Using health-evidence.ca:   A Canadian resource forfacilitating evidence-informedpublic health decision making        Maur...
Purpose Show how to use health-  evidence.ca to search for and  incorporate review evidence  into decision making
Agenda 1. What is evidence-informed    decision-making? 2. Types of evidence 3. Evidence sources 4. Searching
What is EIDM?• EIDM involves integrating the best  available research evidence into decision –  making                    ...
Value of EIDM in Public Health • Create effective and appropriate   policies, programs and activities for our   communitie...
Need for EIDM in Public Health  • Acute and Primary Care    – Consistent evidence of failure to      translate research fi...
Model of EIDM in Public Health      Research      Evidence                 National Collaborating Centre for Methods and T...
EIDM Process                                                       Decision                                               ...
Define the Research Question  Define the question   Population (or situation)   Intervention (or exposure)    Comparison (...
Search for Research Evidence  Search for evidence                        DiCenso, Bayley, & Haynes, 2009
Systematic Review • A synthesis or summary of single studies • A formalized scientific process • Multiple reviewers involved
Example ScenarioYou are are on the school health team in a publichealth unit and the lead contact with a local schoolboard...
Research Question Example 1•   Population     –   school children 8-14 yrs•   Intervention   –   school-based physical act...
Small Group Task30 minutes:• Generate a scenario from your own work• Using PICO framework, develop a research  question
Next Steps in Evidence-Informed         Public Health               National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools
Additional ResourcesNational Collaborating Centre for Methods and Toolswww.nccmt.ca
Contact informationHealth Evidence questionsinfo@health-evidence.caMaureen Dobbinsdobbinsm@mcmaster.caKara DeCorbykdecorby...
Using health-evidence.ca: A Canadian resource for facilitating evidence-informed public health decision making
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Using health-evidence.ca: A Canadian resource for facilitating evidence-informed public health decision making

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A post-conference session at the Canadian Public Health Association Centenary Conference Public Health in Canada: Shaping the Future Together, June 16, 2010

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Using health-evidence.ca: A Canadian resource for facilitating evidence-informed public health decision making

  1. 1. Using health-evidence.ca: A Canadian resource forfacilitating evidence-informedpublic health decision making Maureen Dobbins, RN, PhD Kara DeCorby, MSc Heather Husson, Hon BA
  2. 2. Purpose Show how to use health- evidence.ca to search for and incorporate review evidence into decision making
  3. 3. Agenda 1. What is evidence-informed decision-making? 2. Types of evidence 3. Evidence sources 4. Searching
  4. 4. What is EIDM?• EIDM involves integrating the best available research evidence into decision – making define question search & appraise context apply Evidence-informed decision
  5. 5. Value of EIDM in Public Health • Create effective and appropriate policies, programs and activities for our communities and target populations • Do what works and don’t do what does not work!
  6. 6. Need for EIDM in Public Health • Acute and Primary Care – Consistent evidence of failure to translate research findings into practice • Ontario Public Health Standards – Research and knowledge exchange
  7. 7. Model of EIDM in Public Health Research Evidence National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools Haynes B, DiCenso, A., Ciliska D., & Guyatt, G. 2005
  8. 8. EIDM Process Decision Assess applicability Interpret Appraise the quality Search for evidence Define the question
  9. 9. Define the Research Question Define the question Population (or situation) Intervention (or exposure) Comparison (or group) Outcome(s) Time (when or how quickly)
  10. 10. Search for Research Evidence Search for evidence DiCenso, Bayley, & Haynes, 2009
  11. 11. Systematic Review • A synthesis or summary of single studies • A formalized scientific process • Multiple reviewers involved
  12. 12. Example ScenarioYou are are on the school health team in a publichealth unit and the lead contact with a local schoolboard. A board program to require school-based dailyphysical activity is being implemented and the boardhas asked you to help make the case for daily physicalactivity to support their presentation to principals,teachers and parents. You are aware that obesityamong children is a health issue in your jurisdiction.You would like to find out and advise the board aboutwhether the new physical activity levels will be moreeffective in preventing/ decreasing obesity comparedto physical activity currently implemented in schools.
  13. 13. Research Question Example 1• Population – school children 8-14 yrs• Intervention – school-based physical activity• Comparison – no physical activity• Outcome – obesity Q: Is 30 minutes of daily school-based physical activity effective in decreasing obesity in children aged 8 – 14 yrs. compared to existing physical activity levels?
  14. 14. Small Group Task30 minutes:• Generate a scenario from your own work• Using PICO framework, develop a research question
  15. 15. Next Steps in Evidence-Informed Public Health National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools
  16. 16. Additional ResourcesNational Collaborating Centre for Methods and Toolswww.nccmt.ca
  17. 17. Contact informationHealth Evidence questionsinfo@health-evidence.caMaureen Dobbinsdobbinsm@mcmaster.caKara DeCorbykdecorby@health-evidence.caHeather Hussonhhusson@health-evidence.ca

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