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WWI Flawed Peace
WWI Flawed Peace
WWI Flawed Peace
WWI Flawed Peace
WWI Flawed Peace
WWI Flawed Peace
WWI Flawed Peace
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WWI Flawed Peace

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Check out our World History presentations at WorldHistoryPresentations.Blogspot.com …

Check out our World History presentations at WorldHistoryPresentations.Blogspot.com

Wwi 10 7 flawed peace nick lange 2-21-10 w large maps

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  • 1. Assignment # Class Play Signups A Flawed Peace Chapter 11 Section 4Wilson’s goal of achieving a just peace differed objectives of France and Great Britain.1. What were the guiding Skip to answersprinciples of Wilson’s FourteenPoints? (p. 369)2. What were the concerns andaims of France and Britain? (p.372)After heated debate and compromise, the Treaty of Versailles is signed.3. In what ways did the treatypunish Germany? (p. 372)4. How did the treaty changethe world map? (p. 372)5. How was Wilson’s FourteenthPoints incorporated into the treaty?(p.372)The legacy of Versailles was one of bitterness and loss.6. Why did the United Statesreject the treaty? (p. 374)7. How did this rejection affectthe League of Nations? (p. 374)8. Why did many countries feel bitterand cheated as a result of the treaty?(p.373)1. Woodrow Wilson 2. Georges Clemenceau 3. David Lloyd George Define these terms on Vocab List.4. self-determination 5. League Of Nations 6. mandate NOT HERE!!!!!
  • 2. TREATY OF VERSAILLES
  • 3. Peace Conference takes place here following WWI.
  • 4. Which picture is better?
  • 5. This one or the previous slide?
  • 6. Who were the Big Four?
  • 7. Assignment # Class Play Signups A Flawed Peace Chapter 11 Section 4Wilson’s goal of achieving a just peace differed objectives of France and Great Britain.1. What were the guiding Skip to answersprinciples of Wilson’s FourteenPoints? (p. 369)2. What were the concerns andaims of France and Britain? (p.372)After heated debate and compromise, the Treaty of Versailles is signed.3. In what ways did the treatypunish Germany? (p. 372)4. How did the treaty changethe world map? (p. 372)5. How was Wilson’s FourteenthPoints incorporated into the treaty?(p.372)The legacy of Versailles was one of bitterness and loss.6. Why did the United Statesreject the treaty? (p. 374)7. How did this rejection affectthe League of Nations? (p. 374)8. Why did many countries feel bitterand cheated as a result of the treaty?(p.373)1. Woodrow Wilson 2. Georges Clemenceau 3. David Lloyd George Define these terms on Vocab List.4. self-determination 5. League Of Nations 6. mandate NOT HERE!!!!!
  • 8. Assign #7Skip to Play Class Play Signups Flawed Peace in Paris 1919 Back side Who were the Big Four?1) Leader: USA 1) Leader: Great Britain 2) Demands 3) Conflicts 2) Demands 3) Conflicts1) Leader: Italy 1) Leader: France 2) Demands 3) Conflicts 2) Demands 3) Conflicts Other Countries? Not There? Leaves Upset?A)__________ = A)________: B)________:B)__________ = C)________:C)__________ = Ottoman Empire? Europe Before & After WWI
  • 9. USA1) LEADERS 2) DEMANDS 3) CONFLICTS Back to Big Four
  • 10. Who was the US President?
  • 11. Who was the US President? Woodrow Wilson Back to USA
  • 12. What were the US demands?
  • 13. What were the US demands? 14 Points League of Nations Self-determination No Secret Treaties Back to USA
  • 14. What were the US conflicts?
  • 15. What were the US conflicts?A) Secret TreatiesB) Wilson’s stubborn partisan diplomacy works against him as an isolationist Congress votes against the US joining the League of Nations. Back to USA
  • 16. Secret Treaties What? Who? Where? Why? Back to big four
  • 17. What are Secret Treaties?
  • 18. What are Secret Treaties? An agreement betweentwo of more countries that is not known by other countries. EXAMPLE?
  • 19. Example of a Secret Treaty? Treaty of London
  • 20. What was theTreaty of London?
  • 21. What was the Treaty of London? France and Britain promised Italy theDalmatian coast if Italy joined the Allies and fought against theAustrian- Hungarians.
  • 22. Dalmatian Coast? Back to US Conflicts
  • 23. Italy wants Dalmatian Coast
  • 24. Italy wants the Dalmatian Coast Back to Conflict
  • 25. Ever wonder what an area on a map looks like?
  • 26. Want in on a secret? Forget it!
  • 27. There are a maze of hundreds of islands along the coast
  • 28. Does this look like home?
  • 29. Would you rather be sailing here or in class right now?
  • 30. …and Plato said, “Where is this?”
  • 31. Wow! Cool for sailing.
  • 32. Walter Lippman said,“This picture is only in your head.”
  • 33. Do you trust the pictures in your head?
  • 34. Wow! Clear water! No People!
  • 35. Wow! Images…Geography… Maps… the world…is this all important?
  • 36. Final Thoughts
  • 37. Final Thoughts1) Do you trust the images in your head?
  • 38. Final Thoughts1) Do you trust the images in your head?2) What were you looking at?
  • 39. Final Thoughts1) Do you trust the images in your head?2) What were you looking at?3) How do you know what you were looking at?
  • 40. Final Thoughts1) Do you trust the images in your head?2) What were you looking at?3) How do you know what you were looking at?4) How can you find out ‘the truth’? Back to Conflicts
  • 41. WHY does Italy want the Dalmatian Coast?
  • 42. WHY does Italy want the Dalmatian Coast?a) To have a defensive barrier to prevent an invasion of the Italian Peninsula.
  • 43. WHY does Italy want the Dalmatian Coast?a) To have a defensive barrier to prevent an invasion of the Italian Peninsula. b) Dominate the region Back to secret treaties
  • 44. WHO? Secret Treaty?AGAINST? FOR?
  • 45. WHO? Secret Treaty?AGAINST? FOR? USA Italy China JapanYugoslavia Germany France Great Britain Back to Secret Treaty
  • 46. Great Britain1) Leader 2) Demands 3) Conflicts Back to the Big Four
  • 47. Who was the British Prime Minister?
  • 48. British Prime Minister? David Lloyd GeorgeBack to British
  • 49. What were the British demands?
  • 50. What were the British demands? b) Punish Germany c) Reparations d) Secret Treaties e) Self-determination Back to British
  • 51. What were the French conflicts?
  • 52. What were the British conflicts?• Was Germany going to be kept weak?• Secret Treaties are important sometimes• Self-determination (depends) Back to British
  • 53. France1) Leader 2) Demands 3) Conflicts Back to the Big Four
  • 54. Who was the French Prime Minister?
  • 55. Who was the French Prime Minister? Clemenceau Back toFrance
  • 56. What were the French demands? Back to France
  • 57. What were the French demands?a) Same as Great Britainb) Secret Treatiesc) Punish Germanyd) Reparationse) Take Land from Germanyf) Keep Germany weak Back to France
  • 58. What were the French conflicts?
  • 59. What were the French conflicts?• Against secret treaties • “Peace without victory” c) Demand land from Germany (Alace Lorraine) Back to France
  • 60. Italy1) Leader 2) Demands 3) Conflicts Back to the Big Four
  • 61. Who was the Italian Premier?
  • 62. Who was the Italian Premier? Vittorio Orlando Back to USA Back to Italy
  • 63. What were the Italian demands? Back to Italy
  • 64. What were the Italian demands?• Land promised from secret treaty with Great Britain• Dalmatian Coast• Against self-determination Back to Italy
  • 65. What were the Italian conflicts?
  • 66. What were the Italian conflicts?• Against Wilson’s idea to deny secret treaties promises. • Against self-determination • Yugoslavia • “Peace without victory”  Back to Italy
  • 67. WWI MAP
  • 68. Italy wants Dalmatian Coast Back to Play
  • 69. Italy wants the Dalmatian Coast Back to Play Back to Italy
  • 70. WHO IS NOT AT VERSAILLES? Back to Big 4
  • 71. WHO IS NOT AT VERSAILLES?• Russia What happened?• Germany What happened?• Republicans What Happened? Back to Big 4
  • 72. RUSSIAN REVOLUTIONA) Allies ignore Russia for dropping out of the war and letting allies downB) Great Britain & USA send thousands of troops to Russia to try and stop the communist revolution. (Think about French Rev) Back to Big 4C) Russia not invited to VersaillesD) Russian and US relations weaken
  • 73. GERMANYa) Had to accept blame for warb) $33 billion in reparationsc) No more German militaryd) No sympathy from France & Britain Back to Big 4e) Germany kept weak
  • 74. Who left Angry?
  • 75. Who left Angry?1)China2)Japan3) Italy Back to Big 4
  • 76. 14 Points? Wilsons 14 points1 Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understandings of any kind but diplomacy shallproceed always frankly and in the public view. (Peace will be maintained by having open diplomacy and no secret treaties).2 Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, outside territorial waters, alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or inpart by international action for the enforcement of international covenants. (Keep the seas free. One of the reasons that America joined the war wasbecause of German attacks on American shipping).3 The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations consentingto the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance. (Free trade).4 Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety. (Worlddisarmament).5 A free, open-minded and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining allsuch questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the government whosetitle is to be determined.(Self-determination).6 The evacuation of all Russian territory and such a settlement of all questions affecting Russia as will secure the best and freest cooperation of theother nations of the world in obtaining for her an unhampered and unembarrassed opportunity for the independent determination of her own politicaldevelopment and national policy and assure her of a sincere welcome into the society of free nations under institutions of her own choosing; and,more than a welcome, assistance also of every kind that she may need and may herself desire. The treatment accorded Russia by her sister nationsin the months to come will be the acid test of their goodwill, of their comprehension of her needs as distinguished from their own interests, and of theirintelligent and unselfish sympathy. (Self-determination).7 Belgium, the whole world will agree, must be evacuated and restored, without any attempt to limit the sovereignty which she enjoys in common withall other free nations. No other single act will serve as this will serve to restore confidence among the nations in the laws which they have themselvesset and determined for the government of their relations with one another. Without this healing act the whole structure and validity of international lawis forever impaired. (Self-determination).Wilsons 14 points ...continued...8 All French territory should be freed and the invaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine, which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly fifty years, should be righted, in order that peace may once more be made secure inthe interest of all. (Self-determination).9 A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy should be effected along clearly recognisable lines of nationality. (Self-determination).10 The peoples of Austria-Hungary, whose place among the nations we wish to see safeguarded and assured, should be accorded the freestopportunity to autonomous development. (Self-determination).11 Rumania, Serbia and Montenegro should be evacuated; occupied territories restored; Serbia accorded free and secure access to the sea; and therelations of the several Balkan states to one another determined by friendly counsel along historically established lines of allegiance and nationality;and international guarantees of the political and economic independence and territorial integrity of the several Balkan states should be entered into.(Self-determination).12 The Turkish portion of the present Ottoman Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty, but the other nationalities which are now underTurkish rule should be assured an undoubted security of life and an absolutely unmolested opportunity of autonomous development, and theDardanelles should be permanently opened as a free passage to the ships and commerce of all nations under international guarantees.(Self-determination).13 An independent Polish state should be erected which should include the territories inhabited by indisputably Polish populations, which should beassured a free and secure access to the sea, and whose political and economic independence and territorial integrity should be guaranteed byinternational covenant. (Self-determination).14 A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of politicalindependence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike. (The formation of a League of Nations). Back to USA
  • 77. Back to USA
  • 78. Ottoman Empire around1600
  • 79. OTTOMAN EMPIRE 1914
  • 80. OTTOMAN EMPIRE 1914
  • 81. Back to main
  • 82. Back to Main
  • 83. Back Mobilized Dead Wounded Missing/PoWRussia 12,000,000 1,700,000 4,950,000 2,500,000Germany 11,000,000 1,773,700 4,216,058 1,152,800Great Britain 8,904,467 908,371 2,090,212 191,652France 8,410,000 1,375,800 4,266,000 537,000Austria-Hungary 7,800,000 1,200,000 3,620,000 2,200,000Italy 5,615,000 650,000 947,000 600,000US 4,355,000 126,000 234,300 4,526Turkey 2,850,000 325,000 400,000 250,000Bulgaria 1,200,000 87,500 152,390 27,029Japan 800,000 300 907 3Rumania 750,000 335,706 120,000 80,000Serbia 707,343 45,000 133,148 152,958Belgium 267,000 13,716 44,686 34,659Greece 230,000 5,000 21,000 1,000Portugal 100,000 7,222 13,751 12,318Montenegro 50,000 3,000 10,000 7,000
  • 84. Republicans Not There?
  • 85. Republicans Not There? I’ll just bring my democrats to this meeting because I’m a Democratic President
  • 86. Republicans Not There?
  • 87. Republicans Not There?
  • 88. Republicans Not There?
  • 89. Republicans Not There?
  • 90. Republicans Not There?
  • 91. Republicans Not There?
  • 92. Republicans Not There?
  • 93. Republicans Not There?
  • 94. Republicans Not There? Hey guys I have 14 points!
  • 95. Republicans Not There? Hey I like this League of Nations Idea!
  • 96. Republicans Not There? Yeah! Lets make this League of Nations!
  • 97. Republicans Not There? Okay let me get permission from my congress
  • 98. Republicans Not There?
  • 99. Republicans Not There?
  • 100. Republicans Not There?
  • 101. Republicans Not There?
  • 102. Republicans Not There?
  • 103. Republicans Not There?
  • 104. Republicans Not There?
  • 105. Republicans Not There?
  • 106. Republicans Not There? So Henry Cabot Lodge can we join the League Of Nations please?
  • 107. Republicans Not There?No, and how come you didn’t takeany of us republicans? We are the majority of congress…
  • 108. Republicans Not There? Aww man….
  • 109. Republicans Not There? Okay I’ll go tell them….
  • 110. Republicans Not There?
  • 111. Republicans Not There?
  • 112. Republicans Not There?
  • 113. Republicans Not There?
  • 114. Republicans Not There?
  • 115. Republicans Not There?
  • 116. Republicans Not There?
  • 117. Republicans Not There?
  • 118. Republicans Not There? Sorry guys… I can’t join the League of Nations…
  • 119. Republicans Not There? Don’t worry about it USA, but it won’t be the same without you… 
  • 120. Republicans Not There? From that day forward the Earth fell into a great period of peace and love……..
  • 121. Republicans Not There? THE END Back to Not There?
  • 122. Treaty of Versailles Class Play Period ? Actor Student Actor Student1 Narrator #1 1 19) Bolsheviks (Reds) 12 Narrator #2 2 20) Whites 203 Narrator #3 3 21) Czar Loyalists 214 Narrator #4 4 22) Iraq 225 USA (Wilson) 5 23) Zionist (Weizmann) 236 Britain (George) 6 24) Senator Lodge 247 France (Clemenceau) 78 Italy (Orlando) 89 Japan (Imperial Delegates) 910 China (Chinese Delegation) 1011 Germany (not invited) 11 Period 212 Russia (not invited) 12 Period 313) Yugoslavia (Bosnia) 1314) Serbia 14 Period 415) Croatia 1516) Pan African 16 Period 5(Dubois & B. Diagne)17) Arab Nationalist 17 Back to Worksheet Period 618) Syria 18
  • 123. Treaty of Versailles Class Play Period 2 Actor Student Actor Student1 Narrator #1 1 19) Bolsheviks (Reds) 12 Narrator #2 2 20) Whites 203 Narrator #3 3 21) Czar Loyalists 214 Narrator #4 4 22) Iraq 225 USA (Wilson) 5 23) Zionist (Weizmann) 236 Britain (George) 6 24) Senator Lodge 247 France (Clemenceau) 78 Italy (Orlando) 89 Japan (Imperial Delegates) 910 China (Chinese Delegation) 1011 Germany (not invited) 1112 Russia (not invited) 1213) Yugoslavia (Bosnia) 1314) Serbia 1415) Croatia 1516) Pan African 16(Dubois & B. Diagne)17) Arab Nationalist 17 Back to Worksheet18) Syria 18
  • 124. Treaty of Versailles Class Play Period 3 Actor Student Actor Student1 Narrator #1 1 19) Bolsheviks (Reds) 12 Narrator #2 2 20) Whites 203 Narrator #3 3 21) Czar Loyalists 214 Narrator #4 4 22) Iraq 225 USA (Wilson) 5 23) Zionist (Weizmann) 236 Britain (George) 6 24) Senator Lodge 247 France (Clemenceau) 78 Italy (Orlando) 89 Japan (Imperial Delegates) 910 China (Chinese Delegation) 1011 Germany (not invited) 1112 Russia (not invited) 1213) Yugoslavia (Bosnia) 1314) Serbia 1415) Croatia 1516) Pan African 16(Dubois & B. Diagne)17) Arab Nationalist 17 Back to Worksheet18) Syria 18
  • 125. Treaty of Versailles Class Play Period 4 Actor Student Actor Student1 Narrator #1 1 19) Bolsheviks (Reds) 12 Narrator #2 2 20) Whites 203 Narrator #3 3 21) Czar Loyalists 214 Narrator #4 4 22) Iraq 225 USA (Wilson) 5 23) Zionist (Weizmann) 236 Britain (George) 6 24) Senator Lodge 247 France (Clemenceau) 78 Italy (Orlando) 89 Japan (Imperial Delegates) 910 China (Chinese Delegation) 1011 Germany (not invited) 1112 Russia (not invited) 1213) Yugoslavia (Bosnia) 1314) Serbia 1415) Croatia 1516) Pan African 16(Dubois & B. Diagne)17) Arab Nationalist 17 Back to Worksheet18) Syria 18
  • 126. Treaty of Versailles Class Play Period 5 Actor Student Actor Student1 Narrator #1 1 19) Bolsheviks (Reds) 12 Narrator #2 2 20) Whites 203 Narrator #3 3 21) Czar Loyalists 214 Narrator #4 4 22) Iraq 225 USA (Wilson) 5 23) Zionist (Weizmann) 236 Britain (George) 6 24) Senator Lodge 247 France (Clemenceau) 78 Italy (Orlando) 89 Japan (Imperial Delegates) 910 China (Chinese Delegation) 1011 Germany (not invited) 1112 Russia (not invited) 1213) Yugoslavia (Bosnia) 1314) Serbia 1415) Croatia 1516) Pan African 16(Dubois & B. Diagne)17) Arab Nationalist 17 Back to Worksheet18) Syria 18
  • 127. Treaty of Versailles Class Play Period 6 Actor Student Actor Student1 Narrator #1 1 19) Bolsheviks (Reds) 12 Narrator #2 2 20) Whites 203 Narrator #3 3 21) Czar Loyalists 214 Narrator #4 4 22) Iraq 225 USA (Wilson) 5 23) Zionist (Weizmann) 236 Britain (George) 6 24) Senator Lodge 247 France (Clemenceau) 78 Italy (Orlando) 89 Japan (Imperial Delegates) 910 China (Chinese Delegation) 1011 Germany (not invited) 1112 Russia (not invited) 1213) Yugoslavia (Bosnia) 1314) Serbia 1415) Croatia 1516) Pan African 16(Dubois & B. Diagne)17) Arab Nationalist 17 Back to Worksheet18) Syria 18
  • 128. Door Door Front Desk um odi Germany P Russia FRONT TABLE USA UK France Oscar Japan ChinaItaly
  • 129. Door Door Front Desk SA um U P odi Germany UK Russia FRONT TABLE Czar LoyalistFrance Oscar Hungary Austria Red White Italy Poland Jap an Arab Yugo- Belgium Ottoman Serbia China Nationalist Slavia Senator Iraq Syria Croat Bosnia Lodge Mr P’s Desk Palestine Zionist Blaise WEB Diagne DuBois Back to Worksheet
  • 130. 1 Enlarge Wilson George Back to Worksheet
  • 131. 2 Back to Worksheet
  • 132. 2 Enlarge map Back to Worksheet
  • 133. 3   Enlarge Enlarge Monroe Doctrine Back to Worksheet
  • 134. 4 Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Click to enlarge In Favor Against Issue of Secret Treaties? Map of Europe in 1914 & 1919 Back to Worksheet Enlarge
  • 135. 5 Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Back to Worksheet Click to enlarge
  • 136. Click to enlarge6 Click to enlarge Back to Worksheet Click to enlarge
  • 137. 7 Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Back to Worksheet
  • 138. 8 Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Back to Worksheet
  • 139. 9 Click to enlarge Back to Worksheet Click to enlarge
  • 140. 10 Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Back to Worksheet
  • 141. 11 Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Back to Worksheet
  • 142. 12 Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Back to Worksheet
  • 143. 13 Click to enlarge Click to enlarge Back to Worksheet
  • 144. 14 Click to enlarge Back to Worksheet Click to enlarge
  • 145. 15 Enlarge pictures Back to Worksheet
  • 146. 16 German Punishment Back to Worksheet
  • 147. 17 Back to Worksheet
  • 148. 17 Click to enlarge Back to Worksheet
  • 149. RePlay Questions on the WWI Play BASIC THINKERS1) Who were the Big 4? 1) Why was the peace flawed from the start?2) Who was NOT invited? 2) Why were they NOT invited?3) What ideas caused conflict at the meetings? 3) Why were some ideas a conflict?4) Name groups inside Yugoslavia 4) What complex problems faced Yugoslavia?5) What was the Pan African Congress? 5) What hypocrisy did Pan Africans point out?6) Who had mandates in the old Ottoman Empire? 6) Why did they get the mandates? What reasons were given?7) Name the areas to be controlled in the 7) What issues did locals have with decisionsMiddle East made for ruling the Middle East?8) What is a Zionist? 8) What was good & bad about the Zionist movement?9) What does ratify mean? 9) Why didn’t the US ratify the peace treaty?10) What were the conditions of German 10) What was wrong with the punishment?punishment?11) Vocab to know – Mandate, Ratify, 11) People – Wilson, George, Clemenceau,Reparations, Self-Determination, League of Orlando, Lenin, Senator Lodge, Yugoslavs,Nations, 14 Points, Collective Security, Arabs, Zionists, Russians, Japanese, ChineseArmistice, Treaty of Versailles Pan Africans, Germans Back to Worksheet
  • 150. Paris 1919 Back
  • 151. Back
  • 152. Enlarged Russian Civil War Map Back
  • 153. PALESTINE MAPS Back 12
  • 154. DISAPPEARING PALESTINE MAPS Back 12
  • 155. HOMELEAND: AS SOME SEE IT Back 12
  • 156. Back
  • 157. Back
  • 158. Back
  • 159. Back
  • 160. Back
  • 161. Back
  • 162. Back
  • 163. Back
  • 164. Back
  • 165. Back
  • 166. Back
  • 167. Kurds 15% Sunni 20% Shia 65%Back
  • 168. Back
  • 169. Back
  • 170. Back
  • 171. Back
  • 172. Back
  • 173. Back
  • 174. Against US & Treaty of Versailles For Republican DemocratSenator Lodge President Wilson Back to Play
  • 175. League of Nations Unless the US joins the League, there will be no lasting peace!League Members Non-Members Mandates Imperial Colony Back
  • 176. League of Nations League Members Non-Members Mandates Imperial ColonyJoining the League will tie up American power! The American military will be committed to following decisions by the League and not the American people. This is unconstitutional! Back
  • 177. US President Wilson Back
  • 178. 1 Wilson Back to Worksheet Back
  • 179.   Treaty of Brest-Litovsk is cancelled at Paris Peace Conference. Germany will NOT get the land in Eastern Europe! New nations will be formed in this area (like Finland, Baltic States, Poland, etc.) Back
  • 180. Cancel Brest-Litovsk TreatyTreaty – Expanded Germany Canceling Treaty – Shrunk Germany Back
  • 181. PRE & POST WWI MAPBack
  • 182. Europe Map Pre & Post WWI Back
  • 183. Europe Map Pre & Post WWI Back
  • 184. Imperial Germany World MapBack to Play p3Back to Play p17
  • 185. May 4th Movement & Japanese Sphere of InfluenceMay 4th Movement – “China for Chinese!” Japanese Sphere of Influence Chinese Protest Western Powers Japan felt land was due to them b/c of decision to give up their (land) to Japan. Secret Treaty of London. US President Wilson Strongly against secret treaties and giving land to Japan. Back Tension between Japan & US – Prelude to WWII? to play
  • 186. USA’s Monroe Doctrine & Japanese Sphere of Influence? Monroe Doctrine Japanese Sphere of InfluenceEuropeans & others stay out of South America. Since US claimed influence to South America, It is the USA’s backyard – Sphere of Influence Japanese felt it should have the same in Asia. US President Wilson Strongly against secret treaties and giving land to Japan. Back Tension between Japan & US – Prelude to WWII? to play
  • 187. German Punishment Demilitarize – No Military! Downsized – Land taken. Back to play Reparations – money owed for war damages    $33 BillionDown with the Power Peace!
  • 188. German Demilitarization Back to play
  • 189. Assignment # A Flawed Peace Chapter 11 Section 4Wilson’s goal of achieving a just peace differed objectives of France and Great Britain.1. What were the guidingprinciples of Wilson’s FourteenPoints? (p. 369)2. What were the concerns andaims of France and Britain? (p.372)After heated debate and compromise, the Treaty of Versailles is signed.3. In what ways did the treatypunish Germany? (p. 372)4. How did the treaty changethe world map? (p. 372)5. How was Wilson’s FourteenthPoints incorporated into the treaty?(p.372)The legacy of Versailles was one of bitterness and loss.6. Why did the United Statesreject the treaty? (p. 374)7. How did this rejection affectthe League of Nations? (p. 374)8. Why did many countries feel bitterand cheated as a result of the treaty?(p.373)1. Woodrow Wilson 2. Georges Clemenceau 3. David Lloyd George Define these terms on Vocab List.4. self-determination 5. League Of Nations 6. mandate NOT HERE!!!!!
  • 190. WW1 1914-1918 Assign #3 FRONT H F 7 D 8 4 E 1 C 2 G 6 B 5 9 A 31) 6) A) F)2) 7) B) G)3) 8) C) H)4) 9) D)5) Countries E) Cities
  • 191. The Big 4
  • 192. A Flawed PeaceWilson’s goal of achieving a just peace differed objectives of France and Great Britain.1. What were the guiding Granting self-determination, and establishing a world peaceprinciples of Wilson’s FourteenPoints? organization.2. What were the concerns andaims of France and Britain?After heated debate and compromise, the Treaty of Versailles is signed.3. In what ways did thetreaty punish Germany?4. How did the treatychange the world map?5. How was Wilson’s FourteenthPoint incorporated into the treaty?The legacy of Versailles was one of bitterness and loss.6. Why did the UnitedStates reject the treaty?7. How did this rejection affectthe league of nations?8. Why did many countries feel bitterand cheated as a result of the treaty?
  • 193. A Flawed PeaceWilson’s goal of achieving a just peace differed objectives of France and Great Britain.1. What were the guiding Granting self-determination, and establishing a worldprinciples of Wilson’sFourteen Points? peace organization.2. What were the concerns Britain and France were concerned with national security,and aims of France and stripping Germany of its war-making power, and punishingBritain? Germany.After heated debate and compromise, the Treaty of Versailles is signed.3. In what ways did thetreaty punish Germany?4. How did the treatychange the world map?5. How was Wilson’s FourteenthPoint incorporated into the treaty?The legacy of Versailles was one of bitterness and loss.6. Why did the UnitedStates reject the treaty?7. How did this rejectionaffect the league of nations?8. Why did many countries feelbitter and cheated as a result ofthe treaty?
  • 194. German Punishment Demilitarize – No Military! Downsized – Land taken. Back to play Reparations – money owed for war damages    $33 BillionDown with the Power Peace!
  • 195. A Flawed PeaceWilson’s goal of achieving a just peace differed objectives of France and Great Britain.1. What were the guiding Granting self-determination, and establishing a world peaceprinciples of Wilson’s FourteenPoints? organization.2. What were the concerns and Britain and France were concerned with national security, strippingaims of France and Britain? Germany of its war-making power, and punishing Germany.After heated debate and compromise, the Treaty of Versailles is signed.3. In what ways did the Germany lost substantial territory, had severe restrictions placed on its militarytreaty punish Germany? operations, and was forced to acknowledge War Guilt” and pay reparations to the Allies. $33,000,000,000 = 1918 or today = $2,700,000,000,0004. How did the treatychange the world map?5. How was Wilson’s FourteenthPoint incorporated into the treaty?The legacy of Versailles was one of bitterness and loss.6. Why did the UnitedStates reject the treaty?7. How did this rejection affectthe league of nations?8. Why did many countries feel bitterand cheated as a result of the treaty?
  • 196. A Flawed PeaceWilson’s goal of achieving a just peace differed objectives of France and GreatBritain.were the guiding1. What Granting self-determination, and establishing a worldprinciples of Wilson’sFourteen Points? peace organization.2. What were the concerns Britain and France were concerned with national security,and aims of France and stripping Germany of its war-making power, and punishingBritain? Germany.After heated debate and compromise, the Treaty of Versailles is signed.3. In what ways did the Germany lost substantial territory, had severe restrictions placed on itstreaty punish Germany? military operations, and was forced to acknowledge War Guilt” and payreparations to the Allies. $33,000,000,0004. How did the treaty New countries were created from the Austrian-Hungarian Empire; Ottoman lands in the Southwest Asia were carved up into mandates rather thanchange the world map. independent nations; Finland5. How was Wilson’s FourteenthPoint incorporated into the treaty?The legacy of Versailles was one of bitterness and loss.6. Why did the UnitedStates reject the treaty?7. How did this rejectionaffect the league of nations?8. Why did many countries feelbitter and cheated as a result ofthe treaty?
  • 197. 14th Point - League of Nations
  • 198. A Flawed PeaceWilson’s goal of achieving a just peace differed objectives of France and Great Britain.1. What were the guiding Granting self-determination, and establishing a world peaceprinciples of Wilson’s FourteenPoints? organization.2. What were the concerns and Britain and France were concerned with national security, strippingaims of France and Britain? Germany of its war-making power, and punshing Germany.After heated debate and compromise, the Treaty of Versailles is signed.3. In what ways did the Germany lost substantial territory, had severe restrictions placed on its militarytreaty punish Germany? operations, and was forced to acknowledge War Guilt” and pay reparations to the Allies. $33,000,000,0004. How did the treaty New countries were created from the Austrian-Hungarian Empire; Ottoman lands in the Southwest Asia were carved up into mandates rather than independent nations; Finlandchange the world map.5. How was Wilson’s Fourteenth The treaty created the League of Nations, on international association whosePoint incorporated into the treaty? goal was to keep peace among nations.The legacy of Versailles was one of bitterness and loss.6. Why did the UnitedStates reject the treaty?7. How did this rejection affectthe league of nations?8. Why did many countries feel bitterand cheated as a result of the treaty?
  • 199. Against US & Treaty of Versailles For Republican DemocratSenator Lodge President Wilson Back to Play
  • 200. A Flawed PeaceWilson’s goal of achieving a just peace differed objectives of France and GreatBritain.were the guiding1. What Granting self-determination, and establishing a worldprinciples of Wilson’sFourteen Points? peace organization.2. What were the concerns Britain and France were concerned with national security,and aims of France and stripping Germany of its war-making power, and punishingBritain? Germany.After heated debate and compromise, the Treaty of Versailles is signed.3. In what ways did the Germany lost substantial territory, had severe restrictions placed on itstreaty punish Germany? military operations, and was forced to acknowledge War Guilt” and pay reparations to the Allies. $33,000,000,0004. How did the treaty New countries were created from the Austrian-Hungarian Empire; Ottoman lands in the Southwest Asia were carved up into mandates rather thanchange the world map. independent nations; Finland5. How was Wilson’s Fourteenth The treaty created the League of Nations, on international associationPoint incorporated into the treaty? whose goal was to keep peace among nations.The legacy of Versailles was one of bitterness and loss.6. Why did the United Many Americans objected to the League of Nations believingStates reject the treaty? that the United States should stay out of European affairs.7. How did this rejectionaffect the league of nations?8. Why did many countries feelbitter and cheated as a result ofthe treaty?
  • 201. Against US & Treaty of Versailles For Republican DemocratSenator Lodge President Wilson Back to Play
  • 202. League of Nations Unless the US joins the League, there will be no lasting peace!League Members Non-Members Mandates Imperial Colony Back
  • 203. League of Nations League Members Non-Members Mandates Imperial ColonyJoining the League will tie up American power! The American military will be committed to following decisions by the League and not the American people. This is unconstitutional! Back
  • 204. A Flawed PeaceWilson’s goal of achieving a just peace differed objectives of France and Great Britain.1. What were the guiding Granting self-determination, and establishing a worldprinciples of Wilson’s 14 Points? peace organization.2. What were the concerns and Britain and France were concerned with national security,aims of France and Britain? stripping Germany of its war-making power, and pushing Germany.After heated debate and compromise, the Treaty of Versailles is signed.3. In what ways did the Germany lost substantial territory, had severe restrictions placed on itstreaty punish Germany? military operations, and was forced to acknowledge War Guilt” and pay reparations to the Allies. $33,000,000,0004. How did the treaty New countries were created from the Austrian-Hungarian Empire; Ottoman lands in the Southwest Asia were carved up into mandates rather thanchange the world map. independent nations; Finland5. How was Wilson’s Fourteenth The treaty created the League of Nations, on international associationPoint incorporated into the treaty? whose goal was to keep peace among nations.The legacy of Versailles was one of bitterness and loss.6. Why did the United Many Americans objected to the League of Nations believingStates reject the treaty? that the United States should stay out of European affairs.7. How did this rejection Without U.S. support, the League of Nations was unable to takeaffect the league of nations? action on various complaints of Nations around the world.8. Why did many countries feelbitter and cheated as a result ofthe treaty?
  • 205. German Punishment Demilitarize – No Military! Downsized – Land taken. Back to play Reparations – money owed for war damages    $33 BillionDown with the Power Peace!
  • 206. A Flawed PeaceWilson’s goal of achieving a just peace differed objectives of France and GreatBritain.were the guiding1. What Granting self-determination, and establishing a worldprinciples of Wilson’s14Points? peace organization = League of Nations.2. What were the concerns Britain and France were concerned with national security,and aims of France and stripping Germany of its war-making power, and pushingBritain? Germany.After heated debate and compromise, the Treaty of Versailles is signed.3. In what ways did the Germany lost substantial territory, had severe restrictions placed on itstreaty punish Germany? military operations, and was forced to acknowledge War Guilt” and pay reparations to the Allies. $33,000,000,0004. How did the treaty New countries were created from the Austrian-Hungarian Empire; Ottoman lands in the Southwest Asia were carved up into mandates rather thanchange the world map? independent nations; Finland5. How was Wilson’s Fourteenth The treaty created the League of Nations, on international associationPoint incorporated into the treaty? whose goal was to keep peace among nations.The legacy of Versailles was one of bitterness and loss.6. Why did the United Many Americans objected to the League of Nations believingStates reject the treaty? that the United States should stay out of European affairs.7. How did this rejection Without U.S. support, the League of Nations was unable to takeaffect the league of nations? action on various complaints of Nations around the world.8. Why did many countries feel The war guilt clause left a legacy of hatred among the Germans; Africansbitter and cheated as a result of and Asians were angry that their desire for independence was ignored.the treaty?
  • 207. Post War Bitterness British offer India Independence, Germans do NOT likeif they help allies. India helps, but Brits rescind offer War Guilt Clause in Treaty Chinese mad at Secret Treaties which gave Japan Chinese land. Back to Main

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