What is abortion?Is it suicide?Is it intoxication?Is it an act of killing?Is it a legitimate social escape?Can we have sex and still escape it?Should it be legal or not?<br />Simple, scientific words define “abortion”: as the following: An abortion is the removal or expulsion of an embryo or fetus from the uterus, resulting in or caused by its death.<br />Abortion: Definition<br />
Year 2003: 42 million “abortions” around the world!!!<br />As a world ration 26 induced abortion are done out of 100 known abortions<br />It is up to YOU to choose!<br />But, just before, take a deeper look into the word and the world of Abortion.<br />Abortion: Definition<br />
Abortion was performed before through:Traditional medicineBotanical AbortifacientsSharpened toolsAbdominal pressure<br />Abortion: History<br />
Spontaneous abortion: expulsion of an embryo or fetus due to accidental trauma or natural causes<br />Induced abortion: intentional expulsion of the embryo or fetus, through many ways that could depend on:gestational agelegality of the methodregional availability of the methoddoctor/patient preference<br />Abortion: Forms<br />
The different causes of abortion could be classified according to two types, the first is therapeutic and the second is elective:all causes are considered therapeutic if they fall under:#saving the life of the pregnant women#preserving the women’s physical and mental health#terminating pregnancy resulting in the birth of a child with congenital disorders#reducing health risks associated with multiple pregnancy.<br />Therefore an elective reason would be any one not present in the above mentioned list.<br />Abortion: but WHY??????????????<br />
Abortion can be done according to several ways, divided into surgical and medical:Surgical: 1- suction aspiration: consisting of the suction of the fetus 0r embryo using a manual syringe. 2- dilation and curettage: consisting of cleaning the walls of the uterus with a curette.<br /> Medical: mostly during the first semester of gestation, by taking pills.<br />Abortion: Methods<br />
A fundamental question, which shapes the views…<br />?<br />WHEN DOES HUMAN LIFE BEGIN??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????<br />Abortion: The controversy<br />
Three different currents try to explain the question in the last slide, according to their set of moral standards. The three currents are:1- Antiabortion, pro-life or anti-choice2- Abortion on request or prochoice3- moderate position on abortion<br />All these currents agree that there is life at conception, which could emerge at any stage of the gestation… the arguments for each current will be staged one after one.<br />Abortion: The controversy<br />
1- Antiabortion, pro-life or anti-choice:<br />This group believes in the genetic view of the beginning of human life, which implies that life begins at conception. Their arguments are summarized by the following:#life is sacred and has value, therefore every unborn child must be regarded as a human being from the moment of conception#the Domino effect may start to take place, example of Hitler's atrocities which began by legalizing abortion<br />Abortion: The controversy<br />
1- Antiabortion, pro-life or anti-choice:<br /> #Abortion is both medically and psychologically harmful to women#Modern technological medical advances negate claims that pregnancy is dangerous for the mother#Cost cannot be a factor when human life is concerned#women should take responsibilities for their sexual behavior and cannot sacrifice life because of their carelessness#rape do not justify taking an innocent life.<br />What do you think?<br />Abortion: The controversy<br />
2- Abortion on request or prochoice:<br />Proponents of this current claim that women should have full control over their body, where a “conceptus”, until it is born, is thought to be a part of the women’s body. Their arguments are summarized by the following:#a conceptus cannot be considered living unless it is born#unwanted and deformed children should not be brought to this world, especially that adoption is not a solution#abortion is no-risk medical treatment, and women who undergo it, have less treatment then those who go through unwanted pregnancies#the Domino argument is not valid<br />Abortion: The controversy<br />
2- Abortion on request or prochoice:#carrying to term a pregnancy resulting from rape is a damaging psychological experience for any woman#this choice can be made only by the woman, no one has the right to interfere.<br />What do you think?<br />Abortion: The controversy<br />
3- moderate position on abortion: proponents of such compromise, claim that the first two currents are opposing in term of arguments, they would never meet. So it is proposed:#there are no absolutes for either position, the value of life principle is important, but there is no absolute right to life for the conceptus#the point of time when life begins could be synthesized from both theories, because in either cases it is extreme#the conceptus is not human at conception, but gains value toward becoming a human being along with gestation.<br />What do you think?<br />Abortion: The controversy<br />
Christianity:Roman Catholics: Against it in all reasons, even if the baby is deformedEastern orthodox: Against it, unless the life both baby and mother are endangeredPresbyterians: Pro-choice.<br />Islam: The life of the mother is the most important, and by abortion the greater evil is avoided.<br />Judaism: They vary from the orthodox prohibitory and liberal proponents of abortion.<br />So do you agree with what your religions says?<br />Abortion: Religious implications<br />
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