Parliament limits the_english_monarchy(1)


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Parliament limits the_english_monarchy(1)

  1. 1. By: Jonathan Antuna, Zach Martens, Will Braeseke, Brandon Hash, Daniel McCarthy
  2. 2. James Stuart    Queen Elizabeth’s closest relative was her cousin, James Stuart. James Stuart was already King of Scotland, James became King James I of England in 1603. King James I now became king of two different countries.
  3. 3. Promblems with the Parliament    James had issues with the parliament over money. When James I died in 1625 his son Charles I took the throne. Charles constatly needed money because he was at war with bot Spain and France.
  4. 4. The Petition of Right  1. 2. 3. 4. The parliament refused to give Charles money until he signed the Petition of Right. He would no imprison subjects without due cause. He would not levy taxes without the Parliament’s consent. He would not house soldiers in private homes. He would not impose martial law in peacetime.
  5. 5. Absolute Monarchy    After agreeing to the petition, Charles ignored it. The petition set forth the idea that the law was higher than the king. This idea contradicted theories of absolute monarchy
  6. 6. A Change in Power  During the autumn of 1641 Parliament had passed laws to limit the royal power. After the death of Charles I. Oliver Cromwell took over the empire.
  7. 7. English Civil War Charles had offended puritans by holding rituals in the Anglican Church.  Charles tried to force the Presbyterian Scots to accept a version of the Anglican prayer book. 
  8. 8. Cromwell Takes Rule Oliver Cromwell came to rule with many new ideas.  Cromwell quickly changed the army into his new model army and began to defeat the Cavaliers.  In 1649 Cromwell brought Charles to execution. 
  9. 9. Cromwell’s Rule Cromwell ripped up the constitution and became a military dictator.  Cromwell went to Ireland to stop the rebellion. 
  10. 10. Cromwell’s Rule Cromwell got rid of Parliament and made a republican form of government.  Cromwell had a constitution made up. 
  11. 11. Cromwell’s Rule Cromwell crushed the rebellion in Ireland.  Diseases, plague, and war killed many people in Ireland. 
  12. 12. Puritan Morality Cromwell then allowed the Jews to return to England.  Cromwell was a strict Puritan.  Cromwell and the Puritans wanted to reform society. 
  13. 13. •Oliver Cromwell ruled until his death in 1658 •Shortly after his government he had established collapsed
  14. 14. Charles II   Charles II restored the Monarchy The period of his rule is called the Restoration
  15. 15. Charles II   Charles II restored the Monarchy The period of his rule is called the Restoration
  16. 16. Habeas Corpus   Parliament passed an important guarantee of freedom, Habeas Corpus Gave every prisoner the right to obtain a written or document ordering that the prisoner be brought before to specify the change against the prisoner
  17. 17. Charles Heir     Charles had no legitimate children His heir was his brother James, who was Catholic Whigs opposed James Tories supported him
  18. 18. •In 1688-1689, Mary and William became rulers of England. •Decided to recognize Parliament as partner in governing. •Constitutional monarchy. •Bill of Rights created to limit power.
  19. 19. •Explained rules for monarchs to follow. •Rule that made sense: •Unable to make any laws without Parliament consent. •Rules that sounded strange: •Ruler cannot take money to support himself or family. •ANYONE can enter Parliament unless they are stopped.
  20. 20. •ANYONE can enter Parliament? •Potential of murdering monarch? •Frequent meetings? •Unable to bail/cruel unusual punishment? •Protestant rights more than non?
  21. 21. •Parliament/ruler disagree=standstill in government •Cabinet=link between Parliament and ruler. •Eventually became source of power and policymaking. •Prime minister- leader of cabinet.
  22. 22. •Still being used. •Inspired Bill of Rights U.S. •England:1689 •U.S.: 1791. •William and Mary: Prince and Princess of Orange