Present status of_coconut_sector_in_sri_lanka

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  • Present status of coconut sector in sri lanka
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  • Present status of_coconut_sector_in_sri_lanka

    1. 1. Present Status Of Coconut Sector In Sri Lanka E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    2. 2. Introduction• Cocos nucifera, is a member of the family Arecaceae.• grow up to 30 m height.• are part of the daily diet of many people.• Use for many purposes.• Known as the tree of life‘• 4th largest coconut producing country E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    3. 3. Origin• Indo-Pacific origin• modern coconut date from the Eocene period from around 37 to 55 million years ago and were found in Australia and India.• In Sri Lanka, planting started during reign of king Agrabodhi II around 589 A.D. E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    4. 4. Distribution• grown in more than 80 countries of the world.• spread across much of the tropics• disperse significant distances via marine currents.• Spread out near to coastal area.• mainly concentrated in Kurunegala, Puttalam and Gampaha Districts. E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    5. 5. Extend under cultivation• Land extend - 363,000 ha (2009) Estate sector - 25% Small holder sector - 75%• Involve 0.5 million people• 254 coconut palms are lost per day• 1075 ha of coconut lands are lost per year E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    6. 6. • rate of decline of coconut lands is the highest in NWP (1060 ha/year)• rate of decline of coconut lands – Kurunegala district – Gampaha district – Puttalam district• average density of coconut lands is 35 palms per acre E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    7. 7. Production• Average coconut production varies between 2,500 - 2,750 million nuts perannum.• But the demand is 3,500 million nuts per annum E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    8. 8. E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    9. 9. Productivity & consumption• Productivity 7272 nuts/ha/year (2008) 45 nuts/palm/year (2008)• Per capita consumption 120 nuts/head/year• unit productivity of coconut is high E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    10. 10. GDP contribution• third most economically important crop• Agricultural sector -12% (in 2009) Coconut sector – 1.4%• growth of Coconut sector dropped by -14.3% in 2010 E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    11. 11. Production SystemsA. For monoculture stands • Triangular system • Square system • Rectangular systemB. For intercrop stands • Rectangular system(Permanent intercropping system) • Square system (intercropping from 0-5 years & above 25 years) E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    12. 12. Type of plantation Spacing No. of seedlings Meters Feet Per ha Per acreFor Monoculture stands Triangular system 8.0*8.0*8.0 26*26*26 183 76 7.6*7.6*7.6 25*25*25 198 80 Square system 7.6*7.6 26*25 175 71 7.3*7.3 24*24 185 75 Rectangular system 7.3*7.6 24*25 180 73 7.0*7.5 23*25 190 77For Intercropping stands Rectangular system 6.7*8.5 22*28 175 71 Square system 7.8*7.8 26*26 160 64 E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    13. 13. Value added products• Many value added products – Derived from kernal Desiccated coconut Coconut milk powder Copra Coconut oil Copra cake poonac Coconut milk or cream E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    14. 14. – Derived from coconut sap Sweet toddy Toddy Vinegar Arrack Treacle Juggery– Derived from coconut shell Charcoal Activated carbon E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    15. 15. – Derived from coconut husk White fibre Brown fibre E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    16. 16. Export earnings• Contribution to export earning- 1.8%• Earn Rs. 7,417 million from the export of coconut products in the first quarter of 2009.Source:- http://www.tops.lk/article-print-4102-coconut-sector-records-56-percent- E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA growth-in-export-earnings.html
    17. 17. Coconut Products - PRICES ON 27-07-2011 Product Price (Rs.)FRESH COCONUT (PER 1000 UNITS) in Local Market 25,000.00 - 28,000DESICCATED COCONUT (PER KG) 290.00 - 295.00COCONUT OIL (PER MT) 240,000.00 - 250,000.00POONAC (PER MT) 30,000.00 - 34,000.00MATTRESS FIBRE (PER 50 KGS) 1500.00 - 1600.00COCONUT SHELL CHARCOAL 52,000.00-53,000.00COCONUT EKELS (PER 50 KGS) 1700.00 -1800.00 E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    18. 18. • References:- – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coconut#Origin_and_distri bution – http://www.cda.lk/stats.php – http://www.cri.lk/index.html – http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article- details&page=article-details&code_title=14908 – http://www.dailynews.lk/2005/08/23/fea01.htm – http://www.tops.lk/article-print-4102-coconut-sector- records-56-percent-growth-in-export-earnings.html E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA
    19. 19. Thank you E091040028 H.M.H.R.JAYARATHNA

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