Enlightenment

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Wh 7 enlightenment q & a 12

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Enlightenment

  1. 1. Page 1 Name: Date: Period: Assignment: ENLIGHTENMENT QUESTIONS7. Philosophers use ideas of the Scientific Revolution during the Enlightenment. What idea did they use? Why? (p. 54-55) Answer to #12. Name two items that helped spread the ideas of Enlightenment. Explain how they helped to spread ideas. (p. 55-57) ITEM HOW IT HELPED SPREAD IDEAS Answers For This Chart
  2. 2. 3. Complete this Venn Diagram comparing the Page 1 Continued…RENAISSANCE AND ENLIGHTENMENT ART. (p. 61) Answers To Venn Diagram4. What changes occurred regarding the relationship between ruler and state? (p.56-57) Answer To Question 45. Name and EXPLAIN 3 long-term effects the Enlightenment thinking had on WesternCivilization. (p.58, 60-61, 65) Answer To Question 5
  3. 3. Page 2 MORE ENLIGHTENMENT QUESTIONS• How does the attitude towards children change during this period? (Ask Mr. P about Postman’s Disappearance of Childhood) Answer To Question 12. What new styles of writing and forms of literature were developed? (p. 61-63) Answer To Question 23. Who was that Voltaire guy? What did he contribute to the Enlightenment? (p. 56) Answer To Question 3
  4. 4. 1. Philosophers use ideas of the Scientific Revolutionduring the Enlightenment. What idea did they use?Why? (p. 54-55)
  5. 5. 1. Philosophers use ideas of the Scientific Revolution during the Enlightenment. What ideas did they use? Why? (p. 54-55)a) A Scientific Revolution idea used was the scientific method. Back To Page 1
  6. 6. 1. Philosophers use ideas of the Scientific Revolution during the Enlightenment. What ideas did they use? Why? (p. 54-55)a) A Scientific Revolution idea used was the scientific method.b) Scientific method was used on issues related to society such as… religion, government, economics and education. Back To Page 1
  7. 7. 1. Philosophers use ideas of the Scientific Revolution during the Enlightenment. What ideas did they use? Why? (p. 54-55)a) A Scientific Revolution idea used was the scientific method.b) Scientific method was used on issues related to society such as… religion, government, economics and education.c) Philosophers also used natural law, the idea that “rules are discovered by reason” (like gravity and magnetism) Back To Page 1
  8. 8. 1. Philosophers use ideas of the Scientific Revolution during the Enlightenment. What ideas did they use? Why? (p. 54-55)a) A Scientific Revolution idea used was the scientific method.b) Scientific method was used on issues related to society such as… religion, government, economics and education.c) Philosophers also used natural law, the idea that “rules are discovered by reason” (like gravity and magnetism)d) Natural law was used to study human behavior and fix society’s problems Back To Page 1
  9. 9. 2. Name two items that helped spread the ideas ofEnlightenment. Explain how they helped to spreadideas. (p. 57) ITEM HOW IT HELPED SPREAD IDEAS
  10. 10. 2. Name two items that helped spread the ideas of Enlightenment.Explain how they helped to spread ideas. (p. 55-57) ITEM HOW IT HELPED SPREAD IDEASEncyclopedi a Today is like…? Today is like…? Back To Page 1
  11. 11. 2. Name two items that helped spread the ideas of Enlightenment.Explain how they helped to spread ideas. (p. 55-57) ITEM HOW IT HELPED SPREAD IDEASEncyclopedi a Today is like…? Salons Today is like…? Back To Page 1
  12. 12. 2. Name two items that helped spread the ideas of Enlightenment.Explain how they helped to spread ideas. (p. 55-57) ITEM HOW IT HELPED SPREAD IDEASEncyclopedi a) explains philosophies, government, and religion through 28 volumes of books a Today is like…? Salons Today is like…? Back To Page 1
  13. 13. 2. Name two items that helped spread the ideas of Enlightenment.Explain how they helped to spread ideas. (p. 55-57) ITEM HOW IT HELPED SPREAD IDEASEncyclopedi a) explains philosophies, government, and religion through 28 volumes of books a b) Included ideas of Montesquieu and Voltaire Today is like…? Salons Today is like…? Back To Page 1
  14. 14. 2. Name two items that helped spread the ideas of Enlightenment.Explain how they helped to spread ideas. (p. 55-57) ITEM HOW IT HELPED SPREAD IDEASEncyclopedi a) explains philosophies, government, and religion through 28 volumes of books a b) Included ideas of Montesquieu and Voltaire Today is like…? c) Criticized slavery, advocated freedom of expression, and encouraged education Salons Today is like…? Back To Page 1
  15. 15. 2. Name two items that helped spread the ideas of Enlightenment.Explain how they helped to spread ideas. (p. 55-57) ITEM HOW IT HELPED SPREAD IDEASEncyclopedi a) explains philosophies, government, and religion through 28 volumes of books a b) Included ideas of Montesquieu and Voltaire Today is like…? c) Criticized slavery, advocated freedom of expression, and encouraged education a) Meeting places in Paris where writers, artists, Salons philosophes, scientists, poets, musicians and travelers shared ideas at these social gatherings Today is like…? Back To Page 1
  16. 16. 2. Name two items that helped spread the ideas of Enlightenment.Explain how they helped to spread ideas. (p. 55-57) ITEM HOW IT HELPED SPREAD IDEASEncyclopedi a) explains philosophies, government, and religion through 28 volumes of books a b) Included ideas of Montesquieu and Voltaire Today is like…? c) Criticized slavery, advocated freedom of expression, and encouraged education a) Meeting places in Paris where writers, artists, Salons philosophes, scientists, poets, musicians and travelers shared ideas at these social gatherings b) Social classes mixed (i.e. the middle class and Today is like…? nobility) to discuss Enlightenment thoughts Back To Page 1
  17. 17. 2. Name two items that helped spread the ideas of Enlightenment.Explain how they helped to spread ideas. (p. 55-57) ITEM HOW IT HELPED SPREAD IDEASEncyclopedi a) explains philosophies, government, and religion through 28 volumes of books a b) Included ideas of Montesquieu and Voltaire Today is like…? c) Criticized slavery, advocated freedom of expression, and encouraged education a) Meeting places in Paris where writers, artists, Salons philosophes, scientists, poets, musicians and travelers shared ideas at these social gatherings b) Social classes mixed (i.e. the middle class and Today is like…? nobility) to discuss Enlightenment thoughts Back To Page 1
  18. 18. 2. Name two items that helped spread the ideas of Enlightenment.Explain how they helped to spread ideas. (p. 55-57) ITEM HOW IT HELPED SPREAD IDEASEncyclopedi a) explains philosophies, government, and religion through 28 volumes of books a b) Included ideas of Montesquieu and Voltaire Same idea as c) Criticized slavery, advocated freedom of Wikipedia expression, and encouraged education a) Meeting places in Paris where writers, artists, Salons philosophes, scientists, poets, musicians and travelers shared ideas at these social gatherings b) Social classes mixed (i.e. the middle class and nobility) to discuss Enlightenment thoughts Back To Page 1
  19. 19. 2. Name two items that helped spread the ideas of Enlightenment.Explain how they helped to spread ideas. (p. 55-57) ITEM HOW IT HELPED SPREAD IDEASEncyclopedi a) explains philosophies, government, and religion through 28 volumes of books a b) Included ideas of Montesquieu and Voltaire Same idea as c) Criticized slavery, advocated freedom of Wikipedia expression, and encouraged education A) Meeting places in Paris where writers, artists, Salons philosophes, scientists, poets, musicians and Same idea as travelers shared ideas at these social gatherings Coffeehauses or Reading Wednesday b) Social classes mixed (i.e. the middle class and nobility) to discuss Enlightenment thoughts Back To Page 1
  20. 20. 3. Complete this Venn Diagram comparing theRENAISSANCE AND ENLIGHTENMENT ART. (p. 61)
  21. 21. 3. Complete this Venn Diagram comparing the RENAISSANCE ANDENLIGHTENMENT ART. (p. 61) RENAISSANCE ENLIGHTENMENT •Rococo Art Style
  22. 22. 3. Complete this Venn Diagram comparing the RENAISSANCE ANDENLIGHTENMENT ART. (p. 61) RENAISSANCE ENLIGHTENMENT •Rococo Art Style •Baroque Art Style
  23. 23. 3. Complete this Venn Diagram comparing the RENAISSANCE ANDENLIGHTENMENT ART. (p. 61) RENAISSANCE ENLIGHTENMENT •Rococo Art Style •Religious Paintings •Baroque Art Style
  24. 24. 3. Complete this Venn Diagram comparing the RENAISSANCE AND ENLIGHTENMENT ART. (p. 61) RENAISSANCE ENLIGHTENMENT •Baroque Art Style a) large, colorful and full of •Religious Paintings excitementItaly (mostly) • European figures b) Glorified Battles & SaintsReligious focusNon-realism (much of…) • European art • large, colorful, full of excitement • Rococo Art Style • Glorified Saints b) Non- religion c) Lighter, elegant • Glorified Battles and charming . d) More pastel colors
  25. 25. 4. What changes occurred regarding therelationship between ruler and state? (pg. 63-65)
  26. 26. 4. What changes occurred regarding the relationship between ruler and state? (pg.63-65)• Shift from people serving state & ruler to…• The ruler and state serving the people.• Fredrick the Great of Prussia said, “I am the first servant of the state.”d) Catherine the Great of Mother Russia - Reduce torture & allow free press, religion, criticized serfdome) Joseph II of Austria liked enlightenment ideas (Mother’s influence) a) - Dressed in disguise to learn peasant problems b) religious equality for Jews & Protestants in his Catholic Empire c) Sold church land that were not involved with education or helping the sick d) Abolished serfdom MOST REFORMS WERE OVER TURNED AFTER THE LEADERS DEATH. Do good reforms last? Which are being taken from you today? Back To Page 1 continued
  27. 27. 5. Name and EXPLAIN 3 long-term effects the Enlightenment thinking had on Western Civilization.(p. 58, 60-61)
  28. 28. 5. Name and EXPLAIN 3 long-term effects the Enlightenment thinking had on Western Civilization.(p. 58, 60-61)BOOK SAYS:a)b)c)MR P SAYS:1)2)3 Back To Page 1 continued
  29. 29. 5. Name and EXPLAIN 3 long-term effects the Enlightenment thinking had on Western Civilization.(p. 58, 60-61)BOOK SAYS:a) Adam Smith introduced capitalismb)c)MR P SAYS:1)2)3 Back To Page 1 continued
  30. 30. 5. Name and EXPLAIN 3 long-term effects the Enlightenment thinking had on Western Civilization.(p. 58, 60-61)BOOK SAYS:a) Adam Smith introduced capitalismb) Laissez-faire replaced mercantilismc)MR P SAYS:1)2)3 Back To Page 1 continued
  31. 31. 5. Name and EXPLAIN 3 long-term effects the Enlightenment thinking had on Western Civilization.(p. 58, 60-61)BOOK SAYS:a) Adam Smith introduced capitalismb) Laissez-faire replaced mercantilismc) Enlightenment thinkers showed that divine right and strict class rule were illogical. Social reform was deemed necessary.MR P SAYS:1)2)3 Back To Page 1 continued
  32. 32. 5. Name and EXPLAIN 3 long-term effects the Enlightenment thinking had on Western Civilization.(p. 58, 60-61)BOOK SAYS:a) Adam Smith introduced capitalismb) Laissez-faire replaced mercantilismc) Enlightenment thinkers showed that divine right and strict class rule were illogical. Social reform was deemed necessary.MR P SAYS:• Belief in Progress –2)3 Back To Page 1 continued
  33. 33. 5. Name and EXPLAIN 3 long-term effects the Enlightenment thinking had on Western Civilization.(p. 58, 60-61)BOOK SAYS:a) Adam Smith introduced capitalismb) Laissez-faire replaced mercantilismc) Enlightenment thinkers showed that divine right and strict class rule were illogical. Social reform was deemed necessary.MR P SAYS:• Belief in Progress –2) A More Secular Outlook:3 Back To Page 1 continued
  34. 34. 5. Name and EXPLAIN 3 long-term effects the Enlightenment thinking had on Western Civilization.(p. 58, 60-61)BOOK SAYS:a) Adam Smith introduced capitalismb) Laissez-faire replaced mercantilismc) Enlightenment thinkers showed that divine right and strict class rule were illogical. Social reform was deemed necessary.MR P SAYS:• Belief in Progress –2) A More Secular Outlook:3 Importance of the Individual: Back To Page 1 continued
  35. 35. 5. Name and EXPLAIN 3 long-term effects the Enlightenment thinking had on Western Civilization.(p. 58, 60-61)BOOK SAYS:a) Adam Smith introduced capitalismb) Laissez-faire replaced mercantilismc) Enlightenment thinkers showed that divine right and strict class rule were illogical. Social reform was deemed necessary.MR P SAYS:1) Belief in Progress – philosophers believed through reason there could be a better society• A More Secular Outlook:3 Importance of the Individual: Back To Page 1 continued
  36. 36. 5. Name and EXPLAIN 3 long-term effects the Enlightenment thinking had on Western Civilization.(p. 58, 60-61)BOOK SAYS:a) Adam Smith introduced capitalismb) Laissez-faire replaced mercantilismc) Enlightenment thinkers showed that divine right and strict class rule were illogical. Social reform was deemed necessary.MR P SAYS:1) Belief in Progress – philosophers believed through reason there could be a better society2) A More Secular Outlook: To have a more open and worldly view of life based on logic and reason. Not a religious outlook on life.3) Importance of the Individual: Back To Page 1 continued
  37. 37. 5. Name and EXPLAIN 3 long-term effects the Enlightenment thinking had on Western Civilization.(p. 58, 60-61)BOOK SAYS:a) Adam Smith introduced capitalismb) Laissez-faire replaced mercantilismc) Enlightenment thinkers showed that divine right and strict class rule were illogical. Social reform was deemed necessary.MR P SAYS:1) Belief in Progress – philosophers believed through reason there could be a better society2) A More Secular Outlook: To have a more open and worldly view of life based on logic and reason. Not a religious outlook on life.3) Importance of the Individual: People started to look to themselves for guidance NOT the church or royalty. People should use their OWN judgment to determine what is right and what is wrong. Back To Page 1 continued
  38. 38. • How does the attitude towards children change during this period? (Ask about Postman’s Disappearance of Childhood) Back To Page 2
  39. 39. 2. What new styles of writing and forms of literature were developed? (p. 63)
  40. 40. 2. What new styles of writing and forms of literature were developed? (p. 63)BOOK SAYSb) The middle class audience liked stories in vernacular (straightforward, everyday language).b) Long prose gained popularityc) Famous literary works include Robinson Crusoe and PamelaMR P SAYS:f) Novel – Lengthy works of fictiong) Plots – carefully plannedh) Suspense –i) Climaxj) Explored characters thoughts and feelings Back To Page 2
  41. 41. 3. Who was that Voltaire guy? What did hecontribute to the Enlightenment? (p. 56)
  42. 42. 3. Who was that Voltaire guy? What did he contribute to the Enlightenment? (p. 56)BOOK SAYS:a) Perhaps most prominent philosophe and writer of the Enlightenmentb) He exposed government corruption, inequality, and prejudice (such as slavery and religious persecution) through his writingsc) His work was controversial—he was kicked out of France and his books were destroyedMR P SAYS: Read Candide by Voltaire – One of Mr. P’s favorite books • Voltaire stood for or promoted tolerance, reason, freedom of religion, freedom of speech and freedom of media• Voltaire Quotes: “I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” “Behind every great fortune lies a great crime.” Back To Page 2

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