Reaching the Poorest in Pakistan Through an Integrated Social Protection Systems


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Reaching the Poorest in Pakistan Through an Integrated Social Protection Systems

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Reaching the Poorest in Pakistan Through an Integrated Social Protection Systems

  1. 1. REACHING THE POOREST IN PAKISTAN THROUGH AN INTEGRATED SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS Presented by: Iftikhar Malik Senior Social Protection Specialist | Country Sector Coordinator for Human Development SASHD I The World Bank
  2. 2. 2009 2012 SYSTEMS APPROACH Zakat 1980s Provincial Programs 2000s Bait-ul- Maal 1990s Limited coverage, fragmented & poorly targeted 2000s1980s PAK SP STRATEGY 2007 BISP 2008 SP as an effective mechanism for redistribution and poverty alleviation 2007 2008 SP System CONTEXT AND GENESIS Towards Social Protection Systems
  3. 3. EFFECTIVE TARGETING • Adoption of PMT and completion of Poverty Scorecard Census (27 Million HH – 180 Million people) • Triangulation of PSC with National unique ID Database) • GPS based National Registry of Poor (data sharing protocols operationalized) EFFICIENT ADMINISTRATION • 3.8 million debit cards for SSN cash transfers in 3 years (Revolutionizing G2P Payments after testing of 3 payment mechanisms ) • Technology based Grievance Redressal (more than 500 touch points connected through internet) • Robust M&E (Comprehensive MIS, Process Evaluation, Spot Checks, Impact Evaluation) OUTREACH AND EXPANSION • 7 million families (42 Million people) identified for SN CTs whereas 4.5 million families are being paid. • CCT for primary education (test phase in 5 districts ongoing, rollout scheduled for 2013/14) • Piloting of Health Insurance for poor (45,000 families enrolled in a pilot district) and learning being shared with provinces • Testing of Skills Development for graduation (provincial consultations underway) Key Elements of Social Protection Systems A Platform for Program INTEGRATION AND COORDINATION of Social Protection Systems GAINS
  4. 4. Application of National SOCIAL PROTECTION SYSTEMS G2P PAYMENTS through Debit Cards (Floods CT, Education Stipends, IDPs) PROGRAM DESIGN through Lessons form Implementation (Health Insurance, Skills Development, Disaster Response) CONTROL AND ACCOUNTABILITY through robust beneficiary communications and M&E (Spot Checks, Process and Impact Evaluations) TARGETTING through National Poverty Registry (PPAF, PBM, Edu. Foundations)
  5. 5. Challenges Financing Social Protection – through targeting of general subsidies (redistribution) and investments through provincial budgets Effective Federal and Provincial Partnerships - in the context of administrative and fiscal devolution and to agree on respective roles to provide minimum assistance package to the poor Political Transition - continuity of policies beyond national elections 2013 Explaining the context of Social Protection - stronger perception of “handout” rather than a development investment
  6. 6. Recap of Results Processes • Separation of functions for Data Collection , Data Processing, Eligibility Determination and Payments, coordinated by Federal SSN Authority • Paradigm shift in beneficiary communications through a combination of various tools. Systems • National Poverty Registry for Improving targeting Efficiency of Pro Poor Programs (Federal and Provincial) • Revolution in Branchless Banking platform for delivery of technology based payments to ensure Timely and Secure G2P Payments Impacts • Reaching more than 4.5 million families (27 Million people for SN CTs ) and 1 million households (7 Million people for flood emergency CTs) • Empowerment of Women (more than 15 million new ID Cards) and their Financial inclusion (more than 3 million poor women have access to formal banking for the first time)
  7. 7. THANK YOU