Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT):
The Philippines Experience
Nazmul Chaudhury
HD Week 2013
Pantawid Pamiliyang Pilipino Program
(4Ps)
 Started as a pilot CCT in 2007
 Scaled-up systematically in phases/sets
in t...
Identifying Poor Households
 Geographical Targeting of Poor Provinces and
Municipalities
 Proxy-Means-Targeting within s...
National Household Targeting System
for Poverty Reduction (NHTS-PR)
 Number of HH assessed: 11 million HH nationwide
 Nu...
Eligibility for 4Ps
 Besides being poor, eligible households must
 Have children 0-14 years old or
 Have a pregnant wom...
Conditions for 4Ps
 Pregnant women must:
 Go to clinics for prenatal and postnatal services
 Deliver at a health facili...
Cash Transfer Amount for 4Ps
 Grant are paid on a quarterly basis through a state-owned
Bank (Land Bank)
 Amounts to hou...
Rapidly expanding coverage of
Poor
 3.8 million poor households enrolled in the program in
2013
Compliance Verification System (CVS)
 Health Facilities and providers – fill in a form on a
quarterly basis indicating wh...
Strong Coordination and Synergies
across Ministries
 The CCT program is implemented in coordination with the
Ministries o...
Monitoring and Evaluation
 Spot Checks
 Biannual surveys to assess effectiveness and efficiency
of program implementatio...
4Ps Coverage, 2007-2011
0
5,000
10,000
15,000
20,000
25,000
0
500
1,000
1,500
2,000
2,500
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Program...
Rapidly Evolving Program
 Supply side still remains as a constraint, particularly in
health
 Program is constantly evolv...
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Pantawid Pamiliyang Pilipino Program - Conditional Cash Transfer (The Philippines Experience)

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Pantawid Pamiliyang Pilipino Program - Conditional Cash Transfer (The Philippines Experience)

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  • Financing of Day-Care center grants is pending Supply-side Assessment by GoP before Bank clearance
  • Currently the system is being changed from quarterly to bimonthly payments
  • CVS System was not activated till 2010 – i.e., prior to that cash was transferred to poor households without verifying compliance
  • Pantawid Pamiliyang Pilipino Program - Conditional Cash Transfer (The Philippines Experience)

    1. 1. Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT): The Philippines Experience Nazmul Chaudhury HD Week 2013
    2. 2. Pantawid Pamiliyang Pilipino Program (4Ps)  Started as a pilot CCT in 2007  Scaled-up systematically in phases/sets in the aftermath of various adverse shocks (e..g, 2008 Financial Crisis, 2009 Typhoon)
    3. 3. Identifying Poor Households  Geographical Targeting of Poor Provinces and Municipalities  Proxy-Means-Targeting within selected poor areas to identify poor households  Predict income based on a set of household characteristics  Official poverty threshold to classify as poor  National Household Targeting System (NHTS) Database is now the official database linking national poverty alleviation programs in the Philippines
    4. 4. National Household Targeting System for Poverty Reduction (NHTS-PR)  Number of HH assessed: 11 million HH nationwide  Number of Poor HH according to PMT: 5.2 million poor HH nationwide  Every 4 years a new PMT model will be estimated with updated poverty model  Recertification in 2014 with emphasis on greater inclusion of poor living in urban and remote rural areas
    5. 5. Eligibility for 4Ps  Besides being poor, eligible households must  Have children 0-14 years old or  Have a pregnant women at the time of the household assessment
    6. 6. Conditions for 4Ps  Pregnant women must:  Go to clinics for prenatal and postnatal services  Deliver at a health facility (or with a skilled professional)  Children 0-5 years old must:  Attend regular health checkups and growth monitoring  All parents/mothers must:  Attend monthly Family Development Sessions  Children 6-14 years old must:  Attend school over 85% of the school days  Day care or pre-school attendance of over 85% (not funded by the Bank)  Take de-worming pills twice a year
    7. 7. Cash Transfer Amount for 4Ps  Grant are paid on a quarterly basis through a state-owned Bank (Land Bank)  Amounts to households vary from P 500 to P1,400 per month:  Health Grant - P500 per month per household  Education Grant - P300 per month (for 10 months) per child for a maximum of 3 children per household  Average cash transfer represents about 20% of monthly income for the poor
    8. 8. Rapidly expanding coverage of Poor  3.8 million poor households enrolled in the program in 2013
    9. 9. Compliance Verification System (CVS)  Health Facilities and providers – fill in a form on a quarterly basis indicating whether or not beneficiaries sought the pre-specified health services  School principals and teachers – fill in a form on a quarterly basis indicating whether beneficiary children attend 85% or more school days  Municipal Links – fill in a form on a quarterly basis indicating whether beneficiary parents attended the monthly Family Development Session  These forms are encoded at the regional level and submitted to the central office to be linked to payments
    10. 10. Strong Coordination and Synergies across Ministries  The CCT program is implemented in coordination with the Ministries of Social Welfare, Education and Health  Supporting  Education initiatives, such as Book on Wheels  Health initiatives, such as Universal Health Care
    11. 11. Monitoring and Evaluation  Spot Checks  Biannual surveys to assess effectiveness and efficiency of program implementation  Qualitative Evaluation  Household case studies to assess household response to 4Ps  Changes in health and education service provision  Quantitative Evaluation  Multiple rounds of Impact Evaluation surveys to assess the effectiveness of 4Ps on key socio-economic, health and education indicators
    12. 12. 4Ps Coverage, 2007-2011 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 ProgramBudget(millionPesos) ProgramCoverage('000HHs) Coverage Budget
    13. 13. Rapidly Evolving Program  Supply side still remains as a constraint, particularly in health  Program is constantly evolving to adapt to local needs and expand the safety net  Urban, homeless poor, continue to be a challenge; so do households in remote islands, and indigenous people  ‘Convergence’ with other social programs

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