Basic MRI Musculoskeletal Anatomy
Musculoskeletal MRI  Indications <ul><li>Sport related injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Mensical abnormalities </li></ul><ul><li...
Musculoskeletal MRI  Advantages <ul><li>Superior soft tissue contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Mutliplanar </li></ul><ul><li>Non ...
Musculoskeletal MRI  Disadvantages <ul><li>Expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Limited availability </li></ul><ul><li>Claustrophob...
Musculoskeletal MRI  Disadvantages <ul><li>Artifacts (Metal foreign objects) </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively long examination...
 
 
 
 
FAT Bone marrow Blood Contrast
Air Cortical bone Tendon Ligament Blood vessels
Muscles Hyaline Cartilage Fluid
MRI Knee
 
 
 
ACL
PCL
Patellar tendon ACL
ACL
 
Crescent shaped fibro-cartilage .  Their  main functions are shock absorption and load–bearing.  Lateral Meniscus Medial M...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
MRI the Shoulder
MRI Shoulder Indications   <ul><li>Rotator cuff tear </li></ul><ul><li>Shoulder instability </li></ul><ul><li>Osteonecrosi...
What is the rotator cuff? <ul><li>A group of flat tendons that surround the front, back, and top of the shoulder joint lik...
 
 
 
Rotator cuff muscles <ul><li>Supraspinatous </li></ul><ul><li>Infraspinatous </li></ul><ul><li>Teres minor </li></ul><ul><...
 
 
neurovascular bundle
 
infraspinatus subscapularis  biceps tendon deltoid
subscapularis tendon long head of the biceps teres minor muscle infraspinatus suprapinatus
 
subscapularis tendon glenoid labrum bicipital tendon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acromion Clavicle Subscapularis
 
 
 
MRI of the Ankle
MRI Ankle:  Why? <ul><li>Ligament </li></ul><ul><li>Tendon </li></ul><ul><li>Articular cartilage </li></ul><ul><li>Infecti...
Ankle Ligaments <ul><li>Lateral collateral </li></ul><ul><li>Medial collateral  </li></ul><ul><li>Syndesmotic ligamentous ...
Lateral Collateral Ligament <ul><li>Anterior talofibular  </li></ul><ul><li>Posterior talofibular </li></ul><ul><li>Calcan...
 
Talofibular ligaments
 
Calcaneofibular ligament
Copyright ©Radiological Society of North America, 2000 Rosenberg, Z. S. et al. Radiographics 2000;20:S153-S179 No Caption ...
Deltoid ligament
 
 
 
 
 
MRI of the Hip Joint
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sartorius muscle
Iliacus  muscle
Rectus femoris  muscle
Tensor fascia lata
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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MRI slides, second yr students 2008

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MRI slides for second year students in KAAU, part of the MSS

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  • It is my pleasure to present to you our topic basic MRI musculoskeletal anatomy I hope it would be interesting and useful to you.
  • MRI slides, second yr students 2008

    1. 1. Basic MRI Musculoskeletal Anatomy
    2. 2. Musculoskeletal MRI Indications <ul><li>Sport related injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Mensical abnormalities </li></ul><ul><li>Osteonecrosis </li></ul><ul><li>Bone marrow abnormalities </li></ul><ul><li>Soft tissue masses </li></ul>
    3. 3. Musculoskeletal MRI Advantages <ul><li>Superior soft tissue contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Mutliplanar </li></ul><ul><li>Non invasive </li></ul><ul><li>No ionizing radiation </li></ul>
    4. 4. Musculoskeletal MRI Disadvantages <ul><li>Expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Limited availability </li></ul><ul><li>Claustrophobia </li></ul>
    5. 5. Musculoskeletal MRI Disadvantages <ul><li>Artifacts (Metal foreign objects) </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively long examination </li></ul><ul><li>Calcifications </li></ul>
    6. 10. FAT Bone marrow Blood Contrast
    7. 11. Air Cortical bone Tendon Ligament Blood vessels
    8. 12. Muscles Hyaline Cartilage Fluid
    9. 13. MRI Knee
    10. 17. ACL
    11. 18. PCL
    12. 19. Patellar tendon ACL
    13. 20. ACL
    14. 22. Crescent shaped fibro-cartilage . Their main functions are shock absorption and load–bearing. Lateral Meniscus Medial Meniscus Lateral Medial Meniscus Meniscus
    15. 48. MRI the Shoulder
    16. 49. MRI Shoulder Indications <ul><li>Rotator cuff tear </li></ul><ul><li>Shoulder instability </li></ul><ul><li>Osteonecrosis </li></ul><ul><li>Infection </li></ul><ul><li>Neoplasm </li></ul>
    17. 50. What is the rotator cuff? <ul><li>A group of flat tendons that surround the front, back, and top of the shoulder joint like a cuff on a shirt sleeve </li></ul>
    18. 54. Rotator cuff muscles <ul><li>Supraspinatous </li></ul><ul><li>Infraspinatous </li></ul><ul><li>Teres minor </li></ul><ul><li>Subscapularis </li></ul>
    19. 57. neurovascular bundle
    20. 59. infraspinatus subscapularis biceps tendon deltoid
    21. 60. subscapularis tendon long head of the biceps teres minor muscle infraspinatus suprapinatus
    22. 62. subscapularis tendon glenoid labrum bicipital tendon
    23. 70. Acromion Clavicle Subscapularis
    24. 74. MRI of the Ankle
    25. 75. MRI Ankle: Why? <ul><li>Ligament </li></ul><ul><li>Tendon </li></ul><ul><li>Articular cartilage </li></ul><ul><li>Infection </li></ul><ul><li>Soft tissue masses </li></ul><ul><li>Bone marrow </li></ul>
    26. 76. Ankle Ligaments <ul><li>Lateral collateral </li></ul><ul><li>Medial collateral </li></ul><ul><li>Syndesmotic ligamentous complex </li></ul>
    27. 77. Lateral Collateral Ligament <ul><li>Anterior talofibular </li></ul><ul><li>Posterior talofibular </li></ul><ul><li>Calcaneofibular ligament </li></ul>
    28. 79. Talofibular ligaments
    29. 81. Calcaneofibular ligament
    30. 82. Copyright ©Radiological Society of North America, 2000 Rosenberg, Z. S. et al. Radiographics 2000;20:S153-S179 No Caption Found Normal calcaneofibular ligament
    31. 83. Deltoid ligament
    32. 89. MRI of the Hip Joint
    33. 97. Sartorius muscle
    34. 98. Iliacus muscle
    35. 99. Rectus femoris muscle
    36. 100. Tensor fascia lata
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