes,-- will be copied all over our city.  The Detroit River, Great Lakes and all of our water resources are vital and precious.  They must be kept clean for those hot summer days when we want to cool ourselves in Michigan waters, both now and in the future.
  • What impacts are likely in your project area
  • Climate Smart Restoration Success-Koslow, Haven and Ryan, 2012

    1. 1. Wednesday September 12, 2012 Climate-Smart Restoration Success: Local and Landscape Scale Examples and ToolsMelinda Koslow & Celia Haven Jill RyanGreat Lakes Regional Center Freshwater FutureNational Wildlife Federation
    2. 2. Order of Workshop1. Landscape-Scale Process & Example2. Online Tools Demo3. Community-Scale Process & Example
    3. 3. Is Your CoastalRestoration Project Climate-Smart? 6-step Guidelines for the Great Lakesdownload a copy at:
    4. 4. Testing Guidance On-The-Ground & Getting Results
    5. 5. 512 acres, jobs created,$1.3 million in GLRI
    6. 6. Lake ErieRestore or enhance 512 acres of habitat toemergent wetland, bottom and upland forest,sedge meadow and grassland, providinghydrologic reconnection to Lake Erie withinthe Maumee AOC and in a Globally ImportantBird Area. Restoration work is currently startingand will conclude in 2013.
    7. 7. 91-acre Helle tract, reforestingapproximately 53 acres ofuplands and floodplain andrestoring 16 acres of wetlands
    8. 8. Step One: Identify Restoration Goals and Targets• Restore water quality• Enlarge floodplain• Increase wildlife and migratory bird stopover habitat• Fish passage
    9. 9. Step Two: Identify Restoration Project Approaches• Take 53 acres of agricultural land out of production and reforested• Plant native species known to be favored by migrating landbirds, such as dogwood, hackberry, oak, and willow
    10. 10. Key Climate-Smart Questions• Given the life span of trees (50-100 years and beyond), under what climate scenarios should we prepare?• Is it too early to consider planting species of a different range?• Is it more urgent to plan for increasing air temperatures or uncertain precipitation conditions?
    11. 11. Step Three: Assess Vulnerability of Targets/Project Approaches to Climate Change1. Sensitivity of species or ecosystem2. Exposure of species or ecosystem to climate change3. Adaptive Capacity – ability of species or ecosystem to deal with, survive through or adapt to changes Find Scanning the Conservation Horizon at
    12. 12. Assessing Vulnerability Currently looking at vulnerability of four different species (as requested by project partners)1. Flowering Dogwood 2. Bur Oak 3. Pin Oak 4. Black Willow Bl
    13. 13. Sensitivity - Water1. Flowering Dogwood 2. Bur Oak Thrive in Thrive in moist, well- flood plains drained areas and swampy areas 3. Pin Oak 4. Black Willow Thrive in swampy, Thrive in low lands of wetlands and forested areas and alongside seasonal standing streams and water rivers, as well as marshy areas
    14. 14. Sensitivity - Range1. Flowering Dogwood 2. Bur Oak
    15. 15. Sensitivity - Range3. Pin Oak 4. Black Willow
    16. 16. ExposureClimate Change Impacts of Concern (as a result of climate drivers exercise with local land managers) – Seiche (high wind, innundation) Photo courtesy of – Summer drought NOAA – Spring flooding, runoff to Lake Erie – Year-long warmer air temps
    17. 17. Exposure –Spring Precipitation Maps generated on Climate Wizard, High A2, Ensemble Model Base climate projections downscaled by Maurer et al., (2007) Santa Clara University.Spring Precip Change Next 40 years Spring Precip Change Next 70 years Models in agreement on increases of precipitation spring over next 70 years. Intensity and duration will also be a large factor to consider.
    18. 18. Exposure - Temperature Maps generated on Climate Wizard, High A2, Ensemble Model Base climate projections downscaled by Maurer et al., (2007) Santa Clara University.Annual Temp Change Next 40 years Annual Temp Change Next 70 years Models show annual warming temperatures of 4.5 ºF to 6.5 ºF over next 70 years.
    19. 19. Exposure –Summer Drought Maps generated on Climate Wizard, High A2, Ensemble Model Base climate projections downscaled by Maurer et al., (2007) Santa Clara University. And Hayhoe et al. (2010) Regional Climate Change Projections for Chicago and the US Great Lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research.Summer Precip Change Next 40 years – Summer Precip Change Next 40 years –Hayhoe paper (SRES A1) Climate Wizard (SRES A2)
    20. 20. Adaptive Capacity USFS Climate Change Tree AtlasPrasad, A. M., L. R. Iverson., S. Matthews., M. Peters. 2007-ongoing. A Climate Change Atlas for 134Forest Tree Species of the Eastern United States [database].,Northern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Delaware, Ohio.
    21. 21. Adaptive Capacity Dogwood Model Reliability: High Looks fairly safe
    22. 22. Adaptive Capacity Bur Oak Model Reliability: Medium2. Bur Oak Could summertime precip changes be to blame?
    23. 23. Adaptive Capacity Pin Oak Model Reliability: Medium3. Pin Oak
    24. 24. Adaptive Capacity Black Willow Model Reliability: Low4. Black Willow
    25. 25. Step Four: Identify Climate-Smart Options• Strategies that reduce sensitivity or exposure, or enhance adaptive capacity – Plant a diversity of species and ages that can tolerate a range of flow conditions (pin oak) and disturbances like heat waves or drought (flowering dogwood) – Enhance riparian vegetation to cool surrounding air temperatures – Reduce exposure to flooding by enhancing wetlands upstream – In cases of extreme drought, a nearby water pump system could be used until trees are established – Prevent disease and pests, if possible
    26. 26. Step Five: Select and Implement Management Options – Results!Of Relevance to this Project: • Urgency – moderate to high • Costs of climate-smart seed selection same as typical seed selection • Technical Feasibility - high • Performance under uncertainty – water management upstream • Availability of resources – donated box culvert • Ability to re-plant if necessary
    27. 27. Step Six: Monitor, Review, ReviseQAPP plan may include:• Streamgaging – water depth and volume• Phenological and composition changes, esp. avian• Tree species survival rates• Weather station(s)/Climate Information – Anemometer helps identify potential seiche events – Measured air and precipitation temperatures provide a daily (weather) and yearly, long-term (climate) record, can inform NWS Cleveland – Build relationship with Ohio state climatologist Review and revise with future vulnerability assessments, as climate and ecosystem models improve
    28. 28. Testing Guidance On-The-Ground & Getting Results 1250 linear feet of fish habitat, $350,000 in GLRI
    29. 29. Upcoming Updates include: monitoring section, plant selection, and case studies
    30. 30. Thank you! Melinda Koslow, Regional Program Manager
    31. 31. How to find what you’re looking for? Online Climate Change ResourcesLed by Celia Haven,
    32. 32. Online Climate Change Resources• Modeled Impacts/Vulnerabilities• News and Blogs• Case Studies and Knowledge Sharing• Historical Climate Info• Future Climate Change Scenarios
    33. 33. Online Climate Change Resources• CanVis: –• U.S. Forest Service Climate Change Tree Atlas: –
    34. 34. West Grand BoulevardCollaborative
    35. 35. Considering Climate isn’t new work to be done, it is a new way of working1. Think about how your work could be impacted by the effects of climate change2. Assess the information you have3. Brainstorm how you can incorporate climate adaptation activities based on what you know about climate change4. Start taking action, monitor your effectiveness, and talk with others to ensure your work will provide the desired impact
    36. 36. Jill Ryan, Executive Director 231.348.8200 View our Climate RFP at: Thank you Kresge Foundation for yoursupport and EcoAdapt for your expertise!