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  • 1. Two Superpowers Face Off A) Perceiving Cause & Effect: As you read this section, take notes to explain how each of the following actions or policies led to the Cold War between the US and USSR.1) Meeting at Potsdam, Germany (p.490) 2) Policy of Containment (p. 509)2) Truman Doctrine (p.491) 4) Marshall Plan (p.491)5) Blockade Of Berlin (p.491-492) 6) Formation of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (p.492)7) Policy of Brinkmanship or M.A.D. (p.503) 8) Launching of Sputnik I (p.537, 657)
  • 2. 1.)Meeting atPotsdam,Germany
  • 3. 1.) Meeting atPotsdam,GermanyUS and USSR can’t agree on issues inEurope after WWII
  • 4. 1.) continued… Message:We can’t agree Back To Main
  • 5. 2.)Policy ofcontainment
  • 6. 2.)Policy of containmentUS idea to blockSoviet influence
  • 7. 2.) continued… Message:US idea to stop USSR Back To Main
  • 8. 3.)Truman Doctrine
  • 9. 3.)Truman Doctrine US says they arecommitted to stop the spread of communism
  • 10. 3.) continued…USSR thinks ofthis as a call for battle
  • 11. 3.) continued… Message:US says they will stop USSR Back To Main
  • 12. 4.)Marshall Plan
  • 13. 4.)Marshall PlanUS giving $ to rebuild W. EuropeSoviets do not want a strong W. Europe
  • 14. 4.) continued… Message:U.S. takes action toprevent spread of Communism Back To Main
  • 15. 5.) Blockade of Berlin
  • 16. 5.) Blockade of Berlin USSR tests U.S. commitment and ability to help West Europe
  • 17. 5.) Blockade of Berlin U.S. passes test
  • 18. 5.) Blockade of Berlin Message:USSR tests US (West) commitment. US responds to the test Back To Main
  • 19. 6.) Formation of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
  • 20. 6.) Formation of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) AlliancesWest EastNATO (U.S.) Warsaw Pact (USSR)
  • 21. 6.) Formation of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Commitment to help fightagainst any attack on your ally
  • 22. 6.) Formation of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Commitment to help fight against any attack on your ally1. More tension2. Defining sides/terms3. Stability (No one wants to make 1st move)
  • 23. 6.) Formation of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Message:More tension defining sides because of alliances Back To Main
  • 24. 7.) Policy of brinkmanshipWillingness to go tothe brink or edge of war
  • 25. 7.) Policy of brinkmanshipBoth sides havenuclear weapons
  • 26. 7.) Policy of brinkmanship Message:Very very tense, we couldall die with use of nuclear weapons Back To Main
  • 27. 8.) SputnikUSSR wins the opening roundto the space race.USSR 1st in space
  • 28. 8.) Sputnik Message:Competition will takeplace everywhere even in space Back To Main