Unlock the Mystery of Appealing Denied Claims in the SNF
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Unlock the Mystery of Appealing Denied Claims in the SNF Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Unlock the Mystery of Appealing Denied Claims in the SNF HARMONY UNIVERSITY The Provider Unit ofHarmony Healthcare International, Inc. (HHI) Presented by: Elisa Bovee, MS OTR/L, Vice President of Operations
  • 2. Objectives • To summarize goals of Medicare Medical Review • To Identify and Articulate Examples of the Medicare Medical Review Process • To Identify Strategies for Interdisciplinary Management of Medicare AppealsCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 2Reserved
  • 3. Section I What is Skilled Care?Copyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 3Reserved
  • 4. What is Skilled Care?• Why is this material important?• Which team members should be aware of the Medicare Skilled Care criteria?• How often will this criteria be relevant to current beneficiaries and applicable for denied claims?Copyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 4Reserved
  • 5. What is Skilled Care?• Requires the skills of qualified technical or professional health personnel such as RN, LPN, PT, OT or SLP• Must be provided directly by or under the general supervision of a licensed nurse or skilled rehab personnel to assure the safety of the resident and to achieve the medically desired result – “General supervision” requires initial direction and periodic inspection of activity• Ordered by a physician• Services are needed and provided on a daily basisCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 5Reserved
  • 6. What is Skilled Care?• The need for skilled care must be justified and documented in the medical record• Conditions may have prompted the initial hospitalization, but also include the conditions that arose during recovery in the SNFCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 6Reserved
  • 7. What is Skilled Care ?• Direct Skilled Nursing Services• Management and Evaluation of a Care Plan• Observation and Assessment• Teaching and Training• Skilled RehabilitationCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 7Reserved
  • 8. Skilled Services Categories: Inherent ComplexityInherent Complexity – Direct skilled nursingservices including: • IV feeding • IV meds • Suctioning • Tracheostomy Care • Ventilator support • UlcersCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 8Reserved
  • 9. Skilled Services Categories: Inherent ComplexityInherent Complexity Tube feedings Respiratory Therapy 7 days per week Surgical wound or open lesions with treatments Unstable clinically with diabetes with injections Transfusions Chemotherapy Colostomy Care, early post op careCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 9Reserved
  • 10. Skilled Services Categories: Skilled Observation and Assessment • Reasonable probability or possibility for complication • Potential for further acute episodes • Identify and Evaluate the need for modification of treatment • Evaluate initiation of additional medical procedures • Skilled observation can be required until the treatment regimen is essentially stabilizedCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 10Reserved
  • 11. Skilled Services Categories: Skilled Observation and Assessment • Fever • Chemotherapy • Dehydration • Weight loss • Septicemia • Blood sugar control • Pneumonia • Impaired cognition • Nutritional Risk • Severe Mood and Behavior conditionsCopyright © 2012 All Rights 11Reserved Harmony Healthcare International, Inc.
  • 12. Skilled Services Categories: Skilled Observation and Assessment• Identify and outline daily skilled nursing observations and assessments• Record DAILY each itemized area listed on your outlineCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 12Reserved
  • 13. Skilled Services Categories: Skilled Observation and Assessment • Neurological • Nutritional • Respiratory • Gastrointestinal • Cardiac • Genitourinary • Circulatory • Musculoskeletal • Pain/Sensation • SkinCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 13Reserved
  • 14. Skilled Services Categories: Skilled Observation and Assessment• A patient with arteriosclerotic heart disease with congestive heart failure requires close observation by skilled nursing personnel for signs of decompensation, abnormal fluid balance, or adverse effects resulting from prescribed medication – Skilled observation is needed to determine when the digitalis dosage should be reviewed or whether other therapeutic measures should be considered, until the patient’s treatment regimen is essentially stabilizedCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 14Reserved
  • 15. Skilled Services Categories: Skilled Observation and Assessment • A patient has been hospitalized following a heart attack. Following treatment but before mobilization, he is transferred to the SNF. – Because it is unknown whether exertion will exacerbate the heart disease, skilled observation is reasonable and necessary as mobilization is initiated and continued until the patient’s treatment regimen is essentially stabilizedCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 15Reserved
  • 16. Skilled Services Categories: Skilled Observation and Assessment• A frail 85-year-old man was hospitalized for pneumonia. The infection resolved, but the patient, who had previously maintained adequate nutrition, will not eat or eats poorly. – The patient is transferred to a SNF for monitoring of fluid and nutrient intake and the assessment of the need for tube feeding and assisted feeding if required. Observation and monitoring by skilled nursing personnel of the patient’s oral intake is required to prevent dehydration.Copyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 16Reserved
  • 17. Skilled Services Categories: Skilled Observation and Assessment• A patient left the acute hospital on a high dosage of Coumadin with daily clotting time studies – Assessment and observation is needed until a maintenance dosage is attained and the patient/resident shows no adverse symptoms. Regulation is an integral part of this patient/resident’s coverage. Ongoing observation and assessment, notifying the physician and multiple changes in the plan of care, are also skilled in nature. Copyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 17 Reserved
  • 18. Skilled Services Categories: Skilled Observation and Assessment • If a patient was admitted for skilled observation but did not develop a further acute episode or complication, the skilled observation services still are covered so long as there was reasonable probability for such a complication or further acute episode – “Reasonable probability” means that a potential complication or further acute episode is a likely possibilityCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 18Reserved
  • 19. Skilled Services Categories: Management and Evaluation of a Care Plan • Based on the Physician’s orders, these services require the involvement of skilled nursing to meet the resident’s – Medical needs – Promote recovery – Ensure medical safetyCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 19Reserved
  • 20. Skilled Services Categories: Management and Evaluation of a Care Plan • This area includes – The sum total of unskilled services – Potential for serious complications – High probability of relapse – Recovery and safety – Meet medical needs – Includes resident’s overall conditionCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 20Reserved
  • 21. Skilled Services Categories: Management and Evaluation of a Care Plan • Topic Areas to include: – Surgical sites – Circulatory status – Status of fractures – Maintenance of weight-bearing status – Skin Care – Labs – Consultant RecommendationsCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 21Reserved
  • 22. Skilled Services Categories: Management and Evaluation of a Care Plan• Although any of the required services could be performed by a properly instructed person, that person would not have the capability to understand the relationship among the services and their effect on each other. Since the nature of the patient’s condition, his age and his immobility create a high potential for serious complications, such an understanding is essential to assure the patient’s recovery and safety. The management of this plan of care requires skilled nursing personnel until the patient’s treatment regimen is essentially stabilized, even though the individual services involved are supportive in nature and not require skilled nursing personnel.Copyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 22Reserved
  • 23. Skilled Services Categories: Management and Evaluation of a Care Plan• Example: An aged patient is recovering from pneumonia, is lethargic, is disoriented, has residual chest congestion, is confined to bed as a result of his debilitated condition, and requires restraints at times – To decrease the chest congestion, the physician has prescribed frequent changes in position, coughing and deep breathing. While the residual chest congestion alone would not represent a high risk factor, the patient’s immobility and confusion represent complicating factors when coupled with the chest congestion, could create high probability of a relapse. Copyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 23 Reserved
  • 24. Skilled Services Categories: Teaching and Training • Teaching and Training: Activities which require skilled nursing or skilled rehabilitation personnel to teach a patient and/or family member how to manage the patient’s treatment regimenCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 24Reserved
  • 25. Skilled Services Categories: Teaching and Training • Colostomy care • IV access sites • Insulin administration • Braces, splints and • Prosthesis management orthotics • Catheter care • Wound dressings and skin • G-tube feedings treatments • Medication Management • Orthopedic PrecautionsCopyright © 2012 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 25Reserved
  • 26. Skilled Rehabilitation Transmittal 262 On a daily basis Services rendered are reasonable and necessary MD ordered Practical matter An appropriately licensed or certified individual must provide or directly supervise the therapeutic service and coordinate the intervention with nursing services Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 26Copyright © 2012 All Rights Reserved
  • 27. Skilled Rehabilitation/ MD Involvement • The service must be ordered by a physician. • The therapy intervention must relate directly and specifically to an active written treatment regimen established by the physician after any needed consultation with the qualified rehabilitation therapy professional and must be reasonable and necessary to the treatment of the beneficiary’s illness or injury necessary to the treatment of the beneficiary’s illness or injury Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 27Copyright © 2012 All Rights Reserved
  • 28. Skilled Rehabilitation/ MD Involvement • MD involvement to prevent injuries • Medicare allows the professional therapist to develop a suggested plan of treatment and to begin providing services based on the plan prior to MD signature • MD signature required before facility bills Medicare. • MD Faxed signatures acceptable Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 28Copyright © 2012 All Rights Reserved
  • 29. Skilled Rehabilitation Overview • Directly related to a written plan of treatment • Requires knowledge/skills/judgment of qualified professional • Services must be considered under acceptable standards clinical practice • Expectation of improvement of restorative potential in a reasonable and predictable period of time….or…. • Establishment of a safe and effective maintenance program Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 29Copyright © 2012 All Rights Reserved
  • 30. Basic Criteria for Rehabilitation Services • Must be specifically related to the Physician’s Treatment Plan • Skill of a qualified therapist must be needed • Treatment plan must expect the patient to improve • Services must fall within accepted standards of medical practice and be specific to the patient • The services must be reasonable and necessary Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 30Copyright © 2012 All Rights Reserved
  • 31. Denial Management – Get Paid!To hear more about these introductoryslides, and all that is still to come, please joinme: Date: Saturday, May 4th Time: 10:15 a.m. – 11:45 a.m. Elissa Bovee, Vice President of Operations Harmony Healthcare International http://www.harmony-healthcare.com/ Tweet me your questions! @ElisaBoveeCopyright © 2013 All Rights Harmony Healthcare International, Inc. 31Reserved