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Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
Aviation PPT Frankfinn
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Aviation PPT Frankfinn

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Aviation PPT Frankfinn

Aviation PPT Frankfinn

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  • 1. Name : Harsh Soni. Course : AHTM Batch : R2 Assessor’s Name : Nausheen Khan.
  • 2. I Sincerely thanks to frankfinn institute of airhostess training for giving me such a great opportunity. I also extend my hearty thanks to Mrs .Nausheen Khan for her Constant support and guidance that has encouraged me to complete this assignment. Last but not the least I thank God Almighty for His love and care. Acknowledgement
  • 3. •Abu Dhabi’s Etihad Airways has denied violating takeover rules while buying a 24 per cent stake in Naresh Goyal’s Jet Airways, as per a Business Standard report. In a reply to the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), the foreign airline has said it is not liable to make an open offer for the public holding in Jet as there has been no violation of the takeover code. •In a communication to the Ministry of Finance in September, SEBI stated the agreement between Jet Airways and Etihad did not result in change of control. However, the market regulator had put in a caveat that if any other regulator took the view that Etihad was gaining control over Jet Airways, the two airlines would be deemed to be “persons acting in concert”.
  • 4. Qatar Airways yesterday displayed its first Airbus A380-800 aircraft with luxury First Class seats, which will form part of the aircraft’s tri-class configuration, at ITB Berlin. The travel trade show commenced yesterday at Berlin Exhibition Grounds. At a press conference, Akbar Al Baker, CEO, Qatar Airways, together with Günter Saurwein, Country Manager for Germany and Austria, Qatar Airways, made a series of announcements regarding the airline’s first A380-800, as per a release. With a customized interior, the new A380s will enter service this year. Thirteen such aircraft have been ordered by the airline. Featuring a tri- class configuration of seating in First, Business and Economy, over two decks, the A380 is the largest passenger jet in the world, the release stated.
  • 5. A metro link improving access to the terminals, expansion of the new Terminal 2 (T2), a new taxiway and a tunnel under the runway for airside (the area within an airport’s passport, customs control and security checks) vehicular movement are being planned in the second phase of the modernisation of the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport in Mumbai. The total cost for these upgrades, to be completed between financial years 2016 and 2019, is pegged at Rs 1,600 crore, including interest cost and the pre-operative expense of Rs 341 crore, as per a report by Aneesh Phadnis for Business Standard. Executives at the Mumbai International Airport Ltd (MIAL) outlined the development plans last week and will form an Airport Users Consultative Committee comprising airlines, the Airports Authority of India (AAI) and other stakeholders.
  • 6. Cockpit :- Cockpit or flight deck is the area, usually near the front of an aircraft, from which a pilot controls the aircraft. Most modern cockpits are enclosed, except on some small aircraft, and cockpits on large airliners are also physically separated from the cabin. From the cockpit an aircraft is controlled on the ground and in the air.
  • 7. Cargo :- Usually provided on the underside of the aircraft for storage of passengers baggage and freight. Cargo compartments on aircraft comes in four types: Class A: Pressurized, not compartmentalized and within easy reach of cabin attendants. Think closets, galley storage, etc. Class B: Pressurized, reachable by crew, but compartmentalized. Fluffy rides here. Class C: Pressurized or not, compartmentalized, has a fire suppression system. Passenger luggage is usually placed in a non-pressurized class C compartment. Class D: Not pressurized, compartmentalized, generally do not have fire suppression systems (except for the lack of air at altitude). This is where the mail goes, along with most other paying cargo, spare parts the airline Is lugging back and forth, etc. Not all aircraft have all four types of cargo areas, but most decent sized jets will have a B and a C.
  • 8. Fuselage :- It is the central body potion of a plane designed to carry fuel, passengers, freight & mail. The part of the aircraft, which is streamlined, and the wings and the tails are attached to it. It is made up of Duralium i.e. an alloy of Aluminum , nickel & cobalt.
  • 9. Cockpit :- As Explained in Above SlideCabin :-An aircraft cabin is the section of an aircraft in which passengers travel, often just called the cabin. The portion of enclosed airplane intended for transporting passengers or freight.Wings :-The parts of the plane that provide lift & support the weight of the plane, its passengers, crew & cargo while the plane is in flight.Flaps :-The movable portion of the wings closest to the fuselage. These are control surfaces installed on the trailing edge of a wing and used to increase the amount of lift generated by the wing at slower speeds.Ailerons :-Ailerons are hinged control surfaces attached to the trailing edge of the wing of a fixed-wing aircraft .The ailerons are used to control the aircraft in roll.Rudder :-The rudder is one of three primary flight control surfaces found on an airplane. It is a movable surface hinged to the fixed surface that is located at the rear of the aircraft called the vertical stabilizer, or fin. The rudder controls movement of the airplane about its vertical axis and causes the
  • 10. Horizontal Stabilizer :-This is the horizontal part of the tail assembly, the small wings at the rear of an aircrafts fuselage. It balances the lift forces generated by the main wings further forward on the fuselage. The stabilizer also usually contains the elevator.Undercarriage :- It is located underneath the plane, it allows the plane to land and supports it while it is on ground. It also has the mechanism to reduce and absorb the shock of landing to acceptable limits.Spoiler :- Spoilers are small, hinged plates on the top portion of wings. Spoilers can be used to slow an aircraft, or to make an aircraft descend, if they are deployed on both wings. Spoilers can also be used to generate a rolling motion for an aircraft, if they are deployed on only one wing.
  • 11. •Aisle :- A passage between two sections of seats, comprising of horizontally placed rows that is located from the nose to tail of the aircraft without any obstruction.•Bulkhead :-Partitions or walls in the fuselage to make compartments for different purposes. •Doghouse:- A small cupboard, placed on the floor of the aircraft on casters, usually behind the last row of seats in every zone of the plane used for storage purposes. •Overhead :- Medium sized compartments placed along the sidewall of the aircraft, fitted with a door, meant for stowage of the carry-on baggage of the passenger during flight. •Emergency Exits :- Doors & Windows used specially in case of emergency besides being used as normal exits. •Galleys :- The kitchen of the aircraft is called the galley. •Lavatory :- All lavatory are similar in design, though size and contour may very depending on its location
  • 12. •Slide Raft :- An evacuation slide is an inflatable slide used to evacuate an aircraft quickly. An escape slide is required on all commercial (passenger carrying) aircraft where the door sill height is such that, in the event of an evacuation, passengers would be unable to "step down" from the door uninjured.• Escape slides are packed and held within the door structure inside the slide bustle, a protruding part of the inside of an aircraft door that varies in size depending on both the size of the aircraft and the size of the door.• Many, but not all slides are also designed to double as life rafts in case of a water landing. •CABIN INTERCOMMUNICATION SYSTEM:-It is the core digital cabin management system used in all Airbus aircraft. The system controls and displays cabin functions for passengers and crew. These include cabin lighting, cockpit/cabin announcements, door status indication, emergency signals, non-smoking/fasten seatbelt signs, smoke detectors, cabin temperature, water/waste tank capacity and various other cabin functions, some of which are critical for
  • 13. •Passenger Service Unit :-PSU is an abbreviation in aviation for Passenger Service Unit. This aircraft component is situated above each seat row in the overhead panel above the passenger seats in the cabin of airliners. Amongst other things a PSU contains reading lights, loudspeakers, illuminated signs and automatically deployed oxygen masks and also louvers providing conditioned air. •Jump Seat :-The passenger cabin jump seats are used by the cabin crew, especially during takeoff and landing. These jump seats are normally located near to emergency exits so that flight attendants can quickly open the exit door for an emergency evacuation. The passenger cabin jump seats usually fold out of the way when not in use to keep aisles, workspaces, and emergency exits clear.
  • 14. In the case of medical emergency of flight my role is to do all the pre-flight checks related to emergencies and to co- operate and co-ordinate with the other crew members to deal with any situation. My role is to show quickness & remain calm , composed & attentive during the flight. I have to familiar with the rules an regulations of my whilst when I am working. I should know the location & use of all the emergency equipment's on board. In AN MEDICAL EMERGENCY MY ROLE IS TO GIVE FIRST-AID AND TAKE CARE OF THE PATIENT DURING THE FLIGHT IF PATIENT IS SERIOUS
  • 15. •Cause: Asthma is a multi-factional disease which may be triggered by allergy, exercise, cold air, smoke or infection. •Symptoms: Severe shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, difficulty in breathing Victim is usually anxious and is afraid he is suffocating. This tends to prolong the attack. •First Aid: Victim usually has had attacks before and carry's his own medication with him. Assist victim in taking his medication. Administer low flow of oxygen . Keep the casualty clam and reassure them. Ask the patient to sit in a position that they find most comfortable, often leaning forward with arms resting on the table or back of the
  • 16. •Choosing seats with the smoothest ride in regards to pitch (the seats over the wings in an airplane] •Sitting facing forward while focusing on distant objects rather than trying to read or look at something inside the airplane. Eating dry crackers, olives or suck on a lemon, to dry out the mouth, lessening nausea & providing a carbonated beverage. in case of mild cases of motion sickness and before going for small trips over the counter medication can be a very effective preventive measure they are Meclizine Bonnie Antivert Dramamine
  • 17. Do NOT let the casualty move unnecessarily, eat, drink, or smoke. DO NOT leave the casualty unattended. Reassure the casualty constantly. Treat any cause of shock which can be remedied (such as external bleeding). Lay the casualty down, keeping the head low. Raise and support the casualty’s legs (be careful if suspecting a fracture). Loosen tight clothing, braces, straps or belts, in order to reduce constriction at the neck, chest and waist. Insulate the casualty from cold, both above and
  • 18. Use blankets, pillows, sprints, or slings to immobilize the injured area. Elevate if possible. For added support, carefully wrap pillow around fractured area and immobilize joints above and below. Secure with gauze. Never apply a splint or sling too tight on either simple or compound fractures as circulation may be impaired.
  • 19. •Check the Face by asking the victim to smile. If one side of his face sags, he may be having a stroke. •Ask the victim to raise both of his Arms. If one arm begins to droop down to the body's side, the victim may be having a stroke. •Listen to the victim's Speech. He may be having a stroke if his speech is slurred or unintelligible. •Check to make sure the victim is breathing; if they are not, begin CPR. If you do not know CPR, push on the victim’s chest at least 100 times per minute. The victim’s chest should be compressed by at least two inches every time you press down. •If the person is vomiting, position him on his side with his arm under his head so that he doesn’t choke •If the victim’s symptoms subside and he appears to be back to normal, do not allow him to resume any normal activity. Keep him comfortable in a prone position until help arrives. He may have
  • 20. •Remain calm. •Stay with person. •Time seizure. •Protect from injury. •Roll into recovery position after jerking stops OR immediately if vomited. •Maintain privacy and dignity. •Observe and reassure until recovered. •Support head and protect airway as required.
  • 21. Preparation for an Evacuation on Water :-In a prepared ditching, the cabin, passengers and cabin crew preparation involve the same procedures as with an emergency landing, except for the following:-•Passenger should be informed over PA about the ditching procedure •Cabin crew should demonstrate the donning of life vests, brace position, point out the exist, and finally, show the safety instruction cards. •Cabin crew should make sure that passengers have correctly donned with life vests (including infant’s life vests), and understand how to inflate them. •Passengers should be reminded to inflate life vest only after leaving the aircraft . The same basic rules apply for ditching as
  • 22. Evacuation at Sea:-The following are suggested items for the crew to consider when preparing to evacuate the aircraft following a sea ditching:•Determine the water level outside the aircraft. • Determine the water level inside the craft. •If water level is close to the doorsill, slide/rafts can be detached and moved to a useable exit. •Non-overwater equipped aircraft should include the following floatation equipment: Crew life vests.  Passenger seat cushions.  Slide Raft. • Partially overwater equipped aircraft should include the following floatation equipment: Crew life vests. Passenger life vests. Passenger seat cushions.
  • 23. •If a bomb is found on the board in aircraft, assume you are dealing with life device, than notify the captain immediately. •The captain is in complete and full command. His judgment and decisions are absolutely final. •It is up to him weather the device should be lifted or kept untouched. If it is left in place use the following procedure:  Move passengers as far away from the device as early as possible, if there are empty seats, readjust the seating. Don’t cut any string or tape which is under tension. Don’t open any close containers which are susceptible.•  Don’t disconnect or cut any wire or electrical connections.• Keep the device in the exact place and in the attitude in which it is found. Stabilize it in this position so it will not be able to move during descent.
  • 24. Carefully pile blankets and pillows around the device. Deplane passengers following the instruction of the captain. Captain may return to base station or nearest destination. He coordinates with the senior most or the ground staff after landing.  The aircraft will proceed in the remote area. Follow bomb threat aircraft manicuring on ground procedure. Once off the aircraft, the crew members should not make any statement to press. Crew and the passengers follow the instructions of local authorities.
  • 25. Welcoming the passenger
  • 26. Business class passengers were served fruit juices, refreshing drinks, coffee, tea, a range of beers, a wide selection of international spirits and a carefully selected choice of wines. In the economy class we offered fruit juices, refreshing drinks, coffee and tea. .We also serve chips and nuts. A special menu containing elements of Asian cuisine was been designed for the passengers. All the dishes were created after consultation and cooperation with chefs and crew on boards. Drinks on domestic flights Passengers on domestic flight were served coffee and tea. Occasionally, in the case of short flights, we served fruit juice and water instead of tea and coffee.
  • 27. May look physically fit but unable to look after themselves independently. Acceptance of Mentally challenged Passengers: Mentally challenged passenger are not accepted without a suitable attendant. The trained attendant must carry the treating physician’s certificate along with a prescription for an inject able sedative medicine, which may be required to be administered by the attendant, prior to commencement of travel or as may be required en-route. The attendant must be briefed that no Cabin Crew will be specially assigned to look after the mentally retarded passenger. Mentally Challenged Pax Boarded first Deplaned last May be accompanied by their relatives, doctor or nurse Seated close to the toilet Diet should be checked
  • 28. All stations must ensure availability of stretcher(s) the number to be decided depending upon the quantum of traffic loads. Stretchers and associated equipment like blankets, pillows, sheets, etc. to be provided to passengers who can not use the standard cabin seat in a sitting or reclining position on payment of applicable tariff. When a passenger on stretcher or otherwise is put on oxygen, smoking will be prohibited within 3.1 meters on ground. A stretcher passenger is an ill/injured passenger who, because of their physical or mental condition, can only travel on a stretcher fitted in the aircraft. Medical clearance is required from the Gulf Air Head of Medical Services, and can be obtained through Gulf Air office in your city. Stretchers can only be accommodated in the Economy cabin Stretcher case Pax
  • 29. Stretcher passengers are allowed 100 kg of free baggage allowance. A qualified medical escort is required and must be arranged for by the patient. A qualified medical escort is required and must be arranged by the patient or their guardian. Cabin stretchers are installed above passenger seats. Such stretchers are narrow and hard and are reserved for passengers that are unable to travel in a seated position. Five safety belts, including one body harness, must remain fastened at all times during a flight. Location and orientation of the cabin stretcher varies with aircraft. Cannot be used by those whose shoulder width is under 34 cm. Length approx. 180 cm Width approx. 40 cm Height approx. 96 cm     
  • 30. Oxygen Bottle Fire Axe Asbestos Gloves
  • 31. Megaphone Smoke Hood
  • 32. Oxygen Mask Life Jacket
  • 33. Fire Extinguisher
  • 34. A smoke hood is a protective device similar in concept to a gas mask. A translucent airtight bag seals around the head of the wearer while an air filter held in the mouth connects to the outside atmosphere and is used to breathe. Smoke hoods are intended to protect victims of fire from the effects of smoke inhalation. High quality smoke hoods are generally constructed of heat resistant material like Kapton, and can withstand relatively high temperatures. The most important part of a smoke hood is the filter that provides protection from the toxic by products of combustion. Virtually all smoke hood designs utilize some form of activated charcoal filter and particulate filter to screen out corrosive fumes like ammonia and chlorine, as well as acid gases like hydrogen chloride and hydrogen sulphide. The defining characteristic of an effective smoke hood is the ability to convert deadly carbon monoxide to relatively harmless carbon dioxide through a catalytic process. Smoke hoods present on aircraft, also called Protective Breathing Smoke Hood
  • 35. Fire-fighter's axe or fire axe – It has a pick-shaped pointed poll (area of the head opposite the cutting edge). It is often decorated in vivid colours to make it easily visible during an emergency. Its primary use is for breaking down doors and windows.Asbestos is fire-resistant and also provides very effective insulation. It was often used in the 20th century for many purposes, including a variety of a construction materials and protective clothing. Asbestos gloves were often used for industrial purposes to protect the hands of workers from extremely high temperatures. They were used in steel plants, foundries and glassworks, and often by fire fighters as well Fire Axe Asbestos Gloves An oxygen mask provides a method to transfer , breathing oxygen gas from a storage tank to the lungs. Oxygen masks may cover the nose and mouth (oral nasal mask) or the entire face (full-face mask). They may be made Oxygen Mask
  • 36. A fire extinguisher or extinguisher, flame extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations. It is not intended for use on an out-of-control fire, such as one which has reached the ceiling, endangers the user (i.e., no escape route, smoke, explosion hazard, etc.), or otherwise requires the expertise of a fire department. Typically, a fire extinguisher consists of a hand-held cylindrical pressure vessel containing an agent which can be discharged to extinguish a fire . There are types of Fire Extinguisher:-Halon, Water Fire Extinguisher A megaphone is a portable, usually hand-held, cone-shaped horn used to amplify a person’s voice or other sounds towards a targeted direction. This is accomplished by channelling the sound through the megaphone, which also serves to match the acoustic impedance of the voice cords to the air. The natural human voice tends to spread evenly in all directions, whereas when it is sent through a megaphone, the sound is concentrated Megaphone
  • 37. A lifejacket is a type of personal flotation device designed to keep a person's airway clear of the water whether the wearer is conscious or unconscious. They are either made from two layers of bonded polyurethane to be inflated or from foam. The inflatable lifejacket is probably the most widely used for both leisure and commercial activities, while the foam lifejacket is predominantly designed either for children, or for emergency use Life Jacket Distress radio beacons, also known as emergency beacons, ELT or EPIRB, are tracking transmitters which aid in the detection and location of boats, aircraft, and people in distress. When manually activated, or automatically activated upon immersion, such beacons send out a distress signal. The signals are monitored worldwide and the location of the distress is detected by non-geostationary satellites, and can be ELT (Emergency Location Transmitte
  • 38. Name of the emergency equipment Parts of the emergency equipment Preflight checks of the emergency equipment Usage of the emergency equipment Smoke hood Mask Check the right location in the cockpit to protect the victim from fire in the effects of smoke Fire axe Handle, hook, blade. Check the right location and secured with straps. Incase of fir or during survival incase of crash. Asbestos gloves gloves Correct location in the cockpit To touch the hot metals while anything is in fire Fire extinguishe r It’s a red coloured bottle strapped to secure, safety pin, handle, trigger, nozzle In correct location, secured with straps, needle on the pressure gauge should be between 1500-2000tsi and on the green band. To extinguish the fire. Oxygen mask Gas pipe, mask, elastic band Check the right location in the over head bin in the cabin During decompression
  • 39. Mega phone Push to talk button, sling, speaker, handle. Check the correct location, secured with straps, check the push to talk button. It is used for crowd control ELT(Emerge ncy Locator Transmitter Antenna, lan yard, a plastic cover and a battery. Check if it is in right location and secured with straps To send rescue and search signals used in ditching and crash landing Life jacket Upper and lower chamber, 2 red toggle, inflation tubes, straps around the waist. It should be under each passenger seats & the spare ones in the over head bin Used in ditching
  • 40. Conclusion:- Any attempt any level cannot be satisfactorily completed without the support and guidance of the learned people. I would like to immense gratitude to Mrs.Nausheen Khan for her constant support and motivation that has encouraged me to come up with the assignment .I am also thankful to all other members of frankfinn and my Class mates who have rendered their whole support to all time for the successful completion of the assignment
  • 41. Bibliography www.google.com www.travelbizmonitor.com www.iata.org www.pintrest.com www.atsb.gov.au www.wikipedia.org
  • 42. Thank You…

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