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    Emotions Emotions Presentation Transcript

    • Names Roll no Topics  Shakir Hussain 60  Zunaira Altaf 26  Hina Maqbol 22  Sumbal Shabbir 38  Rida Fatima 44  Azca Sajid 28 Introduction Emotion Changes James Theory Cannon Theory Verbal Emotion Non-Verbal emotion
    • Introduction The word emotion comes from Latin roots  meaning to “move out” or to “excite” , the motivated person usually moves physically towards some goal or away from aversive situation
    • Introduction  Like motivation emotion can initiate direct or maintain behavior leading towards pleasant stimuli or away from danger or unpleasantness Unpleasant PleasantBehavior
    • Definition Emotions are feelings that generally have both physiological and cognitive elements and that influence behavior
    • Component of Emotional Behavior Emotions Physiological Behavioral Cognitive
    • Physiological change In psychology emotion is considered a response to stimuli that involves characteristic physiological changes such as Increase in pulse rate Rise in body temperature Change in breathing
    • Cognitive changes The cognitive component is how we interpret certain situations or stimulations.  This determines which emotion our body will feel. For example;
    • Behavioral changes  This component has been called the outward expression of our emotions. For example , These display what emotions we are feeling Body gestures Facial expressions Our tone of voice
    • Characteristics of emotions  The subjective experience of emotions has several characteristics  Emotion is transitory which tends to have a clear begging and shot duration  Emotion experience has a definite pleasant or unpleasant aspect (either negative or positive)  Emotion experience alters thought process it is usually diverts the attention towards or away from others  Emotion influence behavior
    • Components of emotion
    • William James and is followers suggested that an emotion has following five components Subjective experience Internal bodily response Cognitive Appraisal Facial experience Reaction to the perceived source of emotion
    • Functions of emotions  They help us in communication with others e.g. facial expressions  They regulate social behavior  They create cognitive bias and maintain self –esteem  Emotion direct and energize individual’s thoughts and behavior
    • Aspects of emotions  While studying the aspects of emotion it become clear that Cognitive, Conitive and Effective all three aspects of constitute  Cognitive process include individual interpretation memories and expectation  The overt behavior reaction is expressive and instrumental  Psychologist focus on one or another of these aspects of human emotions
    • Basic emotions Robert Plutchik created a wheel of emotions in 1980 which consisted of 8 basic emotions and 8 advanced emotions each composed of 2 basic ones.
    • Basic emotion Basic opposite  Joy Sadness  Trust Disgust  Fear Anger  Surprise Anticipation  Sadness Joy  Disgust Trust  Anger Fear  Anticipation Surprise
    • He said that all other emotions are assumed to be a variations of these eight basic emotions For example Love is a combination of joy and acceptance Disappointment is a combination of sadness and surprise
    • Advanced emotion Composed of... Advanced opposite  Optimism Anticipation + Joy Disappointment  Love Joy + Trust Remorse  Submission Trust + Fear Contempt  Awe Fear + Surprise Aggressiveness  Disappointment Surprise + Sadness Optimism  Remorse Sadness + Disgust Love  Contempt Disgust + Anger Submission  Aggressiveness Anger + Anticipation Awe
    • Robert Plutchik Wheel Of Emotion
    • References  An Approach to Psychology Vol 1  (Rakhshanda Shahnaz)  An Introduction-to-Psychology Psy 101  ( Virtual University Pakistan)  Myers Psychology 7th Edition  (James A. McCubbin, PhD  Clemson University)