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SMART Requirements

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This presentation discusses the SMART principles in relation to software requirements.

This presentation discusses the SMART principles in relation to software requirements.

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Developing SMART Requirements January 06, 2010 by Harmony Brenner
    • 2.
      • Purpose
      • SMART Concept – Background
      • SMART Definition
      • Applying SMART Principles
      Developing SMART Requirements Agenda
    • 3. Developing SMART Requirements Purpose
      • Purpose
      • The presentation discusses in context these ideas:
        • A requirement, at its most basic level, is a desired and predictable outcome; and
        • Consistent methods for creating testable requirements benefit the project bottom-line.
    • 4. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Background
      • SMART Concept – Background
      • Benefits of using SMART requirements:
        • Budget and schedule advantages are gained;
        • Consensus is more quickly reached; and,
        • Rework is decreased.
    • 5. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Requirements – alternates in ( ):
      • S pecific;
      • M easurable
      • A ttainable (Achievable, Actionable, Appropriate)
      • R ealistic (Relevant)
      • T ime-Bound (Timely)
    • 6. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Specific:
      • Specific requirements are precise and:
        • Are not open to interpretation; and
        • Avoid absolutes (ex. – “all”, “never”, “always”).
    • 7. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Specific (Poor):
      • The document will contain all customer information:
        • Which document?
        • What customer information?
        • What format(s)?
    • 8. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Specific (Improved):
      • This requirement has improved precision:
        • The Declaration document shall contain this customer information in a text block in the top right corner of the first page:
          • Customer Name
          • Phone
          • Email
    • 9. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Measurable:
      • Measurable requirements can be verified as complete and:
        • Avoid undefined time periods / quantities; and,
        • Avoid non-fact based measurements such as “best” or “optimal”.
    • 10. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Measurable (Poor):
      • The application shall function quickly for end users:
        • How quickly (seconds, minutes, hours)?
        • Which application features are included?
        • Which users are affected – guests, administrators, everyone?
    • 11. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Measurable (Improved):
      • This requirement has improved measurability:
        • The application shall have response times of 4.00 seconds or less for all features, and for all user roles, during business hours of 9 AM – 5 PM ET, Mondays – Fridays.
    • 12. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Attainable:
      • Attainable requirements are able to be achieved given the existing environment and are:
        • Appropriate for project / limitations; and,
        • Realistic to achieve within project parameters.
    • 13. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Attainable (Poor):
      • The monthly cycle will be run on the last Friday of the month, between 7 PM and 8 PM ET:
        • Has this been verified to be possible?
        • What if the cycle runs longer than 1 hour?
    • 14. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Attainable (Improved):
      • This requirement has improved attainability:
        • The monthly cycle will be run on the last Saturday of the month, starting at 7 AM and completing by 7 PM ET.
    • 15. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Realistic:
      • Specific requirements are relevant and:
        • Are appropriate in context with other requirements; and,
        • Consider other related project constraints.
    • 16. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Realistic (Poor):
      • The new website will generate over 1,000,000 hits within its first 12 hours of implementation:
        • Is this likely / necessary to occur?
        • Is there a better way to measure this outcome?
    • 17. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Realistic (Improved):
      • This requirement has improved relevance:
        • The new website shall be ranked within the first results page on three (3) major search engines (Google, Bing and Yahoo) within its first 12 hours of implementation.
    • 18. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Time-Bound:
      • Time-Bound requirements are timely and:
        • Clarify how quickly a requirement needs to be finished, executed or implemented.
        • Avoid vague time references such as “fast”, “quick” or “soon”.
    • 19. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Time-Bound (Poor):
      • System availability will be achieved soon after the cycle is completed:
        • How soon (seconds, minutes, hours)?
        • What if the cycle is late?
    • 20. Developing SMART Requirements SMART Definition
      • SMART Definition – Time-Bound (Improved):
      • This requirement has improved timeliness:
        • System availability shall be achieved after cycle completion and by no later than 6 AM ET on Mondays – Fridays.
    • 21. Developing SMART Requirements Questions Questions

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