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LTCP meeting 11-18-04



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  • 1. Ottawa River Public Meeting Long Term Combined Sewer Overflow Control Plan Input November 18, 2004
  • 2. Discussion Agenda
    • Program Overview
    • Combined Sewer Overflows in Ottawa River
    • Identification of Alternative Types
    • Potential Siting of Control Facilities
    • Opportunity for Input
  • 3. CSO Control Planning
    • The City must control CSO discharges according to the consent decree
    • Alternatives are being evaluated with respect to their feasibility, associated benefits and costs
    • Public input on alternatives considered is sought in tonight’s meeting
  • 4. Project Timeline
    • The Long Term Control Plan Document is scheduled to be submitted to USEPA in July 2005
    • A review and modification period will follow the plan submittal
    • The work identified in the plan is to be completed by August 31, 2015
  • 5. Ottawa River Combined Area
  • 6. Ottawa River Overflow Frequency 13 67 14 65 21 64 2 63 25 62 12 61 Annual Frequency Outfall
  • 7. Ottawa River Overflow Volume 6.1 67 5.3 65 39.9 64 0.2 63 52 62 2.5 61 Annual Volume (MG) Outfall
  • 8. Type of Alternatives
    • Alternative selection is a combination of performance and suitability considerations. There are a number of types of alternatives.
  • 9. CSO Control Options
    • There are three basic control options
    • Storage (holds excess flow until capacity is available)
    • Treatment (cleans flow before it is discharged – disinfects and removes pollutants)
    • Separation (provides new sanitary or storm sewers so that combined sewers are eliminated)
    • Flow reduction/ rerouting can enhance the above options
  • 10. Storage Basin Facility Basic Information
    • Type of facility: concrete tank either concealed or visible
    • Land area required: 3 – 10 acres
    • Typical siting locations: waterfront property, parks, other vacant parcels near rivers
    • Other requirements: some sewer work to bring flow to the site; building for support functions
  • 11. Basin Storage Facilities Storage alternatives can be below grade as basins or tunnels. Generally some access hatches or support structures are present.
  • 12. Storage Basin Facilities -Pros and Cons
    • Pros
      • Most work is limited to one location and the adjacent areas are not disturbed
      • Volume and frequency of discharge to the river is reduced
      • Site can be designed to be aesthetically pleasing
    • Cons
      • Use of land for other activities is limited
      • Construction activities are generally 2 – 3 years in duration limiting the use of sites during that period.
      • A building is required for support facilities
      • Some untreated overflow will remain.
  • 13. Storage Tunnel Basic Information
    • Type of facility: below ground tunnel
    • Land area required: limited land requirements – most work is along a linear corridor and is not visible from the surface.
    • Typical siting locations: about 60 – 75 feet below grade; linear corridors (such as streets)
    • Other requirements: drop shafts and discharge points with pump stations and control of floatables
  • 14. Storage Tunnel Facilities Pros and Cons
    • Pros
      • Most work is performed underground and at construction shaft locations, minimizing land needs
      • Volume and frequency of discharge to the river is reduced
      • Toledo has successfully constructed similar projects
    • Cons
      • Difficult to clean and access
      • Some untreated overflow will remain.
      • A building would be required to house support facilities
  • 15. Storage Tunnels Storage tunnels primarily consist of large underground pipes 12 – 15 feet in diameter. There are additional support structures that would be located at the end of the tunnel.
  • 16. Treatment Facility Basic Information
    • Type of facility: smaller concrete tank with screening and disinfection capability
    • Land area required: 2-5 acres
    • Typical siting locations: waterfront property, parks, other vacant parcels near rivers
    • Other requirements: some sewer work to bring flow to the site; above ground building to house equipment
  • 17. Treatment Facilities Pros and Cons
    • Pros
      • Most work is limited to one location and the adjacent areas are not disturbed. Facility footprint is smaller than storage facility.
      • Small storms are stored. Larger storms discharge partially treated water.
      • Water that goes to the river has been treated for bacteria.
    • Cons
      • Treatment generally requires construction of a good size building, this building is larger than required for a storage only alternative due to more equipment.
      • Facility is more complex to operate and maintain than a storage only basin.
  • 18. Treatment Facilities Three large treatment facilities in the Detroit Area. These facilities generally require a fairly large building.
  • 19. Sewer Separation Basics
    • Constructs a new sewer to separate flow
    • Generally requires 3 – 6 months to complete work on a street; 1 – 2 years to complete work in an areas
    • Generally doesn’t involve land acquisition
  • 20. Sewer Separation Pros and Cons
    • Pros
      • Upgrades the sewer system
      • Eliminates CSO discharges
      • Minimal property requirements
    • Cons
      • May increase total amount of pollutants to the waterways
      • Disruptive to individual property owner
  • 21. Sewer Separation Sewer separation requires construction of new sewers in areas where a single pipe system exists
  • 22. Flow Reduction / Rerouting Pros and Cons
    • Pros
      • Addresses problem at the source
      • Could be considered best environmentally
      • Could reduce basement or surface flooding
    • Cons
      • Generally not adequate to solve the entire problem
      • Most disruptive to individual property owner
      • Administratively intensive program
  • 23. Flow Reduction / Rerouting Photos
  • 24. EPA Criteria
    • The primary concern in other CSO Plans around the country is the frequency at which CSO’s discharge
    • The control of bacteria of bacteria is important
    • Other items of concern
      • Volume of discharge
      • Pollutants in discharge
      • Measureable impacts on waterways
  • 25. Ottawa River Evaluation – probable storage/ treatment
  • 26. Ottawa River Evaluation – probable sewer separation
  • 27. Siting Issues/ Concerns
    • Consider
      • Areas of open space (sites), reasonably close to outfalls
      • Current use of existing sites & associated impacts due to construction or long term use
      • Ownership of sites
      • “Fatal flaws” such as environmental or geotechnical issues.
      • Opportunities for secondary benefit – e.g. brownfield reuse, coordination with other projects.
  • 28. Ottawa River Potential Sites
    • Potential sites
      • Potential sites have been identified based on location of open space
      • Currently evaluating the feasibility of these sites
      • No decisions have been made about the use or non use of any site
  • 29. Ottawa River Potential Sites
  • 30. Ottawa River Potential Sites –Joe E. Brown Park
  • 31. Ottawa River Potential Sites - Jeep
  • 32. Ottawa River Potential Sites – Central Ave.
  • 33. Ottawa River Potential Sites – Willy’s Park & Liberty Park
  • 34. Storage Sizing Required Storage Size and Overflow Frequency – Ottawa River; CSO 61, 62, 63, 65, 67
  • 35. Treatment Sizing Required Treatment Rate and Untreated Overflow Frequency – Ottawa River; CSO 61, 62, 63, 65, 67 1.3 MG 2 MG
  • 36. Impact on Footprint
  • 37. Cost projections
    • Cost projections are under development
  • 38. Evaluations Are Continuing
    • Additional cost development and comparison to benefits are ongoing
    • Better definition of potential sites and discussions with property owners/ operators
    • More technical evaluations (will support cost assessment)
  • 39. How you can help
    • Provide feedback on the alternative types through the various stations. Let us know what you like and don’t like and the type of alternative.
    • Give us feedback on the potential sites.
    • Provide other comments on what is important to you.
    • Ask questions at the various station locations.