Leading change right to education
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Leading change right to education






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    Leading change right to education Leading change right to education Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction: Education scenario inIndia Constitutional commitment to free & compulsory education was made nearly 60 years ago Several initiatives like Sarv Shiksha Abhyaan launched The vision of a literate India still a dream
    • Introduction: Education scenario in India INDICATORS 1950 -1951 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 No. of Elementary Schools 223600 845007 883667 897109 1042251 No. of Teachers in Elementary Schools 0.624 3.22 3.39 3.49 3.75 (in millions) Enrolment in Primary Schools 19.20 113.83 113.90 122.4 130.8 (in millions) Enrolment in Upper Primary Schools 3.00 42.81 44.80 46.9 51.2 (in millions)Enrolment in Elementary Schools 22.20 156.54 158.70 169.3 182.0 (in millions)
    • Introduction: Education scenario inIndia The rapid increase in the no. of schools, teachers & students can be attributed to a great extent to increase in the no of ” single room & single teacher schools” These schools have inadequate physical & academic infrastructure Only 66 % of the enrolled students survive to 5th grade 53% of 5th standard students lack basic math and reading skills
    • Right to Education Act Right to free and compulsory admission Right to attendance and completion of elementary education in a neighbourhood school 6-14 years children No fees from children
    • Supreme Court Ruling 25% of the class belonging to weaker sections Reimbursement to the extent of per-child expenditure by state “child belonging to disadvantaged group” means a child belonging to the SC, ST, disadvantaged due to caste, language, economic background “child belonging to weaker section” means a child belonging to such parent or guardian whose annual income is lower that the minimum limit specified by the appropriate Government
    • Ambiguity in the Act No definition of neighborhood What if the neighborhood does not have good standard school? Reimbursement amount remains same across various types of schools, even though the cost of education differs Recalculation of the reimbursement amount, after specific periods of time Central govt. can’t make up its mind whether 24% or 42% of India is poor Possibility of auction of poverty certificates to the highest bidder State govt. lack adequate funding to ensure fair implementation
    • Visit to the schools Christ School, Alevoor Road, Manipal Madhava Kripa School, Manipal Indrali English Primary School, Indrali
    • Challenges in implementation How to create Awareness? Identification of eligible students Not enough takers to fill 25% quote Reimbursement not enough State spending on education is different in each district Schedule for payment – monthly, yearly not clear
    • Challenges in implementation-contd.. No documents available with parents for admission Possible falsification of documents Integration issues between EWS and fee paying students How to maintain quality without increasing fees? Possible increase of fees for other students Integrating students from different sections of society
    • Change Process Step 1 - Create a sense of urgency Step 2 - Creating the guiding coalition Step 3 - Developing a Vision and Strategy Step 4 - Communicating the changed vision Step 5 - Empowering employees for broad based action Step 6 - Generating short term wins Step 7 - Consolidating gains and producing more wins Step 8 - Anchoring new approaches in the culture
    • Step 1- Sense of urgency Current scenario :  No attempt made by Government to create urgent need for RTE  Schools don’t feel responsible  Parents are not interested in education Suggestions :  Use the polio campaign as a model to bring about awareness  Build an ad campaign with a prominent role model  Hold regular workshops for parents in villages and semi- rural areas  Have education boards like CBSE, ICSE to have sessions with school principals to help them understand the dire need to educate every child
    • Step 2- Guiding coalition Current Scenario:  Squads comprising of education officers have been formed in different states  School management committees set up for monitoring of Government schools  Supreme court ruling does not take into account views of private schools Suggestions:  Coalition should comprise of representatives of all stakeholders  Center and state education ministry  School principals from both private & government schools  State heads of organizations such as department of women & child development  Members should have high credibility in the area of education  Representatives of different stakeholders should voice their concerns and set up a plan of action  The representatives should convey the plan to the respective stakeholders
    • Step 3- create a vision Current Scenario :  The vision is unclear and proper strategies of implementation have not been set out  No mention of targets Suggestions :  Make the vision  Imaginable  Desirable  Feasible  Focused  Bring in clarity in identifying  the “25%”  neighboring schools  Write down clear steps to be taken in  Admission process  Reimbursement  Transfer
    • Step 4- communicate the vision Current scenario:  Not enough awareness on the RTE act  No takers for 25% seats  Not aware of the admission process Suggestions :  Use the same steps used to create a sense of urgency  Government should post notifications in newspapers and radio on the rights of the underprivileged for private schools  Each school should make aware the number of seats allotted under section 12  Government should take steps to encourage social mobilization and social auditing to spread awareness and ensure accountability
    • Step 5- empowerment Current Scenario :  No help in infrastructure, land, teacher salaries, training  Inadequate compensation Suggestions :  Adequately incentivizing the schools for the efforts being put in to educate children for free would empower schools. Incentives could be monetary or infrastructure based  Different schools will have different resource needs; by classifying schools into different categories the government will be better able to allocate the required resources.  Parents should be given certain incentives to send their children to schools. This will put additional financial pressure on the schools, but without empowering the parents successful implementation of the act is not possible.
    • Step 6- short term wins Suggestions  Set aside the budget for reimbursement on the 1st of April itself , every year  Estimate of 2.5 to 7 million students will benefit if implemented properly, this should be advertised  Rewarding the schools that meet the 25% criteria  Non – monetary incentives to schools  CNBC leader of Change awards to schools
    • Step 7- consolidating wins andcreating more change Suggestions :  Target of students from the second year onwards should be doubled  Tie up with business houses or industry leaders keen to invest in education  Reduction of unnecessary interdependencies
    • Step 8- Anchoring Suggestions :  Government should provide verbal instruction and support  Cultural change should be brought in last, not first