Judaism
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    Judaism Judaism Presentation Transcript

    • 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Principles of Judaism (p.28)• In 63 BC, Rome captured , the capital of the Jewish state of Judea.• Jewish religious Kings had ruled Judea for about 100 years.• Unlike other people of the Roman Empire, Jews prayed to one .• Jewish ancient beliefs evolved into the religion: .II) Ancient Israelites (p.28-29)a) Basics1) In ancient history, Jews were known as H and I (people of Israel).2) Most info about Israelites comes from the .3) is the Jews’ religious book. It is basically the old testament of the Bible.b) Migrating People1) According to the Torah, Abraham lived near Ur in (Iraq)2) About BC, Abraham and family migrated herding sheep & goat west to Canaan3) In Canaan, near the East Mediterranean coast, Abraham found the Nation.4) Book of says a famine forced Israelites to migrate to .5) Israelites were in Egypt for 400 years.6) Finally, an Israelite named led his people into exodus (escape) to Canaan. Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Principles of Judaism (p.28)• In 63 BC, Rome captured Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish state of Judea.• Jewish religious Kings had ruled Judea for about 100 years.• Unlike other people of the Roman Empire, Jews prayed to one .• Jewish ancient beliefs evolved into the religion: .II) Ancient Israelites (p.28-29)a) Basics1) In ancient history, Jews were known as H and I (people of Israel).2) Most info about Israelites comes from the .3) is the Jews’ religious book. It is basically the old testament of the Bible.b) Migrating People1) According to the Torah, Abraham lived near Ur in (Iraq)2) About BC, Abraham and family migrated herding sheep & goat west to Canaan3) In Canaan, near the East Mediterranean coast, Abraham found the Nation.4) Book of says a famine forced Israelites to migrate to .5) Israelites were in Egypt for 400 years.6) Finally, an Israelite named led his people into exodus (escape) to Canaan. Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Principles of Judaism (p.28)• In 63 BC, Rome captured Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish state of Judea.• Jewish religious Kings had ruled Judea for about 100 years.• Unlike other people of the Roman Empire, Jews prayed to one God.• Jewish ancient beliefs evolved into the religion: .II) Ancient Israelites (p.28-29)a) Basics1) In ancient history, Jews were known as H and I (people of Israel).2) Most info about Israelites comes from the .3) is the Jews’ religious book. It is basically the old testament of the Bible.b) Migrating People1) According to the Torah, Abraham lived near Ur in (Iraq)2) About BC, Abraham and family migrated herding sheep & goat west to Canaan3) In Canaan, near the East Mediterranean coast, Abraham found the Nation.4) Book of says a famine forced Israelites to migrate to .5) Israelites were in Egypt for 400 years.6) Finally, an Israelite named led his people into exodus (escape) to Canaan. Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Principles of Judaism (p.28)• In 63 BC, Rome captured Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish state of Judea.• Jewish religious Kings had ruled Judea for about 100 years.• Unlike other people of the Roman Empire, Jews prayed to one God.• Jewish ancient beliefs evolved into the religion: JudaismII) Ancient Israelites (p.28-29)a) Basics1) In ancient history, Jews were known as H and I (people of Israel).2) Most info about Israelites comes from the .3) is the Jews’ religious book. It is basically the old testament of the Bible.b) Migrating People1) According to the Torah, Abraham lived near Ur in (Iraq)2) About BC, Abraham and family migrated herding sheep & goat west to Canaan3) In Canaan, near the East Mediterranean coast, Abraham found the Nation.4) Book of says a famine forced Israelites to migrate to .5) Israelites were in Egypt for 400 years.6) Finally, an Israelite named led his people into exodus (escape) to Canaan. Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Principles of Judaism (p.28)• In 63 BC, Rome captured Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish state of Judea.• Jewish religious Kings had ruled Judea for about 100 years.• Unlike other people of the Roman Empire, Jews prayed to one God.• Jewish ancient beliefs evolved into the religion: JudaismII) Ancient Israelites (p.28-29)a) Basics1) In ancient history, Jews were known as Hebrews and Israelites (people of Israel).2) Most info about Israelites comes from the .3) is the Jews’ religious book. It is basically the old testament of the Bible.b) Migrating People1) According to the Torah, Abraham lived near Ur in (Iraq)2) About BC, Abraham and family migrated herding sheep & goat west to Canaan3) In Canaan, near the East Mediterranean coast, Abraham found the Nation.4) Book of says a famine forced Israelites to migrate to .5) Israelites were in Egypt for 400 years.6) Finally, an Israelite named led his people into exodus (escape) to Canaan. Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Principles of Judaism (p.28)• In 63 BC, Rome captured Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish state of Judea.• Jewish religious Kings had ruled Judea for about 100 years.• Unlike other people of the Roman Empire, Jews prayed to one God.• Jewish ancient beliefs evolved into the religion: JudaismII) Ancient Israelites (p.28-29)a) Basics1) In ancient history, Jews were known as Hebrews and Israelites (people of Israel).2) Most info about Israelites comes from the Torah.3) is the Jews’ religious book. It is basically the old testament of the Bible.b) Migrating People1) According to the Torah, Abraham lived near Ur in (Iraq)2) About BC, Abraham and family migrated herding sheep & goat west to Canaan3) In Canaan, near the East Mediterranean coast, Abraham found the Nation.4) Book of says a famine forced Israelites to migrate to .5) Israelites were in Egypt for 400 years.6) Finally, an Israelite named led his people into exodus (escape) to Canaan. Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Principles of Judaism (p.28)• In 63 BC, Rome captured Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish state of Judea.• Jewish religious Kings had ruled Judea for about 100 years.• Unlike other people of the Roman Empire, Jews prayed to one God.• Jewish ancient beliefs evolved into the religion: JudaismII) Ancient Israelites (p.28-29)a) Basics1) In ancient history, Jews were known as Hebrews and Israelites (people of Israel).2) Most info about Israelites comes from the Torah.3) Torah is the Jews’ religious book. It is basically the old testament of the Bible.b) Migrating People1) According to the Torah, Abraham lived near Ur in (Iraq)2) About BC, Abraham and family migrated herding sheep & goat west to Canaan3) In Canaan, near the East Mediterranean coast, Abraham found the Nation.4) Book of says a famine forced Israelites to migrate to .5) Israelites were in Egypt for 400 years.6) Finally, an Israelite named led his people into exodus (escape) to Canaan. Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Principles of Judaism (p.28)• In 63 BC, Rome captured Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish state of Judea.• Jewish religious Kings had ruled Judea for about 100 years.• Unlike other people of the Roman Empire, Jews prayed to one God.• Jewish ancient beliefs evolved into the religion: JudaismII) Ancient Israelites (p.28-29)a) Basics1) In ancient history, Jews were known as Hebrews and Israelites (people of Israel).2) Most info about Israelites comes from the Torah.3) Torah is the Jews’ religious book. It is basically the old testament of the Bible.b) Migrating People1) According to the Torah, Abraham lived near Ur in Mesopotamia (Iraq)2) About BC, Abraham and family migrated herding sheep & goat west to Canaan3) In Canaan, near the East Mediterranean coast, Abraham found the Nation.4) Book of says a famine forced Israelites to migrate to .5) Israelites were in Egypt for 400 years.6) Finally, an Israelite named led his people into exodus (escape) to Canaan. Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Principles of Judaism (p.28)• In 63 BC, Rome captured Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish state of Judea.• Jewish religious Kings had ruled Judea for about 100 years.• Unlike other people of the Roman Empire, Jews prayed to one God.• Jewish ancient beliefs evolved into the religion: JudaismII) Ancient Israelites (p.28-29)a) Basics1) In ancient history, Jews were known as Hebrews and Israelites (people of Israel).2) Most info about Israelites comes from the Torah.3) Torah is the Jews’ religious book. It is basically the old testament of the Bible.b) Migrating People1) According to the Torah, Abraham lived near Ur in Mesopotamia (Iraq)2) About 2000 BC, Abraham and family migrated herding sheep & goat west to Canaan3) In Canaan, near the East Mediterranean coast, Abraham found the Nation.4) Book of says a famine forced Israelites to migrate to .5) Israelites were in Egypt for 400 years.6) Finally, an Israelite named led his people into exodus (escape) to Canaan. Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Principles of Judaism (p.28)• In 63 BC, Rome captured Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish state of Judea.• Jewish religious Kings had ruled Judea for about 100 years.• Unlike other people of the Roman Empire, Jews prayed to one God.• Jewish ancient beliefs evolved into the religion: JudaismII) Ancient Israelites (p.28-29)a) Basics1) In ancient history, Jews were known as Hebrews and Israelites (people of Israel).2) Most info about Israelites comes from the Torah.3) Torah is the Jews’ religious book. It is basically the old testament of the Bible.b) Migrating People1) According to the Torah, Abraham lived near Ur in Mesopotamia (Iraq)2) About 2000 BC, Abraham and family migrated herding sheep & goat west to Canaan3) In Canaan, near the East Mediterranean coast, Abraham found the Israelite Nation.4) Book of says a famine forced Israelites to migrate to .5) Israelites were in Egypt for 400 years.6) Finally, an Israelite named led his people into exodus (escape) to Canaan. Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Principles of Judaism (p.28)• In 63 BC, Rome captured Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish state of Judea.• Jewish religious Kings had ruled Judea for about 100 years.• Unlike other people of the Roman Empire, Jews prayed to one God.• Jewish ancient beliefs evolved into the religion: JudaismII) Ancient Israelites (p.28-29)a) Basics1) In ancient history, Jews were known as Hebrews and Israelites (people of Israel).2) Most info about Israelites comes from the Torah.3) Torah is the Jews’ religious book. It is basically the old testament of the Bible.b) Migrating People1) According to the Torah, Abraham lived near Ur in Mesopotamia (Iraq)2) About 2000 BC, Abraham and family migrated herding sheep & goat west to Canaan3) In Canaan, near the East Mediterranean coast, Abraham found the Israelite Nation.4) Book of Genesis says a famine forced Israelites to migrate to .5) Israelites were in Egypt for 400 years.6) Finally, an Israelite named led his people into exodus (escape) to Canaan. Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Principles of Judaism (p.28)• In 63 BC, Rome captured Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish state of Judea.• Jewish religious Kings had ruled Judea for about 100 years.• Unlike other people of the Roman Empire, Jews prayed to one God.• Jewish ancient beliefs evolved into the religion: JudaismII) Ancient Israelites (p.28-29)a) Basics1) In ancient history, Jews were known as Hebrews and Israelites (people of Israel).2) Most info about Israelites comes from the Torah.3) Torah is the Jews’ religious book. It is basically the old testament of the Bible.b) Migrating People1) According to the Torah, Abraham lived near Ur in Mesopotamia (Iraq)2) About 2000 BC, Abraham and family migrated herding sheep & goat west to Canaan3) In Canaan, near the East Mediterranean coast, Abraham found the Israelite Nation.4) Book of Genesis says a famine forced Israelites to migrate to Egypt.5) Israelites were in Egypt for 400 years.6) Finally, an Israelite named led his people into exodus (escape) to Canaan. Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Principles of Judaism (p.28)• In 63 BC, Rome captured Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish state of Judea.• Jewish religious Kings had ruled Judea for about 100 years.• Unlike other people of the Roman Empire, Jews prayed to one God.• Jewish ancient beliefs evolved into the religion: JudaismII) Ancient Israelites (p.28-29)a) Basics1) In ancient history, Jews were known as Hebrews and Israelites (people of Israel).2) Most info about Israelites comes from the Torah.3) Torah is the Jews’ religious book. It is basically the old testament of the Bible.b) Migrating People1) According to the Torah, Abraham lived near Ur in Mesopotamia (Iraq)2) About 2000 BC, Abraham and family migrated herding sheep & goat west to Canaan3) In Canaan, near the East Mediterranean coast, Abraham found the Israelite Nation.4) Book of Genesis says a famine forced Israelites to migrate to Egypt.5) Israelites were enslaved in Egypt for 400 years.6) Finally, an Israelite named led his people into exodus (escape) to Canaan. Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Principles of Judaism (p.28)• In 63 BC, Rome captured Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish state of Judea.• Jewish religious Kings had ruled Judea for about 100 years.• Unlike other people of the Roman Empire, Jews prayed to one God.• Jewish ancient beliefs evolved into the religion: JudaismII) Ancient Israelites (p.28-29)a) Basics1) In ancient history, Jews were known as Hebrews and Israelites (people of Israel).2) Most info about Israelites comes from the Torah.3) Torah is the Jews’ religious book. It is basically the old testament of the Bible.b) Migrating People1) According to the Torah, Abraham lived near Ur in Mesopotamia (Iraq)2) About 2000 BC, Abraham and family migrated herding sheep & goat west to Canaan3) In Canaan, near the East Mediterranean coast, Abraham found the Israelite Nation.4) Book of Genesis says a famine forced Israelites to migrate to Egypt.5) Israelites were enslaved in Egypt for 400 years.6) Finally, an Israelite named Moses led his people into exodus (escape) to Canaan. Back to Main
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By BC, the Israelites had set up a K called Israel in Canaan.2) King united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, built a massive temple dedicated to .4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) E ii) M .c) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built J . 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy ii) e labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) I = North 3) This led to r . Israelites weak to i . ii) J = South6) In BC, Israelites fall to , warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a K called Israel in Canaan.2) King united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, built a massive temple dedicated to .4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) E ii) M .c) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built J . 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy ii) e labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) I = North 3) This led to r . Israelites weak to i . ii) J = South6) In BC, Israelites fall to , warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, built a massive temple dedicated to .4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) E ii) M .c) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built J . 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy ii) e labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) I = North 3) This led to r . Israelites weak to i . ii) J = South6) In BC, Israelites fall to , warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, built a massive temple dedicated to .4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) E ii) M .c) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built J . 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy ii) e labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) I = North 3) This led to r . Israelites weak to i . ii) J = South6) In BC, Israelites fall to , warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to .4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) E ii) M .c) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built J . 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy ii) e labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) I = North 3) This led to r . Israelites weak to i . ii) J = South6) In BC, Israelites fall to , warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) E ii) M .c) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built J . 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy ii) e labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) I = North 3) This led to r . Israelites weak to i . ii) J = South6) In BC, Israelites fall to , warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built J . 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy ii) e labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) I = North 3) This led to r . Israelites weak to i . ii) J = South6) In BC, Israelites fall to , warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy ii) e labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) I = North 3) This led to r . Israelites weak to i . ii) J = South6) In BC, Israelites fall to , warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) e labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) I = North 3) This led to r . Israelites weak to i . ii) J = South6) In BC, Israelites fall to , warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) I = North 3) This led to r . Israelites weak to i . ii) J = South6) In BC, Israelites fall to , warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) I = North 3) This led to revolts Israelites weak to i . ii) J = South6) In BC, Israelites fall to , warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) Israel = North 3) This led to revolts Israelites weak to i . ii) Judah = South6) In BC, Israelites fall to , warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) Israel = North 3) This led to revolts Israelites weak to invaders ii) Judah = South6) In BC, Israelites fall to , warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) Israel = North 3) This led to revolts Israelites weak to invaders ii) Judah = South6) In 722 BC, Israelites fall to , warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) Israel = North 3) This led to revolts Israelites weak to invaders ii) Judah = South6) In 722 BC, Israelites fall to Assyrians, warriors w/ weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) Israel = North 3) This led to revolts Israelites weak to invaders ii) Judah = South6) In 722 BC, Israelites fall to Assyrians, warriors w/ iron weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) Israel = North 3) This led to revolts Israelites weak to invaders ii) Judah = South6) In 722 BC, Israelites fall to Assyrians, warriors w/ iron weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Babylonian Empire defeat the Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) Israel = North 3) This led to revolts Israelites weak to invaders ii) Judah = South6) In 722 BC, Israelites fall to Assyrians, warriors w/ iron weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Babylonian Empire defeat the Assyrian Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great T of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) Israel = North 3) This led to revolts Israelites weak to invaders ii) Judah = South6) In 722 BC, Israelites fall to Assyrians, warriors w/ iron weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Babylonian Empire defeat the Assyrian Empire. Back to Main8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: i) Destroyed great Temple of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) Israel = North 3) This led to revolts Israelites weak to invaders ii) Judah = South6) In 722 BC, Israelites fall to Assyrians, warriors w/ iron weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Babylonian Empire defeat the Assyrian Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great temple of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into exile near Babylon9) Years later, P ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) Israel = North 3) This led to revolts Israelites weak to invaders ii) Judah = South6) In 722 BC, Israelites fall to Assyrians, warriors w/ iron weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Babylonian Empire defeat the Assyrian Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great temple of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into exile near Babylon9) Years later, Persian ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) Israel = North 3) This led to revolts Israelites weak to invaders ii) Judah = South6) In 722 BC, Israelites fall to Assyrians, warriors w/ iron weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Babylonian Empire defeat the Assyrian Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great temple of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into exile near Babylon9) Years later, Persian ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and freed Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as J where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) Israel = North 3) This led to revolts Israelites weak to invaders ii) Judah = South6) In 722 BC, Israelites fall to Assyrians, warriors w/ iron weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Babylonian Empire defeat the Assyrian Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great temple of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into exile near Babylon9) Years later, Persian ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and freed Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as Jews where they lived under P rule
    • II) Ancient Israelites (p.29) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Kingdom of Israel1) By 1000 BC, the Israelites had set up a Kingdom called Israel in Canaan.2) King David united the feuding Israelite tribes into a single nation.3) David’s son, Solomon built a massive temple dedicated to God.4) Solomon tried to improve Israel’s situation by negotiating with powerful empires in: i) Egypt ii) Mesopotamiac) Division and Conquest 1) King Solomon built Jerusalem 2) Solomon’s building projects required: into an impressive capital i) Heavy taxes ii) enslaved labor 4) Kingdom split: 5) Division makes i) Israel = North 3) This led to revolts Israelites weak to invaders ii) Judah = South6) In 722 BC, Israelites fall to Assyrians, warriors w/ iron weapons from Mesopotamia7) Later, Babylonian Empire defeat the Assyrian Empire.8) In 586 BC, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar: Back to Main i) Destroyed great temple of Solomon ii) sent Israelites into exile near Babylon9) Years later, Persian ruler Cyrus conquered Babylon and freed Israelites10) Many returned to Judea became known as Jews where they lived under Persian rule
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• H and f are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and s ,e ,p lives• Each historical event reflected ’s plan for them.• Modern J after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were M – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made c (promise & agreement), with A and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To them ii) provide a h .3) Canaan was the “p land” 4) People had to remain f and o to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and f are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and s ,e ,p lives• Each historical event reflected ’s plan for them.• Modern J after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were M – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made c (promise & agreement), with A and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To them ii) provide a h .3) Canaan was the “p land” 4) People had to remain f and o to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and s ,e ,p lives• Each historical event reflected ’s plan for them.• Modern J after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were M – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made c (promise & agreement), with A and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To them ii) provide a h .3) Canaan was the “p land” 4) People had to remain f and o to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, e ,p lives• Each historical event reflected ’s plan for them.• Modern J after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were M – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made c (promise & agreement), with A and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To them ii) provide a h .3) Canaan was the “p land” 4) People had to remain f and o to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, p lives• Each historical event reflected ’s plan for them.• Modern J after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were M – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made c (promise & agreement), with A and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To them ii) provide a h .3) Canaan was the “p land” 4) People had to remain f and o to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected ’s plan for them.• Modern J after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were M – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made c (promise & agreement), with A and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To them ii) provide a h .3) Canaan was the “p land” 4) People had to remain f and o to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern J after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were M – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made c (promise & agreement), with A and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To them ii) provide a h .3) Canaan was the “p land” 4) People had to remain f and o to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were M – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made c (promise & agreement), with A and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To them ii) provide a h .3) Canaan was the “p land” 4) People had to remain f and o to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made c (promise & agreement), with A and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To them ii) provide a h .3) Canaan was the “p land” 4) People had to remain f and o to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with A and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To them ii) provide a h .3) Canaan was the “p land” 4) People had to remain f and o to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To them ii) provide a h .3) Canaan was the “p land” 4) People had to remain f and o to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a h .3) Canaan was the “p land” 4) People had to remain f and o to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “p land” 4) People had to remain f and o to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “promised land” 4) People had to remain f and o to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “promised land” 4) People had to remain faithful and obedient to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “promised land” 4) People had to remain faithful and obedient to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s Chosen People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “I ”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “promised land” 4) People had to remain faithful and obedient to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s Chosen People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “Instruction”3) Consists of 5 books i) G ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “promised land” 4) People had to remain faithful and obedient to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s Chosen People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “Instruction”3) Consists of 5 books i) Genesis ii) E iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “promised land” 4) People had to remain faithful and obedient to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s Chosen People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “Instruction”3) Consists of 5 books i) Genesis ii) Exodus iii) L iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “promised land” 4) People had to remain faithful and obedient to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s Chosen People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “Instruction”3) Consists of 5 books i) Genesis ii) Exodus iii) Leviticus iv) N v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “promised land” 4) People had to remain faithful and obedient to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s Chosen People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “Instruction”3) Consists of 5 books i) Genesis ii) Exodus iii) Leviticus iv) Numbers v) D .4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “promised land” 4) People had to remain faithful and obedient to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s Chosen People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “Instruction”3) Consists of 5 books i) Genesis ii) Exodus iii) Leviticus iv) Numbers v) Deuteronomy4) Genesis – God tells to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “promised land” 4) People had to remain faithful and obedient to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s Chosen People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “Instruction”3) Consists of 5 books i) Genesis ii) Exodus iii) Leviticus iv) Numbers v) Deuteronomy4) Genesis – God tells Abraham to move to Canaan5) E – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “promised land” 4) People had to remain faithful and obedient to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s Chosen People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “Instruction”3) Consists of 5 books i) Genesis ii) Exodus iii) Leviticus iv) Numbers v) Deuteronomy4) Genesis – God tells Abraham to move to Canaan5) Exodus – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be o .7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “promised land” 4) People had to remain faithful and obedient to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s Chosen People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “Instruction”3) Consists of 5 books i) Genesis ii) Exodus iii) Leviticus iv) Numbers v) Deuteronomy4) Genesis – God tells Abraham to move to Canaan5) Exodus – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be obeyed.7) Oral Torah = i) U laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “promised land” 4) People had to remain faithful and obedient to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s Chosen People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “Instruction”3) Consists of 5 books i) Genesis ii) Exodus iii) Leviticus iv) Numbers v) Deuteronomy4) Genesis – God tells Abraham to move to Canaan5) Exodus – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be obeyed7) Oral Torah = i) Unwritten laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds f to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) God’s Covenant With the Israelites (p.29-30)a) Basics• History and faith are interconnected• No separation with religious belief and social, economic, political lives• Each historical event reflected God’s plan for them.• Modern Judaism after the return from Babylon to Judah.b) One God• Israelites were Monotheistic – Believed in one Godc) God’s Promise1) Believed God made covenant (promise & agreement), with Abraham and his descendants2) Believed God promised: i) To protect them ii) provide a homeland.3) Canaan was the “promised land” 4) People had to remain faithful and obedient to God.5) Israelites and later Jews believed they were God’s Chosen People to fulfill worldly duties.d) The Torah1) Sacred text for Israelites 2) In Hebrew means “Instruction”3) Consists of 5 books i) Genesis ii) Exodus iii) Leviticus iv) Numbers v) Deuteronomy4) Genesis – God tells Abraham to move to Canaan5) Exodus – God tells Moses to lead Israelites out of slavery in Egypt6) Also in Torah i) God’s teachings ii) laws Jews believed must be obeyed7) Oral Torah = i) Unwritten laws ii) Commentary about Torah iii) adds flexibility to Judaism Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of E , God gave commandments to M after E exile2) basic laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of i towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for i conduct towards other p . i) “Honor your & ” ii) “You shall not m ” iii) “You shall not s ”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just .2) Similar to 10 3) One difference = establish to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave commandments to M after E exile2) basic laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of i towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for i conduct towards other p . i) “Honor your & ” ii) “You shall not m ” iii) “You shall not s ”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just .2) Similar to 10 3) One difference = establish to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to M after E exile2) basic laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of i towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for i conduct towards other p . i) “Honor your & ” ii) “You shall not m ” iii) “You shall not s ”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just .2) Similar to 10 3) One difference = establish to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after E exile2) basic laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of i towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for i conduct towards other p . i) “Honor your & ” ii) “You shall not m ” iii) “You shall not s ”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just .2) Similar to 10 3) One difference = establish to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) basic laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of i towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for i conduct towards other p . i) “Honor your & ” ii) “You shall not m ” iii) “You shall not s ”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just .2) Similar to 10 3) One difference = establish to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of i towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for i conduct towards other p . i) “Honor your & ” ii) “You shall not m ” iii) “You shall not s ”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just .2) Similar to 10 3) One difference = establish to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for i conduct towards other p . i) “Honor your & ” ii) “You shall not m ” iii) “You shall not s ”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just .2) Similar to 10 3) One difference = establish to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other p . i) “Honor your & ” ii) “You shall not m ” iii) “You shall not s ”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just .2) Similar to 10 3) One difference = establish to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your & ” ii) “You shall not m ” iii) “You shall not s ”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just .2) Similar to 10 3) One difference = establish to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not m ” iii) “You shall not s ”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just .2) Similar to 10 3) One difference = establish to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not s ”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just .2) Similar to 10 3) One difference = establish to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just .2) Similar to 10 3) One difference = establish to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 3) One difference = establish to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish court to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their d .2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish court to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their duties.2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do , learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived theBack to Main homeland
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish court to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their duties.2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do evil, learn to do , seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived the homeland4) Jews lived under P ,H Back to Main rulers and R
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish court to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their duties.2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do evil, learn to do good, seek justice, r the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived the homeland4) Jews lived under P ,H Back to Main rulers and R
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish court to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their duties.2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do evil, learn to do good, seek justice, relieve the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived the homeland4) Jews lived under P ,H Back to Main rulers and R
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish court to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their duties.2) Isaiah told all Jews, “cease to do evil, learn to do good, seek justice, relieve the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached ethics – moral standard of behavior for i and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived the homeland4) Jews lived under P ,H and R rulers Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish court to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their duties.2) Isaiah told all Jews, “ cease to do evil, learn to do good, seek justice, relieve the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached ethics – moral standard of behavior for individual and a just c .V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived the homeland4) Jews lived under P ,H and R rulers Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish court to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their duties.2) Isaiah told all Jews, “ cease to do evil, learn to do good, seek justice, relieve the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached ethics – moral standard of behavior for individual and a just community.V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived the homeland4) Jews lived under P ,H and R rulers Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish court to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their duties.2) Isaiah told all Jews, “ cease to do evil, learn to do good, seek justice, relieve the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached ethics – moral standard of behavior for individual and a just community.V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived the homeland4) Jews lived under P ,H and R rulers Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish court to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their duties.2) Isaiah told all Jews, “ cease to do evil, learn to do good, seek justice, relieve the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached ethics – moral standard of behavior for individual and a just community.V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived the homeland4) Jews lived under P ,H and R rulers Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish court to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their duties.2) Isaiah told all Jews, “ cease to do evil, learn to do good, seek justice, relieve the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached ethics – moral standard of behavior for individual and a just community.V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived outside the homeland4) Jews lived under P ,H and R rulers Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish court to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their duties.2) Isaiah told all Jews, “ cease to do evil, learn to do good, seek justice, relieve the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached ethics – moral standard of behavior for individual and a just community.V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived outside the homeland4) Jews lived under Persian, H and R rulers Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish court to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their duties.2) Isaiah told all Jews, “ cease to do evil, learn to do good, seek justice, relieve the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached ethics – moral standard of behavior for individual and a just community.V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived outside the homeland4) Jews lived under Persian, Hellenistic and R rulers Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIV) Teachings on Law and Morality (p.30-31)a) 10 Commandments1) According to Book of Exodus, God gave 10 commandments to Moses after Egyptian exile2) 10 basic moral laws form core of Judaism3) First 4 stress religious duty of individual towards God (ie Sabbath = Holy day of worship)4) 5-10 are rules for individual conduct towards other people i) “Honor your mother & father” ii) “You shall not murder” iii) “You shall not steal”b) 7 Universal Laws1) Apply to all people, not just Jews2) Similar to 10 commandments 3) One difference = establish court to enforce lawc) Ethical Worldview1) Prophets reminded Jews of their duties.2) Isaiah told all Jews, “ cease to do evil, learn to do good, seek justice, relieve the oppressed…”3) Prophets preached ethics – moral standard of behavior for individual and a just community.V) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews 2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) By 70 BC, More Jews lived outside the homeland4) Jews lived under Persian, Hellenistic and Roman rulers Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) – scattering of the Jews2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by P , not all Jews returned to J . 4) Many stayed in B .5) Jews lived under P and H rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed i kingdom in Judea.7) Soon arrive and rule ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA under General Pompey8) Liberal Jews Conservative Jews VS Jews take up G or H ways Traditional Jews against .9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named J .12) mismanagement and continued fighting among led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish T in J .15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by P , not all Jews returned to J . 4) Many stayed in B .5) Jews lived under P and H rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed i kingdom in Judea.7) Soon arrive and rule ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA under General Pompey8) Liberal Jews Conservative Jews VS Jews take up G or H ways Traditional Jews against .9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named J .12) mismanagement and continued fighting among led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish T in J .15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by P , not all Jews returned to J . 4) Many stayed in B .5) Jews lived under P and H rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed i kingdom in Judea.7) Soon arrive and rule ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA under General Pompey8) Liberal Jews Conservative Jews VS Jews take up G or H ways Traditional Jews against .9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named J .12) mismanagement and continued fighting among led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish T in J .15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to J . 4) Many stayed in B .5) Jews lived under P and H rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed i kingdom in Judea.7) Soon arrive and rule ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA under General Pompey8) Liberal Jews Conservative Jews VS Jews take up G or H ways Traditional Jews against .9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named J .12) mismanagement and continued fighting among led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish T in J .15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in B .5) Jews lived under P and H rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed i kingdom in Judea.7) Soon arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up G or H ways Traditional Jews against .9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named J .12) mismanagement and continued fighting among led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish T in J .15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in Babylon5) Jews lived under P and H rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed i kingdom in Judea.7) Soon arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up G or H ways Traditional Jews against .9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named J .12) mismanagement and continued fighting among led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish T in J .15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in Babylon5) Jews lived under Persian and Hellenistic rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed i kingdom in Judea.7) Soon arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up G or H ways Traditional Jews against .9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named J .12) mismanagement and continued fighting among led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish T in J .15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in Babylon5) Jews lived under Persian and Hellenistic rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed independent kingdom in Judea.7) Soon arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up G or H ways Traditional Jews against .9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named J .12) mismanagement and continued fighting among led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish T in J .15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in Babylon5) Jews lived under Persian and Hellenistic rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed independent kingdom in Judea.7) Soon Romans arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up G or H ways Traditional Jews against .9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named J .12) mismanagement and continued fighting among led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish T in J .15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in Babylon5) Jews lived under Persian and Hellenistic rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed independent kingdom in Judea.7) Soon Romans arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up Greek or Hellenistic ways Traditional Jews against .9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named J .12) mismanagement and continued fighting among led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish T in J .15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in Babylon5) Jews lived under Persian and Hellenistic rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed independent kingdom in Judea.7) Soon Romans arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up Greek or Hellenistic ways Traditional Jews against change9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named J .12) mismanagement and continued fighting among led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish T in J .15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in Babylon5) Jews lived under Persian and Hellenistic rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed independent kingdom in Judea.7) Soon Romans arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up Greek or Hellenistic ways Traditional Jews against change9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named Jesus.12) mismanagement and continued fighting among led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish T in J .15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in Babylon5) Jews lived under Persian and Hellenistic rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed independent kingdom in Judea.7) Soon Romans arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up Greek or Hellenistic ways Traditional Jews against change9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named Jesus.12) Roman mismanagement and continued fighting among led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish T in J .15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in Babylon5) Jews lived under Persian and Hellenistic rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed independent kingdom in Judea.7) Soon Romans arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up Greek or Hellenistic ways Traditional Jews against change9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named Jesus.12) Roman mismanagement and continued fighting among Jews led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish T in J .15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in Babylon5) Jews lived under Persian and Hellenistic rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed independent kingdom in Judea.7) Soon Romans arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up Greek or Hellenistic ways Traditional Jews against change9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named Jesus.12) Roman mismanagement and continued fighting among Jews led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish Temple in Jerusalem15) By AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in Babylon5) Jews lived under Persian and Hellenistic rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed independent kingdom in Judea.7) Soon Romans arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up Greek or Hellenistic ways Traditional Jews against change9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named Jesus.12) Roman mismanagement and continued fighting among Jews led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish Temple in Jerusalem15) By 70 AD, more Jews lived outside the h .16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in Babylon5) Jews lived under Persian and Hellenistic rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed independent kingdom in Judea.7) Soon Romans arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up Greek or Hellenistic ways Traditional Jews against change9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named Jesus.12) Roman mismanagement and continued fighting among Jews led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish Temple in Jerusalem15) By 70 AD, more Jews lived outside the homeland16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the M E and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in Babylon5) Jews lived under Persian and Hellenistic rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed independent kingdom in Judea.7) Soon Romans arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up Greek or Hellenistic ways Traditional Jews against change9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named Jesus.12) Roman mismanagement and continued fighting among Jews led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish Temple in Jerusalem15) By 70 AD, more Jews lived outside the homeland16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the Middle East and E . Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Scattering of the Jews (p.32)1) Diaspora – scattering of the Jews2) Started in 586 BC with Babylonian captivity3) Once freed by Persians, not all Jews returned to Judea 4) Many stayed in Babylon5) Jews lived under Persian and Hellenistic rulers until about 100 BC6) Then Jewish family formed independent kingdom in Judea.7) Soon Romans arrive and rule under General Pompey8) ROMAN RULE OVER JUDEA Liberal Jews VS Conservative Jews Jews take up Greek or Hellenistic ways Traditional Jews against change9) Two Jewish groups often fought each other.10) During these tense times, new Jewish groups arose.11) One new group was led by a Jew named Jesus.12) Roman mismanagement and continued fighting among Jews led to more problems13) In 66 AD, Jews rioted against Roman rule.14) Romans destroyed Jewish Temple in Jerusalem15) By 70 AD, more Jews lived outside the homeland16) Scattering of Jews continued for centuries into the Middle East and Europe. Back to Main
    • 3) MC Quizzes QUIZ Alpha QUIZ Bravo QUIZ Charlie QUIZ Delta Back to Main
    • 4) PeopardyA B C D EF G H I JK L M N OP Q R S TU V W X Y Back to Main
    • 5) Other Sources Back to Main
    • 6) Textbook Tuesday Back to Main
    • Section 4 = THE RISE OF CHRISTIANITY p.33-391) P-Reading Questions2) Guided Reading Notes3) MC Quizzes4) Peopardy5) Other Sources6) Textbook Tuesday Back to Main
    • 1) P-Reading Questions Back to Main
    • I) Rise of Christianity (p.33)2) Guided Reading Notes1) During Pax Romana (Roman “Peaceful” Rule), a new religion, Christianity, emerged in Judea2) Jesus was a Jew who preached Jewish beliefs.3) Jesus attracted followers who spread his teachings.4) At first, Christianity was one of many religions within the Roman Empire5) By 395 AD, Christianity was the official religion of the Empire.II) Jesus of Nazareth (p.33-35)A) Basics1) Almost all information about Jesus comes from the Gospels. 2) Gospels = First 4 books of the New Testament of the Bible 3) Most Christians credit Matthew, Mark, Luke and John with the 4 Gospels. 4) When were the gospels written? Are there more than 4 gospels?B) Early Life (according to Gospels)1) Jesus was born about 4 BC in Bethlehem, not far from Jerusalem2) Jesus’ parents, Mary & Joseph lived in Nazareth but descendants of King David of Bethlehem3) The Roman census = Jesus’ parents returned to ancestral Bethlehem to be counted.4) Angel tells Mary i) She’ll give birth to Son of God. ii) Messiah = savior of Jews5) Jews believe God someday would return the “promise land” to the Jews6) Some Jews believed God would send a descendent of David to overthrow the Romans7) For some, the timing was right for the Messiah to appear. Back to Main
    • II) Jesus of Nazareth (p.33-35) 2) Guided Reading Notesb) Ministry1) Jesus started preaching at age 30 2) He chose 12 apostles (followers) to help him preach3) Head of the apostles = Peter4) Crowds gathered to i) hear Jesus’ teachings ii) see one of his miracles of healing5) He used parables, short stories with simple moral lessons to spread his ideas6) After 3 years, Jesus and his disciples (loyal followers) went to spread the word in Jerusalemc) Message1) Jesus’ teaching rooted in Jewish tradition 2) He believed in 1 God.3) He accepted the 10 Commandments 4) Preached obedience to God’s laws5) Defended teachings of the Jewish prophets 6) He called himself Son of God7) His Mission: bring spiritual salvation and eternal life to anyone who believed in him8) According to Jesus, people’s responsibility were i) “love God with all your heart” ii) “love your neighbor as yourself” iii) He emphasized forgiveness a) “Love your enemies” b)“…turn the other cheek…”d) Death & Resurrection Back to Maina) Jesus’ arrival into Jerusalem threatened i) Jewish religious leaders ii) Roman ruleb) Jesus was arrested, found guilty by those threatened by his message and then crucifiedc) Gospels claim Jesus i) rose from the dead ii) appeared to his disciples iii) told them carry on his teachings to all nations iv) then ascended into heaven.
    • III) Christianity Spreads (p.35-37) 2) Guided Reading Notesa) Basics 1)After Jesus’ death, apostles and disciples spread his teaching2) Jews who accepted Jesus was the messiah became the 1st Christians.3) At first, disciples preached only to Jews in Judea & later throughout Roman World.4) Peter established Christianity in Rome5) Paul, a Jew from Asia Minor, most influential role in spreading Christianityb) Work of Paul (Originally Saul)1) Paul never saw Jesus 2) He wanted to destroy growing Christian community3) Then Jesus spoke to Saul 4) Saul became Paul and converted to Christianity5) Paul dedicated his life to the spread of Jesus’ teachings to non-Jews6) Paul traveled around Mediterranean building churches from Jerusalem to Rome7) His letters i) explained difficult doctrines ii) judged disputes iii) expanded Christianityc) New Covenant Judaism ChristianityJesus is NOT Messiah, NOT Son of God Jesus is Messiah, Son of GodFollows Torah as sacred text Follows Torah (old Testament)Do NOT follow Jesus and New Testament Follow Jesus as covenant & New Testament Back to Main
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) Christianity Spreads (p.36-37)d) Persecution1) Christians did NOT accept Roman gods. 2) Christians suspected of disloyalty to Rome3) Romans persecute Christians4) Emperor Nero used Christians as scapegoats, blaming them for Rome’s problems5) Over centuries, thousands of Christians became martyred – suffer or die for their belief6) Peter and Paul killed in Rome during the reign of Neroe) Reasons for Christianity’s Appeal• Jesus welcomed all people especially humble, poor and oppressed.• People found comfort in Jesus’ message of love• Belief in equality and dignity of all• Promise of better life after death• Paul added ideas of Plato, the Stoics and Greek thinkers to Jesus’ message• Addition of Greek philosophy to Christianity appealed to educated Romans.• Easy travel for Christian missionaries on Roman roads within Roman Empire• Early Christians wrote in Greek or Latin, languages widely know across the Empiref) Triumph• Roman persecution ended in 313 AD with Edict of Milano by Emperor Constantine• Edict granted freedom of worship to all citizens of the Roman Empire• Constantine became the 1st Christian Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire Back to Main
    • IV) Christian Church (p.37-39) 2) Guided Reading Notesa) Basics1) Early Christians shared common i) belief in Jesus’ Teachings ii) way of worship2) Gradually scattered communities organized a church hierarchy.3) During Middle Ages (About 500-1500), Christian church was most powerful force in Europeb) Early Communities1) Became a Christian thru sacrament of Baptism 2) Baptism ‘washed away’ sins of Christians3) Christians considered all members equal. 4) Women led way to Christianity5) Church promise “There is neither Jew or Greek, neither slave nor free, neither male nor female.”6) Clergy = people approved to do religious ceremonies7) Each community had a priest 8) Priests were under authority of a bishop9) Bishop = church official responsible for Christians in one area.10) Bishops traced their spiritual power to the apostles and on to Jesus himself.11) Bishops in most important cities could gain more authority were Patriarch.12) Patriarch controlled bishops in their region.13) Patriarch in Rome, named the Pope, began to claim authority over all bishops Christianities’ Great Schism of 1054 – Split between East and West14) Authority of Bishops and other disputes led to disunited within the church East = Orthodox Christians West = Roman Catholic Christiansc) Medieval Church 1) Russia, Greece, Romania West Europe (later worldly)Back to Main Patriarchs reject Pope as leader Pope in Rome is head of Church
    • IV) Christian Church (p.38-39) 2) Guided Reading Notesc) Medieval Church (paragraph 2)2) Christians believe all people were sinners doomed to eternal suffering in hell.3) They only way to avoid hell was believe in Jesus and follow sacraments of the church4) Because medieval church had total control on sacraments and thus European society.5) As Catholic Church grew stronger & wealthier, it became leading secular institution in Europe6) Pope owned large tracts of land7) Rulers appoint church officials to high govt positions because often were only educated peopled) Spread of Learning (Ask Mr P about telephone around the room problem)1) By 1100s, school emerged to train clergy 2) Some schools become universities3) Universities influenced by ‘new ideas’ from ancient Greece but forgotten during ‘Dark Ages’4) Ancient ideas from Aristotle and Greece were translated into Arabic by Muslim scholars5) Ancient Greek ideas preserved in Middle East, while Europe “lost them” after Rome’s Fall.6) Ancient Greek text spread throughout Muslim World; later Muslim Spain translates into Latin7) Once in Latin, old Greek ideas are ‘re-found’ by European Christian scholars who read Latin.8) This sparked a “Rebirth” in art & learning in Europe known as the Renaissance (Rebirth) Main Back toe) Philosophy 1) Problem with ancient Greek writing for Christian scholars:2) Aristotle believed in reason to obtain truth 3) Christians accept ideas based on faith4) Faith is belief that goes beyond reason. 5) Thomas Aquinas – Harmony of faith and reason
    • 2) Guided Reading NotesV) Judeo-Christian Tradition (p.39)1) Christianity, practiced around the globe, is a major world religion.2) Judaism, not practiced widely, is still considered a major religion. Why? i) Original contribution to religious thought ii) influenced Christianity and Islam3) Today, Jews, Christians and Muslims all: i) honor Abraham, Moses, the prophets ii) teach an ethical world view iii) share same roots4) In the West, shared heritage of Jews and Christians is called: Judeo-Christian Tradition5) This Tradition is based on moral an ethical principles presented in the Bible6) These principles are the basic assumptions behind many Western beliefs such as: i) fair treatment ii) justice iii) equality7) Judeo-Christian principles then played a big role in development of democratic tradition. Back to Main