Rise & Fall of the Roman Republic & Empire
Main Outline for Roman Republic & Empire              P4P1                                    P7b              P5P2       ...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
PART 1) Ends HereI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean W...
PART 1) Ends HereI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean W...
PART 1) Ends HereI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean W...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterra...
Part 2) Ends HereI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean W...
Part 2) Ends HereI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean W...
PART 3) Starts HereII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or c       pe...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common...
Part 3) Ends HereII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common peopl...
PART 4) Starts HereIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, it’s             expanded ...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Ro...
PART 4) Ends HereIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman po...
PART 5) Starts HereIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)b) Economic and Social Effects (p.23-24)1) Conquests and control ...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)b) Economic and Social Effects (p.23-24)1) Conquests and cont...
2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)b) Economic and Social Effects (p.23-24)1) Conquests and cont...
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ch1 s2 Romans

  1. 1. Rise & Fall of the Roman Republic & Empire
  2. 2. Main Outline for Roman Republic & Empire P4P1 P7b P5P2 P8P3 P6 P9 P10P4 P7
  3. 3. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has f plains  produce more f  population g .b) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) BC, Romans form or “thing of the people”2) would keep any from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  4. 4. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has f plains  produce more f  population g .b) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) BC, Romans form or “thing of the people”2) would keep any from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  5. 5. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has f plains  produce more f  population g .b) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) BC, Romans form or “thing of the people”2) would keep any from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  6. 6. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has f plains  produce more f  population g . Topographical Map of Europeb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took over Lower landc) A New Government Higher land1) BC, Romans form or “thing of the people”2) would keep any from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Topographic Maps show land and sea levels
  7. 7. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has f plains  produce more f  population g .b) EtruscanItalian – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took over Rule Plainsc) A New Government1) BC, Romans form or “thing of the people”2) would keep any from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Italian Plain Back to Main Rugged Greek Valley
  8. 8. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has plains  produce more f  population g .b) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) BC, Romans form or “thing of the people”2) would keep any from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  9. 9. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has plains  produce more f  population g .b) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) BC, Romans form or “thing of the people”2) would keep any from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  10. 10. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more f  population g .b) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) BC, Romans form or “thing of the people”2) would keep any from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  11. 11. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population g .b) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) BC, Romans form or “thing of the people”2) would keep any from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  12. 12. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) BC, Romans form or “thing of the people”2) would keep any from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  13. 13. PART 1) Ends HereI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) BC, Romans form or “thing of the people”2) would keep any from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  14. 14. PART 1) Ends HereI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) BC, Romans form or “thing of the people”2) would keep any from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  15. 15. PART 1) Ends HereI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece End of Part 14) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population grows Click hereb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government Part 21) BC, Romans form or “thing of the people” Starts here2) would keep any from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  16. 16. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) 509 BC, Romans form R or “thing of the people”2) R would keep any i from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  17. 17. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) 509 BC, Romans form Republic or “thing of the people”2) R would keep any i from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  18. 18. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) 509 BC, Romans form Republic or “thing of the people”2) Republic would keep any i from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  19. 19. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) 509 BC, Romans form Republic or “thing of the people”2) Republic would keep any individual from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the . The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 3) How many? Patricians = l u c .2) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  20. 20. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) 509 BC, Romans form Republic or “thing of the people”2) Republic would keep any individual from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the Senate The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? S f l . 2) How many? Patricians = l u c .3) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  21. 21. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) 509 BC, Romans form Republic or “thing of the people”2) Republic would keep any individual from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the Senate The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? Served for life 2) How many? Patricians = l u c .3) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  22. 22. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) 509 BC, Romans form Republic or “thing of the people”2) Republic would keep any individual from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the Senate The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? Served for life 2) How many? 300 patricians = landholding upper class3) Did what? M l . 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  23. 23. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) 509 BC, Romans form Republic or “thing of the people”2) Republic would keep any individual from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the Senate The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? Served for life 2) How many? 300 patricians = landholding upper class3) Did what? Made the laws 4) Also did? – a) Elected consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  24. 24. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) 509 BC, Romans form Republic or “thing of the people”2) Republic would keep any individual from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the Senate The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? Served for life 2) How many? 300 patricians = landholding upper class3) Did what? Made the laws 4) Also did? – a) Elected 2 consuls to run g /a . b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  25. 25. 2) Guided Reading NotesI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) 509 BC, Romans form Republic or “thing of the people”2) Republic would keep any individual from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the Senate The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? Served for life 2) How many? 300 patricians = landholding upper class3) Did what? Made the laws 4) Also did? – a) Elected 2 consuls to run govt / army b) - Could select a d for 6 months Back to Main
  26. 26. Part 2) Ends HereI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government1) 509 BC, Romans form Republic or “thing of the people”2) Republic would keep any individual from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the Senate The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? Served for life 2) How many? 300 patricians = landholding upper class3) Did what? Made the laws 4) Also did? – a) Elected 2 consuls to run govt / army b) - Could select a dictator for 6 months Back to Main
  27. 27. Part 2) Ends HereI) Roman Republic & Empire (p.20)A) Basic – 1) Rome’s location allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean World.II) Establishing a Republic (p.20-22)a) Geographic Reasons?1) Italy was easy to unify compared to Greece2) Unlike Greece, Italy is not broken up into small, isolated valleys3) Italian mountains are less rugged than in Greece4) Italy has fertile plains  produce more food  population growsb) Etruscan Rule – People ruled central Italy before the Romans took overc) A New Government End of Part 21) 509 BC, Romans form Republic or “thing of the people” Click here2) Republic would keep any individual from gaining too much power3) Early Republic – most powerful group was the Senate The Roman Senate – Who they were and what they did?1) How long? Served for life 2) How many? 300 patricians = landholding upper class3) Did what? Made the laws 4) Also did? – a) Elected 2 consuls to run govt / army b) - Could select a dictator for 6 months Part 3 starts Back to Main next slide
  28. 28. PART 3) Starts HereII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or c people made up most of the Roman p .2) Plebeians had influence on government.3) F ,m ,a and t worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got written on 12 stone tablets and placed in p .5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were of the law because it was not w .6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to a a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) T – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could , or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  29. 29. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman p .2) Plebeians had influence on government.3) F ,m ,a and t worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got written on 12 stone tablets and placed in p .5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were of the law because it was not w .6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to a a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) T – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could , or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  30. 30. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had influence on government.3) F ,m ,a and t worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got written on 12 stone tablets and placed in p .5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were of the law because it was not w .6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to a a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) T – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could , or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  31. 31. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) F ,m ,a and t worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got written on 12 stone tablets and placed in p .5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were of the law because it was not w .6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to a a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) T – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could , or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  32. 32. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, m ,a and t worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got written on 12 stone tablets and placed in p .5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were of the law because it was not w .6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to a a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) T – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could , or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  33. 33. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, a and t worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got written on 12 stone tablets and placed in p .5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were of the law because it was not w .6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to a a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) T – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could , or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  34. 34. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and t worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got written on 12 stone tablets and placed in p .5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were of the law because it was not w .6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to a a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) T – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could , or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  35. 35. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got written on 12 stone tablets and placed in p .5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were of the law because it was not w .6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to a a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) T – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could , or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  36. 36. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in p .5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were of the law because it was not w .6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to a a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) T – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could , or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  37. 37. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in public.5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were of the law because it was not w .6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to a a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) T – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could , or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  38. 38. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in public.5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were unaware of the law because it was not w .6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to a a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) T – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could , or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  39. 39. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in public.5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were unaware of the law because it was not written.6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to a a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) T – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could , or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  40. 40. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in public.5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were unaware of the law because it was not written.6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to appeal a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) T – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could , or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  41. 41. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in public.5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were unaware of the law because it was not written.6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to appeal a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) Tribunes – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could , or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  42. 42. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in public.5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were unaware of the law because it was not written.6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to appeal a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) Tribunes – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could veto, or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  43. 43. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in public.5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were unaware of the law because it was not written.6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to appeal a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) Tribunes – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could veto, or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose plebeians as consuls iv) Later, S was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  44. 44. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in public.5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were unaware of the law because it was not written.6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to appeal a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) Tribunes – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could veto, or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose plebeians as consuls iv) Later, Senate was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  45. 45. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in public.5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were unaware of the law because it was not written.6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to appeal a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) Tribunes – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could veto, or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose plebeians as consuls iv) Later, Senate was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• Senate dominated government, but did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  46. 46. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in public.5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were unaware of the law because it was not written.6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to appeal a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) Tribunes – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could veto, or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose plebeians as consuls iv) Later, Senate was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• Senate dominated government, but Plebeians did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The S ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  47. 47. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in public.5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were unaware of the law because it was not written.6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to appeal a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) Tribunes – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could veto, or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose plebeians as consuls iv) Later, Senate was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• Senate dominated government, but Plebeians did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The Senate ii) the v iii) c p . Back to Main
  48. 48. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in public.5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were unaware of the law because it was not written.6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to appeal a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) Tribunes – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could veto, or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose plebeians as consuls iv) Later, Senate was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• Senate dominated government, but Plebeians did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2,000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The Senate ii) the veto iii) c p . Back to Main
  49. 49. 2) Guided Reading NotesII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in public.5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were unaware of the law because it was not written.6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to appeal a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) Tribunes – right to elect their own officials ii) Tribunes could veto, or block, laws harmful to plebeians. iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose plebeians as consuls iv) Later, Senate was opened to plebeians to join.e) Lasting Legacy• Senate dominated government, but Plebeians did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The Senate ii) the veto iii) checks on power Back to Main
  50. 50. Part 3) Ends HereII) Establishing a Republic (Continued p. 22)d) Common People Demand Equality1) Plebeians or common people made up most of the Roman population2) Plebeians had little influence on government.3) Farmers, merchants, artisans and traders worked to gain power4) In 450 BC, Plebeians got law written on 12 stone tablets and placed in public.5) Before, Plebeians protested citizens were unaware of the law because it was not written.6) Laws of 12 Tablets make it possible for plebeians to appeal a patrician judgment.7) Other Plebeians Democratic Gains: i) Tribunes – right to elect their own officials End of Part 3 ii) Tribunes could veto, or block, laws harmful to plebeians. Click here iii) Slowly, commoners forced patricians to choose plebeians as consuls Part 4 starts iv) Later, Senate was opened to plebeians to join. next slidee) Lasting Legacy• Senate dominated government, but Plebeians did gain access to power• Plebeians also won lasting rights without resorting to war or revolution.• More than 2000 years later, US Constitution adapted Roman ideas of: i) The Senate ii) the veto iii) checks on power Back to Main
  51. 51. PART 4) Starts HereIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, it’s expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) E ii) G c -s .3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian P .4) Next, Romans looked to build an around the Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) C = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) N A ii) Empire = North & West M .3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and fought 3 wars called Wars4) 2nd War, Carthaginian General led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  52. 52. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) E ii) G c -s .3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian P .4) Next, Romans looked to build an around the Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) C = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) N A ii) Empire = North & West M .3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and fought 3 wars called Wars4) 2nd War, Carthaginian General led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  53. 53. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) G c -s .3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian P .4) Next, Romans looked to build an around the Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) C = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) N A ii) Empire = North & West M .3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and fought 3 wars called Wars4) 2nd War, Carthaginian General led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  54. 54. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian P .4) Next, Romans looked to build an around the Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) C = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) N A ii) Empire = North & West M .3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and fought 3 wars called Wars4) 2nd War, Carthaginian General led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  55. 55. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an around the Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) C = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) N A ii) Empire = North & West M .3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and fought 3 wars called Wars4) 2nd War, Carthaginian General led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  56. 56. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) C = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) N A ii) Empire = North & West M .3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and fought 3 wars called Wars4) 2nd War, Carthaginian General led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  57. 57. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) C = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) N A ii) Empire = North & West M .3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and fought 3 wars called Wars4) 2nd War, Carthaginian General led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  58. 58. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) N A ii) Empire = North & West M .3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and fought 3 wars called Wars4) 2nd War, Carthaginian General led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  59. 59. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North & West M .3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and fought 3 wars called Wars4) 2nd War, Carthaginian General led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  60. 60. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West M .3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and fought 3 wars called Wars4) 2nd War, Carthaginian General led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  61. 61. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and fought 3 wars called Wars4) 2nd War, Carthaginian General led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  62. 62. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and Carthage fought 3 wars called Wars4) 2nd War, Carthaginian General led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  63. 63. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and Carthage fought 3 wars called Punic Wars4) 2nd War, Carthaginian General led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  64. 64. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and Carthage fought 3 wars called Punic Wars4) 2nd Punic War, Carthaginian General led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  65. 65. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and Carthage fought 3 wars called Punic Wars4) 2nd Punic War, Carthaginian General Hannibal led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  66. 66. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and Carthage fought 3 wars called Punic Wars4) 2nd Punic War, Carthaginian General Hannibal led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd Punic War, Romans i) destroyed C ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  67. 67. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and Carthage fought 3 wars called Punic Wars4) 2nd Punic War, Carthaginian General Hannibal led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd Punic War, Romans i) destroyed Carthage ii) Had total control of Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  68. 68. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and Carthage fought 3 wars called Punic Wars4) 2nd Punic War, Carthaginian General Hannibal led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd Punic War, Romans i) destroyed Carthage ii) Had total control of Mediterranean Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated H rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  69. 69. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and Carthage fought 3 wars called Punic Wars4) 2nd Punic War, Carthaginian General Hannibal led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd Punic War, Romans i) destroyed Carthage ii) Had total control of Mediterranean Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated Hellenistic rulers who divided up ’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  70. 70. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and Carthage fought 3 wars called Punic Wars4) 2nd Punic War, Carthaginian General Hannibal led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd Punic War, Romans i) destroyed Carthage ii) Had total control of Mediterranean Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated Hellenistic rulers who divided up Alexander the Greats’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) E allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  71. 71. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and Carthage fought 3 wars called Punic Wars4) 2nd Punic War, Carthaginian General Hannibal led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd Punic War, Romans i) destroyed Carthage ii) Had total control of Mediterranean Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated Hellenistic rulers who divided up Alexander the Greats’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) Egypt allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  72. 72. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and Carthage fought 3 wars called Punic Wars4) 2nd Punic War, Carthaginian General Hannibal led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd Punic War, Romans i) destroyed Carthage ii) Had total control of Mediterranean Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated Hellenistic rulers who divided up Alexander the Greats’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) Egypt allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from Spain (West) to (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  73. 73. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and Carthage fought 3 wars called Punic Wars4) 2nd Punic War, Carthaginian General Hannibal led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd Punic War, Romans i) destroyed Carthage ii) Had total control of Mediterranean Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated Hellenistic rulers who divided up Alexander the Greats’ Empire. ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) Egypt allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from Spain (West) to Egypt (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “ .” Back to Main
  74. 74. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states3) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23)1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and Carthage fought 3 wars called Punic Wars4) 2nd Punic War, Carthaginian General Hannibal led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd Punic War, Romans i) destroyed Carthage ii) Had total control of Mediterranean Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated Hellenistic rulers who divided up Alexander the Greats’ Empire ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) Egypt allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from Spain (West) to Egypt (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “Our Sea” Back to Main
  75. 75. PART 4) Ends HereIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)1) As Rome’s political system evolved, its armies expanded Roman power across Italy2) Romans conquered: i) Etruscans ii) Greek city-states End of Part 43) By 270 BC, Rome controlled most of Italian Peninsula Click here4) Next, Romans looked to build an empire around the Mediterranean Seaa) Continuing Conquest (p.23) Part 5 Starts1) Carthage = Rome main rival in the Mediterranean Sea Next slide2) Where was Carthage? i) North Africa ii) Empire = North Africa & West Mediterranean3) Between 264 and 146 BC, Rome and Carthage fought 3 wars called Punic Wars4) 2nd Punic War, Carthaginian General Hannibal led a destructive attack with his army and elephants through Italy before Rome won5) 3rd Punic War, Romans i) destroyed Carthage ii) Had total control of Mediterranean Sea6) Rome also fought in the East i) Defeated Hellenistic rulers who divided up Alexander the Greats’ Empire ii) Macedonia, Greece and parts of Asia Minor became Roman provinces iii) Egypt allied with Rome to avoid war iv) By 133 BC, Roman power extended from Spain (West) to Egypt (East) v) Romans referred to the Mediterranean Sea as “Mare Nostrum” or “Our Sea” Back to Main
  76. 76. PART 5) Starts HereIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)b) Economic and Social Effects (p.23-24)1) Conquests and control of b t routes brought incredible riches into Rome.2) G ,o and t amassed fortunes from l ,t and c .3) New wealthy landowning class impact i) B h e ii) forced people captured in war to work as . iii) Small farmers could not compete with prices of farms using .4) Rome could NOT expand without loyal .5) Soldiers fought without and supplied their own .6) gained little from Rome’s success.7) According to Plutarch, who and what do soldiers fight and die for? i) For who? O ii) For what? To give others and .8) Tiberius Gracchus and his brother Gaius fought to improved life for . i) Reform – give to poor farmers ii) Use money to buy food for the . iii) Rich S against reforms iv) Senate view Gracchus brothers as a t to the system they rule v) Riots and street fighting set off by and their hired thugs vi) Brothers and thousands of their supporters k . Back to Main
  77. 77. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)b) Economic and Social Effects (p.23-24)1) Conquests and control of busy trade routes brought incredible riches into Rome.2) G ,o and t amassed fortunes from l ,t and c .3) New wealthy landowning class impact i) B h e ii) forced people captured in war to work as . iii) Small farmers could not compete with prices of farms using .4) Rome could NOT expand without loyal .5) Soldiers fought without and supplied their own .6) gained little from Rome’s success.7) According to Plutarch, who and what do soldiers fight and die for? i) For who? O ii) For what? To give others and .8) Tiberius Gracchus and his brother Gaius fought to improved life for . i) Reform – give to poor farmers ii) Use money to buy food for the . iii) Rich S against reforms iv) Senate view Gracchus brothers as a t to the system they rule v) Riots and street fighting set off by and their hired thugs vi) Brothers and thousands of their supporters k . Back to Main
  78. 78. 2) Guided Reading NotesIII) From Republic to Empire (p.23-25)b) Economic and Social Effects (p.23-24)1) Conquests and control of busy trade routes brought incredible riches into Rome.2) Generals, o and t amassed fortunes from l ,t and c .3) New wealthy landowning class impact i) B h e ii) forced people captured in war to work as . iii) Small farmers could not compete with prices of farms using .4) Rome could NOT expand without loyal .5) Soldiers fought without and supplied their own .6) gained little from Rome’s success.7) According to Plutarch, who and what do soldiers fight and die for? i) For who? O ii) For what? To give others and .8) Tiberius Gracchus and his brother Gaius fought to improved life for . i) Reform – give to poor farmers ii) Use money to buy food for the . iii) Rich S against reforms iv) Senate view Gracchus brothers as a t to the system they rule v) Riots and street fighting set off by and their hired thugs vi) Brothers and thousands of their supporters k . Back to Main
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