Chile Solidario: Building Family-focused Networks

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Chile Solidario: Building Family-focused Networks

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Chile Solidario: Building Family-focused Networks

  1. 1. Building family-focused networks The case of
  2. 2. Outline 1. A problem to solve 2. Changes needed 3. Solution chosen 4. Outcomes and impacts
  3. 3. The problem What was happening with extreme poverty? What was happening with extreme poverty?
  4. 4. Something was not working ... Extreme poverty rate had stopped decreasing in 1998 WHY?
  5. 5. Motivation for reform (analysis 2000) “Waiting list” model for service delivery. Targeting problems. Deficit of information among client families. Families were excluded from social and community networks + poor self-perception. Social interventions focused on individuals, not on families. Very limited links and coordination between social programs.
  6. 6. What did we need to change?
  7. 7. Main changes ... Better use of the existing resources (targeting poorest) Strengthen local public institutions – municipalities are the leading providers of social services. Improve the performance of social services. Social intervention strategies focused on families (rather than administrative strategies to maintain programs over time).
  8. 8. 1. Linking families to services What was required? Chile Solidario’s answer Connect with families in need. Use available information from the targeting instrument to reach out potential beneficiaries Engage beneficiaries in the process - build a framework of shared responsibility “Contract” between beneficiaries and CHS: task-centered approach for better results A development agent to support families in knowing and using institutional and social networks Psychosocial Support Services (“Family Support”) - personalized and delivered by a social worker Strengthen opportunities in local networks Local network for social intervention, coordinated by the Municipality.
  9. 9. 2. More efficiency and efficacy What was required? Chile Solidario’s answer To rearrange available resources focusing on extreme poor families A system for coordinating social services and benefits - offering a menu of services tailored to beneficiaries To define common and measurable goals for both: institutions and beneficiaries 53 minimum living conditions organized into 7 dimensions: citizenship (ID, documentation), health, education, family dynamics, housing, employment and income. To have adequate information to organize service delivery and be effective Comprehensive Social Information System to record demand, formulate requirements for supply and manage the service provision
  10. 10. 3. Ensure basic economic resources to families What was required? Chile Solidario’s answer A temporary cash support to finance trabsaction costs of accesing the network Flat cash transfer for family - granted for 24 month - delcining shares each 6 months. Aimed to finance transaction costs related with the inclusion process Ensure economic resources to support those who couldn’t generate their own income Guaranteed cash transfers to support extreme vulnerable families and enable their participation in the networks
  11. 11. Design and implementation How did Chile Solidario work?
  12. 12. Chile Solidario isn’t a social program CHS becomes a coordination mechanism to organize service delivery to support extreme poor familes to overcome their social and economic condition. CHS is a management model, based on the articulation of institutional and local networks to provide social protection to extreme poor families.
  13. 13. Key attributes of CHS’s Management Model
  14. 14. Psychosocial Support
  15. 15. Psychosocial support approach Single entry poitn to CHS Voluntary decision, formally expressed through a Participation Commitment Home visits, decreasing frequency, 2 years Specific methodology for each session Contract-based family intervention Two phases: intensive + monitoring & follow up Task-centered approach: setting a goal + identifying family resources + listing actions needed to reach the goal + identifying support required = ACTION PLAN
  16. 16. Psychosocial support: how much is it?
  17. 17. Outcomes and Impacts
  18. 18. On the beneficiaries Human capital accumulation Employment and income Psychosocial well-being Enrollment in pre-school More likely to be involved in labor and training programas Better perceptions of the future Adult literacy Rural households: significant gains (employment, total income, labor income, poverty status Increased self-efficacy More awareness of public programs at local level Urban households: gains in labor income for young families, significant in women labor participation (second earner) Increased self-confidence More likely to proactivily look for help from local institutions Less depression symptoms
  19. 19. On the social policy and programs implementation
  20. 20. On the social policy and programs implementation
  21. 21. Verónica Silva VillalobosVerónica Silva Villalobos vsilva@worldbank.orgvsilva@worldbank.org

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